Viorica Dancila, the newly appointed Romanian prime minister with Liviu Dragnea, the leader of the ruling Social Democrat Party: new government will face widespread public discontent and growing EU scrutiny. Photograph: Octav Gane AFP/Getty

Ruling party of Liviu Dragnea accused of anti-graft efforts and weakening rule of law

Hungarian police with a Ukrainian-registered AN-2 aircraft near Kallosemjen, 242km east of Budapest on Wednesday. Photograph: Zsolt Czegledi/AP

Government targets groups it accuses of helping illegal immigration

A cortege escorts a car carrying the coffin of Oliver Ivanovic, flanked by priests and family, to the northern outskirts of Kosovska, Mitrovica, in Kosovo on Wednesday. Photograph: Djordje Kojadinovic/Reuters

Pristina may ask the FBI to help find Oliver Ivanovic's killers

Oliver Ivanovic: one of the chief interlocutors for Nato, United Nations and European Union officials based in Kosovo after the war. Photograph: Andrej Cukic/EPA

Moderate Kosovo Serb leader Oliver Ivanovic gunned down in divided city of Mitrovica

Czech presidential candidate Jiri Drahos: has  faced a string of unfounded allegations on fake news sites and social media, including that he is a paedophile, collaborated with the communist-era secret police, and wants to flood the Czech Republic with refugees. Photograph:  Martin Divisek/EPA

Jiri Drahos hit by lurid fake news as he challenges Kremlin-friendly Milos Zeman

Czech presidential candidate Jiri Drahos: said he would travel around the regions, where he will seek to quash criticism he is bland and lacks the common touch of his rival. Photograph: David W Cerny/Reuters

Populist president Milos Zeman and liberal rival Jiri Drahos at odds over scandal-hit PM

Czech president Milos Zeman  at his election headquarters after the first round of the presidential election last Friday, in Prague. Photograph: Matej Stransky/AFP/Getty Images

Milos Zeman now in danger of being ousted by Jiri Drahos in January 26th-27th run-off

Czech president Milos Zeman (L) and former Czech Science Academy head and independent candidate for the Czech presidential election Jiri Drahos. Photograph: Zhao Wang/AFP/Getty Images

Populist president and liberal challenger disagree over scandal-hit premier

Security staff of Czech president Milos Zeman (not in picture) detain a woman member of the Femen organisation after she confronted the president on Friday. Photograph:  Michal Cizek/AFP/Getty Images

At a Prague polling station, topless activist berates Milos Zeman over his Russian ties

An election poster of Czech president Miloš Zeman. Photograph: Martin Divisek/EPA

Eurosceptic Miloš Zeman is under threat from a pro-EU challenger in presidential vote

Czech prime minister Andrej Babis: faces allegations of illegally accessing some €2 million in EU funds. Photograph: Martin Divisek/EPA

Andrej Babis will be nominated as premier again if he loses first vote, says president

Kateryna Nozdrovska, the mother of Iryna Nozdrovska, reacts during the funeral ceremony in Demydiv village of Kiev’s area, Ukraine, on Tuesday. Photograph: Sergey Dolzhenko/EPA

Father of man who killed Iryna Nozdrovska's sister is charged with her murder

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar and Bulgarian prime minister Boiko Borisov during their press conference in Sofia on Friday. Photograph: Vassil Donev/EPA

‘No unresolved problems between Bulgaria and Ireland,’ prime minister tells Taoiseach

Moldova’s pro-Kremlin president, Igor Dodon, with his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, at  an informal Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) summit in Novo-Ogaryovo,  near Moscow, on December 26th. Photograph: Alexei Druzhnin/EPA/Sputnik

Kremlin-friendly Igor Dodon locked in bitter power struggle with pro-EU government

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar and Hungary’s prime minister Viktor Orban hold a joint news conference in Budapest, Hungary, on Thursday. Photograph: Bernadett Szabo/Reuters

Taoiseach says he and Viktor Orban agree on Brexit and EU tax and agricultural policies

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar and Hungary’s prime minister, Viktor Orban, hold a joint news conference in Budapest, Hungary, on Thursday. Photograph: Bernadett Szabo/Reuters

Gardaí have not found evidence of terrorism link to Yosuke Sasaki’s killing, says Varadkar

