South Africa’s president Cyril Ramaphosa: has acted swiftly to restore public trust in his government.  Photograph: Rodger Bosch/AFP/Getty Images

Cyril Ramaphosa moves swiftly after finance minister resigns over meetings with Guptas

South Africa’s finance minister Nhlanhla Nene  is the first minister to appear at the commission of inquiry into corruption in the public sector. Photograph: Reuters/Siphiwe Sibeko

Nhlanhla Nene, who was dismissed by former president Jacob Zuma in 2015, gives evidence at corruption inquiry

Former South African president Jacob Zuma is alleged to have enabled the Guptas  to offer cabinet posts to ruling party members prepared to do their bidding. File photograph: Reuters

Hearings considering witness evidence on role and influence of Gupta family in state

South Africa’s president Cyril Ramaphosa gives a press conference outlining measures to stimulate the economy. The package places an investment focus on agriculture and rural economies. Photograph: Phill Magakoe / AFP/Getty Images

Plan includes infrastructure development drive to kick-start its stalled economy

 A Rastafarian and supporter of the legislation of marijuana light a joint in Johannesburg, as they celebrate after the Constitutional Court ruled that the personal use and growing of marijuana in South Africa is legal. Photograph: Kim Ludbrook/EPA

Drug may not be used in public, distributed or sold, or used by minors

Zimbabwe’s former president Robert Mugabe (94) in Harare:  “It was an election and his victory cannot be disputed,” he said of Emmerson Mnangagwa. File photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Former leader, ousted from power in military takeover last year, says ‘Mnangagwa won’

Emmerson Mnangagwa: the ruling Zanu-PF party’s presidential candidate will be officially sworn in as the country’s next leader in a ceremony on Sunday. Photograph: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters

Opposition failed to provide ‘credible evidence’ of vote-rigging in July presidential vote

Zimbabwe President Emmerson Mnangagwa. Photograph:   REUTERS/Philimon Bulawayo

Zimbabwe Electoral Commission says there was ‘no skulduggery’ in compilation of votes

A supporter of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change party (MDC) of Nelson Chamisa wears a cone as they block a street in Harare, Zimbabwe, on August 1st, 2018. Photograph: Reuters/Siphiwe Sibeko

It’s been a turbulent political week in Zimbabwe, where the ruling Zanu-PF party retained power under questionable circumstances

Supporters celebrate after Zimbabwe’s president Emmerson Mnangagwa was declared the winner in the country’s landmark election, in the Harare suburb of Mbare on Friday. Photograph: Luis Tato/AFP/Getty Images

Opposition says it will legally challenge results in first election since Robert Mugabe ousted

A soldier fires shots towards demonstrators in Harare, as protests erupted over alleged fraud in the country’s election. Photograph: Zinyange Auntony/AFP/Getty Images

Opposition supporters take to streets as ruling Zanu-PF party claims victory in parliament

Supporters of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change  (MDC) alliance claim victory for presidential candidate Nelson Chamisa  following general elections in Harare, Zimbabwe. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Opposition claim voting is rigged, and accuse Zanu-PF party of delaying release of results

Voters celebrate outside a polling station in Highfield, Harare, Zimbabwe, on Monday.  Photograph: Waldo Swiegers/Bloomberg

Long queues at polling stations as people seek to leave Mugabe era behind

Supporters cheer as they attend the last campaign rally of Emmerson Mnangagwa, Zimbabwe’s  presidential candidate for the Zanu-PF party, at the National Sports Stadium in Harare. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images

First poll since end of Mugabe’s tenure described as fight between generations

Zimbabwe’s former president Robert Mugabe speaks during a press conference held at his “Blue Roof” residence, in Harare. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images

Long-time leader of Zanu-PF says he cannot vote for those who ‘tormented’ him

Supporters of Zanu-PF cheer after a rally at Ebenezer Primary School,  Caledonia, an informal settlement in Harare. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/Getty Images

