African National Congress supporters listen to president Cyril Ramaphosa addressing them during an election rally held in Alexandra Township, Johannesburg, on April 11th.  Kim Ludbrook/EPA

Party says it will remove ‘delinquent’ nominees ahead of crucial South African election

Former president of South Africa Jacob Zuma. The commission was primarily established to investigate if Mr Zuma facilitated government corruption. Photograph: AP Photo

Former head of police oversight body says ‘blue curtain’ stonewalled investigations

The late John Curran had been working in Cape Town as an educational director for thousands of children in the city’s townships.

Congolese cleaner alleges charity worker John Curran tried to rape him in his apartment

ANC president Cyril Ramaphosa (right) toasts with former president Jacob Zuma and secretary general Ace Magashule (left)  during  ANC anniversary celebrations, in January.  Photograph:  Rajesh Jantilal/AFP/Getty Images

Book revelations about ‘Mr Ten Percent’ are a blow to ruling party’s re-election campaign

Former South African president Jacob Zuma: hit back at the report on Twitter. Photograph: Mujahid Safodien/AFP/Getty Images

Former SA president accused of ‘serious breaches of constitution, policy and law’

Angelo Agrizzi, former COO of Bosasa, testifies at the commission of inquiry  in January in Johannesburg. Photograph:  by Wikus de Wet/AFP/Getty

African Global Operations, known as Bosasa, said scandal shut off access to bank services

Zimbabwean president Emmerson Mnangagwa. He confirmed  he had issued the order for the army to tackle the protesters. Photograph: Aaron Ufumeli/EPA

Zimbabwe’s president says search has begun for lawyers, doctors and nurses who assisted civilians during protests over the economy

 South African president Cyril Ramaphosa addresses a conference at the Cape Town International Convention Centre. Photograph: Siyabulela Duda/EPA

Ruling ANC vows to act amid fears a growing scandal could end its 25-year dominance

Former Bosasa executives  Angelo Agrizzi (left) and Frans Vorster arrive at the special commercial crimes court in Pretoria, South Africa, on Wednesday. Photograph: Shafiek Tassiem/Reuters

Former Bosasa executive one of four people arrested over fraud in prison services sector

Jacob Zuma, former president of South Africa. Photograph: Rogan Ward/File Photo/Reuters

Oil and gas company Falcon is accused of offering contracts for changes to fracking law

Angelo Agrizzi, Former COO of Bosasa,  testifies at the Commission of Inquiry into State Capture in Johannesburg. Photograph: Wikus de Wet/AFP/Getty Images

CEO of firm accused of corruption allegedly hand-delivered bribe to former SA president

A member of security gestures to the photographer as former Bosasa chief operations officer, Angelo Agrizzi arrives at the Judicial Commission of Inquiry, probing state capture in Johannesburg, South Africa on January 21st Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Angelo Agrizzi is set to continue his testimony at a public inquiry into political corruption

The late John Curran had been working in Cape Town as an educational director for thousands of children in the city’s townships.

The Irish charity worker (60) was found stabbed to death in Cape Town last November

Former Bosasa chief operating officer Angelo Agrizzi claimed that minister of environmental affairs Nomvula Mokonyane was given regular R50,000 (€3,200) bribes for years. Photograph: Getty Images

Environment minister received bribes for years, former Bosasa executive tells inquiry

Angelo Agrizzi, former chief operating officer at Bosasa: unveiled by prosecutors as a surprise whistleblower.

Angelo Agrizzi alleges Bosasa firm laundered money for African National Congress

Kenyan security forces evacuate people after a bomb blast at a hotel in Nairobi, Kenya, on Tuesday. Photograph: Kabir Dhanji/AFP/Getty Images

Eyewitness initially thought Nairobi terror attack was a gas blast in nearby restaurant

Protesters gather during a demonstration over the hike in fuel prices in Harare, Zimbabwe, on Tuesday. Photograph: Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi/AP

Five reported killed in clashes on Monday during protests over rising fuel prices

Ian Kirk: “In the early 1990s, business here started to learn what the Irish did in the 1970s and 1980s.”

Ireland and South Africa ‘are grappling with trying to ensure everyone is treated fairly’

Anti-mining activist Nonhle Mbuthuma: “I am continuously getting calls from people saying that hit men are coming to get me, and as a result I am forced to sleep in different houses every night.” Photograph: Amnesty International

Villagers in Xolobeni opposed to mining say they have been attacked and intimidated

 Floyd Shivambu and  Julius Malema of the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF).  Photograph: Felix Dlangamandla/Foto24/Gallo Images/Getty Images

The leaders of the radical left-wing EFF party have been accused of receiving looted money

Former South African president Jacob Zuma: Legal experts estimate he is liable for fees of up to at least €2 million. Photograph: Phill Magakoe/AFP/Getty

South African court rules Mbeki accord to pay fraud and corruption trial costs illegal

The late John Curran had been working in Cape Town as an educational director for thousands of children in the city’s townships.

