France claims CAR intervention has saved thousands
French deploying 1,600 troops to former colony and African Union force rising to 6,000
French soldiers patrol on foot patrol in Bangui, Central African Republic, today. Photograph: Herve Serefio/Reuters
Relative calm returned to the Central African Republic today after three days of heavy fighting between Christians and Muslims, with France claiming many thousands rather than hundreds would have died had its troops not intervened.
Nevertheless, residents of the capital Bangui reported sporadic gunfire from some neighbourhoods and a human rights campaigner said members of Seleka - a mainly Muslim rebel group that seized power in March and has been fighting Christian militias - were still operating in the city.
The morgue at Bangui’s Hopital Communautaire was full, a Reuters correspondent saw, with bodies piled up there and in the hospital corridors.
France is deploying 1,600 troops to its former colony after the UN Security Council authorised it on Thursday to use force to help African peacekeepers struggling to restore order. The African Union force is also due to be increased to 6,000 from 3,500.
French foreign minister Laurent Fabius claimed the death toll would have been much higher without the deployment. “Calm has returned in Bangui, even if acts of violence are still being committed,” he told the France 3 TV channel. “Had we not intervened, the 394 deaths would have been 5,000 or 10,000.”
Central African Republic has slid into chaos as interim president Michel Djotodia struggled to control his loose band of Seleka fighters, who have attacked members of the Christian majority and prompted them to organise the defence militias.
Despite a government order for the gunmen to return to their barracks, another Reuters reporter saw soldiers in camouflage fatigues driving around in pickup trucks near the presidential palace and in clear view of French patrols.
“Even as the mourning begins, Seleka has not been confined. They are still operating in the city,” said Joseph Bindoumi, president of the Central African League for the Defence of Human Rights.
The country, rich in gold, diamonds and uranium, has seen little but conflict and political instability since independence from France in 1960. The Red Cross has reported 394 dead since the latest wave of killings began on December 5th and said it was working to recover the remaining bodies today.
Pastor Antoine Mbao Bogo, who is Red Cross president in the country, told Reuters his group planned to prepare two grave sites - one for Christians and one for Muslims.
Residents of both faiths have huddled in churches for protection from the armed groups.
Thousands attended a Sunday morning service at St Paul’s church in Bangui. Makeshift beds inside the church were removed temporarily to allow space for prayer benches, but still people spilled into the courtyard.
“We need today to promote inter-religious dialogue to transform the dynamic of violence and war into a dynamic of peace and solidarity,” Dieudonne Nzapalainga, Archbishop of Bangui, said at the service.
The church is struggling to provide funerals for its congregation, said Bishop Nestor Aziagba, who assisted at today’s service. “Men can’t leave their homes and women are taking the risk of taking the bodies and digging their own holes to bury them,” he told Reuters.
President Djotodia announced three days of national mourning on state radio yesterday.
French helicopters flew low over Bangui while soldiers patrolled both the capital and Bossangoa, about 300 km (180 miles) to the north.
Peter Bouckaert, Human Rights Watch emergency director, said that the first French helicopter had arrived in Bossangoa. “Every French move reassures the population,” he said on his Twitter feed.
Following the outbreak of violence, France wants elections brought forward to next year, putting an end to the interim period originally scheduled to run into 2015.
Mr Djotodia, who blames the recent attacks on gunmen loyal to his ousted predecessor Francois Bozize, acknowledged today that he had received the request and said it was under consideration.
The United Nations has estimated that as many as 6,000 child soldiers have been drawn into the latest violence and aid workers say that many of the victims have been children.
Souleymane Diabate, of children’s rights organisation Unicef, said that many children were being brought to hospitals with wounds from bullets and crude weapons. “We are living through a major crisis and children haven’t been spared,” he said.