Leaders and lawmakers from 10 countries are attending talks in Berlin aimed at bringing an end to the protracted conflict in Libya. Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP via Getty

Libya without stable government since rebels toppled and killed Gadafy in 2011

A  judge holds a Polish flag during the “Thousand Scarlet Robes March” on January 11th in Warsaw: The PiS party has vowed to press ahead with the legal system reforms. Photograph: Omar Marques/Getty

Senate rejects Bill which PiS says will stabilise legal system

An unnamed Swede served fraudulently on international missions in Kosovo and Afghanistan and as a major and liaison officer at Nato’s headquarters in Belgium.  Photograph: iStock

Security breach of fraud’s rise through military reminds of 1906 Köpenick shoemaker

A girl dancing during the 16th annual Love Parade weekend on July 15th, 2006, in Berlin, Germany. Photograph: Andreas Rentz/Getty Images

Dr Motte hopes reviving the street party will build awareness for what he and many DJs see as Berlin’s endangered club culture

The case is being heard in the country’s highest court and plaintiffs include lobby group Reporters Without Borders. Photograph:  EPA/Ronal Wittek

Case focuses on 2017 law which expanded BND powers to collect foreign communications

Supreme Court judge Mr Justice John MacMenamin participates in the Thousand Scarlet Robes March at the weekend in Warsaw, Poland. Photograph: Getty

‘It was ... startling to feel the level of public support,’ says Mr Justice John MacMenamin

Mr Justice John MacMenamin in Warsaw for protest in support of Polish judges. Photograph: Omar Marques/Getty

Mr Justice John MacMenamin among EU judges calling for protection of Polish peers

Annalena Baerbock, who leads Germany’s Greens with Robert Habeck. Photograph: Omer Messinger/EPA

Events in Germany and Austria indicate the Greta effect is merely part of the new reality

CDU leader Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer is playing her cards close to her chest ahead of what could be a tricky reshuffle of Merkel’s cabinet. Photograph: Philipp Guelland/EPA

German chancellor sidelined as her party makes small steps towards post-Merkel future

A march in Warsaw on Saturday protesting against the country’s court reforms will see Supreme Court judge Mr Justice John MacMenamin carrying a letter of support from Chief Justice Frank Clarke (above). Photograph: Collins

Irish Supreme Court judge to take part in Warsaw march

Austria’s conservative chancellor Sebastian Kurz (right) and the leader of the Austrian Green party Werner Kogler arrive for the swearing-in ceremony of their new government. Photograph: Robert Jaeger/APA/AFP via Getty

Ideological enemies form government focused on security, migration and environment

The granny in the song buys and fries cheap chops because meat from discount supermarkets ‘costs nothing’. She doesn’t fly but goes on several cruises a year. She drives an SUV and, on the way to the doctor, knocks over pensioners with walking frames. Photograph: iStock

Broadcaster apologises after airing satirical song Granny is an Environmental Swine

Minister for Business Heather Humphreys: “We want to see more Irish companies scaling up and finding new markets in Germany as part of our Brexit strategy”

Enterprise Ireland pushing to reduce UK trade dependency as part of Government’s Brexit strategy to diversify markets

Minister for Finance  Paschal Donohoe: “When you become that vulnerable all choices open to you are bad.”  Photograph: Gareth Chaney/Collins

Minister says in Berlin he would not support moving to qualified EU majority voting in ‘key economic policy areas’ like taxation

A file photograph of the jewellery showcase targeted in a raid on Dresden’s  Green Vault  treasury, in  Germany. File photograph: David Brandt/Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden/EPA

Green Vault treasury is to remain closed for a time after theft of priceless objects

The dominant view in Berlin at the time – particularly in the Angela Merkel chancellery and cabinet table – was to ensure all countries swallowed strong austerity medicine.

Republic caught in crossfire between Germany and other bailout states

 Historic grape cups on display in the Green Vault in Dresden. The royal jewels were  collected in the 18th century by King August. Photograph:  Ralf Hirschberger/EPA

Daring raid on Green Vault holding 18th-century crown jewels shocks Saxony

Minister for Finance Paschal Donohoe:  ‘Germany is our second-largest source of inward investment, third-largest source of tourism and fourth-largest overall trading partner.’ Photograph: Paulo Nunes dos Santos/Bloomberg

Minister for Finance’s visit aims to build ties with largest EU member ahead of Brexit

Kate Mosse, Ken Follett, Jojo Moyes, Lee Child pictured in Berlin. Photograph: Derek Scally

‘I am not a huge fan of Britain...It’s a silly and frustrating country’

Party chairwoman Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer and chancellor Angela Merkel  at the CDU party congress in Leipzig: AKK believes  Germany has been treading water for too long. Photograph: Matthias Rietschel

Speech shows CDU leader betting Germans more restless for change than nostalgic

The Hills are Alive skewers the hard-line immigration policies that lurk behind Austria’s sentimental, soft-focus self-image.

