An incredible 60% of the 6,000 satellites in orbit are no longer in active service. Photograph: iStock

Hours before Russia invaded Ukraine it launched a crippling cyber attack

 Ukrainian servicemen adjust a drone recently at their position near the city of Izyum,  Ukraine. Photograph:  EPA/STR

Ukraine’s IT army has hit Russia with reciprocal widespread cyber-attacks

Sky Mavis reported the loss of $650 million (€590 million) of its cryptocurrencies held on behalf of its players.

QuadrigaCX collapse and the Sky Mavis theft raise serious security issues

Zero knowledge systems instead rely on a class of mathematical problems. Photograph: iStock

Zero knowledge authentication still in its infancy, subject to both research and innovation

Secure access granted by valid fingerprint scan, cyber security on internet with biometrics authentication technology on mobile phone screen, person holding smartphone connected with wifi

Removing vulnerabilities would avoid the need for scanning and detection tools

Cleaning the windows of the Science Gallery in the Naughton Institute in Trinity College Dublin: Why shut a source of global prestige? Photograph: Frank Miller

Innovative centre captures public imagination globally and TCD provost must save it

Storage systems: One day your state-of-the-art archive could be part of a technologically impenetrable world. Photograph: iStock

Mere decades can render a/v content inaccessible. We must ensure content is forever

A US government report has stated that more than a million counterfeit components had been discovered across 1,800 separate cases affecting its military aircraft and missile systems. File photograph: Getty

Chip-verification group Oki found that 30% of examinations exposed counterfeits

As the climate changes, we may be in the transition away from relatively steady winds to long periods of calm

Chris Horn: Renewable energy is all very well, but how far will the wind carry us?

Eye tracking may now become a mainstream consumer technology and potentially represents a significant market opportunity. Photograph: iStock

Chris Horn: Specialist hardware not needed as gaming and interfaces set to benefit

The German Federation of Industries (BDI) recommended building overhead lines for up to 8,000km of the 13,000km autobahn network.

Electric trucks require heavier batteries than e-cars and have a limited long distance range

‘Health expectations have changed and are moving towards private hybrid and electric mobility, not only to cars but also to e-bikes and scooters.’ Photograph:  Stephen Collins/Collins Photos

Health expectations mean days of packed public transport appear numbered

Inter Milan will launch its own branded digital currency $Inter. Photograph: Samuel Golay/EPA

Social economies trading in digital coins are an emerging wave across the internet

Werner Vogels, Amazon’s chief technology officer, posted  on Twitter about his excitement for a forthcoming Infinidash event.  Photograph:  S3studio/Getty Images)

Nash’s hoax exposes absurd credulity of the global software community

A continuous ‘exit-ready’ mindset brings clarity and focus to day-to-day operations, and improves performance.

Exit graduation and acquisition coaching key to sector becoming world class

Other, more mature, industries have developed practices to cultivate and disseminate best practice, to analyse, publish and so learn from incidents and accidents. Photograph: Leon Neal/Getty Images

Society has taken leap of faith in cloud computing but analysis and regulation is limited

Staff from large and small companies could together give their time and experience to innovate on some of the environmental, societal and governance issues now facing us.

‘Rising talented leaders could collaborate with others and together make valuable changes’

 Charles Babbage’s  (1791-1871) first fully-automatic calculating machine. Photograph: Science & Society Picture Library. Science Museum, London

In 1914 the Corkman described a completely novel mechanical computer

As well as patents, intellectual property can also include trademarks, designs, logos and taglines, and business know-how. Photograph: iStock

Even if you’re a small business, IP will play a big part in distinguishing you from rivals

TK Whitaker:  advocated the dismantlement of protectionism, to be replaced by the opening of the Irish economy to international trade and foreign investment.  Photograph: Tommy Collins/The Irish Times

With the corporate tax joyride ending, we need new ways to drive up our wealth

The original ecommerce technologies were built with websites. Potential customers would leaf over products using their web browser, while a database connected to the backend web server detailed the available products and registered orders.

