Egyptian leaders met to discuss confrontation with Muslim Brotherhood
Army chief vows to crack down on violence
A mother holds her hands up as she escorts her son from the al-Fath mosque in Cairo on August 17th, 2013. Gunmen opened fire on security forces from a second floor window in the Fath mosque, where hundreds of Morsi supporters had been taking refuge since protests turned violent on Friday. Photograph: Muhammad Hamed/Reuters
Egypt’s army-backed rulers met today to discuss their bloody confrontation with deposed president Mohamed Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood amid contrasting proposals for compromise and a fight to the death.
In a televised speech to military and police officers, army chief Abdel Fattah el-Sisi vowed to crack down on anyone using violence, but also struck an apparently inclusive note, telling Mr Morsi’s supporters: “There is room for everyone in Egypt. ”
The Brotherhood, under huge pressure since police stormed its protest camps in Cairo and killed hundreds of its supporters on Wednesday, staged several more marches across the country to demand the reinstatement of Mr Morsi, ousted by Sisi on July 3rd.
Egypt, the most populous Arab nation, is grappling with the worst bout of internal bloodshed in its modern history, just 30 months after President Hosni Mubarak’s overthrow was hailed as heralding democratic change across a region ruled by autocrats.
Seventy-nine people died and 549 were wounded in political violence around the country on Saturday, state news agency Mena said, quoting the government.
That pushed the death toll since Wednesday to 830, including 70 police and soldiers.
It was not immediately clear how Saturday’s deaths had occurred. Previously only one person had been reported killed.
On Saturday, Mr Morsi supporters exchanged fire with security forces who eventually cleared protesters from a central Cairo mosque where they had sought refuge from clashes the day before.
The clampdown has earned the military rulers criticism from Egypt’s major ally, the United States, and the European Union, but support from wealthy Arab states led by Saudi Arabia, which fear the spread of Brotherhood ideology to the Gulf monarchies.
Before the cabinet met, the liberal deputy prime minister, Ziad Bahaa el-Din, had floated a conciliatory proposal, seen by Reuters, advocating an end to a state of emergency declared last week, political participation for all parties and guarantees of human rights, including the right to free assembly.
But his initiative seemed at odds with the stance of prime minister Hazem el-Beblawi, who suggested outlawing the 85-year-old Brotherhood, which would effectively force it underground.
“There will be no reconciliation with those whose hands that have been stained with blood and who turned weapons against the state and its institutions,” Mr Beblawi told reporters on Saturday.
The cabinet meeting lasted about four hours, but ended with no immediate announcement of any major decision.
A middle-ranking security officer, who asked not to be named, said no political proposals or foreign condemnation would be allowed to deflect the suppression of the Brotherhood.
“We have the people’s support. Everybody is against them now as they see the group as an armed terrorist organisation with no future as a political power,” the officer said.
The capital’s frenetic streets, unusually empty in the past few days, were returning to normal, although the army kept several big squares closed and enforced a dusk-to-dawn curfew.
At night, soldiers standing by armoured personnel carriers man checkpoints and vigilantes inspect cars for weapons.
Banks and the stock market reopened for the first time since Wednesday’s carnage, and shares plunged 3.9 per cent.
“As long as we have bloodshed on the streets, it takes away any reason for foreign and regional investors to buy in Egypt,” said Amer Khan, director at Shuaa Asset Management in Dubai.
Egypt’s new rulers blame the Muslim Brotherhood, which won five successive national polls held after Mubarak’s fall in 2011, but which drew charges that it was incompetent and bent on consolidating its own power during Mr Morsi’s year in office.
Mr Sisi said: “We will not stand idle in face of the destruction and torching of the country, the terrorising of the people and the sending of a wrong image to the Western media that there is fighting in the streets.”
Brotherhood leaders accuse the military and other state institutions of sabotaging their time in government.
In calibrated rebukes to the army, the United States has delayed delivery of four F-16 fighters and scrapped a joint military exercise, but it has not halted its $1.55 billion a year in aid to Egypt, mostly to finance US-made arms supplies.
The European Union has said it will urgently review relations.
Foreign minister Nabil Fahmy sought to pre-empt any Western attempt to use aid flows as a lever by saying he would look at all such assistance to see “what aid is being used to pressure Egypt and whether this aid has good intentions and credibility”.
He told a news conference Egypt was not seeking to reshuffle its friendships, but would widen them to increase its options.
“The relationship between Egypt and the U.S. has been there for a long time. It has been through ups and downs in the past. We hope things will go back to normal promptly,” Mr Fahmy said.
As part of a concerted push to drive home the state’s narrative of events, Mr Fahmy’s aides distributed a pack of photos said to show Muslim Brotherhood members carrying firearms and wooden staves - and in one picture a black al Qaeda-type flag.
The Brotherhood denies links to the global militant network. Officials have accused Western media of biased coverage of the unrest, saying they have ignored attacks on police and the destruction of churches blamed on Islamists.
The army crackdown has drawn wide support among Egyptians tired of political turmoil and hard-hit by its economic fallout.
“I tried to sympathise with the Brotherhood but could not,” said Hussein Ismail (32), on holiday from his job in the Gulf, who took part in anti-Morsi protests late last year.
“They stormed our protests at the presidential palace, they hit our women protesters,” he said.
“They defended the army when they attacked and killed Christian protesters in 2011. They slammed liberals, women and Copts when they asked for more freedoms, rights. Do you think those people really cared about democracy?”
At least 173 people were killed on Friday during a ‘Day of Rage’ called by the Brotherhood two days after police destroyed its protest camps. The Brotherhood put the death toll at 213 protesters.
Police have since arrested more than 1,000 Brotherhood “elements”. The state news agency said 250 faced possible charges of murder, attempted murder or terrorism.
The Brotherhood has called for daily street protests this week, but there were no reports of trouble by Sunday evening.
Hundreds of Morsi supporters staged six separate marches in Egypt’s second city, Alexandria, late on Saturday in defiance of the curfew.
People in civilian clothes attacked and dispersed two of the processions. No casualties were reported. At dawn, police raided the homes of 34 Brotherhood members in Alexandria and arrested seven people, security sources said.