German foreign minister Sigmar Gabriel  with  Ukrainian counterpart Pavlo Klimkin  in Kiev on Thursday. “I hope we will manage to adopt a realistic and suitable mandate for a UN mission before the elections in Russia,” said Mr Gabriel.  Photograph:  Gleb Garanich/Reuters

Berlin doubts US arms supplies to Kiev will help end war with Russian-led militia

New Polish prime minister Mateusz Morawiecki (right) and his Hungarian counterpart Viktor Orban at a welcoming ceremony for the former in front of the Parliament building in Budapest, Hungary, today. Mr Morawiecki is on an official visit to Hungary. Photograph: Tamas Kovacs/EPA

Leaders say views of central European states must be heard on migration and other issues

Poland’s prime minister Mateusz Morawiecki first bilateral visit aims to deepen ties to Viktor Orban’s regime. Photograph: Kacper Pempel/Reuters

Budapest vows to shield allies in Warsaw from any EU punishment over reforms

The newly minted partially gold coin made to commemorate the Bulgarian Presidency of the Council of the European Union. Bulgaria will face a challenge in the era of migration and Brexit. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Unity to be key aim as Brussels also faces mounting tension with Poland and Hungary

Kosovo’s president Hashim Thaci described the court as a “historic injustice” against members of Kosovo’s ethnic Albanian majority. Photograph: Armend Nimani/AFP/Getty Images

Prosecutors in The Hague could indict ex-rebels who are now top politicians

A demonstrator holds a placard stating “Dissolve the Bolshevik Parliament (Down with Parliamentary Dictatorship)” as people protest by  the Romanian Parliament in Bucharest on December 21st, 2017. Photograph: Daniel Mihailescu/AFP/Getty

EU concerned as Romania follows Poland and Hungary on corruption law reform drive

Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko meets with Canada’s Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland in Kiev last week. Photograph: Mykhailo Markiv/Ukrainian Presidential Press Service

White House approves provision of deadly ‘defensive’ weapons to Kiev

Hungary’s prime minister Viktor Orban: “It’s not even worth starting the [EU] process against Poland as there’s no chance to carry it through. Hungary will be there and form a road block they can’t get around,” he said. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/EPA

Brussels says Poland's judicial overhaul threatens the rule of law

Moldova’s president Igor Dodon takes his oath on the Moldovan constitution during his inauguration ceremony at the Republican Palace in Chisinau, Moldova. Photograph: EPA

Igor Dodon feuds with pro-EU government ahead of 2018 elections

 Former Georgian president and ex-Odessa governor Mikheil Saakashvili welcomes supporters during a rally in downtown Kiev on December 17th, 2017. Photograph: Sergey Dolzhenko/EPA

Kiev Letter: Erstwhile allies and western envoys criticise clashes during protest

Russian president Vladimir Putin (right) with Serbian president Aleksandar Vucic during their meeting in the Kremlin, in Moscow, on Tuesday. Photograph: Yuri Kochetkov/EPA

US official recently urged Belgrade to choose between the EU and Moscow

 Former Georgian president and ex-Odessa governor Mikheil Saakashvili with  supporters during Sunday’s  rally in  Kiev, Ukraine. Photograph:  EPA/Sergey Dolzhenko

Ex-Georgian leader Mikheil Saakashvili denies trying to seize Kiev theatre

Marton Gyongyosi, a Trinity-educated leading member of Hungary’s nationalist Jobbik party, at a protest in Budapest on Friday

Jobbik party says huge fine for alleged illegal financing could force it out of 2018 election

 Polish president Andrzej Duda and Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko. Photograph: Janek Skarzynski/AFP/Getty Images

Diplomatic row and grenade attacks have deepened rancour over wartime atrocities

Former Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili  greets supporters outside of a courthouse in Kiev, Ukraine. Photograph: Genya Savilov/AFP/Getty Images

Former Georgian president also calls for the West to put pressure on Kiev over corruption

Poland president Andrzej Duda: due to visit Ukraine this week to try to soothe strained relations. Photograph: Janek Skarzynski/AFP/Getty Images

No one hurt in apparent grenade attack amid strained Ukraine-Poland relations

Supporters of former Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili gather near a temporary detention facility where he is being held in custody in Kiev. Photograph: Gleb Garanich/Reuters

