Democratic Alliance leader Mmusi Maimane speaks  in Johannesburg, South Africa. File photograph: Kevin Sutherland/EPA

Mmusi Maimane, the first black leader of the Democratic Alliance, faces a crucial meeting

President of Mozambican National Resistance (Renamo) and presidential candidate Ossufo Momade waves to supporters during a campaign event in Nampula, Mozambique. Photograph: Vasco Quembo

Frelimo and Renamo factions persist in violence and intimidation on campaign trail

Zimbabwe’s president Emmerson Mnangagwa: Despite his promises to end the authoritarian approach to governance, the army and police have cracked down on protesters.   Photograph:  Tony Karumba/ AFP

Zanu-PF-led government urged to adopt a human rights approach to policing demonstrations

Youth carrying a portrait of Zimbabwe’s late former president Robert Mugabe at the Rufaro stadium in the capital, Harare, where his body will lie in state. Photograph: Tony Karumba/AFP

Zimbabweans torn in mourning for leader who ended colonial rule but ruined economy

 Members of Zimbabwe’s presidential guard with the coffin containing the body of  Robert Mugabe, upon its arrival in Harare International airport. Photograph: Aaron Ufumeli/EPA

Former president’s family seeking to have him buried in home village instead of Harare

Arrested residents of Johannesburg’s Katlehong township lay on the ground on September 5th as South Africa’s financial capital is hit by a new wave of anti-foreigner violence. Photograph: Michele Spatari/AFP/Getty Images

Two dead after mob goes on rampage in Johannesburg attacking foreigners

February 1980: Former Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe,who has died aged 95. Photograph: PA Wire

Guerrilla leader led Zimbabwe to independence in 1980 and ruled with an iron fist

People  take part in a protest against the abuse of women by men outside parliament in Cape Town. Photograph: Rodger Bosch/AFP/Getty

Protestors try to confront president over plan to tackle xenophobia and femicide

Plain-clothes members of the South African Police Service patrol the Johannesburg township of Alexandra. Photograph: Michele Spatari/AFP/Getty Images

Police fire tear gas, rubber bullets at mobs targeting migrants in Johannesburg

Whistleblower  Angelo Agrizzi: All of those  accused of corruption by him have denied any wrongdoing.  Photograph:  Wikus de Wet/AFP

CEO Gavin Watson died day before questioning at tax investigation into his affairs

Demonstrators take to Harare streets earlier in August. The country’s main opposition party, Movement for Democratic Change, called for protests against President Emmerson Mnangagwa and his government’s management of the economy. Photograph: Getty

Little change one year on from President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s inauguration

Nelson Mandela Foundation chief executive Sello Hatang: “We should not be poisoning the future through the gratuitous display of the old flag.” Photograph: Denis Farrell

Gratuitous use of South African flag from white rule period deemed hate speech

A soldier stands guard in the township of Philippi East, a township in Cape Town. Photograph: Joao Silva/The New York Times

Cape Flats has had 900 gang-related murders this year as politicians argue over resources

Trinity provost Patrick Prendergast with the vice-chancellor of the University of Dar es Salaam Main Campus (UDSM), Prof William Anangisye; vice chancellors and deans at UDSM; Bronagh Carr, deputy head of mission / head of development cooperation, Tanzania; the Embassy of Ireland, Tanzania team and the Trinity delegation at UDSM.