Ruling party Zanu-PF operates system of patronage to buy loyalty of rural voters

President Emmerson Mnangagwa addresses an election rally of his ruling Zanu-PF party in Mhondoro, Zimbabwe, on July 24th. Photograph: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters

Hundreds of international election observers invited amid concerns over rigging

Zimbabwean president Emmerson Mnangagwa shakes hands after addressing a meeting attended by white farmers and business people. Photograph: Wilfred Kajese/AFP/Getty Images

President reaches out to his party’s old enemies for what is predicted to be close race

Zulu king Goodwill  Zwelithini greets ANC president Cyril Ramaphosa in January  2018 in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. File photograph: Jabulani Langa/Daily Sun/Gallo Images/Getty Images

ANC exempts tribal territories from proposals after threats from traditional leader

Supporters of President Emmerson Mnangagwa: has  a narrow lead over his main rival Nelson Chamisa. Photograph: Philimon Bulawayo

Findings contradict opinion of opposition parties claiming roll flawed ahead of election

Duduzane Zuma at Johannesburg’s specialised commercial crime court on charges of corruption, on Monday. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Duduzane Zuma bailed by Johannesburg court in alleged attempted bribery case

South African president Cyril Ramaphosa wants to build a   global $100 billion “investment book” over the next five years. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Irish firms taking part in talks mainly from food, energy, engineering and services sectors

The attempted assassination of Zimbabwe’s president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, last week has underscored the fragility. Photograph: Ahmed Ould Mohamed Ould Elhadj/AFP/Getty Images

Credibility fragile as civil society group says military has infiltrated electoral commission

Supporters of President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s Zanu PF party march for non-violent, fair elections, in Harare, earlier this month. File photograph: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters

Emmerson Mnangagwa says Grace Mugabe ‘easily used’ by those behind fatal grenade attack

Zimbabwe Republic Police senior assistant commissioner Charity Charamba speaking at a press conference in Harare, Zimbabwe, on Sunday. Photograph: Aaron Ufumeli/PA

Report says two of 49 people injured in Sunday’s explosion, possibly due to grenade, have died

Supporters of President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s Zanu-PF party march for non-violent, free and fair general elections in Harare, Zimbabwe. Photograph: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters

Opposition MDC keeps pressure on Mnangagwa to honour pledge of democracy

Former South African president Jacob Zuma: expected to appear in court on   Friday on corruption charges linked to a multibillion rand government arms deal. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

The former South African president had attempted to halt the criminal case against him

African National Congress (ANC) leader and South African president  Cyril Ramaphosa addresses a meeting of the  party on its land expropriation policy in Johannesburg in May. File photograph: Gulshan Khan/AFP/Getty Images

ANC chief follows through on promises to tackle government corruption and nepotism

African National Congress (ANC) leader Cyril Ramaphosa addresses a meeting of the ruling party  in Johannesburg earlier this month. Photograph: Gulshan Khan/AFP/Getty Images

Cape Town Letter: DA and EFF parties relied on presidential scandals to distract public

Zimbabwe’s president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, at the launch of the Zanu-PF  party manifesto for the next elections, last week in Harare. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images

Mnangagwa’s charm offensive seeks to attract billions of dollars of investment

Former gold miner Thulani Bitsha,  who contracted silicosis while working underground,  in the doorway to his home near Bizana in South Africa’s impoverished Eastern Cape province, when interviewed in March  2012. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/File Photo

Seven firms to compensate thousands who contracted silicosis or occupational tuberculosis

South African president Cyril Ramaphosa delivering the eulogy at the Special Official Funeral service for the late Winnie Madikizela-Mandela at Orlando Stadium in Soweto, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Last-minute compromise between family and ANC enabled party to address mourners

Zimbabwe’s president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, who has repeatedly said this year’s general election will be held in a “free and fair” manner. Photograph: Luc Gnago/Reuters

President Mnangagwa is seeking to rebuild bridges with international community

Former South African president Jacob Zuma appears at the KwaZulu-Natal High Court in Durban on Friday. Photograph: Getty Images