Thousands march in Kiev against corruption after ex-Georgian president arrested

Tomio Okamura, the anti-Islam and Eurosceptic leader of the Czech Republic’s Freedom and Direct Democracy party, which came fourth in parliamentary elections in October. Photograph: Daniel McLaughlin

Tomio Okamura backs ‘Czexit’ and opposes Islam and immigration

Hungarian MEP and member of Jobbik party Bela Kovacs: “I have never spied on EU institutions for any foreign power.” Photograph: Zoltan Balogh/EPA

Far-right Jobbik party says Viktor Orban’s allies want to cripple its election hopes

Former Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili speaks  to his supporters as they camp out outside parliament demanding the resignation of the Ukrainian president, in Kiev, Ukraine, on  Wednesday. Photograph: Evgeniy Maloletka/AP

Kiev’s western allies fear anti-corruption drive is being sabotaged

Former Georgian  president Mikheil Saakashvili flashes a victory sign after he was freed by his supporters in Kiev on Tuesday. Photograph: Gleb Garanich/Reuters

Ex-Georgian leader denies allegations of plotting coup and calls for street protests

Protesters  in central Kiev on Sunday demand swifter political change and an end to corruption. Photograph: Gleb Garanich/Reuters

President Petro Poroshenko and allies accused of blocking investigations

People hold a large EU  flag during a protest joined by hundreds in Bucharest on Sunday night.  Photograph: Vadim Ghirda/AP

Demonstrators against controversial judicial reform in Romania use site of fair for rallies

 EU Council chief  Donald Tusk has urged EU states  to “proceed swiftly” with the Nord Stream 2 project. Photograph: Dario Pignatelli/Bloomberg

Many EU states fear impact of Nord Stream 2 project, which Germany is in favour of

A Bosnian Croat woman lights a candle for convicted general Slobodan Praljak, who killed himself seconds after the verdict in the UN war crimes tribunal in The Hague, in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Photograph: Dado Ruvic/Reuters

Croatian president calls for reconciliation and criticises UN tribunal

Croatian former general Slobodan Praljak stands prior to the start of his appeal judgement at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) on November 29th, 2017 at the Hague. Photograph: Robin van Lonkhuijsen/AFP/Getty Images

Former Bosnian Croat commander Slobodan Praljak drank from flask when sentence upheld

People  shout anti-government slogans during a protest against government and corruption in front of the Romanian government headquarters in Bucharest this week. Photograph: Daniel Mihailescu/AFP/Getty Images

Tens of thousands rallied on Sunday to defend anti-corruption laws

Hungary’s Viktor Orban and China’s prime minister Li Keqiang: “China has the resources to enable developments that would be impossible with EU funding alone,” says Mr Orban  Photograph: Attila Kisbenedek/AFP/Getty Images

Brussels fears Beijing’s economic clout and facilities portfolio could undermine EU

The new regime in Luhansk took power amid a flurry of fatal clashes between Russian-controlled militia and government troops. Photograph: Reuters

Power struggle in restive eastern region comes to head after interior minister sacked

Ekaterina Trendafilova, president of new EU-backed court at The Hague that will hear cases of alleged war crimes stemming from the conflict in Kosovo. Photograph: Hazir Reka/Europe

Court registry run by Irish lawyer will tackle key task of witness protection

Ratko Mladic rages in court at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in the Hague, Netherlands, yesterday.  Photograph: Reuters

Thousands still missing, presumed dead – but ranks of the fallen continue to haunt region

A woman mourns over a relative’s grave at a memorial centre near Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina,  on Wednesday. Photograph: Dimitar Dilkoff/AFP/Getty

Many Serbs reject UN court's rulings and deny Srebrenica genocide

The Srebrenica-Potocari Memorial Centre and Cemetery in Potocari, Bosnia, where many victims of the Srebrenica massacre of Muslim men and boys are buried. Photograph:  Andrew Testa/The New York Times

Bosnian Muslims hope ruling will help end Serbs' genocide denial

 A woman walks past a mural of Bosnian Serb wartime general Ratko Mladic in Belgrade, Serbia, in 2009. Photograph: Photograph:  Marko Djurica/Reuters

Serb leaders claim UN court in The Hague is biased against their people

 George Soros: “With Hungary’s healthcare and education systems in distress and corruption rife, the current government has sought to create an outside enemy to distract citizens.” Photograph:  Luke MacGregor/Reuters