Court hears the accused has been illegally residing in South Africa since 2015

John Curran had been working in Cape Town as an educational director for thousands of children in the city’s townships.

Dublin teacher was found dead in his apartment in Cape Town earlier this month

John Curran had been working in Cape Town as an educational director for thousands of children in the city’s townships.

Dublin teacher was found dead in his apartment in Cape Town earlier this month

Public enterprises minister Pravin Gordhan  testifies at the state capture inquiry in Johannesburg, which is investigating public sector corruption in South Africa. Photograph: EPA

Minister describes how former president helped plunder resources to benefit Guptas

Pravin Gordhan, South African minister of public Enterprise,  at the hearings of the judicial commission of inquiry into allegations of state capture, corruption and fraud in the public sector including organs of state on November 19th in Johannesburg Photograph: Wikus de Wet/AFP/Getty

Inquiry focusing on whether South Africa’s Gupta family illegally influenced political decisions

A suspect in the investigation into the murder of John Curran. Photograph: SA Police Service

South African police release CCTV images of suspect in effort to identify killer

John Curran was the former education director at Mellon Educate, a not-for-profit organisation operating in South Africa.

Dublin man had been due to return home within the next two weeks when he was killed in Cape Town

South African president Cyril Ramaphosa: after appointment, he was criticised for not immediately dealing with high-level graft. Photograph: Nic Bothma

Cape Town Letter: S Africa president playing political long game not purging Zuma faction

President Emmerson Mnangagwa: promised a different approach to governance than the one employed by his predecessor, the dictator Robert Mugabe. Photograph: Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

Reviving country’s battered fortunes will be massive task for new president

New South African minister for finance Tito Mboweni: set to announce government plans to deal with aftermath of financial scandal.  Photograph: Esa Alexander

Investigation into South Africa’s failed VBS Mutual Bank claims 53 people stole €115m

South Africa’s president Cyril Ramaphosa: has acted swiftly to restore public trust in his government.  Photograph: Rodger Bosch/AFP/Getty Images

Cyril Ramaphosa moves swiftly after finance minister resigns over meetings with Guptas

South Africa’s finance minister Nhlanhla Nene  is the first minister to appear at the commission of inquiry into corruption in the public sector. Photograph: Reuters/Siphiwe Sibeko

Nhlanhla Nene, who was dismissed by former president Jacob Zuma in 2015, gives evidence at corruption inquiry

Former South African president Jacob Zuma is alleged to have enabled the Guptas  to offer cabinet posts to ruling party members prepared to do their bidding. File photograph: Reuters

Hearings considering witness evidence on role and influence of Gupta family in state

South Africa’s president Cyril Ramaphosa gives a press conference outlining measures to stimulate the economy. The package places an investment focus on agriculture and rural economies. Photograph: Phill Magakoe / AFP/Getty Images

Plan includes infrastructure development drive to kick-start its stalled economy

 A Rastafarian and supporter of the legislation of marijuana light a joint in Johannesburg, as they celebrate after the Constitutional Court ruled that the personal use and growing of marijuana in South Africa is legal. Photograph: Kim Ludbrook/EPA

Drug may not be used in public, distributed or sold, or used by minors

Zimbabwe’s former president Robert Mugabe (94) in Harare:  “It was an election and his victory cannot be disputed,” he said of Emmerson Mnangagwa. File photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Former leader, ousted from power in military takeover last year, says ‘Mnangagwa won’

Emmerson Mnangagwa: the ruling Zanu-PF party’s presidential candidate will be officially sworn in as the country’s next leader in a ceremony on Sunday. Photograph: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters

Opposition failed to provide ‘credible evidence’ of vote-rigging in July presidential vote

Zimbabwe President Emmerson Mnangagwa. Photograph:   REUTERS/Philimon Bulawayo

Zimbabwe Electoral Commission says there was ‘no skulduggery’ in compilation of votes

A supporter of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change party (MDC) of Nelson Chamisa wears a cone as they block a street in Harare, Zimbabwe, on August 1st, 2018. Photograph: Reuters/Siphiwe Sibeko

It’s been a turbulent political week in Zimbabwe, where the ruling Zanu-PF party retained power under questionable circumstances

