ANC president Cyril Ramaphosa and secretary general Ace Magashule. Photograph:  Rajesh Jantilal/AFP via Getty

Ace Magashule, who is accused of corruption, argues step-aside rule is unconstitutional

Two alpacas: “We believe our alpaca antibodies would be best administered using an inhaler as they are 10 times smaller than human antibodies,” says  Dr Peter Durcan.

Researcher based in South Africa finds animal’s antibodies show signs of neutralising variants

South African president Cyril Ramaphosa appears on behalf of the ruling party African National Congress (ANC) at the Zondo Commission of Inquiry in Johannesburg on Wednesday. Photograph: EPA/Kim Ludbrook / Pool

President says ruling party determined to root out the malaise

South African president Cyril Ramaphosa. Photograph: White House/Bloomberg

Cyril Ramaphosa hopes his appearance will help make break from ANC’s corrupt image

Residential neighbourhoods are lit by raging fires in Cape Town, South Africa. Photograph: Jerome Delay/AP Photo

Cape Town Letter: At least 400 hectares of unique flora and fauna burnt to a crisp

Refugees seek shelter at a centre in Afungi, Mozambique after fleeing attacks in Palma. Photograph: AP Photo

Southern African leaders keen on joint action against growing Islamist threat to region

A temporary settlement centre for refugees from the unrest  in Palma, Cabo Delgado Province, Northern Mozambique. Photograph: Grant Lee Neuenburg/EPA/WFP

DAG had been praised for its role in fighting off an at attack by Islamic militants on Palma last week

 Men keep an eye on the sea at the port of  Paquitequete in Pemba boats have arrived carrying people displaced from the coasts of Palma and Afungi after suffering attacks by Islamist militants. Photograph: Alfredo Zuniga/AFP/Getty Images)

Government slow to embrace the assistance it has been offered to defeat Al-Shabaab

A  delivery of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine arriving  at  O R Tambo  airport in Johannesburg, South Africa. Photograph:  EPA/Kim Ludbrook

Ramaphosa says country is moving to more relaxed lockdown restrictions due to ‘dramatic decline’ in cases over eight weeks

ANC’s secretary general Ace Magashule:  ‘I’ve done nothing wrong. I’ll prove it in court.’ Photograph: Fani Mahuntsi/Gallo Images via Getty Images

Legal proceedings against Ace Magashule and 15 co-accused postponed to August 11th

Dr Anike Baptiste (left) receives a dose of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine against  Covid-19  from Mokgadi Malebye, a professional nurse at the Steve Biko Academic Hospital in Pretoria on February 17th. Photograph: Phill Magakoe/AFP  via Getty

Rollout starts following delivery of 80,000 doses of the Johnson & Johnson jab

Former South Africa president Jacob Zuma faces numerous corruption-related questions linked to evidence contained in at least 36 affidavits submitted to the inquiry. File photograph: EPA

Ex-president refuses to abide by court ruling obliging him to answer questions at inquiry

A temporary ward dedicated to the treatment of possible Covid-19 cases at Steve Biko Academic Hospital in Pretoria. Photograph: Phill Magakoe/Pool/EPA

Access to invermectin, which was developed by Irish scientist, will be on ‘controlled’ basis

  John Nkengasong: “If you add 400 million doses to the 270 million doses, I think we are beginning to make very good progress.” Photograph:  Minasse Wondimu Hailu/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

AU president Ramaphosa calls on rich nations to share vaccines with developing world

  A grave digger works at Zororo Memorial Park cemetery in Chitungwiza, Zimbabwe, on  January 20th: the country has recorded 1,005 deaths to date. Photograph: Aaron Ufumeli/EPA

Irish aid agency Goal says urgent support needed to deal with rise in infections

  People walk past a   billboard advertising ‘Mask up Lagos’ along a road in Yaba district in Lagos, Nigeria. Photograph:Akintunde Akinleye/EPA

Many African nations have seen more deadly second waves of virus recently emerge

A coronavirus testing unit sign outside Groote Schuur hospital in Cape Town, South Africa. Photograph: Dwayne Senior/Bloomberg

New South African Covid strain suspected of being a significant contributing factor

Displaced women at the Centro Agrrio de Napala, where hundreds of displaced are sheltered, fleeing attacks by armed insurgents in different areas of Cabo Delgado. Photograph:  Alfredo Zuniga/AFP via Getty

Besieged African nation wants to be self-sufficient even as situation becomes ‘dire’

In February, despite facing death threats and attempted bribes, five Malawi judges proceeded to nullify the poll’s outcome and order a rerun. Photograph: iStock

Annulment of presidential poll makes it only second African country to witness such a monumental development

South Africa’s president, Cyril Ramaphosa: beaches and public parks in several provinces will be closed to limit mass gatherings and “super-spreader” events. Photograph: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

Tighter restrictions include curfews and alcohol sale limits as death toll nears 24,000

African National Congress (ANC) president Cyril Ramaphosa (right) toasts with former president Jacob Zuma (centre) and secretary general Ace Magashule (left) during the ANC’s 107th anniversary celebrations at the Moses Mabhida Stadium in Durban on January 12th, 2019. Photograph:  Rajesh JantilaL/AFP/Getty

Cyril Ramaphosa promises party officials accused of serious crimes would be sidelined

A security officer  measures the temperature of a  student  at the entrance of Albert Street Primary School, in Johannesburg. Photograph: Luca Sola/AFP/Getty Images

Clear evidence of a resurgence of Covid-19 across the Eastern Cape and Western Cape provinces

 South African former president Jacob Zuma (C) jokes with his lawyer Muzi Sikhakhane (R) during a break at a corruption inquiry in Johannesburg. Photograph: Guillem Sartorio/AFP via Getty Images

South Africa’s former president defies summons as he fails in attempt to remove judge

ANC secretary general Ace Magashule is due in court on Friday. Photograph: Kim Ludbrook/EPA

Party general secretary and Zuma ally Ace Magashule denies role in alleged asbestos scam

Destroyed houses in the village of Aldeia da Paz, Cabo Delgado province in Mozambique  after it was attacked in August 2019. Photograph: Marco Longari/AFP via Getty Images

Executions of men and boys by suspected jihadists in troubled Cabo Delgado province

Anti-mining activist Fikile Ntshangase was shot dead in her rural home.