Populist government accused of trying to distract from graft and failing services

Polish foreign minister Witold Waszczykowski this month accused Ukraine of “using” Warsaw for support against Russia while failing to address deep disagreements over their 1940s history. Photograph: Gian  Ehrenzeller

Head of commission on WWII commemoration refused entry to Poland on Saturday

People wearing masks march across the medieval Charles Bridge to commemorate the 28th anniversary of the 1989 Velvet Revolution in Prague, Czech Republic. Photograph: David W Cerny/Reuters

Billionaire election winner Babis and pro-Russian president Zeman alarm many Czechs

Presidential candidate Vaclav Havel waves to his supporters from a balcony in Prague in this December 19th, 1989 file photo. Havel, a dissident playwright who was jailed by the communists and then went on to lead the bloodless Velvet Revolution and become Czech president, died at 75 on December 18th, 2011. File photograph: Petar Kujundzic/Reuters

Tens of thousands expected to march amid rising European populism and xenophobia

Senad Kaliman, who was six-years-old when Bosnia’s war started in 1992, stands at the abandoned bobsleigh track overlooking the city that hosted the 1984 Winter Olympics. Photograph: Daniel McLaughlin

The children of the Bosnian siege recall the daily misery and horror of the conflict

A Ukrainian serviceman exercises with 35kg weight made from 120mm mortars, not far of the crisis front line in Vodyane village of Donetsk area, in October.  Photograph: Sergey Vaganov/EPA

Kremlin envoy says 26 of 29 US proposals were unacceptable to Russia

Russian president Vladimir Putin attends the Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation meeting in Danang, Vietnam. Photograph: Jorge Silva/Reuters

Russian leader responds to reports on deployment proposals ahead of talks on the conflict

Protesters wave flags and placards while shouting anti-government slogans during a protest against government in downtown Bucharest, Romania on Sunday. Photograph: Robert  Ghement/EPA

Government accused of launching new bid to weaken anti-graft laws

Polish graves at the Lychakiv Cemetery in Lviv, Ukraine. Many Poles have been buried in the cemetery, one of the oldest in Europe,  as Lviv was a Polish city until 1939. Photograph: Darek Delmanowicz/EPA

Warsaw to bar Ukrainians ‘with extreme anti-Polish positions’

Former Bosnian Serb general  Ratko Mladic at the war crimes tribunal in The Hague in 2011.  Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

Convicted war criminal lauded as he starts teaching cadets in Belgrade

Moldovan president Igor Dodon and Russian leader Vladimir Putin in Sochi on October 10th. Mr Dodon denounced Moldova’s highest court on Wednesday for approving a proposal from pro-EU deputies to change the nation’s constitution. Photograph:   Mikhail Svetlov/Getty Images

Pro-Russian president vows to block switch from Moldovan to Romanian

Volunteer fighter Amina Okuyeva, pictured in Kiev in 2014, who was killed in an ambush on Monday night.  Less than five months ago she was credited with saving her husband’s life, when she shot a suspected Chechen hit man. Photograph:  Daniel McLaughlin

Amina Okuyeva’s husband was once accused of plotting to kill Vladimir Putin

Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orban  accuses Budapest-born George Soros of buying influence in the European Union.  Photograph: Reuters/Laszlo Balogh

Viktor Orban claims billionaire wants to oust him and flood Europe with migrants

Crimean Tatar  activists Ahtem Chiygoz (left) and  Ilmi Umerov (right), who have been released from prison in Russia,    with Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko in Kiev, Ukraine, today. Photograph: Valentyn Ogirenko/Reuters

Restoring Ukraine’s territorial integrity ‘is minimum task... Our struggle revolves around this’

Police examine a crime scene after an explosion in which Ukrainian lawmaker Igor Mosiychuk was wounded and his bodyguard killed in Kiev on Wednesday night. Photograph: Stepan Franko/EPA

Two killed and nationalist politician hurt in latest attack on prominent people in Kiev

Serbian president Aleksandar Vucic and Russian defence minister Sergei Shoigu at an air show in Belgrade: Serbia is Russia’s key ally in a region where all the countries now either are or want to be EU members. Photograph:  Djordje Kojadinovic/Reuters

Belgrade under pressure over East-West balancing act

A man shakes hands with former Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili as he sits in a tent during a protest against Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko in Kiev on Sunday. Photograph: Sergei Supinsky/AFP/Getty Images

