Ireland records second highest fertility rate in EU
Significant developments and trends noted in 2012 CSO Vital Statistics report
A report on Vital Statistics 2012 published by the Central Statistics Office notes that France had the highest fertility rate at 2.01, Ireland was next at 1.99. Photograph: Getty Images/iStockphoto
Ireland recorded the second highest fertility rate in the EU in 2012, figures released by the Central Statistics Office show.
A report on Vital Statistics 2012 published by the Central Statistics Office notes that France had the highest fertility rate at 2.01, Ireland was next at 1.99 followed by the UK with a rate of 1.94. Portugal had the lowest rate at 1.28.
Referred to as the Total Period Fertility Rate (TPFR) the fertility figure represents a theoretical average number of children who would be born alive to a woman during her lifetime.
A 2.1 score is considered to be the population replacement rate – the number of births necessary to maintain current population levels.
Ireland’s TPFR has fallen by 33 per cent in the last 30 years, from 2.96 in 1980 to 1.99 in 2012. It has been below the replacement level since 1991.
The number of births to women aged 30 to 34 in 2012 was 26, 028, the highest number of all 5-year age groups and representing over a third of all births (36.3 per cent).
The percentage of births to teenage mothers remained the same in 2012 as in 2011, at 2.3 per cent (1,616) of births to mothers under 20 years of age.
Excluding 2011, it was 1963 since the percentage of births to mothers below 20 was this low.
As the decline in the rate births to mothers under 20 might suggest, Irish women are choosing to have their babies later in life and the rate of births to mothers over 40 is increasing.
In 2012, 5.6 per cent (4,007) of births were to mothers over 40. This was the highest percentage of births to this age group since 1971 when it was 5.7 per cent.
In 2012, 7 per cent of females in their 20s gave birth while 11 per cent of those in their 30s gave birth.
In 2012, 71,674 children born in Ireland. This represents a fall of 3.2 per cent (2,359)from 2011. Despite recording a fall, 2012 still saw the fifth highest number of births in Ireland since 1980.
The birth rate was 15.6 per 1,000 of the population compared with 16.2 in 2011 and 15.5 in 2002.
The report also highlights some other significant developments and trends. In 2012, just over 23.2 per cent of births were to mothers of non-Irish nationality.
The number of births outside marriage/civil partnership in 2012 was 25,179 or 35.1 per cent of all births.
Wednesday the 4th of July saw the highest number of babies born on one day (269). The lowest number of babies born on the one day was 107 on April 22nd.
There were 29,186 deaths recorded in Ireland in 2012, of which 14,945 were males and 14, 241 were females. This equates to 6.36 deaths per 1,000 total population compared with 6.22 in 2011 and 7.58 in 2002.
There were 541 deaths due to intentional self-harm in 2012 of which 445 were male and 96 female.