The Hills are Alive puppet show teases out immigration issues using famous musical

Christian Democratic Union’s Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer: “I don’t want to be head of a party that finds itself great because it once was great.” Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP

Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer tells critics in ruling centre-right party to put up or shut up

Germany’s  new federal defence minister and successor to Angela Merkle as CDU leader,  Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, dropped a bombshell when she said said: “Germany, like any other nation in the world, has its own strategic interests . . . we act according to our interests every day,” she said. “We must finally start to admit that.” Photograph: Getty Images

Country realises it has to do more heavy lifting as the major European power

CDU chairwoman Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer and German chancellor Angela Merkel in Leipzig. Photograph: Hannibal Hanschke/Reuters

German chancellor’s chosen successor as party leader has had humiliating first year

 Kaiser Wilhelm II: From exile in the Netherlands in 1927 said, “The press, the Jews and mosquitoes are a plague from which humanity has to free itself, one way or the other.”

German TV show seeks to block house of Hohenzollern demand for property return

Elon Musk: ‘Everyone knows that German engineering is outstanding.’ Photograph: Philip Pacheco/AFP

Motor boss promises 10,000 jobs close to Berlin as Brexit blamed for ruling Britain out

A reconstruction of the 1970 tunnel beneath the Berlin Wall, now open to the public. Photograph: ©Berliner Unterwelten e.V./Holger Happel

At least 75 escape routes were built during 28 years of division. Just 19 were successful

Angela Merkel, Germany’s chancellor, speaks with an assembly line employee as Volkswagen  begins mass-production of the VW ID.3 electric automobile in Zwickau, Germany. Photograph: Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg

Former Trabant factory begins turning out the most modern VW ever

A car rides between US tanks, in October 1961, across the border at the Berlin Wall between East (Soviet sector). Photograph/AFP/Getty

Eva Röser fled for the West in 1978, aged 27 and pregnant

A woman places a rose by a photograph of Cengaver Katranci (8) on a memorial to victims of the Berlin Wall

In a tiny chapel on the ‘death strip’, Berliners will mark 30 years since the wall was toppled

Matthias Freihof and Dagmar Manzel in East Germany’s first and last gay film, Coming Out. Photograph: Wolfgang Fritsche/DEFA-Stiftung

After 1989 many writers, actors, singers – and their work – sank without trace in the united Germany

Torn Stasi documents, earmarked for destruction, after the fall of the Berlin wall in 1989 in the former Stasi HQ. Photograph: Getty

German Democratic Republic’s secret police had a pair of eyes and ears for every 230 East Germans

Deike Potzel, the German ambassador to Ireland. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Fall of Berlin Wall led to mixed emotions for Germany’s ambassador to Ireland

Jalda Rebling, a synagogue cantor and well-known Yiddish musician,  has been packing her old life in Berlin into cardboard boxes. Photograph: Manuel MIethe

Jalda Rebling witnessed history but, as Germany marks fall of the wall, she will be gone

East and West German Police contain the crowd of East Berliners flowing through the recent opening made in the Berlin Wall at Potsdamer Square, on November 12th, 1989. Photograph: Patrick Hertzog/AFP/Getty Images

Always becoming, never being, cranes on the horizon and gravel crunching underfoot

Maud Grzemba: “My mother was perhaps naive back then, but she stood up to the system in her own way and for that was made an example of.” Photograph: Nancy Jesse

Maud Grzemba was born in jail after the wall was built in world terrorised by Stasi officials

PiS leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski has promised to use a second term to eliminate ‘all things that limit us’. Photograph: AP

Jaroslaw Kaczynski realised before his rivals that most voters just want to make ends meet

German chancellor Angela Merkel speaks at the  mechanical engineering summit in Berlin on Tuesday. Photograph: Felipe Trueba/EPA

Berlin officials try to remain optimistic ahead of potential Brexit breakthrough

Leader of Poland’s victorious Law and Justice (PiS) party Jaroslaw Kaczynski: ‘We’ll have to consider a lot of things.’ Photograph: Getty

Ruling Law and Justice party takes 44% of vote, eight seats more than absolute majority

