Leader of Poland’s victorious Law and Justice (PiS) party Jaroslaw Kaczynski: ‘We’ll have to consider a lot of things.’ Photograph: Getty

Ruling Law and Justice party takes 44% of vote, eight seats more than absolute majority

Jaroslaw Kaczynski, leader of the governing, right-wing Law and Justice political party. Photograph: Carsten Koall/Getty Images

Law and Justice (PiS) party set to secure absolute majority in parliament

 Election posters on the streets of Warsaw: PiS strategists know electoral risks line their return path to power. Photograph: Radek Pietruszka

PiS party deploys laws on mining and criticism of LGBT people in pursuit of poll boost

People protest against a far-right speaker in Halle two days after an attack targeting a Turkish restaurant after an attempt at a synagogue. Photograph: Hendrik Schmidt

Media criticised for use of live-stream images and coverage of attack on synagogue

Lowicz deputy mayor Boguslaw Bonczak. ‘From what I see, people are simply tired of politics.’ Photograph: Derek Scally

Voters increasingly ready to back party with narrow policies promising individual benefit

A screenshot of a video shows the suspect shooting with a rifle in Halle on Wednesday. Photograph: Andreas Splett/EPA

Shock after gunman livestreamed attack in Halle in which two people were shot dead

File image of Poland’s first president of the supreme court Malgorzata Gersdorf walking next to supporters, in Warsaw. Photograph: Agencja Gazeta/Maciej Jazwiecki via Reuters

Malgorzata Gersdorf warns Poland is on the brink of authoritarianism ahead of election

In this screenshot taken from a video by ATV-Studio Halle, a man fires a gun in the streets of Halle an der Saale, eastern Germany. Photograph: Andreas Splett/ATV-Studio Halle/AFP via Getty Images

Man arrested after attack on synagogue in Halle during Yom Kippur streamed online

People take part in the National Rosary March on Saturday, October 5th, 2019 in Warsaw, where they prayed and sought  to appease God for what they call desecrations and insults related to  recent lesbian and gay pride parades. Photograph: Wojtek Radwanski/AFP/Getty

Voters being warned of plague of so-called ‘LGBT ideology’ ahead of Sunday polls

 British prime minister Boris Johnson and German chancellor Angela Merkel. German officials say the chancellor will  continue looking for a solution to the Brexit deadlock until time is up. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

Senior official in Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union says there is ‘no new German position on Brexit’

A model of the Brandenburg Gate  in Kiel, northern Germany,  where  about 500,000 visitors are expected to  celebrate German Unification Day.  Photograph: Focke Strangmann/EPA

Majority of easterners unimpressed with how democracy is practiced in Germany

 For a documentary on Tuesday night – The Doppelgänger from East Berlin – two men met for the first time in the hotel that linked them three decades previously. Photograph: iStock

If his attempt to flee East Berlin failed, he risked prison. If it succeeded, he might not see his family again

The head of Austria’s Green Party Werner Kogler points at a placard that reads “We only borrowed the Earth from our children” after the first exit polls in Vienna. Photograph: Alex Lalada/AFP/Getty

Coalition options await Sebastian Kurz as conservative ÖVP wins 38% of snap election

Normally German law does not permit class-action suits but this case is taking place under a new legal provision in place since last November. Photographer: Dominic Verhulst/Bloomberg

Court urges compromise with 470,000 owners in case that could stretch to 2023

 Sebastian Kurz, leader of Austrian People’s Party, addresses his supporters at an election party in Vienna. Photograph: Christian Bruna/EPA

Former chancellor’s conservatives make gains while far-right Freedom Party slips

Derek Scally in his neighbourhood in the Wilmersdorf area in western Berlin.

At the time, it seemed like a tiresome hoop to jump through. But it changed my life

Election poster of Werner Kogler, top candidate of the Green Party for Sunday’s Austrian federal elections. Photograph: Christian Bruna

Global climate protest may propel Vienna away from populist-conservative coalition

Former party chairman of the Freedom Party Austria (FPoe) Heinz-Christian Strache (left) greets party leader Norbert Hofer  in Vienna. Photograph: Alex Halada/AFP/Getty

Freedom Party leader Hofer expected to be in a position to form another coalition with the People’s Party

ÖVP chief Sebastian Kurz presses the flesh on the campaign trail in Baden. Photograph: Getty

Country’s political wunderkind will have to work exceedingly hard for a return to power

German chancellor Angela Merkel gets out of a transparent display showing autonomous vehicle components at the Frankfurt Auto Show. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Chancellor’s interest in climate ebbs when it conflicts with German commercial interests