Former South Africa president faces charges relating to multibillion-euro arms deal

Former South African president Jacob Zuma faces 16 charges of corruption. Photograph:  AFP

Former president of South Africa faces 16 charges of corruption

South African National Congress Women’s League members sing and mourn outside Winnie Madikizela-Mandela’s home in Soweto, Johannesburg. Photograph:  EPA/STR

South Africa to give anti-apartheid icon and ex-wife of late Nelson Mandela a state funeral

Winnie Madikizela-Mandela smiles as she is greeted by Women’s League supporters gathered in Soweto to celebrate her 80th birthday in 2016. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

South African anti-apartheid campaigner died aged 81 after a long illness

Vicki Momberg: If her appeal fails, she will become the first person in South Africa to go to prison for subjecting someone to racial abuse. Screengrab: YouTube

Former estate agent Vicki Momberg abused black police officers who came to her aid

Grace Mugabe: has been nicknamed “Gucci Grace”and her wealth has prompted questions as to its provenance and suspicions of her involvement  in illegal activities. Photograph:  Zinyange Auntony/AFP/Getty Images

Claims Zimbabwe’s former first lady is involved in illegal export of contraband ivory

 Robert Mugabe at his residence in Harare last week. Mugabe, who ruled Zimbabwe for 37 years, has spoken out in public after he resigned under pressure last November. Photograph: Aron Ufumeli/EPA

Zimbabwe’s ex-president has met with opposition party backed by an ousted faction of ruling Zanu-PF

Tape marks vacant land in Olievenhoutbosch near Centurion in South Africa: whites own 72 per cent of land held by individuals, even though they make up only about 9 per cent of the population. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko

ANC moving to amend constitution to permit expropriation of land without compensation

South Africa’s former president Jacob Zuma: disputes all the allegations against him. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Charges relate to €2bn arms deal in the 1990s, chief state prosecutor says

People queued to collect water from a spring in the Newlands suburb of Cape Town, South Africa, in January as fears over the city’s water crisis grew. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

Huge reduction in usage helped stave off water shortage crisis feared for mid-April

Pravin Gordhan is sworn in as the new South African minister of public enterprises. Photograph: Rodger Bosch/AFP/Getty Images

South Africa’s new president strengthens anti-corruption drive

Zimbabwe’s president, Emmerson Mnangagwa: has repeatedly stated he wants to build a new Zimbabwe but  much of the oppressive legislation introduced by Mugabe remains. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty

Social justice activists try to leverage Zanu-PF’s need for more legitimate identity

Cyril Ramaphosa: does he have the leadership qualities that can inspire ANC members to join in his efforts to renew the movement and build the country? Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

In wake of Zuma, new president faces party factionalism, and social and economic blight

South Africa’s new president Cyril Ramaphosa is sworn into office after being elected at the parliament in Cape Town on Thursday. Photograph:  Mike Hutchings/AFP/Getty Images

Parliamentary vote takes place less than 24 hours after resignation of Jacob Zuma

 A resident of the Masiphumelele informal settlement collects drinking water from a communal municipal tap in Cape Town, South Africa. Photograph: Nic Bothma/EPA

South Africa’s government takes action as water crisis threatens Cape Town supplies

South African president Jacob Zuma announced his immediate resignation in a TV address to the nation on February 14th, 2018, after the ruling ANC party threatened to eject him from office via a parliamentary vote of no confidence. Photograph: SIPHIWE SIBEKO/AFP/Getty Images

In a 30-minute farewell address to the nation, Mr Zuma said he disagreed with the way the ANC had shoved him towards an early exit

President of South Africa Jacob Zuma: if he refuses to stand down, the matter could go to parliament for a vote on a motion of no confidence. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Party says it rejected request by South Africa president to stay in role for few more months

Torn African National Congress  election poster bearing the face of ANC president Jacob Zuma. Photograph: Kim Ludbrook

Handover talks with Cyril Ramaphosa collapsed under weight of Zuma’s demands

President Jacob Zuma leaves Tuynhuys, the office of the presidency in Cape Town, SA, February 7, 2018. Photograph: Reuters/Sumaya Hisham