Lurking behind the techno jargon is a uniform set of tools for marketeers and creatives

Telephone operators receiving long distance calls at a  London exchange in 1946. More telephones meant even more switchboard operators.  Photograph: Getty Images

A new approach to software is needed that not only makes it convenient to build but automatically ensures it is error-free

Farmer Nikolai and his robot farm helpers in the satirical YouTube video, Russian Cyberpunk Farm

Chris Horn: Satellites and drones are shaping the future of farming

Photograph: iStock

From who should be on the board to how to make meetings productive

Lithium-ion battery cells: Some commodity traders describe lithium as the new “white gold”, as worldwide demand has accelerated due to EV batteries. Photograph: Tomohiro Ohsumi/Bloomberg

As energy storage becomes a greater part of our lives, R&D is set to keep making strides

Microbiologists at the University of Arizona have reported that touchscreen smart devices may have up to 10 times more bacteria than a toilet seat. Photograph: David Paul Morris/Bloomberg

With pathogens lurking on every surface, sensor- and voice-activated tech is on the rise

A promenade at Andratx Port in Majorca, Spain covered in debris on December 28th following Storm Bella.  Photograph: Cati Cladera/EPA

EU’s Green Deal will see €1tn investment to make Europe a climate-neutral bloc

A smart-home operating system. Digital noses can  smell overcooked food, but it may be some time before electronic sensors can adjust the amount of cardamom or jasmine to precisely the right level

Chris Horn: Is there a smart device that can cook food and clean up afterwards? Not yet, but the smart kitchen industry is moving (...)

Intel headquarters in Leixlip, Co Kildare: First established  in 1989, it is now one of its eight chip-fabrication sites worldwide. Intel has thrived in part due to the mantra of “only the paranoid survive”. Photograph: James Forde

Faced with technological and competitive challenges, US chipmaker is repositioning

A Boeing A380 flight simulator at the Thai Airways head office in Bangkok, Thailand.  Photograph: Sakchai Lalit/AP

Using flight simulator tech to safely operate machinery could take off in the Covid-19 era

RPA technology demonstrates how a computer can imitate a human. Photograph: iStock

Automatic tools monitor and learn the behaviour of back-office staff

The Colossus design blueprints and computers built were deliberately destroyed after the second World War, and their historical existence remained a state secret until the 1970s.

Chris Horn: Key challenge is to scale from domestic market to sell internationally

Whale of a time: Customers drink at the Somewhere bar in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, earlier this month, after the state’s supreme court struck down governor Tony Evers’s stay-at-home order. Photograph: Tannen Maury/EPA

Epic novel Moby Dick offers us a lesson in dealing with the coronavirus maelstrom

Donald Trump has asserted his mastery of the Covid-19 threat in the US, not least due to his own proclaimed genetic predisposition for scientific excellence. Photograph: Getty Images

Chris Horn: It is very human to believe that we are immune from what is happening elsewhere

US attorney general William Barr: made a very socialist proposal for a very senior member of the GOP. Photograph: Michael Reynolds/EPA

Creaking services and fears about China led to suggestion to nationalise European firms

The launch of a Falcon 9 rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on January 6th, 2020. It carried the third batch of 60 Starlink mini-satellites into orbit, part of a plan to build a giant constellation of thousands of spacecraft that will form a global broadband internet system. Photograph: Getty Images

The concept of a constellation of low Earth orbit satellites to provide for a global communications system is not new

If employees come into work to use the company software and data in the cloud whilst sitting in their office, then why do they need to come into work? File photograph: The Irish Times

Technology giants yet to embrace remote-working benefits of their own creations

According to MainStreet, employees working remotely avoid the high rents and property prices in San Francisco’s Bay Area, as well as the inevitable long commutes from affordable accommodation to their place of work. Photograph: Getty Images

A US firm is offering incentives to relocate and work remotely. Could it work here?

 ‘Referring to his recent visit to the UK last July, Donald Trump noted that he had met with the Prince of “Whales” (sic), among other dignitaries.’ File photograph: Tom Brenner/Reuters

Donald Trump’s proclivity for typos has look of predictive text gone wrong

Alan Turing, the cryptanalyst who broke German codes during the second World War, noted in 1945 that the world would need a great deal of mathematicians because of complexity involved in programming machines.

Software errors can be perilous – as the airline and motor industries have discovered

 Amazon’s ‘fulfilment centre’ warehouse in Peterborough, England. Photograph: Oli Scarff/Getty Images

Chris Horn: Conceivably, Amazon knows more about individual economies than most governments

In planning revisions to a tax system, the government has much more responsibility than balancing of the books and complying with euro-zone requirements

Level of support for entrepreneurs and risk investment should exceed that available elsewhere

Buzz Aldrin, an American engineer and  astronaut, was one of the first two humans to land on the moon. Photograph: Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

Space sector in Ireland employed 2,000 in 2014; and is set to rise to 4,500 by 2020

“Consumers will become reusers, and so consumables will have to become recyclables. Remanufacturing, refurbishment and repurposing may well become the only acceptable basis for retail.”