Mikheil Saakashvili threatened with extradition to his homeland

Andrej Babis leaves after a meeting with Czech president Milos Zeman on Monday at the president’s summer residence near Prague. Photograph: Martin Divisek/EPA

Fraud charges against billionaire Andrej Babis complicate coalition talks

Andrej Babis, Slovak-born billionaire and leader of the Ano movement, with his wife Monika after the first results of Czech parliamentary elections  in Prague. Photograph: EPA

Scandal-hit populist Andrej Babis plays down talk of potential rift with EU

The leader of Ano party Andrej Babis and his wife Monika arrive to cast their votes in parliamentary elections in Prague on Friday. Photograph:  David W Cerny/Reuters

Andrej Babis dubbed the ‘Czech Trump’ for his riches and populist rhetoric

Protesters attend a rally near the Ukrainian Parliament building in Kiev, Ukraine, on Thursday.  Photograph: Sergey Dolzhenko/EPA

Healthcare law passes and Bills to end deputies' legal immunity advance

Russian president Vladimir Putin (centre): the Kremlin wants World Cup 2018 to be a showcase for Putin’s Russia, just like the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. Photograph: Alexei Nikolsky/Kremlin via Reuters

Kaliningrad offical advises residents to leave the city ‘and relax in the countryside’ during the event

Former Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili with  supporters in front of parliament in Kiev: “Poroshenko needs to think about leaving his post . . . That is not my ultimatum, it is my advice.” Photograph: Sergey Dolzhenko/EPA

Mikheil Saakashvili calls for Poroshenko to step down as votes on key Bills are stalled

Romanian prime minister Mihai Tudose leaving the Social Democrats’ headquarters after consultations over his cabinet reshuffle in Bucharest, Romania, on Monday. Photograph: Robert Ghement/EPA

Social Democrats beset by crises since sweeping to power last December

Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orban: “The world should understand that what is at stake today is nothing less than the future of the European way of life, and of our identity.” Photograph: Gergely Botár/

Viktor Orban says ‘fate and God’ compel Hungary to defend Christians

Hungarian minister for  foreign affairs and trade Peter Szijjarto (right) receives Ukrainian minister for foreign affairs Pavlo Klimkin in his office in Budapest, Hungary, today. Photograph: Zsolt Szigetvary/EPA

Budapest calls for review of EU-Ukraine relations over reform of language tuition

Serbian president Aleksandar Vucic and Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan  during their visit at Novi Pazar on Wednesday in Serbia.  Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Centuries of enmity loom over bid to strengthen economic and political ties

Czech billionaire and leader of the Ano  political movement, Andrej Babis, during a pre-election debate on October 4th, 2017, in Vsetaty village, central Bohemia, near Prague. Photograph: Michal Cizek/AFP/Getty Images

Andrej Babis accuses Czech political elite of conspiring to keep him from power

Police collect evidence at the site of the murder of Denis Voronenkov, last March, in Kiev. Photograph: Ivan Kovalenko/Kommersant via Getty Images

Kiev's suspect and the Kremlin deny role in Denis Voronenkov's death

Ukraine International Airlines airplanes at Kiev’s Boryspil airport: a planned deal collapsed when the  airport rejected it as economically unviable. Photograph: Getty Images

Oligarchs and international firms likely to clash as Ukraine integrates with the West

Petro Poroshenko: allies of the  Ukrainian president  insisted it was vital to show that Ukraine was committed to a political resolution of the conflict. Photograph: Zurab Kurtsikidze/EPA

Punches and smoke bomb thrown in parliament during debates on war zone

Yaroslav Honchar, who as a volunteer battled Russian-led militia in eastern Ukraine and helped make drones for government forces, is now part of Nato-mentored efforts to modernise the way his country’s military fights. Photograph: Daniel McLaughlin

West helps Kiev change how it fights on the battlefield and in cyberspace

Former Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili’s pending asylum application prevents Ukraine extraditing to him to Georgia. Photograph: Sergei Supinsky/AFP/Getty Images

Ukrainian president annulled ex-Georgian leader's passport during feud

People protest at the Catalan government’s headquarters during a general strike in Barcelona on Tuesday, following Sunday’s independence referendum in the region. Photograph: Robin Townsend/EPA