Jaroslaw Kaczynski, leader of the governing, right-wing Law and Justice political party. Photograph: Carsten Koall/Getty Images

Law and Justice (PiS) party set to secure absolute majority in parliament

 Election posters on the streets of Warsaw: PiS strategists know electoral risks line their return path to power. Photograph: Radek Pietruszka

PiS party deploys laws on mining and criticism of LGBT people in pursuit of poll boost

People protest against a far-right speaker in Halle two days after an attack targeting a Turkish restaurant after an attempt at a synagogue. Photograph: Hendrik Schmidt

Media criticised for use of live-stream images and coverage of attack on synagogue

Lowicz deputy mayor Boguslaw Bonczak. ‘From what I see, people are simply tired of politics.’ Photograph: Derek Scally

Voters increasingly ready to back party with narrow policies promising individual benefit

A screenshot of a video shows the suspect shooting with a rifle in Halle on Wednesday. Photograph: Andreas Splett/EPA

Shock after gunman livestreamed attack in Halle in which two people were shot dead

File image of Poland’s first president of the supreme court Malgorzata Gersdorf walking next to supporters, in Warsaw. Photograph: Agencja Gazeta/Maciej Jazwiecki via Reuters

Malgorzata Gersdorf warns Poland is on the brink of authoritarianism ahead of election

In this screenshot taken from a video by ATV-Studio Halle, a man fires a gun in the streets of Halle an der Saale, eastern Germany. Photograph: Andreas Splett/ATV-Studio Halle/AFP via Getty Images

Man arrested after attack on synagogue in Halle during Yom Kippur streamed online

People take part in the National Rosary March on Saturday, October 5th, 2019 in Warsaw, where they prayed and sought  to appease God for what they call desecrations and insults related to  recent lesbian and gay pride parades. Photograph: Wojtek Radwanski/AFP/Getty

Voters being warned of plague of so-called ‘LGBT ideology’ ahead of Sunday polls

 British prime minister Boris Johnson and German chancellor Angela Merkel. German officials say the chancellor will  continue looking for a solution to the Brexit deadlock until time is up. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

Senior official in Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union says there is ‘no new German position on Brexit’

A model of the Brandenburg Gate  in Kiel, northern Germany,  where  about 500,000 visitors are expected to  celebrate German Unification Day.  Photograph: Focke Strangmann/EPA

Majority of easterners unimpressed with how democracy is practiced in Germany

 For a documentary on Tuesday night – The Doppelgänger from East Berlin – two men met for the first time in the hotel that linked them three decades previously. Photograph: iStock

If his attempt to flee East Berlin failed, he risked prison. If it succeeded, he might not see his family again

The head of Austria’s Green Party Werner Kogler points at a placard that reads “We only borrowed the Earth from our children” after the first exit polls in Vienna. Photograph: Alex Lalada/AFP/Getty

Coalition options await Sebastian Kurz as conservative ÖVP wins 38% of snap election

Normally German law does not permit class-action suits but this case is taking place under a new legal provision in place since last November. Photographer: Dominic Verhulst/Bloomberg

Court urges compromise with 470,000 owners in case that could stretch to 2023

 Sebastian Kurz, leader of Austrian People’s Party, addresses his supporters at an election party in Vienna. Photograph: Christian Bruna/EPA

Former chancellor’s conservatives make gains while far-right Freedom Party slips

Derek Scally in his neighbourhood in the Wilmersdorf area in western Berlin.

At the time, it seemed like a tiresome hoop to jump through. But it changed my life

Election poster of Werner Kogler, top candidate of the Green Party for Sunday’s Austrian federal elections. Photograph: Christian Bruna

Global climate protest may propel Vienna away from populist-conservative coalition

Former party chairman of the Freedom Party Austria (FPoe) Heinz-Christian Strache (left) greets party leader Norbert Hofer  in Vienna. Photograph: Alex Halada/AFP/Getty

Freedom Party leader Hofer expected to be in a position to form another coalition with the People’s Party

ÖVP chief Sebastian Kurz presses the flesh on the campaign trail in Baden. Photograph: Getty

Country’s political wunderkind will have to work exceedingly hard for a return to power

German chancellor Angela Merkel gets out of a transparent display showing autonomous vehicle components at the Frankfurt Auto Show. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Chancellor’s interest in climate ebbs when it conflicts with German commercial interests

German chancellor Angela Merkel: Greenpeace Germany  claims her policy leaves Germany “miles behind its obligations from the Paris climate agreement”. Photograph: Axel Schmidt/AFP/Getty