Supporters celebrate after Zimbabwe’s president Emmerson Mnangagwa was declared the winner in the country’s landmark election, in the Harare suburb of Mbare on Friday. Photograph: Luis Tato/AFP/Getty Images

Opposition says it will legally challenge results in first election since Robert Mugabe ousted

A soldier fires shots towards demonstrators in Harare, as protests erupted over alleged fraud in the country’s election. Photograph: Zinyange Auntony/AFP/Getty Images

Opposition supporters take to streets as ruling Zanu-PF party claims victory in parliament

Supporters of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change  (MDC) alliance claim victory for presidential candidate Nelson Chamisa  following general elections in Harare, Zimbabwe. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Opposition claim voting is rigged, and accuse Zanu-PF party of delaying release of results

Voters celebrate outside a polling station in Highfield, Harare, Zimbabwe, on Monday.  Photograph: Waldo Swiegers/Bloomberg

Long queues at polling stations as people seek to leave Mugabe era behind

Supporters cheer as they attend the last campaign rally of Emmerson Mnangagwa, Zimbabwe’s  presidential candidate for the Zanu-PF party, at the National Sports Stadium in Harare. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images

First poll since end of Mugabe’s tenure described as fight between generations

Zimbabwe’s former president Robert Mugabe speaks during a press conference held at his “Blue Roof” residence, in Harare. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images

Long-time leader of Zanu-PF says he cannot vote for those who ‘tormented’ him

Supporters of Zanu-PF cheer after a rally at Ebenezer Primary School,  Caledonia, an informal settlement in Harare. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/Getty Images

Ruling party Zanu-PF operates system of patronage to buy loyalty of rural voters

President Emmerson Mnangagwa addresses an election rally of his ruling Zanu-PF party in Mhondoro, Zimbabwe, on July 24th. Photograph: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters

Hundreds of international election observers invited amid concerns over rigging

Zimbabwean president Emmerson Mnangagwa shakes hands after addressing a meeting attended by white farmers and business people. Photograph: Wilfred Kajese/AFP/Getty Images

President reaches out to his party’s old enemies for what is predicted to be close race

Zulu king Goodwill  Zwelithini greets ANC president Cyril Ramaphosa in January  2018 in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. File photograph: Jabulani Langa/Daily Sun/Gallo Images/Getty Images

ANC exempts tribal territories from proposals after threats from traditional leader

Supporters of President Emmerson Mnangagwa: has  a narrow lead over his main rival Nelson Chamisa. Photograph: Philimon Bulawayo

Findings contradict opinion of opposition parties claiming roll flawed ahead of election

Duduzane Zuma at Johannesburg’s specialised commercial crime court on charges of corruption, on Monday. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Duduzane Zuma bailed by Johannesburg court in alleged attempted bribery case

South African president Cyril Ramaphosa wants to build a   global $100 billion “investment book” over the next five years. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Irish firms taking part in talks mainly from food, energy, engineering and services sectors

The attempted assassination of Zimbabwe’s president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, last week has underscored the fragility. Photograph: Ahmed Ould Mohamed Ould Elhadj/AFP/Getty Images

Credibility fragile as civil society group says military has infiltrated electoral commission

Supporters of President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s Zanu PF party march for non-violent, fair elections, in Harare, earlier this month. File photograph: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters

Emmerson Mnangagwa says Grace Mugabe ‘easily used’ by those behind fatal grenade attack

Zimbabwe Republic Police senior assistant commissioner Charity Charamba speaking at a press conference in Harare, Zimbabwe, on Sunday. Photograph: Aaron Ufumeli/PA

Report says two of 49 people injured in Sunday’s explosion, possibly due to grenade, have died

Supporters of President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s Zanu-PF party march for non-violent, free and fair general elections in Harare, Zimbabwe. Photograph: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters

Opposition MDC keeps pressure on Mnangagwa to honour pledge of democracy

Former South African president Jacob Zuma: expected to appear in court on   Friday on corruption charges linked to a multibillion rand government arms deal. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

The former South African president had attempted to halt the criminal case against him

African National Congress (ANC) leader and South African president  Cyril Ramaphosa addresses a meeting of the  party on its land expropriation policy in Johannesburg in May. File photograph: Gulshan Khan/AFP/Getty Images

ANC chief follows through on promises to tackle government corruption and nepotism

African National Congress (ANC) leader Cyril Ramaphosa addresses a meeting of the ruling party  in Johannesburg earlier this month. Photograph: Gulshan Khan/AFP/Getty Images

Cape Town Letter: DA and EFF parties relied on presidential scandals to distract public

Zimbabwe’s president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, at the launch of the Zanu-PF  party manifesto for the next elections, last week in Harare. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images

