EU calls on all member states to begin investigations into car emissions

Volkswagen diesel-cheating affair threatens to drag in BMW

Volkswagen’s escalating scandal over emissions-test cheating is beginning to ripple across the $10 trillion global corporate bond market.  Photograph: Bloomberg

Volkswagen’s escalating scandal over emissions-test cheating is beginning to ripple across the $10 trillion global corporate bond market. Photograph: Bloomberg


Volkswagen’s diesel-cheating affair deepened as the European Union urged all 28-member countries to start their own investigations and the scandal threatened to ensnare rival BMW.

“We are inviting all member states to carry out investigations at the national level,” European Commission spokeswoman Lucia Caudet said in Brussels on Thursday.

“We need to have the full picture whether and how many vehicles certified in the EU were equipped with defeat devices.”

In Germany, the transport ministry said Thursday spot checks of vehicles would not be limited to Volkswagen, while BMW shares plunged after a report that a diesel version of the X3 sport utility vehicle emitted more than 11 times the European limit for air pollution in a road test.

The entire car industry and the methods used for testing vehicles are coming under scrutiny following revelations that VW’s “clean diesel” cars have software intended to defeat emissions tests.

The European carmakers’ lobby group, the ACEA, on Wednesday placed the blame in VW’s court, issuing a statement saying that “there is no evidence this is an industry-wide issue.”

Following VW chief executive Martin Winterkorn’s departure, other executives will likely lose their jobs.

German newspaper Bild reported on Thursday that Audi development chief Ulrich Hackenberg and Porsche development head Wolfgang Hatz will leave their posts.

Mr Hackenberg was previously responsible for VW brand development and Mr Hatz ran the nameplate’s motor development. VW declined to comment. The carmaker has also asked local prosecutors to open a criminal investigation.

German investigation

Germany’s motor vehicle administration “will concentrate its investigations not only on the Volkswagen models in question but will also do spot checks of other car manufacturers,” transport minister Alexander Dobrindt told reporters in Berlin.

Emissions measured in road tests of 15 new diesel cars were an average of about seven times higher than European limits, according to a study published last October by the International Council on Clean Transportation, the same group whose tipoff led US regulators to investigate a gap between VW diesels’ emissions in tests and on the road.

ICCT also found a gap between real-world and lab performance in BMW’s X3, Germany’s Autobild magazine reported. BMW said that there’s no system in its cars that responds to tests differently than it would operate on the road.

“The BMW Group does not manipulate or rig any emissions tests,” the Munich-based company said in a statement in response to the report.

“We observe the legal requirements in each country.”

Shares drop

BMW shares traded down 6.8 per cent to €74.34 at lunchtime in Frankfurt. German carmaker Daimler dropped as much as 5.8 per cent.

VW, which has lost more than €20 billion in market value this week, was 1 per cent higher.

“There’s no suggestion BMW has done anything illegal,” said Juergen Pieper, an Frankfurt-based analyst with Bankhaus Metzler.

“However, there are concerns for the long-term damage on the business with diesel cars for every manufacturer that builds cars with these engines.”