Zuma stands accused of widespread corruption linked to looting of state resources

Cyril Ramaphosa, ANC leader and South Africa’s deputy president: will be the ANC’s candidate for the presidency in the next election. Photograph: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

After Zuma’s refusal to step down, ruling party were expected to recall him from office

People queue to collect water from a spring in the Newlands suburb in January as fears over the city’s water crisis grow in Cape Town, South Africa. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

Residents in South African city reduce consumption amid fears supply will run out

Supporters of African National Congress deputy president Cyril Ramaphosa chant slogans outside the party headquarters in Johannesburg on Monday. Photograph: Marco Longari/AFP/Getty Images

South Africa’s president faces growing pressure to quit but talks fail to secure departure

Tree trunks, which were submersed when the dam was full, stand in the critically low Theewaterskloof Dam in Villiersdorp, South Africa. Cape Town will become the first major city in recent history to run out water. Photograph: Nic Bothma/EPA

Many residents ignoring usage restrictions as city expected to run out of water by April

Jacob Zuma: South African president is now seen as a liability  by many within the ANC. Photograph: Mujahid Safodien/AFP/Getty

Public pressure growing on the party to remove the unpopular president from office

Zimbabwe’s president, Emmerson Mnangagwa (right), with Morgan Tsvangirai, leader of the MDC,   in Harare earlier this month.  Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images

MDC’s charismatic leader believed to be crucial to alliance’s chances in election

 German chancellor and leader of the German Christian Democrats Angela Merkel with Horst Seehofer, governor of Bavaria and leader of the Bavarian Christian Social Unio. Photograph: Alexandra Beier/Getty Images

From Trump to tragedy, Kim Jong-un to a royal wedding, a compelling roundup from an at times incredible year

Zimbabwe’s then president, Robert Mugabe, and his wife, Grace. Photograph: Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi/File/AP Photo

Now that he’s been replaced with Mnangagwa, the big question is: will anything change?

Cyril Ramaphosa, South Africa’s deputy president and newly elected president of the African National Congress  (ANC), at the party’s 54th  national conference  in Johannesburg, South Africa, on Monday. Photograph: Waldo Swiegers/Bloomberg

South Africa president and new ANC chief Cyril Ramaphosa appear on collision course

Cyril Ramaphosa, South Africa’s deputy president and newly-elected president of the ANC, embraces opponent Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma. Photograph: Waldo Swiegers/Bloomberg

Two of party’s newly-elected top officials have been accused of corruption

Newly elected African National Congress (ANC) president Cyril Ramaphosa is congratulated by his rival Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma at the party conference in  Johannesburg. Photograph: Mujahid Safodien/AFP/Getty Images

South African deputy president, a former trade unionist, takes over from Jacob Zuma

By Sunday evening the race was between ANC deputy president Cyril Ramaphosa, above, and Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma. Photograph: Waldo Swiegers/Bloomberg

Disqualification of delegates may undermine frontrunner Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma

African National Congress presidential candidate Cyril Ramaphosa: opponents say he is too close to  business and does not have poor black South Africans’ interests at heart. Photograph: Mujahid Safodien/AFP/Getty

Ramaphosa and Dlamini-Zuma neck and neck for party leadership

Shaun Abrahams: Since his appointment, he  has been accused of displaying bias in favour of President Jacob Zuma around criminal cases, allegations Mr Abrahams denies. Photograph:  Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Shaun Abrahams to vacate post, with president barred from appointing replacement

South Africa’s deputy president Cyril Ramaphosa: The  930 voting delegates   from branches that did not finalise their nominations   on time could change the shape of the ANC leadership race. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

President Zuma expected to be recalled from office unless former wife wins party poll

Zimbabwe’s former minister of finance Ignatius Chombo  leaves Harare Magistrate Court shackled to former Zanu-PF Youth League chairperson Kudzai Chipanga. Photograph: Zinyange Auntony/AFP/Getty

