Libyan parliament votes to disband militias
UN called on to protect civilians in face of factional fighting
Libyan soldiers and mourners attend the funeral yesterday of the head of the Tripoli police, Col Mohammed Souissi, who was assassinated a day earlier. Photograph: Sabri Elmhedwi/EPA
Libya’s parliament voted yesterday to disband the country’s militia brigades and called on the United Nations to protect civilians in an effort to end the worst fighting between armed factions since the 2011 fall of Muammar Gadafy.
Lawmakers appeared to be seeking to strip brigades of former rebel fighters of the legitimacy they claim from the previous parliament and government ministries, and loosen their grip over Libya’s fragile democracy.
But with Libya’s army still in formation, it was unclear how the new Congress would enforce its decision. Composed of ex-rebels who once fought Gadafy, the brigades are heavily armed and allied with powerful political factions.
For more than a month, two rival brigades have battled with rockets and artillery, turning southern Tripoli into a battlefield and forcing the United Nations and Western governments to close their embassies and evacuate diplomats.
One lawmaker said parliament’s decision would include the Libya Shield brigades tied to Misurata city and their rivals, the Qaaqaa and al-Sawaiq brigades allied with Zintan city, who have been fighting over Tripoli airport for a month.
The two sides once fought together against Gadafy’s forces but their rivalries erupted into street battles over the airport last month, killing more than 200 people.
Tripoli airportA United Nations delegation has been seeking to broker a ceasefire between Zintan and Misurata forces who are dug in around Tripoli International Airport and exchange daily volleys of rockets and artillery fire.
At least five people were killed and families were forced from their homes when Grad rockets hit neighbourhoods in western Tripoli during clashes between rival armed factions, officials and witnesses said yesterday.
Western partners, fearing Libya will slide into a failed state just across the Mediterranean from mainland Europe, have been frustrated by factions whose loyalties are often tied to cities, regions and former commanders rather than the state. US and European officials hope the new parliament can be a space for dialogue among the warring factions. – (Reuters)