Protesters criticise German chancellor’s carbon dioxide tax and fuel hike measures

Climate change protesters in Munich, southern Germany, join millions of demonstrators across Europe. Photograph: Getty Images

Protests mark 1st anniversary of Greta Thunberg’s solo school strike in Stockholm

US actor and singer David Hasselhoff – The Hoff –  poses during an event to promote his new audiobook Up against the Wall. Photograph:  Tobias Schwarz/ AFP

US actor and singer's Looking for Freedom became part of Germany’s 1989 protests

The German icebreaker and research vessel Polarstern:  embarking  on a $150 million dollar expedition to the  Arctic.   Photograph: Rune Stoltz Bertinussen

Polarstern scientific environmental mission to drift with currents to North Pole

Björn Höcke, a former history teacher and no a politician for Alternative für Deutschland. Photograph: Carsten Koall/Getty

Björn Höcke rattled by reporter’s questions about his use of terms such as ‘living space’

Angela Merkel tours the Frankfurt motor show on Thursday. Photograph: Getty

Leaked documents suggest software fitted to detect if exhaust test being carried out

German chancellor Angela Merkel listens after delivering a keynote speech during a debate on the federal budget at the Bundestag,  in Berlin. Photograph: John MacDougall/AFP/Getty Images

Angela Merkel calls for a ‘show of strength’ from EU on environment and digitalisation

Joshua Wong (R), a leading pro-democracy activist from Hong Kong, speaks to the media in Berlin while visiting Germany. Photograph: Carsten Koall/Getty Images

Democracy campaigner Joshua Wong labels Hong Kong ‘the new Berlin’ on German trip

 People’s Party leader Sebastian Kurz. Photograph: Kerstin Joensson/AP Photo

News comes ahead of snap election and after revelation party broke spending laws

Smile like you mean it: Germany’s Angst Index dropped from 47 to 39 per cent. Photograph: Mark Thompson/Getty

Study suggests Germans feeling unusually chipper after ‘retreat in nearly all worries’

Defendants Mario S and Andreas V arrive for their trial at the district court in Detmold, northwestern Germany, on Thursday.   Photograph: Bernd Thissen/AFP/Getty Images

Judge calls men’s tactics, befriending single parents online to get closer to their children, ‘perfidious’

Heike Reichenwallner plays Angela Merkel in the ZDF docudrama Angela und die Flüchtlinge.  Source: ZDF

A gripping docudrama on German TV recounts the chancellor’s handling of the refugee crisis

 The candidates for the SPD party leadership position. Photograph: Thomas Lohnes/Getty

Public selection process is a novelty, and a risk, for Germany’s oldest party

German chancellor Angela Merkel greets incoming ECB president Christine Lagarde at the Leipzig Graduate School of Management. Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty Images

Trump approach is anathema to German chancellor’s level-headed approach to compromise

Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, leader of the Christian Democrat Union,   at the CDU headquarters in Berlin on Monday. Photograph: Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg

AfD’s success has reshuffled Germany’s coalition arithmetic for mainstream parties

The panda cub twins born in Berlin zoo on Saturday. Photograph: Berlin zoo/AFP/Getty Images

Panda couple, Meng Meng and Jiao Qing, produce first panda cubs born in Germany

Pens and stickers bearing a portrait of Andreas Kalbitz, member the far-right AfD (Alternative for Germany). Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty Images.

Election shows greater changes are underway in Germany’s wider political system

Brandenburg candidates for the Freie Waehler party  Peter Vida, the Greens’ Benjamin Raschke and the far-right AfD party’s Andreas Kalbitz. Photograph:  Christoph Soeder

Exit polls put AfD finishing second with 27.5% in Saxony and 22.5% in Brandenburg

German president Frank-Walter Steinmeier and Polish president Andrzej Duda  at a memorial as part of the commemorations marking 80 years since the start of the second World War. Photograph:  Alik Keplicz/AFP/Getty

Events held in Poland to mark the 80th anniversary of the start of second World War

Robert Habeck in Potsdam during the Greens party’s election campaign. Apart from the Greens, all mainstream parties face serious losses this weekend. Photograph: Hayoung Jeon/EPA

One key frustration is the growing fatigue with Merkle and her liberal migration legacy

The Sun and Guardian newspapers’ front page on Thursday

Most papers sternly opposed to move but more right-leaning outlets more supportive

The rent cap proposal has unsettled listed German housing companies such as Deutsche Wohnen and Vonovia. Photograph: Clemens Bilan/EPA