Multibillion-dollar opportunities await as new markets emerge to reuse and recycle

Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg meeting leaders of  UK political parties at the House of Commons in  London to discuss the need for cross-party action to address  climate change.  Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

Chris Johns: it is time for the technology sector to examine its legacy and contribution to seriously addressing climate change

We are at the cusp of a further evolution of broadband services, with the advent of “5th Generation” or 5G networks.

Vendors seeking breakthrough application that can justify necessary heavy investment

A measure of success at trade shows is not just how many visitors come to your booth, but how many come back a second or third time, and bring their colleagues.

Every visitor is a chance to educate on the differentiation and benefits of your product

Facebook chief executive Mark Zuckerberg ‘continually fails to show the levels of leadership and personal responsibility that should be expected from someone who sits at the top of one of the world’s biggest companies’. File photograph: David Paul Morris/Bloomberg

Chris Horn: Lack of meaningful regulation online allows tech giants to dominate

Nikola Tesla: developed Faraday’s  induction invention

Induction technology to power our lives could do away with all those gnarly cables

The app model considerably simplifies the task for web developers since all the hardware characteristics of the consumer’s device are known in advance

A wave of voice-managed software applications may be coming our way. Rather than poking and prodding a dirty screen, you simply sp(...)

“Then, I said, let us begin and create in idea a State; but the true creator is necessity, who is the mother of invention.” So wrote Plato in “The Republic”

One of the most serious threats to our national wellbeing is Brexit, but we’re not done yet

Irish Times Innovation Awards final-round judges (from left): Chris Horn of Atlantic Bridge; Iseult Ward of Foodcloud; Jackie Glynn of Three; Fiona McElroy of Ulster University; Barry Lunn former overall Innovation award winner with Arralis; Lana Briggs of KPMG; and Pat Gibbons of UCD Michael Smurfit School of Business. Photograph: Conor McCabe

Chris Horn, chair of the final judging panel for this year's Irish Times’ Innovation Awards, offers insight into strategies to sta(...)

Recent trials of upper-body “exoskeletons” by production line staff show that lightweight wearable frames greatly reduce the physical strain of repetitive overhead assembly work.

Human enhancement technologies can be seen as essential to our advancement or an area of growing concern

Adversarial algorithms have been discovered which can deliberately cause catastrophic failures of machine-learning systems.

Making algorithms robust to concerted attacks has become a priority research area

The converted Vickers Vimy bomber used by  John Alcock  and  Arthur  Brown  to make the first non-stop transatlantic flight. It “landed” in Derrigimlagh bog in Connemara on June 15th, 1919. Photograph: Getty Images

Capturing the attention and enthusiasm of the public can do much to drive innovation throughout the economy at large

The emergence of the public internet in the 1990s was the beginning of the democratic diffusion of information. Which made it more difficult to know what was true and what was false.

Technological advances may be able to ensure accurate content stands above the ersatz

What could an Irish strategic plan for AI comprise? Photograph: Getty Images

With fully automated decision making imminent, a citizen’s ‘right to verify’ is crucial

A security sign in a Berlin train station warns passers-by about an automatic face-recognition system. Photograph: Michele Tantussi/Getty Images

EU rolls out new data regime as increasingly intrusive technology is trialled elsewhere

 Tesla CEO Elon Musk at a  press conference in February: his firm currently has about €2.9 billion in cash available, but has debt with various maturity dates totalling €7.9 billion. Photograph:  Joe Skipper/Reuters

Despite Tesla’s deepening challenges, CEO is not giving his full attention to firm

A model of the Éirloop entry in the Hyperloop challenge. The Éirloop team estimates the project will cost about €230,000 in components, air freight and travel.

Éirloop team set to compete in Hyperloop challenge in California

Mark Zuckerberg is apparently outraged by the revelations that Cambridge Analytica, as a third-party software developer accredited by Facebook, accessed and retained privacy data. Photograph: Luke MacGregor/Bloomberg

It seems we can learn surprising things about ourselves and society from Facebook

The GDPR provisions on personal data apply to companies outside the EU which process information about individuals inside the union.