Trinity is exploring student exchange schemes, joint degrees and collaborative research opportunities with African colleges

 Public protector Busisiwe Mkhwebane  at a parliament briefing in Cape Town, South Africa. Photograph: Reuters/ Mike Hutchings

Calls for dismissal of public protector amid concerns over competence and neutrality

A youth  sells firewood in Mabvuku, Harare, Zimbabwe, as power cuts continue. Photograph: Aaron Ufumeli

Aid target rises to €331m as humanitarian disaster feared in southern African country

Dr Graham Love, former chief executive of the Higher Education Authority. ‘What is the point of having a specialist agency, conferring functions upon it and then ignoring or discouraging its advice?’ he writes. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Former Higher Education Authority chief criticises Government ‘control’ over sector

Johannesburg: Supporters of former president Jacob Zuma gather at the end of the fourth day of his testimony during the commission of inquiry  into ‘state capture’. Photograph:  Yeshiel Panchia/EPA

Alleged corruption involved Indian family and South African officials

Former president Jacob Zuma addresses his supporters after the end of the fourth day of his testimony at a public sector  corruption inquiry, in Johannesburg, South Africa. Photograph: Yeshiel Panchia/EPA

Former president had decided to stop co-operating with the investigation

Former South African president Jacob Zuma: whistleblowers allege he allowed Gupta brothers Ajay, Atul and Rajesh to hand-pick ruling party members who would do their bidding for cabinet posts. Photograph: Reuters

South African public sector corruption inquiry investigates role of former leader

Supporters of former South African president Jacob Zuma gather outside the Hill on Empire building in Johannesburg, where Zuma appears before the Commission of Inquiry into State Capture over allegations that he oversaw systematic looting of state funds while in power. Photograph:  Guillem Sartorio/AFP/Getty Images

Analysis: The former South African president’s nervousness during the commission inquiry is at odds with his earlier easiness

Former South African president Jacob Zuma arrives at the Commission of Inquiry into State Capture on Monday in Johannesburg. ‘I have been vilified, alleged to be the king of corrupt people.’ Photograph: Wikus de Wet/AFP/Getty Images

Former SA president tells inquiry that he and Gupta business family were just ‘friends’

Former South African president Jacob Zuma has accused the inquiry of being ‘prejudiced’ against him. File photograph: EPA

One-time ANC chief accused by whisleblowers of various offences, including bribery

Members of the Economic Freedom Fighters with their leader Julius Malema. Photograph: Rodger Bosch/AFP/Getty

Cape Town Letter: Disillusionment with corruption-tainted ANC spurs voter flight

President of South Africa Cyril Ramaphosa (left) with David Mabuza in Pretoria who he reappointed as deputy president. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Equal number of men and women named as ministers for first time in South Africa

Cyril Ramaphosa is set to emphasise national unity when he is sworn in as South Africa’s fifth post-apartheid president at Loftus Versfeld Stadium in Pretoria on Saturday. Photograph: Nic Bothma/EPA

ANC leader to be sworn in as South Africa’s fifth post-apartheid president in Pretoria

Former South African president Jacob Zuma on trial for alleged corruption in the High Court in Pietermaritzburg. He is accused of taking bribes from French defence company Thales. Photograph: Themba Hadebe

Court told former S African president delaying prosecution on corruption charges

Former South African president Jacob Zuma gestures during a lunch break while facing court charges that include fraud, corruption and racketeering. Photograph: Themba Hadebe/Pool via Reuters

Former SA president’s legal team apply for stay of prosecution on 16 corruption charges

South African president Cyril Ramaphosa: ‘We’ll be seeking to get people, men and women, who have great competence and capabilities to serve the needs of the people of South Africa.’ Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

SA president maintains only those fit for purpose would be appointed to executive

 The land grabs were blamed for destroying Zimbabwe’s agriculture sector, a pillar of its economy, and ruining the southern African country’s relations with Western governments. Photograph: AP/Rob Cooper

Robert Mugabe’s agrarian policy saw up to 4,000 farmers removed from their land

The president of South Africa and the ANC, Cyril Ramaphosa (centre),  in Soweto. After casting his vote in this  week’s elections, he acknowledged the “rampant corruption” of recent years. Photograph:  Michele Spatari/AFP/Getty Images

Time will tell if the president secured big enough victory to quell the factionalism in the ANC

Mmusi Maimane, leader of the opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) party, t the Independent Electoral Commission national results centre in Pretoria, South Africa, on Friday.  Photograph: Waldo Swiegers/Bloomberg