German chancellor Angela Merkel: Greenpeace Germany  claims her policy leaves Germany “miles behind its obligations from the Paris climate agreement”. Photograph: Axel Schmidt/AFP/Getty

Protesters criticise German chancellor’s carbon dioxide tax and fuel hike measures

Climate change protesters in Munich, southern Germany, join millions of demonstrators across Europe. Photograph: Getty Images

Protests mark 1st anniversary of Greta Thunberg’s solo school strike in Stockholm

US actor and singer David Hasselhoff – The Hoff –  poses during an event to promote his new audiobook Up against the Wall. Photograph:  Tobias Schwarz/ AFP

US actor and singer's Looking for Freedom became part of Germany’s 1989 protests

The German icebreaker and research vessel Polarstern:  embarking  on a $150 million dollar expedition to the  Arctic.   Photograph: Rune Stoltz Bertinussen

Polarstern scientific environmental mission to drift with currents to North Pole

Björn Höcke, a former history teacher and no a politician for Alternative für Deutschland. Photograph: Carsten Koall/Getty

Björn Höcke rattled by reporter’s questions about his use of terms such as ‘living space’

Angela Merkel tours the Frankfurt motor show on Thursday. Photograph: Getty

Leaked documents suggest software fitted to detect if exhaust test being carried out

German chancellor Angela Merkel listens after delivering a keynote speech during a debate on the federal budget at the Bundestag,  in Berlin. Photograph: John MacDougall/AFP/Getty Images

Angela Merkel calls for a ‘show of strength’ from EU on environment and digitalisation

Joshua Wong (R), a leading pro-democracy activist from Hong Kong, speaks to the media in Berlin while visiting Germany. Photograph: Carsten Koall/Getty Images

Democracy campaigner Joshua Wong labels Hong Kong ‘the new Berlin’ on German trip

 People’s Party leader Sebastian Kurz. Photograph: Kerstin Joensson/AP Photo

News comes ahead of snap election and after revelation party broke spending laws

Smile like you mean it: Germany’s Angst Index dropped from 47 to 39 per cent. Photograph: Mark Thompson/Getty

Study suggests Germans feeling unusually chipper after ‘retreat in nearly all worries’

Defendants Mario S and Andreas V arrive for their trial at the district court in Detmold, northwestern Germany, on Thursday.   Photograph: Bernd Thissen/AFP/Getty Images

Judge calls men’s tactics, befriending single parents online to get closer to their children, ‘perfidious’

Heike Reichenwallner plays Angela Merkel in the ZDF docudrama Angela und die Flüchtlinge.  Source: ZDF

A gripping docudrama on German TV recounts the chancellor’s handling of the refugee crisis

 The candidates for the SPD party leadership position. Photograph: Thomas Lohnes/Getty

Public selection process is a novelty, and a risk, for Germany’s oldest party

German chancellor Angela Merkel greets incoming ECB president Christine Lagarde at the Leipzig Graduate School of Management. Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty Images

Trump approach is anathema to German chancellor’s level-headed approach to compromise

Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, leader of the Christian Democrat Union,   at the CDU headquarters in Berlin on Monday. Photograph: Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg

AfD’s success has reshuffled Germany’s coalition arithmetic for mainstream parties

The panda cub twins born in Berlin zoo on Saturday. Photograph: Berlin zoo/AFP/Getty Images

Panda couple, Meng Meng and Jiao Qing, produce first panda cubs born in Germany

Pens and stickers bearing a portrait of Andreas Kalbitz, member the far-right AfD (Alternative for Germany). Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty Images.

Election shows greater changes are underway in Germany’s wider political system

Brandenburg candidates for the Freie Waehler party  Peter Vida, the Greens’ Benjamin Raschke and the far-right AfD party’s Andreas Kalbitz. Photograph:  Christoph Soeder

Exit polls put AfD finishing second with 27.5% in Saxony and 22.5% in Brandenburg

German president Frank-Walter Steinmeier and Polish president Andrzej Duda  at a memorial as part of the commemorations marking 80 years since the start of the second World War. Photograph:  Alik Keplicz/AFP/Getty

Events held in Poland to mark the 80th anniversary of the start of second World War

Robert Habeck in Potsdam during the Greens party’s election campaign. Apart from the Greens, all mainstream parties face serious losses this weekend. Photograph: Hayoung Jeon/EPA

One key frustration is the growing fatigue with Merkle and her liberal migration legacy

The Sun and Guardian newspapers’ front page on Thursday

Most papers sternly opposed to move but more right-leaning outlets more supportive

