Artur Mas plans for Catalan independence in 2016

President aims to run on a united platform with other pro-independence parties

The leader of the Catalan region, Artur Mas, is trying to persuade fellow pro-independence parties to back a plan to hold a plebiscite-style election as a step towards formalising secession from Spain in 2016.

On Tuesday, Mr Mas presented his “road map” towards independence for the northeastern region in the wake of a November 9th unofficial referendum on the issue. Speaking in Barcelona, he repeated his aim of holding early regional elections and running on a united platform with other pro-independence parties to use the vote as a definitive referendum on the issue.

The main novelty of the plan was the timeframe. If the secessionist ticket achieved a convincing win, within 18 months there would be another vote to formalise creation of an independent Catalan state, he said.


If an early election is held, it would almost certainly be by spring, meaning the Catalan leader envisages independence by late 2016. “There is little time to do an enormous task,” said Mr Mas, of the moderate nationalist Convergence party.


His preferred route to independence is via a Scotland-style referendum, agreed on with the central government. However, Madrid has ruled out supporting such a project.

Mr Mas’s main challenge is to convince other parties to join him in the plebiscite venture. The recent unofficial referendum was a huge boost for Mr Mas, who until then had appeared to be overshadowed by more radical pro-independence groups. His ability to bring more than two million Catalans out to vote, despite Spanish government attempts to thwart the ballot via the justice system, was seen as a major coup.

However, despite his resurgence, the other pro-independence parties in the Catalan parliament lean to the left of Mr Mas's conservative Convergence on social issues, making them unnatural allies on an electoral ticket. Perhaps more importantly, his party has been tainted by revelations that its former leader, Jordi Pujol, hid millions of euros in tax havens for decades.

Two parties that supported his November 9th referendum, the ICV greens and the leftist-separatist CUP, have already backed away from this scheme. More important to him will be the support of the stridently pro-independence Catalan Republican Left (ERC), which has surged past Mr Mas’s own party in recent polls.

At Tuesday’s presentation of the Mas road map, ERC leader Oriol Junqueras caused a stir by refusing to applaud at its conclusion. However, yesterday he was marginally less frosty, declaring that the priority “is to seek the formula that allows us to gather not a little, but a lot [of support]”.

The debate over how best to move towards independence has been taking place ahead of a visit to Catalonia by Spanish prime minister Mariano Rajoy on Saturday, when he is due to make a speech that could offers clues as to how he will approach the Catalan crisis in the coming months.

Guy Hedgecoe

Guy Hedgecoe

Guy Hedgecoe is a contributor to The Irish Times based in Spain