Official outcome may be delayed while independent audit of results is carried out

 South African president   Cyril Ramaphosa greets a voter as he arrives to cast his vote for the general elections at the Hitekani Primary School, Chiawelo, Soweto. Photograph: Michele Spatari/AFP/Getty Images

Early election results indicate party’s worst performance since end of apartheid

People queue to vote in South Africa’s national and provincial elections at a polling station in the Tlhabologang township in Coligny on Wednesday. Photograph: Luca Sola/AFP/Getty Images

President urges voters to return ANC to power, saying it has learned from its mistakes

President of South Africa’s governing African National Congress Cyril Ramaphosa gestures during the party’s final rally at Ellis Park Stadium in Johannesburg, South Africa, at the weekend. Photograph:  Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Former liberation movement’s popularity among electorate on wane over Zuma scandals

Members of the Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans Association   after invading a white-owned farm near Harare, in 2000.  Photograph: Rob Cooper/AP Photo

The evictions were carried out under former president Mugabe’s land reform programme

Supporters of the ruling African National Congress (ANC) in Cape Town, ahead of the general elections. Photograph: Rodger Bosch / AFP

Can political grandstanding and free T-shirts make up for the corruption scandals?

Protestors occupy the junction of a busy road as part of a service delivery protest in Eldorado Park, Johannesburg, South Africa on  April 15th. Photograph: Kim Ludbrook/EPA

Protesters say sanitation, endemic crime and high unemployment among grievances

South African president Cyril Ramaphohas been advised to dismissed both lawyers based on the findings of the report. Photograph: SIyabulela Duda/EPA/GCIS/Handout

Report into numerous complaints made against the pair leaked to the media

African National Congress supporters listen to president Cyril Ramaphosa addressing them during an election rally held in Alexandra Township, Johannesburg, on April 11th.  Kim Ludbrook/EPA

Party says it will remove ‘delinquent’ nominees ahead of crucial South African election

Former president of South Africa Jacob Zuma. The commission was primarily established to investigate if Mr Zuma facilitated government corruption. Photograph: AP Photo

Former head of police oversight body says ‘blue curtain’ stonewalled investigations

The late John Curran had been working in Cape Town as an educational director for thousands of children in the city’s townships.

Congolese cleaner alleges charity worker John Curran tried to rape him in his apartment

ANC president Cyril Ramaphosa (right) toasts with former president Jacob Zuma and secretary general Ace Magashule (left)  during  ANC anniversary celebrations, in January.  Photograph:  Rajesh Jantilal/AFP/Getty Images

Book revelations about ‘Mr Ten Percent’ are a blow to ruling party’s re-election campaign

Former South African president Jacob Zuma: hit back at the report on Twitter. Photograph: Mujahid Safodien/AFP/Getty Images

Former SA president accused of ‘serious breaches of constitution, policy and law’

Angelo Agrizzi, former COO of Bosasa, testifies at the commission of inquiry  in January in Johannesburg. Photograph:  by Wikus de Wet/AFP/Getty

African Global Operations, known as Bosasa, said scandal shut off access to bank services

Zimbabwean president Emmerson Mnangagwa. He confirmed  he had issued the order for the army to tackle the protesters. Photograph: Aaron Ufumeli/EPA

Zimbabwe’s president says search has begun for lawyers, doctors and nurses who assisted civilians during protests over the economy

 South African president Cyril Ramaphosa addresses a conference at the Cape Town International Convention Centre. Photograph: Siyabulela Duda/EPA

Ruling ANC vows to act amid fears a growing scandal could end its 25-year dominance

Former Bosasa executives  Angelo Agrizzi (left) and Frans Vorster arrive at the special commercial crimes court in Pretoria, South Africa, on Wednesday. Photograph: Shafiek Tassiem/Reuters

Former Bosasa executive one of four people arrested over fraud in prison services sector