The rent cap proposal has unsettled listed German housing companies such as Deutsche Wohnen and Vonovia. Photograph: Clemens Bilan/EPA

Proposal would see rent for 100sq m apartment reduced to maximum of €800 a month

Ferdinand Piëch died on Sunday  at the age of 82. Photograph: Julian Stratenschulte/EPA

Gifted but ruthless engineer built German car maker into a 12-brand empire

The stage where chief conductor Kirill Petrenko with the Berlin Philharmonic orchestra will perform   on Saturday in front of the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

New conductor Kirill Petrenko will front free open-air concert – for one night only

Supreme court president Malgorzata Gersdorf: According to Polish news portal Onet, members of an online WhatsApp group discussed ways to intimidate judges critical of the government’s reforms. Photograph: Agencja Gazeta/Maciej Jazwiecki

Claims obscene postcards to supreme court president were sent by PiS-affiliated judges

 Chancellor Angela Merkel: facing an economic crisis.  Photograph: Omer Messinger/Getty Images

Strong consumer spending not enough to counter weakening industrial production

German chancellor Angela Merkel  and British prime minister Boris Johnson in Berlin:  Mr Johnson arrived to shouts of “No Brexit!” from a hostile crowd. Photograph: John Macdougall/AFP

‘Irish peace is European peace,’ says Macron ahead of visit to Paris from British PM

British PM visit fails to dent Brexit deadlock as German support for Ireland appears solid

 British prime minister Boris Johnson speaks to nurses during a visit to the Royal Cornwall Hospital in Truro on Monday. Photograph: Simon Dawson/EPA

German newspapers universally scathing of British PM and supportive of Irish concerns

British prime minister Boris Johnson dubbed the backstop ‘undemocratic’.  Photograph: Daniel Leal Olivas/AFP/Getty Images

German leader rebuffs UK attempts to make her officially negotiate on EU withdrawal

German finance minister and member of the German Social Democratic Party  Olaf Scholz with   Manuela Schwesig: Mr Scholz has to see off five competing couples and two individual candidates.  Photograph: Omer Messinger

Federal finance minister enters race amid unpopular coalition and looming recession

Goethe House, Weimar: at its best, the republic enshrined human rights and, at its worst, left ajar a door to the instability that aided Hitler’s rise to power in 1933. Photograph:  Klassik Stiftung Weimar

Taking stock of dark and light legacy of a first experiment in democracy 100 years on

VW-owned Porsche assembly line in Stuttgart: German chancellor Angela Merkel has stuck by her pledge not to sell Ireland down the river to keep the British market open for Daimler, VW and BMW. photograph: ronald wittek/epa

We are letting the British media make us doubt the strength of Berlin’s support

An election poster of the right-wing Alternative für Deutschland party declares: “Take a chance on more democracy!” Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Far-right party paints itself in poll campaign as heir to protests that brought down wall

Beech trees suffering from drought stress in a forest in Warburg, western Germany.  Photograph: Ina Fassbender/AFP/Getty Images

Berlin Letter: Forests are a cultural touchstone, so climate change’s effects have hit hard

Recent polls have the SPD on just 11.5 per cent, almost half of its worst-ever federal election result in 2017. Photograph: Sascha Schuermann/AFP/Getty Images

SPD interim co-leader says party’s ambition is to lead alliance with Left Party and Greens

Germans smoke more than 200 million cigarettes every day. Most end up littering the street.

Petition seeks 20 cent charge per cigarette to be returned on proof butt is not discarded

A protester against violence suffered by Poland’s LGBTI community during a Pride march in Bialystok last week. Photograph: Kacper Pempel/Reuters

‘Rainbow disease’ remarks and communist era comparison add to clerics’ anti-LGBTI rhetoric

Polish foreign minister Jacek Czaputowicz (front) and German foreign minister Heiko Maas lay flowers at the Monument to Victims of the Wola Massacre. Photograph: Rafal Guz/EPA

The 1944 uprising remains a touchstone in Polish cultural memory

 Germany’s foreign minister Heiko Maas: ‘Participation in the American strategy of maximum pressure is out of the question for us.’ Photograph: EPA/Friedemann Vogel

Berlin disagrees with Washington’s policy of ‘maximum pressure’ on Iran

The case against Rupert Stadler affects 250,712 vehicles from Audi, 71,577 VW vehicles and 112,131 cars from Porsche. Photograph: Getty Images

Prosecutors in Munich charging Rupert Stadler with a number of offences

The banking union was agreed in 2014 to create more robust regulation – centrally at the ECB in Frankfurt – for euro zone banks considered “too big to fail”.