Brussels accused of hypocrisy over stances on Crimea and Kosovo

George Soros: the billionaire liberal philanthropist was born in Budapest. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Viktor Orban and allies claim EU backs ‘Soros plan’ for mass immigration

Smoke and flames rise over a warehouse storing ammunition for multiple rocket launcher systems at a military base in the town of Kalynivka in Vinnytsia region, Ukraine. Photograph: Yurii Basiuk

Political and military leaders under scrutiny after latest arms depot explosion in Ukraine

Hungarian foreign minister Peter Szijjarto: “Hungary will block all steps within the European Union that would represent a step forward in Ukraine’s European integration process.”  Photograph: Bernadett Szabo/Reuters

Russia criticises new language rules to focus on Ukrainian at school as ‘act of ethnocide’

Hungary’s prime minister Viktor Orban and Polish prime minister Beata Szydlo in Warsaw, Poland. Photograph: Slawomir Kaminski/Reuters

Hungarian leader Viktor Orban targets George Soros ahead of re-election bid

 Ukraine’s president Petro Poroshenko meets US president Donald Trump at the UN General Assembly in New York on Thursday. Photograph: Kevin Lamarque/Reuters

US backs Kiev's call for mission to have access to Ukraine-Russia border

Shells explode during the joint Russia-Belarus strategic military exercises Zapad in Belarus. Photograph: Tatiana Zenkovich

Polish and Estonian officials air widespread concerns in West about motives behind drills

 Former Georgian president and ex-Odessa governor Mikheil Saakashvili speaks to journalists in front of the Presidential Office in Kiev, Ukraine,  September 19th, 2017. Photograph: Sergey Dolzhenko/EPA

Populist ex-Georgian leader touring Ukraine to rally support for faltering reforms

Russian president Vladimir Putin watches the Zapad-2017 war games with minister for defence Sergei Shoigu (left) and chief of the general staff of Russian armed forces Valery Gerasimov (second right) in Leningrad, Russia. Photograph:  Mikhail Klimentyev/Kremlin via Reuters

Nato concerned as troops, tanks and warplanes crush ‘insurgents’ in major drill

Former Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili:  returned to Ukraine despite being stripped of his citizenship by its president, former ally Petro Poroshenko. Photograph:  AFP / Yuri Dyachyshyny/ Getty Images

Populist former Georgian leader thrives in role of anti-oligarch crusader

A Ukrainian serviceman stands guard at his position on the front line in the town of Maryinka, east Ukraine, on September 3rd. Photograph: Oleksandr Klymenko/Reuters

Russia foresees only limited role of protecting monitors for UN ‘blue helmets’

Opposition supporters and one of the Belarusian opposition leaders Vladimir Nekliaev take part in a rally during a protest against the upcoming Zapad military exercises in Minsk, Belarus. Photograph: Tatyana Zenkovich/EPA

Moscow rejects West’s claim that ‘Zapad’ military exercises will involve 100,000 troops

Hungary’s Peter Szijjarto attends an informal meeting of European Union ministers of foreign affairs in Tallinn, Estonia.  Photograph: Ints Kalnins/Reuters

Kiev denies that US-backed reforms will suppress minority languages

Former Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili  during a press conference in Lviv, Ukraine on Monday after he controversially entered the country on Sunday night.  “I have a clear plan: to end theft from the economy; to end the power of the oligarchy; to end misuse of power,” Mr Saakashvili said. Photograph: Gleb Garanich/Reuters

President Poroshenko condemns ex-Georgian leader’s border-crossing ‘crime’

Former Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili, accompanied by Ukrainian opposition leader Yulia Tymoshenko, speaks to media at a railway station in Przemysl, Poland, on Sunday. Photograph: Gleb Garanich/Reuters

Mikheil Saakashvili stripped of citizenship amid feud with Ukraine leader Poroshenko

Pavlo Hryb: vanished during a day trip to Belarus last month and resurfaced in a Russian jail facing terrorism charges.

Blogger Pavlo Hryb (19) vanished on a day trip to meet a girl in Belarus

Montenegro’s opposition Democratic Front leader Andrija Mandic (right) stands next to a supporter in front of a court in Podgorica  on Thursday. Photograph: Savo Prelevic/AFP/Getty Images

Kremlin and Montenegrin opposition dismiss case as a hoax

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