Proposal would see rent for 100sq m apartment reduced to maximum of €800 a month

Ferdinand Piëch died on Sunday  at the age of 82. Photograph: Julian Stratenschulte/EPA

Gifted but ruthless engineer built German car maker into a 12-brand empire

The stage where chief conductor Kirill Petrenko with the Berlin Philharmonic orchestra will perform   on Saturday in front of the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

New conductor Kirill Petrenko will front free open-air concert – for one night only

Supreme court president Malgorzata Gersdorf: According to Polish news portal Onet, members of an online WhatsApp group discussed ways to intimidate judges critical of the government’s reforms. Photograph: Agencja Gazeta/Maciej Jazwiecki

Claims obscene postcards to supreme court president were sent by PiS-affiliated judges

 Chancellor Angela Merkel: facing an economic crisis.  Photograph: Omer Messinger/Getty Images

Strong consumer spending not enough to counter weakening industrial production

German chancellor Angela Merkel  and British prime minister Boris Johnson in Berlin:  Mr Johnson arrived to shouts of “No Brexit!” from a hostile crowd. Photograph: John Macdougall/AFP

‘Irish peace is European peace,’ says Macron ahead of visit to Paris from British PM

British PM visit fails to dent Brexit deadlock as German support for Ireland appears solid

 British prime minister Boris Johnson speaks to nurses during a visit to the Royal Cornwall Hospital in Truro on Monday. Photograph: Simon Dawson/EPA

German newspapers universally scathing of British PM and supportive of Irish concerns

British prime minister Boris Johnson dubbed the backstop ‘undemocratic’.  Photograph: Daniel Leal Olivas/AFP/Getty Images

German leader rebuffs UK attempts to make her officially negotiate on EU withdrawal

German finance minister and member of the German Social Democratic Party  Olaf Scholz with   Manuela Schwesig: Mr Scholz has to see off five competing couples and two individual candidates.  Photograph: Omer Messinger

Federal finance minister enters race amid unpopular coalition and looming recession

Goethe House, Weimar: at its best, the republic enshrined human rights and, at its worst, left ajar a door to the instability that aided Hitler’s rise to power in 1933. Photograph:  Klassik Stiftung Weimar

Taking stock of dark and light legacy of a first experiment in democracy 100 years on

VW-owned Porsche assembly line in Stuttgart: German chancellor Angela Merkel has stuck by her pledge not to sell Ireland down the river to keep the British market open for Daimler, VW and BMW. photograph: ronald wittek/epa

We are letting the British media make us doubt the strength of Berlin’s support

An election poster of the right-wing Alternative für Deutschland party declares: “Take a chance on more democracy!” Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Far-right party paints itself in poll campaign as heir to protests that brought down wall

Beech trees suffering from drought stress in a forest in Warburg, western Germany.  Photograph: Ina Fassbender/AFP/Getty Images

Berlin Letter: Forests are a cultural touchstone, so climate change’s effects have hit hard

Recent polls have the SPD on just 11.5 per cent, almost half of its worst-ever federal election result in 2017. Photograph: Sascha Schuermann/AFP/Getty Images

SPD interim co-leader says party’s ambition is to lead alliance with Left Party and Greens

Germans smoke more than 200 million cigarettes every day. Most end up littering the street.

Petition seeks 20 cent charge per cigarette to be returned on proof butt is not discarded

A protester against violence suffered by Poland’s LGBTI community during a Pride march in Bialystok last week. Photograph: Kacper Pempel/Reuters

‘Rainbow disease’ remarks and communist era comparison add to clerics’ anti-LGBTI rhetoric

Polish foreign minister Jacek Czaputowicz (front) and German foreign minister Heiko Maas lay flowers at the Monument to Victims of the Wola Massacre. Photograph: Rafal Guz/EPA

The 1944 uprising remains a touchstone in Polish cultural memory

 Germany’s foreign minister Heiko Maas: ‘Participation in the American strategy of maximum pressure is out of the question for us.’ Photograph: EPA/Friedemann Vogel

Berlin disagrees with Washington’s policy of ‘maximum pressure’ on Iran

The case against Rupert Stadler affects 250,712 vehicles from Audi, 71,577 VW vehicles and 112,131 cars from Porsche. Photograph: Getty Images

Prosecutors in Munich charging Rupert Stadler with a number of offences

The banking union was agreed in 2014 to create more robust regulation – centrally at the ECB in Frankfurt – for euro zone banks considered “too big to fail”.

Karlsruhe court rules banking union of 2014 does not contradict German law

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