Jacob Zuma, former president of South Africa. Photograph: Rogan Ward/File Photo/Reuters

Oil and gas company Falcon is accused of offering contracts for changes to fracking law

Angelo Agrizzi, Former COO of Bosasa,  testifies at the Commission of Inquiry into State Capture in Johannesburg. Photograph: Wikus de Wet/AFP/Getty Images

CEO of firm accused of corruption allegedly hand-delivered bribe to former SA president

A member of security gestures to the photographer as former Bosasa chief operations officer, Angelo Agrizzi arrives at the Judicial Commission of Inquiry, probing state capture in Johannesburg, South Africa on January 21st Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Angelo Agrizzi is set to continue his testimony at a public inquiry into political corruption

The late John Curran had been working in Cape Town as an educational director for thousands of children in the city’s townships.

The Irish charity worker (60) was found stabbed to death in Cape Town last November

Former Bosasa chief operating officer Angelo Agrizzi claimed that minister of environmental affairs Nomvula Mokonyane was given regular R50,000 (€3,200) bribes for years. Photograph: Getty Images

Environment minister received bribes for years, former Bosasa executive tells inquiry

Angelo Agrizzi, former chief operating officer at Bosasa: unveiled by prosecutors as a surprise whistleblower.

Angelo Agrizzi alleges Bosasa firm laundered money for African National Congress

Kenyan security forces evacuate people after a bomb blast at a hotel in Nairobi, Kenya, on Tuesday. Photograph: Kabir Dhanji/AFP/Getty Images

Eyewitness initially thought Nairobi terror attack was a gas blast in nearby restaurant

Protesters gather during a demonstration over the hike in fuel prices in Harare, Zimbabwe, on Tuesday. Photograph: Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi/AP

Five reported killed in clashes on Monday during protests over rising fuel prices

Ian Kirk: “In the early 1990s, business here started to learn what the Irish did in the 1970s and 1980s.”

Ireland and South Africa ‘are grappling with trying to ensure everyone is treated fairly’

Anti-mining activist Nonhle Mbuthuma: “I am continuously getting calls from people saying that hit men are coming to get me, and as a result I am forced to sleep in different houses every night.” Photograph: Amnesty International

Villagers in Xolobeni opposed to mining say they have been attacked and intimidated

 Floyd Shivambu and  Julius Malema of the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF).  Photograph: Felix Dlangamandla/Foto24/Gallo Images/Getty Images

The leaders of the radical left-wing EFF party have been accused of receiving looted money

Former South African president Jacob Zuma: Legal experts estimate he is liable for fees of up to at least €2 million. Photograph: Phill Magakoe/AFP/Getty

South African court rules Mbeki accord to pay fraud and corruption trial costs illegal

The late John Curran had been working in Cape Town as an educational director for thousands of children in the city’s townships.

Court hears the accused has been illegally residing in South Africa since 2015

John Curran had been working in Cape Town as an educational director for thousands of children in the city’s townships.

Dublin teacher was found dead in his apartment in Cape Town earlier this month

John Curran had been working in Cape Town as an educational director for thousands of children in the city’s townships.

Dublin teacher was found dead in his apartment in Cape Town earlier this month

Public enterprises minister Pravin Gordhan  testifies at the state capture inquiry in Johannesburg, which is investigating public sector corruption in South Africa. Photograph: EPA

Minister describes how former president helped plunder resources to benefit Guptas

Pravin Gordhan, South African minister of public Enterprise,  at the hearings of the judicial commission of inquiry into allegations of state capture, corruption and fraud in the public sector including organs of state on November 19th in Johannesburg Photograph: Wikus de Wet/AFP/Getty

Inquiry focusing on whether South Africa’s Gupta family illegally influenced political decisions

A suspect in the investigation into the murder of John Curran. Photograph: SA Police Service

South African police release CCTV images of suspect in effort to identify killer

John Curran was the former education director at Mellon Educate, a not-for-profit organisation operating in South Africa.

