Timeline: the life of Brian Friel
From Killyclogher, to Derry, to Ballybeg
Brian Friel, with the gold Torc, which is the symbol of the office of Saoi, to mark his election as Saoi in Aosdána. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill
Actor Stephen Rea and playwright Brian Friel at the opening of the Synge Cottage on Inis Meain. Photograph: Iain McDonald
Gatewatchers: Ann and Brian Friel at the Molly Sweeney opening in the Gate Theatre in 1994
1990 From left Patrick Mason director and Brian Friel at the first rehearsal of his new play “Dancing at Lughnasa”. Photograph: Frank Miller
1992 The playwright Brian Friel after he was presented with the ICEM/CIE European of the Year Award with John Hume. Mary Robinson seated right of picture. Photograph: Matt Kavanagh
1992 Stage directions: Brian Friel on stage with Catherine Byrne (Natalya) and Donal McCann (Shpigelsky) during a break in dress rehearsals Turgenev’s “A Month in the Country”. Photograph: Frank Miller
2009: Brian Friel (right)with his University College Dublin Ulysses Medal and Seamus Heaney. Photograph: Julien Behal/PA
Brian Friel born on January 9th in Killyclogher, near Omagh, Co Tyrone, to Sean Friel, a primary-school principal, and Mary McLoone, a postmistress.
Friel’s family moves to Derry, his father’s home city, where he attends the Long Tower school.
Attends secondary school at St Columb’s College, in Derry.
Attends St Patrick’s College in Maynooth, as a seminarian, but leaves before ordination, graduating with a BA in 1948.
Teaches in a number of schools in Derry.
Publishes his first short story, The Child, in the Irish literary magazine the Bell.
Marries Anne Morrison. They will have four daughters and a son.
His first radio play, A Sort of Freedom, is produced by BBC Radio Northern Ireland, followed shortly by his second, To This Hard House.
The New Yorker magazine publishes his story The Skelper.
His first stage play, The Francophile, later retitled A Doubtful Paradise, is premiered by the Group Theatre, in Belfast. The same year, with a contract from the New Yorker, he leaves teaching to write full time.
His play The Enemy Within premieres in the Abbey Theatre. His first short-story collection, A Saucer of Larks, is published. Begins a weekly column in the Irish Press.
The year his play The Blind Mice premieres in Dublin, at the Eblana Theatre, he spends a few months at the Guthrie Theater, in Minneapolis, watching rehearsals, at the invitation of Tyrone Guthrie.
Philadelphia, Here I Come! premieres at the Gaiety during Dublin Theatre Festival, produced by the Gate Theatre.
Philadelphia, Here I Come! receives its American premiere, at the Helen Hayes Theatre, and runs for nine months on Broadway. At the same theatre The Loves of Cass Maguire premieres – and closes after 20 performances. A second short-story collection, The Gold in the Sea, is published.
The Loves of Cass McGuire premieres at the Abbey Theatre. Philadelphia opens in London. Lovers is premiered at the Gate Theatre.
Moves to Muff, in Donegal. The Abbey rejects his play The Mundy Scheme, which premieres at the Olympia Theatre and closes in New York after two performances.
The Gentle Island premieres at the Olympia Theatre.
British soldiers open fire on protesters in the Bogside area of Derry, killing 13 civilians and injuring 13 others, with Friel marching in the crowd on what would become known as Bloody Sunday.
The Freedom of the City, informed by the events of the previous year and the exoneration of British authorities by the Widgery tribunal, opens at the Abbey in Dublin and the Royal Court, in London, where Friel first meets the actor Stephen Rea.
Volunteers opens at the Abbey.
Living Quarters premieres at the Abbey.
Aristocrats premieres at the Abbey Theatre. Faith Healer opens at the Longacre Theatre and closes after 20 performances.
The Irish premiere of Faith Healer opens at the Abbey Theatre, with Donal McCann as Francis Hardy. Friel and Rea found Field Day Theatre Company, with Friel’s Translations as the company’s inaugural production in the Guildhall, in Derry, before touring north and south.
Faith Healer’s British premiere takes place, at the Royal Court; Translations opens in New York and London. Friel’s translation of Chekhov’s Three Sisters premieres in Derry for Field Day, then tours.
Premiere of The Communication Cord in Derry, before touring. Friel moves to Greencastle in Donegal. Elected a member of Aosdána.
Appointed to Seanad Éireann, where he serves until 1989. His adaptation of Turgenev’s Fathers and Sons premieres in London, at the National Theatre.
Field Day premieres Making History at the Guildhall in Derry, his last play for the company.
Dancing at Lughnasa premieres at the Abbey Theatre, then transfers to the National Theatre in London; it wins Play of the Year in the Olivier Awards.
Broadway production of Dancing at Lughnasa runs for more than a year at the Plymouth Theatre. Field Day publishes a three-volume Anthology of Irish Writing.
Friel’s version of Charles Macklin’s The London Vertigo premieres at Andrew’s Lane Theatre in a production by the Gate. His version of Turgenev’s A Month in the Country premieres at the Gate. Dancing at Lughnasa wins three Tony awards, including Best Play.
Wonderful Tennessee premieres at the Abbey, transferring to the Plymouth Theatre in New York, where it closes after nine shows.
Friel resigns from Field Day. His play Molly Sweeney premieres at the Gate, under his own direction, before transferring to the Almeida in London.
Give Me Your Answer, Do! premieres at the Abbey Theatre.
The film adaptation of Dancing at Lughnasa, with a screenplay by Frank McGuinness, is released. Friel’s version of Uncle Vanya premieres at the Gate Theatre.
Coinciding with Friel’s 70th birthday, the Friel Festival takes place in Dublin, with Dancing at Lughnasa, The Freedom of the City, Living Quarters and Making History performed at the Abbey, Aristocrats at the Gate and a visiting RSC production of A Month in the Country.
Friel presents the archive of his work to the National Library of Ireland. The Yalta Game, a one-act play based on Chekhov’s short story The Lady With the Lapdog, premieres at the Gate.
The Bear and Afterplay premiere as a double bill, Two Plays After, the first a new version and the second a continuation of Chekhov, at the Gate Theatre.
Performances premieres at the Gate Theatre.
The Home Place premieres at the Gate Theatre.
Elected to the position of Saoi, Aosdána’s highest honour.
Friel’s version of Ibsen’s Hedda Gabler opens at the Gate Theatre.
Named Donegal Person of the Year for 2010.
Brian Friel dies on October 2nd.