Karlsruhe court rules banking union of 2014 does not contradict German law

A woman pays tribute at the train station in Frankfurt where an eight-year-old boy died after being pushed in front of a train on Monday. Photograph: Armando BabanI/EPA

Suspect, who lived in Switzerland, had no apparent motive for the attack

A troubled soul and a talented writer: Sophie Hingst  died in Dublin on July 17th. Photograph: Paul Sharp/Sharppix

The 31-year-old German blogger had denied claims that she invented 22 Holocaust victims in her family

A sticker with words ‘LGBT-free zone’ distributed in weekly conservative magazine Gazeta Polska, in Warsaw, this week. Photograph: Kacper Pempel/Reuters

Leading magazine could face fine over ‘LGBT-free zone’ sticker in its latest edition

The government of Austrian chancellor Sebastian Kurz, above,  collapsed  in May after a video emerged of FPÖ leader Heinz-Christian Strache apparently promising political favours for party donations. File photograph: Kerstin Joensson/AP Photo

Sebastian Kurz aide brought hard drives to be destroyed at specialist company in Vienna

Germany’s new defence minister Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer is congratulated by chancellor Angela Merkel  after she took her official oath of office during a special session of the Bundestag on Wednesday. Photograph: Wolfgang Kumm/AFP/Getty Images

CDU leader Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer sworn in as new defence minister

The motorway and street following the valley near Sankt Nikolai in the Brenner Pass.

Germany calls crisis summit as Austria threatens further action against motorists

Anti-LGBT protesters seek to disrupt the first pride parade in Bialystok, Poland, on  July 20th. Photograph: Magda Bogdanowicz/Reuters

Claims PiS and church ‘directly responsible’ for hooligan attack on regional pride parade

German chancellor Angela Merkel at her summer press conference in Berlin on Friday. Photograph:John MacDougall/Getty Images

EU-UK withdrawal agreement not up for renegotiation, German chancellor insists

Germany’s new defence minister Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer (left), her predecessor  Ursula von der Leyen  and chancellor Angela Merkel  at Bellevue Palace in Berlin on Wednesday. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

Chancellor surprises everyone with choice to succeed Von der Leyen as defence minister

Cecilienhof Palace in Potsdam in northeastern Germany. The heirs of the former Prussian monarchy are seeking the return of artworks and the right of residence in various properties.  Photograph: Barbara Sax/AFP

Kaiser Wilhelm II’s family is fighting with German state for return of valuable property

German chancellor Angela Merkel with others including British architect David Chipperfield at the opening of the James Simon Gallery building in Berlin. Photograph: Jens Schlueter

One critic calls freshly opened James Simon Gallery ‘Berlin’s most expensive cloakroom’

William Hollacsek, co-founder and chief techology officer of Grandpal, and Brian Daly, co-founder and chief executive.

High cost of living in Dublin is only part of the reason why young Irish are giving it a go in Germany’s capital

Alexander Gauland (left) and Björn Höcke have differing visions of the AfD. Photograph: Getty

Over 100 members warn that party in danger of being hijacked by regional chief Björn Höcke

A ceremony in Athens marks the anniversary of the liberation of city from Nazi occupation. Photograph: Louisa Gouliamaki/AFP/Getty Images

German position ‘justifiable but by no means mandatory’, report says

Ali Bashar, who arrived in Germany with his family in 2015,  covers his face in front of the cameras in the courtroom.  Photograph:  Boris Roessler/Pool/AFP

Conviction of Ali Bashar for rape and murder of 14-year-old sparks fresh round of debate

 German chancellor Angela Merkel during a joint press conference with Finnish prime minister Antti Rinne at the chancellery in Berlin on Wednesday. She began trembling as a military band played the Finnish national anthem.  Photograph:  Hayoung Jeon/EPA

German chancellor says she is ‘doing fine’ after another shaking spell with Finnish PM

An Ikea store in Warsaw. The case of the worker fired for posting biblical quotes condemning homosexuality on the company intranet  has been embraced by Poland’s ruling party and Catholic bishops. Photograph:  Jaap Arriens/NurPhoto via Getty Images

Retail giant faces boycott calls after it fired employee for online comments about gays

Beneath a mesh, looking like a giant golden jellyfish, more than 300 gold-upholstered seats of the CJEU filled up long before 9am with lawyers, law students and observers.

All rise for round two in the long-running legal action between Facebook, Max Schrems and the Data Protection Commissioner

Counsel for Facebook, the US federal government and tech industry groups warned the court that invalidating the main legal instrument used for Facebook’s EU-US data transmissions would have huge knock-on effects for European businesses and citizens.