Dublin man had been due to return home within the next two weeks when he was killed in Cape Town

South African president Cyril Ramaphosa: after appointment, he was criticised for not immediately dealing with high-level graft. Photograph: Nic Bothma

Cape Town Letter: S Africa president playing political long game not purging Zuma faction

President Emmerson Mnangagwa: promised a different approach to governance than the one employed by his predecessor, the dictator Robert Mugabe. Photograph: Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

Reviving country’s battered fortunes will be massive task for new president

New South African minister for finance Tito Mboweni: set to announce government plans to deal with aftermath of financial scandal.  Photograph: Esa Alexander

Investigation into South Africa’s failed VBS Mutual Bank claims 53 people stole €115m

South Africa’s president Cyril Ramaphosa: has acted swiftly to restore public trust in his government.  Photograph: Rodger Bosch/AFP/Getty Images

Cyril Ramaphosa moves swiftly after finance minister resigns over meetings with Guptas

South Africa’s finance minister Nhlanhla Nene  is the first minister to appear at the commission of inquiry into corruption in the public sector. Photograph: Reuters/Siphiwe Sibeko

Nhlanhla Nene, who was dismissed by former president Jacob Zuma in 2015, gives evidence at corruption inquiry

Former South African president Jacob Zuma is alleged to have enabled the Guptas  to offer cabinet posts to ruling party members prepared to do their bidding. File photograph: Reuters

Hearings considering witness evidence on role and influence of Gupta family in state

South Africa’s president Cyril Ramaphosa gives a press conference outlining measures to stimulate the economy. The package places an investment focus on agriculture and rural economies. Photograph: Phill Magakoe / AFP/Getty Images

Plan includes infrastructure development drive to kick-start its stalled economy

 A Rastafarian and supporter of the legislation of marijuana light a joint in Johannesburg, as they celebrate after the Constitutional Court ruled that the personal use and growing of marijuana in South Africa is legal. Photograph: Kim Ludbrook/EPA

Drug may not be used in public, distributed or sold, or used by minors

Zimbabwe’s former president Robert Mugabe (94) in Harare:  “It was an election and his victory cannot be disputed,” he said of Emmerson Mnangagwa. File photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Former leader, ousted from power in military takeover last year, says ‘Mnangagwa won’

Emmerson Mnangagwa: the ruling Zanu-PF party’s presidential candidate will be officially sworn in as the country’s next leader in a ceremony on Sunday. Photograph: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters

Opposition failed to provide ‘credible evidence’ of vote-rigging in July presidential vote

Zimbabwe President Emmerson Mnangagwa. Photograph:   REUTERS/Philimon Bulawayo

Zimbabwe Electoral Commission says there was ‘no skulduggery’ in compilation of votes

A supporter of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change party (MDC) of Nelson Chamisa wears a cone as they block a street in Harare, Zimbabwe, on August 1st, 2018. Photograph: Reuters/Siphiwe Sibeko

It’s been a turbulent political week in Zimbabwe, where the ruling Zanu-PF party retained power under questionable circumstances

Supporters celebrate after Zimbabwe’s president Emmerson Mnangagwa was declared the winner in the country’s landmark election, in the Harare suburb of Mbare on Friday. Photograph: Luis Tato/AFP/Getty Images

Opposition says it will legally challenge results in first election since Robert Mugabe ousted

A soldier fires shots towards demonstrators in Harare, as protests erupted over alleged fraud in the country’s election. Photograph: Zinyange Auntony/AFP/Getty Images

Opposition supporters take to streets as ruling Zanu-PF party claims victory in parliament

Supporters of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change  (MDC) alliance claim victory for presidential candidate Nelson Chamisa  following general elections in Harare, Zimbabwe. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Opposition claim voting is rigged, and accuse Zanu-PF party of delaying release of results

Voters celebrate outside a polling station in Highfield, Harare, Zimbabwe, on Monday.  Photograph: Waldo Swiegers/Bloomberg

