10 designs that changed the world

 

Designs which had the biggest impact. . .

SONY WALKMAN

Preceding the iPod by 20 years, the Walkman was the first example of a miniaturised music player on the move and is in production in various guises including a video Walkman.

THE FAX MACHINE

Xerox Magnafax telecopier, 1966, was the first light-weight fax machine (446lbs). It became popular thanks to Japanese uptake in the 1970s and miniaturisation.

THE WASSILIY CHAIR

Designed for Kandinski's apartment by Marcel Brauer in 1925, it was revolutionary in the materials used - steel tubes and leather - and a tubular frame that suspends the sitter. It inspired designers across Europe and the USA to use industrial materials and is still in production.

TOBLERONE

Toblerone was the first patented chocolate and the first designer confectionery. Its design has allowed it compete with Cadbury and Nestle.

It celebrates its centenary next year.

THE MINI

Designed to compete against German micro-cars during the 1950s oil crisis, the Mini contained numerous design innovations. Regarded by the motor design community as second only to the Model T Ford in terms of its influence.

MAUVE

The first artificial dye and the first "artificial" colour, it now dominates the world of fashion. Invented by William Perkin in 1856, it replaced vegetable and animal dyes and led to a huge variation in crimson and blue hues in fashion.

MOBILE CORDLESS PHONE

Though Benefon was beaten into oblivion by Nokia, it was first to introduce a mobile phone with an integral battery leading to the modern handheld. Nokia also claims to be the first with its Mobira Cityman.

APPLE MACINTOSH

Macintosh's computer interface and mouse introduced in 1984 pioneered the design of computers around people's capabilities, not problem solving.

HTML & BROWSERS

Netscape pioneered the browser which, when coupled to Tim Berners Lee's HyperText Mark-Up Language (HTML), gave us an Internet usable by the general public.

DIGITAL WATCH

First designed for the Stanley Kubrick film 2001: A Space Odyssey, it went into prototype in 1970 at Pulsar and made accurate timepieces into an affordable object for everyone.