Separatist groups protest over Kashmir concert
Bavarian State Orchestra show goes off peacefully amid heavy security
Conductor Zubin Mehta during a performance at Shalimar Garden in in Indian-administered Srinagar, Kashmir, last night. Photograph: Manpreet Romana/New York Times
Indian security forces stand guard and shops are shuttered after a call for a strike to protest a performance by conductor Zubin Mehta in Indian-administered Srinagar, Kashmir, yesterday. Mehta’s performance was met with widespread criticism, as many Kashmiris complained that the public would not be admitted to the event. Photograph: Manpreet Romana/New York Times
A concert by renowned conductor Zubin Mehta in Indian-controlled Kashmir, where separatist groups are fighting New Delhi’s rule, was mired in controversy today - posing potential diplomatic embarrassment for Germany, whose ambassador organised the event.
The concert, on the banks of picturesque Dal Lake, went off peacefully last night amid heavy security to deter any attack by separatist insurgents in one of the most militarised regions of the world.
But separatist groups protested against an event they said effectively legitimised New Delhi’s rule over the disputed state, and called a strike to show their opposition. Shops were shuttered and streets largely deserted yesterday in Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir state.
In the hours before the concert, security forces deployed in the city shot and wounded a motorist who they said failed to obey orders to stop.
In south Kashmir, security forces said they shot four men to thwart an attack on a paramilitary base. Angry residents protested that those killed were innocent civilians. The shootings underscored tension in a region where New Delhi has deployed 700,000 security force personnel to keep the peace.
As Mr Mehta and Mr Steiner went on Indian television today to defend the decision to hold the concert in Kashmir, it was denounced from an unexpected quarter.
The event had not been properly handled and had become politicised, complained Nikolaus Bachler, the general manager of the 80-strong Bavarian State Orchestra, which played last night to an audience of about 2,700 invited guests, including business leaders, government officials and diplomats.
The orchestra had been under the impression they would be playing for the Kashmiri people, and not, Mr Bachler said, at an “embassy concert” to which access was restricted.
“We were misled by the German embassy. We will raise this issue with the German government that art can’t be exploited by anyone, be it governments or by embassies or any political groups,” he told Reuters in an interview.
“The musicians, all the 80, waived the fees for Kashmiri people and not for an elite event. We didn’t waive the fees for an embassy concert. Be sure this will be an issue in Germany.”
Addressing the charge of elitism, Mr Mehta said “next time” he would play in a stadium, but stressed the audience yesterday had included a cross-section of Kashmiri society.
The German embassy did not respond to Reuters’ request for comment, but Mr Steiner told India’s NDTV television channel that security considerations had been a factor in deciding how large an event to hold.
“The first priority was that we had to guarantee to the orchestra, to the invitees, to Zubin Mehta, to everyone security. Kashmir is as it is. We could not at this juncture do it in a Woodstock form. The situation was not right for that,” he said.
Indian-born Mehta (77), who has conducted the Israel, Berlin and Vienna philharmonic orchestras among others during his long career, said despite the controversy he still believed the concert had had a positive impact on Kashmir.
“We are not politicians. We cannot change boundaries but we can start a process of healing. Yesterday there was the beginning of some process of healing because Hindus and Muslims were sitting together in complete harmony,” he told NDTV.