Long queues at polling stations as people seek to leave Mugabe era behind

Supporters cheer as they attend the last campaign rally of Emmerson Mnangagwa, Zimbabwe’s  presidential candidate for the Zanu-PF party, at the National Sports Stadium in Harare. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images

First poll since end of Mugabe’s tenure described as fight between generations

Zimbabwe’s former president Robert Mugabe speaks during a press conference held at his “Blue Roof” residence, in Harare. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images

Long-time leader of Zanu-PF says he cannot vote for those who ‘tormented’ him

Supporters of Zanu-PF cheer after a rally at Ebenezer Primary School,  Caledonia, an informal settlement in Harare. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/Getty Images

Ruling party Zanu-PF operates system of patronage to buy loyalty of rural voters

President Emmerson Mnangagwa addresses an election rally of his ruling Zanu-PF party in Mhondoro, Zimbabwe, on July 24th. Photograph: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters

Hundreds of international election observers invited amid concerns over rigging

Zimbabwean president Emmerson Mnangagwa shakes hands after addressing a meeting attended by white farmers and business people. Photograph: Wilfred Kajese/AFP/Getty Images

President reaches out to his party’s old enemies for what is predicted to be close race

Zulu king Goodwill  Zwelithini greets ANC president Cyril Ramaphosa in January  2018 in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. File photograph: Jabulani Langa/Daily Sun/Gallo Images/Getty Images

ANC exempts tribal territories from proposals after threats from traditional leader

Supporters of President Emmerson Mnangagwa: has  a narrow lead over his main rival Nelson Chamisa. Photograph: Philimon Bulawayo

Findings contradict opinion of opposition parties claiming roll flawed ahead of election

Duduzane Zuma at Johannesburg’s specialised commercial crime court on charges of corruption, on Monday. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Duduzane Zuma bailed by Johannesburg court in alleged attempted bribery case

South African president Cyril Ramaphosa wants to build a   global $100 billion “investment book” over the next five years. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Irish firms taking part in talks mainly from food, energy, engineering and services sectors

The attempted assassination of Zimbabwe’s president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, last week has underscored the fragility. Photograph: Ahmed Ould Mohamed Ould Elhadj/AFP/Getty Images

Credibility fragile as civil society group says military has infiltrated electoral commission

Supporters of President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s Zanu PF party march for non-violent, fair elections, in Harare, earlier this month. File photograph: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters

Emmerson Mnangagwa says Grace Mugabe ‘easily used’ by those behind fatal grenade attack

Zimbabwe Republic Police senior assistant commissioner Charity Charamba speaking at a press conference in Harare, Zimbabwe, on Sunday. Photograph: Aaron Ufumeli/PA

Report says two of 49 people injured in Sunday’s explosion, possibly due to grenade, have died

Supporters of President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s Zanu-PF party march for non-violent, free and fair general elections in Harare, Zimbabwe. Photograph: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters

Opposition MDC keeps pressure on Mnangagwa to honour pledge of democracy

Former South African president Jacob Zuma: expected to appear in court on   Friday on corruption charges linked to a multibillion rand government arms deal. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

The former South African president had attempted to halt the criminal case against him

African National Congress (ANC) leader and South African president  Cyril Ramaphosa addresses a meeting of the  party on its land expropriation policy in Johannesburg in May. File photograph: Gulshan Khan/AFP/Getty Images

ANC chief follows through on promises to tackle government corruption and nepotism

African National Congress (ANC) leader Cyril Ramaphosa addresses a meeting of the ruling party  in Johannesburg earlier this month. Photograph: Gulshan Khan/AFP/Getty Images

Cape Town Letter: DA and EFF parties relied on presidential scandals to distract public

Zimbabwe’s president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, at the launch of the Zanu-PF  party manifesto for the next elections, last week in Harare. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images

Mnangagwa’s charm offensive seeks to attract billions of dollars of investment

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