EU regulation arrives as technology industry is being transformed by machine learning

Google’s Aparna Chennapragada talks about the augmented reality stickers feature of the Pixel 2 smartphone. Photograph: Getty Images

Imagine Johnny Sexton’s winning kick in 3D on your kitchen countertop

  Oprah Winfrey: the talk show host and mooted US  presidential candidate’s    holding in Weigh Watchers – which she endorses –  is   worth over $300 million. Photograph: Paul Drinkwater/NBC/ AP

Chris Horn: Choosing a public face for your start-up calls for careful consideration

Chinese  president Xi Jinping during a visit to Huawei Technologies: Beijing’s leadership is driving national policies to build globally competitive companies but there is   no such vision  among   European leaders. Photograph: Matthew Lloyd/Bloomberg/Getty

Brussels must look to China’s example to foster growth of global-scale computer firms

If we approach every new piece of digital information with an initial scepticism, we surely risk a cynical contamination

A good app reinforces those things we believe to be right and true – Skitster excels at it

Ivan Coulter from Sigmoid Pharma, winner of the inaugural ‘Innovation of the Year’ Award and also named winner of the Application of R&D Category.

Decade since launch of ‘The Irish Times’ Innovation magazine has brought tremendous change

Jack Ma, executive chairman of online marketplace Alibaba: “Fake products today are of better quality and better price than the real names.”

There is a thin line between ambition and misrepresentation

Final judging panel at ‘The Irish Times’ Innovation Awards 2017: Gearoid Mooney, division manager research and innovation, Enterprise Ireland; Wayne Bridges, managing director and co-founder, Oxymem; Kevin Neary, co-founder and former MD of Gamestop Group; Helen Kirkpatrick, non-executive director of UTV Media, Kingspan and United Dairies; Tim Brundle, director of research and innovation, University of Ulster; Anna Scally, tax partner, head of technology and media, fintech leader, KPMG Ireland; Dr Chris Horn; Rober Love, director of communications, Abbvie; and Prof Pat Gibbons, Jefferson Smurfit Professor of strategic management, UCD Michael Smurfit Graduate Business School. Photograph: Conor McCabe

Innovation Awards 2017: Public engagement, whether in art, science or business, is always a matter of confidence and performance

Big influence:  If Mark Zuckerberg was planning a run at the next US presidential campaign, he would have a powerful strategic tool in Facebook. Photograph: Brian Snyder/Reuters

Targeted campaigns are proving effective in selling products – and political messages

Some employees and passengers at certain  international airports accept their faces being photographed for security. Photograph: Qilai Shen/Bloomberg

Identity technology makes us feel more secure at airports. But more watched in private

KiteGen: the company says an array of its kites could generate as much electricity as a small nuclear plant

Google’s R&D arm is testing electricity-generating kites. Ireland should seize the opportunity to create an industry

The SpaceX Falcon 9 lifting off Cape Canaveral  in December  2015 – it carried 11 satellites owned by Orbcomm, a New Jersey-based  company. Photograph: Reuters

UCD and Queen’s have submitted cubesat ideas to the European Space Agency

Steve Bannon, chief strategist for US president Donald Trump. Photograph:  Bloomberg

Tech world worried about curbs on work visas and discord with mineral-rich China

All-American pastime: “Revered in the place of honour in the home, television reassured families that they were safe. A sitcom would solve an invented crisis within half an hour.”

From TV’s golden age all the way to today’s e-sports, advertisers have followed the money

Click bait: Advertisers are not overly fussy about which   websites and Facebook pages their ads actually end up on

Web algorithms favour power of repeated lies when it comes to generating revenue

“For all of us, it is a global game. It is not just about wanting to play in Croker, but about taking on the best in Soldier Field, Madison Square Garden, AT&T Park, the ANZ Stadium and the Birds Nest.” Photograph: Dara MacDonaill

‘Ireland’s density of multinationals in a relatively small geographic area is unique’

The Central London Employment Tribunal ruled Uber should  pay its drivers the minimum wage and holiday pay. Photograph: Toby Melville/Reuters

Following Uber ruling, there is an opportunity for unions to design apps for public

Ehang’s single-seater autonomous minicopter prototype: the passenger straps in, touches in a destination, and the machine does the rest. Photograph: AP Photo/John Locher

Autonomous minicopters avoid road problems faced by driverless cars

Venture capitalist Kelly Porter (far right) listens to  Quova chief executive Marie Alexander at his home in Los Altos, California. When looking for start-ups to invest in, Porter invites their chief executives to his  mansion for dinner. Photographer: Noah Berger/Bloomberg

Relationship between professional entrepreneur and start-up can have a difficult start

Oculus Rift: One of the most dramatic Kickstarter campaigns was for the Oculus Rift virtual reality headset. Just 18 months after raising $2.5 million via Kickstarter, Oculus was acquired by Facebook for $2 billion.  Photograph: Troy Harvey/Bloomberg

Microfinance Ireland scheme has potential but needs to raise its profile

The deal enables LinkedIn to compete as a top tier player. Photograph: Dado Ruvic/Reuters

Networking site allows Microsoft to offer a connected service to business

President Barack Obama on the election trail in 2012: Nate Silver, a US baseball league analyst, successfully predicted the outcome in each of the 50 US states during the last US presidential election. Photograph: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

Big data, data science and prediction have yet to be successfully applied to tech industry

Right idea: A product may appear easy to imitate, but the precise details of how it is put together may be more opaque. Such key intellectual ingredients are often a better barrier to entry than patents on their own

Protecting the key intellectual ingredients of a product may be the most effective way to prevent a well-funded competitor reinven(...)