Mnangagwa’s charm offensive seeks to attract billions of dollars of investment

Former gold miner Thulani Bitsha,  who contracted silicosis while working underground,  in the doorway to his home near Bizana in South Africa’s impoverished Eastern Cape province, when interviewed in March  2012. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/File Photo

Seven firms to compensate thousands who contracted silicosis or occupational tuberculosis

South African president Cyril Ramaphosa delivering the eulogy at the Special Official Funeral service for the late Winnie Madikizela-Mandela at Orlando Stadium in Soweto, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Last-minute compromise between family and ANC enabled party to address mourners

Zimbabwe’s president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, who has repeatedly said this year’s general election will be held in a “free and fair” manner. Photograph: Luc Gnago/Reuters

President Mnangagwa is seeking to rebuild bridges with international community

Former South African president Jacob Zuma appears at the KwaZulu-Natal High Court in Durban on Friday. Photograph: Getty Images

Former South Africa president faces charges relating to multibillion-euro arms deal

Former South African president Jacob Zuma faces 16 charges of corruption. Photograph:  AFP

Former president of South Africa faces 16 charges of corruption

South African National Congress Women’s League members sing and mourn outside Winnie Madikizela-Mandela’s home in Soweto, Johannesburg. Photograph:  EPA/STR

South Africa to give anti-apartheid icon and ex-wife of late Nelson Mandela a state funeral

Winnie Madikizela-Mandela smiles as she is greeted by Women’s League supporters gathered in Soweto to celebrate her 80th birthday in 2016. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

South African anti-apartheid campaigner died aged 81 after a long illness

Vicki Momberg: If her appeal fails, she will become the first person in South Africa to go to prison for subjecting someone to racial abuse. Screengrab: YouTube

Former estate agent Vicki Momberg abused black police officers who came to her aid

Grace Mugabe: has been nicknamed “Gucci Grace”and her wealth has prompted questions as to its provenance and suspicions of her involvement  in illegal activities. Photograph:  Zinyange Auntony/AFP/Getty Images

Claims Zimbabwe’s former first lady is involved in illegal export of contraband ivory

 Robert Mugabe at his residence in Harare last week. Mugabe, who ruled Zimbabwe for 37 years, has spoken out in public after he resigned under pressure last November. Photograph: Aron Ufumeli/EPA

Zimbabwe’s ex-president has met with opposition party backed by an ousted faction of ruling Zanu-PF

Tape marks vacant land in Olievenhoutbosch near Centurion in South Africa: whites own 72 per cent of land held by individuals, even though they make up only about 9 per cent of the population. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko

ANC moving to amend constitution to permit expropriation of land without compensation

South Africa’s former president Jacob Zuma: disputes all the allegations against him. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Charges relate to €2bn arms deal in the 1990s, chief state prosecutor says

People queued to collect water from a spring in the Newlands suburb of Cape Town, South Africa, in January as fears over the city’s water crisis grew. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

Huge reduction in usage helped stave off water shortage crisis feared for mid-April

Pravin Gordhan is sworn in as the new South African minister of public enterprises. Photograph: Rodger Bosch/AFP/Getty Images

South Africa’s new president strengthens anti-corruption drive

Zimbabwe’s president, Emmerson Mnangagwa: has repeatedly stated he wants to build a new Zimbabwe but  much of the oppressive legislation introduced by Mugabe remains. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty

Social justice activists try to leverage Zanu-PF’s need for more legitimate identity

Cyril Ramaphosa: does he have the leadership qualities that can inspire ANC members to join in his efforts to renew the movement and build the country? Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

In wake of Zuma, new president faces party factionalism, and social and economic blight

South Africa’s new president Cyril Ramaphosa is sworn into office after being elected at the parliament in Cape Town on Thursday. Photograph:  Mike Hutchings/AFP/Getty Images

Parliamentary vote takes place less than 24 hours after resignation of Jacob Zuma

 A resident of the Masiphumelele informal settlement collects drinking water from a communal municipal tap in Cape Town, South Africa. Photograph: Nic Bothma/EPA

South Africa’s government takes action as water crisis threatens Cape Town supplies

South African president Jacob Zuma announced his immediate resignation in a TV address to the nation on February 14th, 2018, after the ruling ANC party threatened to eject him from office via a parliamentary vote of no confidence. Photograph: SIPHIWE SIBEKO/AFP/Getty Images

In a 30-minute farewell address to the nation, Mr Zuma said he disagreed with the way the ANC had shoved him towards an early exit

President of South Africa Jacob Zuma: if he refuses to stand down, the matter could go to parliament for a vote on a motion of no confidence. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Party says it rejected request by South Africa president to stay in role for few more months