Transatlantic channel allows US to spy on EU citizens Data Protection Commission alleges

Max Schrems, Austrian  privacy activist. Photograph: Joe Klamar/AFP/Getty Images

Data Protection Commissioner action could have major impact on firm’s business model

A view of the St Ulrich and Afra Church in the city of Augsburg, Bavaria,  Germany. Photograph: Christof Stache/AFP/Getty Images

Irish people based in the sprawling German region offer advice on the CSU visit

German transport minister Alexander Dobrindt: “Ireland is not in the centre of Europe but politically it must be in the centre of European interests.” Photograph: Saoeren Stache

Ahead of Irish trip, CSU pledges support for Ireland in all Brexit scenarios

 President Michael D Higgins and Sabina Higgins in Würzburg on the third day of an official state visit to Germany. Photograph:  Maxwell

‘Mission accomplished’ says smiling Rory Gallagher fan Steinmeier of Higgins’s visit

 President Michael D Higgins and his wife Sabina Higgins at St Kilian’s Cathedral in Würzburg on the third day of the State visit to  Germany. Photograph: Maxwell’s

Ireland’s new consulate general to open later this year in Frankfurt

 German president Frank-Walter Steinmeier (left) and his wife Elke Buedenbender (right) with President Michael D. Higgins  and his wife Sabina  before a gala dinner in Berlin. Photograph: Hayoung Jeon/EPA

Whether for inward investment, exports or tourism, Germany is a top five country for Ireland with potential for much more

President Michael D Higgins at the University of Leipzig during a state visit to Germany: also attended a concert in Berlin’s Kreuzberg area. Photograph: Peter Endig

Michael D Higgins and Frank-Walter Steinmeier attend Other Voices concert in Berlin

President Michael D Higgins speaks to Saxony’s state premier Michael Kretschmer during his visit to the university of Leipzig. Photograph: Peter Endig / dpa / AFP

Michael D Higgins on visit to Leipzig says challenges have brought Europe to the brink of change

German chancellor Angela Merkel welcomes President Michael D Higgins for meeting at the chancellery in Berlin on Wednesday. Photograph: Markus Schreiber/AP

President meets Angela Merkel and Frank Walter Steinmeier on German state visit

President Micahel D Higgins meets with the president of the Bundestag Wolfgang Schaüble .

President cites it as proof of ‘strong and enduring’ bilateral relationship

German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier (L) and Ireland’s President Michael D Higgins inspect a military honour guard at the presidential Bellevue Palace in Berlin. Photograph: Tobias Schwarz/AFP/Getty Images

President Higgins meets Angela Merkel and Berlin mayor during second day of state visit

Michael D Higgins will visit the Brandenburg Gate during his visit to Germany. Photograph: Getty Images

President and Tánaiste Simon Coveney in Germany on three-day state visit

Ursula von der Leyen: was once considered a potential reserve chancellor. Photograph: Filip Singer/EPA

German defence minister (60) is seen as a liberal and reliable pair of hands

Germany’s then federal chancellor Helmut Kohl and Angela Merkel in 1992: perhaps the high-point of Irish-German relations was two years earlier, when the Irish EU presidency assisted Mr Kohl’s push for European acceptance of German unity.   Photograph: Thomas Imo/Photothek

Higgins will visit a nation that has come a long way from mere ‘uninformed sympathy’

Germany’s chancellor Angela Merkel: Ireland’s state visit offers a chance to match rational policy with real emotional buy-in. Photograph: Brendan Smialowski

Any criticism of Berlin’s role in austerity will invite finger-pointing at Irish tax regime

The La Defense business district in Paris, on Friday. Europeans fought to stay cool over much of Europe as concerns grew about climate change. Photograph: Martin Barzilai/Bloomberg

France hits highest-ever temperature of nearly 46 degrees and wildfires rage in Spain

German chancellor Angela Merkel with Chinese president Xi Jinping  and Russian president Vladimir Putin: Bild tabloid has asked “How sick is the chancellor?”   Photograph:  Dominique Jacovides

Second bout of public shaking sparks theories of cause and poses dilemma of privacy

WH Auden (1907-1973), poet and essayist, with Christopher Isherwood (left) standing on the platform at Victoria Station, London, waiting to leave for China. Photograph: John F Stephenson/Getty Images

Berlin Letter: Isherwood and his partner are being celebrated in the city’s gay museum

People refresh themselves on a fountain at La Concha beach in the northern Spanish city of San Sebastian. Photograph:  Ander Gillenea/AFP/Getty Images

Cool rooms and 1,000 water stations supplied by Parisian authorities amid heatwave

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