Hitachi’s Emiew3 humanoid robot: the technology behind so-called “chatbots” is starting to move very quickly.  Photograph: Kiyoshi Ota/Bloomberg

Whichever company dominates the provision of an automated concierge may well be the next Google

The world’s top Go player Lee Sedol (right) plays against Google’s artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo as Google DeepMind’s lead programmer Aja Huang (left) looks on during the fourth match of Google DeepMind Challenge Match in Seoul, South Korea recently. Photograph: REUTERS/Korea Baduk Association/Yonhap

By building simulations of the real world, and letting Google’s DeepMind experiment, it can learn new skills

“Art forms are sometimes inaccessible to the untrained eye. Pietro Aretino complained that not even in a brothel would you see the scenes in Michelangelo’s ‘The Last Judgment’.”

Extreme pride of engineers in something being well designed made me reflect on our approach to educating student engineers and inn(...)

Singapore Open swing: Singapore’s population is about 5.4 million, its landmass is only about 1 per cent of Ireland’s and its GDP per capita in 2013 was $55,000, ahead of our $50,000. Photograph: Paul Lakatos/AFP/Getty Images

Technology investment has increased from about €25m in 2011 to €1.14bn in 2013

 Paschal Donohoe,  Enda Kenny,  Joan Burton and  Brendan Howlin: “Is the focus of publicly funded R&D creating the best impact for the economy and society?” Photograph: Eric Luke/The Irish Times

The Government parties want to be judged by IrelandStat, yet oddly it is not up to date

Year of the drone: software has improved, with drones increasingly capable of autonomous flight. Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times

Innovation Talk: How significant has the past 12 months been for computer industry?

Checking out the latest Microsoft Surface: rather than simple devices dominating the market, we instead have highly sophisticated mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. Photograph: Brendon Thorne/Bloomberg

Rise of apps represents a potentially fundamental change for internet

 Enda Kenny: While the Taoiseach asserts Ireland is the best small country to do business, he and his Government have certainly not come  close to creating the best small country for ambitious entrepreneurs.  Photograph: Pablo Blazquez Dominguez/Getty Images

Coalition’s aspirations and actual policies on innovation are contradictory

The Apple iPhone: introduced with a single screen with no physical keyboard.   Photograph: David Paul Morris/Bloomberg

iPhone made things simple but the plethora of apps has made them complicated again

Airbnb has a general reputation of working with authorities to ensure that regulations are honoured and that its hosts are aware of legal obligations and local regulations. Photograph: Waldo Swiegers/Bloomberg

What level of responsibility should Airbnb and Uber take for customer behaviour?

Given the poor profits in the smartphone market, there clearly will be market turmoil with mergers and acquisitions, and outright business failures. Photograph:  Philippe Wojazer/Reuters

Given the poor profits in the smartphone market, there will be market turmoil

Fitbit’s Flex is  an “electronic coach”. The firm offers bracelets and clip-on devices which monitor your physical activity, especially steps taken, pace and heart rate. Photograph: Josep Lago/AFP/Getty

A challenge faced by firms offering wearable products is consumer boredom

Jon Hamm as Don Draper in “Mad Men”: exemplifies the focus and intensity of the alpha males of Madison Avenue in the 1960s

Marketing is moving away from the campaigns the ‘Mad Men’ ad men would have commanded

The advances in car automation are impressive

The technology research necessary for self-driving cars is leading to spin-off subsystems for automation, driver monitoring and gu(...)

Military drones: The level of automation in military UAVs is becoming sophisticated, and matches the capabilities of elite military pilots. Photograph: US Navy/Jeffrey S. Viano

UAVs have taken off and landed on aircraft carriers; refuelled in-flight; and conducted stealth low-altitude missions

Periscope has very rapidly overtaken Meerkat in downloads, possibly leaving a sour taste with some otherwise savvy investors in their rush to invest into Meerkat

Meerkat enables you to broadcast a live video stream from a smart phone or tablet camera

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