Torn African National Congress  election poster bearing the face of ANC president Jacob Zuma. Photograph: Kim Ludbrook

Handover talks with Cyril Ramaphosa collapsed under weight of Zuma’s demands

President Jacob Zuma leaves Tuynhuys, the office of the presidency in Cape Town, SA, February 7, 2018. Photograph: Reuters/Sumaya Hisham

Zuma stands accused of widespread corruption linked to looting of state resources

Cyril Ramaphosa, ANC leader and South Africa’s deputy president: will be the ANC’s candidate for the presidency in the next election. Photograph: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

After Zuma’s refusal to step down, ruling party were expected to recall him from office

People queue to collect water from a spring in the Newlands suburb in January as fears over the city’s water crisis grow in Cape Town, South Africa. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

Residents in South African city reduce consumption amid fears supply will run out

Supporters of African National Congress deputy president Cyril Ramaphosa chant slogans outside the party headquarters in Johannesburg on Monday. Photograph: Marco Longari/AFP/Getty Images

South Africa’s president faces growing pressure to quit but talks fail to secure departure

Tree trunks, which were submersed when the dam was full, stand in the critically low Theewaterskloof Dam in Villiersdorp, South Africa. Cape Town will become the first major city in recent history to run out water. Photograph: Nic Bothma/EPA

Many residents ignoring usage restrictions as city expected to run out of water by April

Jacob Zuma: South African president is now seen as a liability  by many within the ANC. Photograph: Mujahid Safodien/AFP/Getty

Public pressure growing on the party to remove the unpopular president from office

Zimbabwe’s president, Emmerson Mnangagwa (right), with Morgan Tsvangirai, leader of the MDC,   in Harare earlier this month.  Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images

MDC’s charismatic leader believed to be crucial to alliance’s chances in election

 German chancellor and leader of the German Christian Democrats Angela Merkel with Horst Seehofer, governor of Bavaria and leader of the Bavarian Christian Social Unio. Photograph: Alexandra Beier/Getty Images

From Trump to tragedy, Kim Jong-un to a royal wedding, a compelling roundup from an at times incredible year

Zimbabwe’s then president, Robert Mugabe, and his wife, Grace. Photograph: Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi/File/AP Photo

Now that he’s been replaced with Mnangagwa, the big question is: will anything change?

Cyril Ramaphosa, South Africa’s deputy president and newly elected president of the African National Congress  (ANC), at the party’s 54th  national conference  in Johannesburg, South Africa, on Monday. Photograph: Waldo Swiegers/Bloomberg

South Africa president and new ANC chief Cyril Ramaphosa appear on collision course

Cyril Ramaphosa, South Africa’s deputy president and newly-elected president of the ANC, embraces opponent Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma. Photograph: Waldo Swiegers/Bloomberg

Two of party’s newly-elected top officials have been accused of corruption

Newly elected African National Congress (ANC) president Cyril Ramaphosa is congratulated by his rival Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma at the party conference in  Johannesburg. Photograph: Mujahid Safodien/AFP/Getty Images

South African deputy president, a former trade unionist, takes over from Jacob Zuma

By Sunday evening the race was between ANC deputy president Cyril Ramaphosa, above, and Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma. Photograph: Waldo Swiegers/Bloomberg

Disqualification of delegates may undermine frontrunner Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma

African National Congress presidential candidate Cyril Ramaphosa: opponents say he is too close to  business and does not have poor black South Africans’ interests at heart. Photograph: Mujahid Safodien/AFP/Getty

Ramaphosa and Dlamini-Zuma neck and neck for party leadership

Shaun Abrahams: Since his appointment, he  has been accused of displaying bias in favour of President Jacob Zuma around criminal cases, allegations Mr Abrahams denies. Photograph:  Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Shaun Abrahams to vacate post, with president barred from appointing replacement

South Africa’s deputy president Cyril Ramaphosa: The  930 voting delegates   from branches that did not finalise their nominations   on time could change the shape of the ANC leadership race. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

President Zuma expected to be recalled from office unless former wife wins party poll

Zimbabwe’s former minister of finance Ignatius Chombo  leaves Harare Magistrate Court shackled to former Zanu-PF Youth League chairperson Kudzai Chipanga. Photograph: Zinyange Auntony/AFP/Getty

In apparent purge by Emmerson Mnangagwa, five enemies in Zanu-PF pushed out

President Emmerson Mnangagwathe: denies any involvement in Gukurahundi massacres. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

People in Matabeleland who suffered badly under Mugabe are sceptical of new pledges

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