In apparent purge by Emmerson Mnangagwa, five enemies in Zanu-PF pushed out

President Emmerson Mnangagwathe: denies any involvement in Gukurahundi massacres. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

People in Matabeleland who suffered badly under Mugabe are sceptical of new pledges

Emmerson Mnangagwa  and his wife Auxillia arrive at the presidential inauguration ceremony in the capital Harare, Zimbabwe, on Friday. Photograph: AP Photo/Ben Curtis

Zimbabwe’s new president hits right notes at swearing in after toppling of Mugabe

Emmerson Mnangagwa addresses supporters on Wednesday in Harare in advance of his swearing-in as Zimbabwe’s president Photograph: Marco Longari/AFP/Getty Images

Pressure must be kept on ruling Zanu-PF party if free elections are to be achieved

Emmerson Mnangagwa addresses supporters and the media at the Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (Zanu-PF) headquarters in Harare, Zimbabwe, on Wednesday. Photograph: Kim Ludbrook/EPA

Profile: The man carrying nation’s hopes has had a long and turbulent career in politics

Zimbabweans celebrate after  Robert Mugabe resigns as president after nearly four decades in power. Photograph:  Reuters/Mike Hutchings

Emmerson Mnangagwa, known as ‘the Crocodile’, expected to be installed as new leader

University of Zimbabwe demonstration against Mugabe and his wife. Photograph: AFP Photo/Getty Images

Zimbabwean president had been given deadline to stand down or face impeachment

 People carry placards during a demonstration demanding the resignation of Zimbabwe’s president Robert Mugabe  in Harare. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images

Jubilation in Harare as pent-up opposition to long-time president spills on to streets

Zimbabwean coup: President Mugabe at a university graduation ceremony on Friday. Photograph: Ben Curtis/AP

Coup’s surgical nature points to sacked vice-president Emmerson Mnangagwa

  Zimbabwe’s former vice-president Emmerson Mnangagwa: It is  believed that  tensions between Mr Mnangagwa and Mr Mugabe’s wife, Grace, around who will succeed the Zimbabwean president were behind his  removal from office. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images

Former ally Emmerson Mnangagwa says he fled country due to ‘incessant threats’

Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe’s wife Grace Mubage, with Emmerson  Mnangagwa  – whom Mr Mugabe has dismissed as vice president – at a gathering of the Zanu-PF party’s politburo in Harare on February 10th, 2016. Photograph: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters

President’s wife likely to lead country next as opposition figures court ‘crocodile’

South Africa’s then education minister Blade Nzimande signs an agreement in Paris alongside his French counterpart, Najat Vallaud-Belkacem, while presidents Jacob Zuma and François Hollande look on, in July 2016. Photograph: Jeremy Lempin/Reuters

South African president’s decision may have grave repercussions in 2019 general election

South Africa’s president, Jacob Zuma. The Gupta brothers are accused of using their relationships with Zuma and other politically-connected individuals to illegally acquire billions of rand in state contracts. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

KPMG and McKinsey linked to allegations in relation to firms owned by Gupta brothers

South Africa’s president Jacob Zuma. South Africa’s appeals court has ruled that Zuma must face a range of corruption charges. File photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

South African court reinstates 783 counts of fraud, racketeering and money-laundering

Emmerson Mnangagwa was  stripped of his  influential post in an overnight cabinet reshuffle. Photograph:  AFP/Getty Images

Zimbabwe’s president promotes members associated with faction loyal to his wife

South Africa’s deputy president Cyril Ramaphosa takes part in a press conference in London, England. Photograph: Glyn Kirk/AFP/Getty Images

A brawl in East London is part of the latest twist in the party’s hunt for Jacob Zuma’s successor

 A member of South Africa’s Congress of South Africa Trade Unions (Cosatu) waves a sign during a demonstration calling for the removal of South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma  in Johannesburg. Photograph: Mujahid Safodien/AFP/Getty Images

ANC alliance partners mobilise thousands for rallies in all nine provincial capitals

South African parliament speaker Baleka Mbete, left, talks with ANC treasury general Zweli Mkhize, right, at the ruling party’s policy conference. Photograph: Gianluigi Guercia/AFP/Getty Images

South African party’s treasurer-general Zweli Mkhize could slip in between warring cliques

 South African president Jacob Zuma has suffered a blow in his efforts to ensure his preferred candidate is elected to succeed him. Photograph: Reuters/Mike Hutchings

South African court declares party’s national elective conference ‘unlawful and void’

South African president Jacob Zuma has links to the  Gupta family, who Bell Pottinger portrayed as part of a struggle to defeat ‘white monopoly capital’. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

PR firm’s disgrace seen as warning to other unethical businesses

 South African president Jacob Zuma speaks during a question-and-answer session in parliament, Cape Town, South Africa,  August 31st, 2017. Photograph: Nic Bothma/EPA

KwaZulu-Natal court outcome may be game changer in race for South Africa president

ANC president Jacob Zuma: he is due to step down as ANC leader at the end of this year. Photograph: Getty Images

Scale of murders in KwaZulu-Natal has emerged in inquiry looking at political killings

South African model Gabriella Engels, who claims she was assaulted by Zimbabwe’s first lady, Grace Mugabe, looks on during a press conference at the civil rights organisation AfriForum on Thursday in Centurion. Photograph:  Phill Magakoe/AFP/Getty Images

Model claims Zimbabwe’s first lady whipped her with electric extension cable

Wexford man Shane Kelly (48), and his children (from left) Rosa (14), Maisie (12) and Rudy (8) outside Casa Batlo in the center of Barcelona about an hour before the terrorist attack. Photograph: Alice Gilmour

Wexford man and family locked into Barcelona museum for two hours during attack

Grace Mugabe  speaks to her husband,   Zimbabwe president Robert Mugabe, at a 2016 event in Harare.

Zimbabwe’s first lady accused of assaulting model in South Africa at weekend

South African president Jacob Zuma after winning a vote of no confidence speaks to a crowd of his supporters outside parliament in Cape Town. Photograph: Nic Bothma/EPA

President survives no-confidence motion but is unlikely to lead ANC into 2019 elections

South African president Jacob Zuma addresses his supporters after he survived a no-confidence motion in Cape Town, South Africa, August 8th, 2017. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

198 MPs vote against bid to remove president, 177 vote for motion and nine abstain

Jacob Zuma: Tuesday’s vote on Mr Zuma’s future will be the eight vote of confidence in his presidency to take place since he first came to office in 2009. Photograph:  Phill Magakoe/AFP/Getty Images

Opposition believes ruling party MPs would not vote against South African president in public

Kenyan president Uhuru Kenyatta greets thousands of cheering supporters at a rally in Nairobi, Kenya. Photograph: Dai Kurokawa/EPA

Tribal identity politics rather than broad-based party politics still dominate

Former Irish president Mary Robinson and Graça Machel, widow of former president Nelson Mandela, join a walk to commemorate what would have been Mandela’s 99th birthday in Cape Town, South Africa. Photograph: REUTERS/Mike Hutchings

Supporting community organisations was response to growth of xenophobia, nationalism and populism

Zambian president Edgar Lungu in Lusaka. In response to the allegations that he is becoming increasingly dictatorial, Lungu insisted Zambia was Africa’s most accomplished democracy, and that he was only trying to bring “sanity” to the country. Photograph: Dawood Salim/Getty

Request for state of emergency seen as latest sign of efforts to quell dissent to his rule

Kenyan opposition leader Raila Odinga, the presidential candidate of the National Super Alliance (Nasa) coalition, at a  campaign rally  in Nairobi, Kenya .  Photograph: Thomas Mukoya/Reuters

Realignment of political forces and fears of tribal violence ahead of August 8th election

South African gold miners: The mining sector is one of the pillars of the South African economy, accounting for about 7 per cent of the country’s economic output despite its decline.

Revised government Mining Charter described as ‘illegal’ and ‘unconstitutional’

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