Fikile Ntshangase had opposed plans to extend the Somkhele coal mine because of its environmental impact

Residents at the village of Aldeia da Paz outside Macomia, Mozambique, after an attack by Islamist militants in 2019. Photograph: Marco Longari/AFP via Getty Images

Southern African nation had asked for support against uprising that has killed 2,000 people

A woman holds her younger child while standing in a burned out area in the recently attacked village of Aldeia da Paz outside Macomia, Mozambique. Photograph:  Marco Longari/AFP

African region’s colonial past makes military assistance potentially problematic

A medical professional sanitises visiting patients in Springs, Johannesburg. Photograph:  Yeshiel Panchia/EPA

Scientists seek answers to why country’s Covid-19 death rate remains relatively low

South African president Cyril Ramaphosa: African National Congress has chosen to back his efforts to tackle corruption in the party. Photograph: Rodger Bosch/AFP

South African president calls on executive committee to purge party officials charged with wrongdoing

Zimbabwe’s president Emmerson Mnangagwa has accused his political opponents of working with foreigners to destabilise the country. Photograph: EPA

Local hierarchy critical of ‘alarming levels’ of graft in country enduring ‘multilayered crisis’

Children in their social-distanced squares in Johannesburg, South Africa.  Photograph: EPA

Firms can operate, domestic travel, family gatherings allowed, schools to partially reopen

Patrick Sitwayi, who lives in Upper Mcambalala with his wife, five children and three grand children. He has silicosis from working underground in the gold mines for 22 years. Photograph: Thom Pierce (thompierce.com)

Miners suffering from lung diseases are more vulnerable to Covid-19, say doctors

South Africa’s president Cyril Ramaphosa. Photograph: Baba Jiyane/EPA

Ruling party members involved in fraud related to coronavirus contract tenders

A woman walks on a deserted street in the central Harare, Zimbabwe, where there is a  6pm-6am curfew. Photograph: EPA/Aaron Ufumeli

Opponents believe the president is using the Covid-19 lockdown to suppress opposition rather than to save lives

Cape Town: people faced with hunger, poverty and unemployment receive food parcels, hygiene packs and blankets. Photograph: Brenton Geach/Gallo Images via Getty

Letter: Conundrum of how to save lives while not destroying livelihoods is formidable

A customer shops at a Liquor City shop in Johannesburg, South Africa, in early June. File photograph: Marco Longari/AFP via Getty Images

Opposition criticises new rules, which include a ban on the sale of alcohol

People check the food parcels they   received  in Brakpan, Gauteng province, where coronavirus cases have surged. Photograph:  Michele Spatari/AFP via Getty Images

Health minister warns bed capacity in all provinces to be overwhelmed in weeks ahead

Khayelitsha Field Hospital is in a community sports centre in the township on the outskirts of Cape Town. Photograph: Médecins Sans Frontières

Minister for health ‘extremely concerned’ about public ‘letting their guard down’

Economic Freedom Fighters party leader Julius Malema has been accused of benefiting from the looted money. He denies it. Photograph: Jordi Matas

Seven face charges of racketeering, theft, fraud, corruption and money laundering at VBS

The aftermath of an attack by Islamic militants on the village of   Aldeia da Paz outside Macomia.  More than 210,000 people have been forcibly displaced by the ongoing violence   in northern Mozambique. Photograph: Maco Longari/AFP/Getty

Southern African nations preoccupied with curbing Covid-19 threat at home

A worker taking   the temperature of a customer  in a  furniture shop in Johannesburg, South Africa. Photograph: Luca Sola/AFPvia Getty Images

Pretoria high court judge rules that an ‘overwhelming number’ of lockdown restrictions are unconstitutional and invalid

South African president Cyril Ramaphosa delivering a speech via video link at the opening of the World Health Assembly virtual meeting from the WHO headquarters in Geneva. Photograph: AFP via Getty Images

Lockdown measures to be further eased from start of June despite surge in cases

Zimbabwean president Emmerson Mnangagwa said the restrictions would remain in place indefinitely because the country needed to ease strategically  out of its lockdown. Photograph:  EPA/Aaron Ufumeli

Rights groups concerned as three female MDC members say they were abducted and sexually assaulted

Dr Katherine Gill (left) of the Desmond Tutu HIV Foundation with volunteer nurses outside the foundation’s mobile testing clinic in Guguletu. Photograph: Bill Corcoran

Despite early success, officials know that townships remain vulnerable to outbreak

On April 21st a €25 billion social and economic package for South Africa was announced to counter the crippling effect the lockdown was having on businesses. Photograph:  Marco Longari / AFP

Tourism businesses are being awarded Covid-19 aid based on their compliance with black economic empowerment policies

Cuban health workers arriving at the Waterkloof air force base in Pretoria on Monday. Photograph: Elmond Jiyane/GCIS/AFP via Getty Images

Minister praises ‘solidarity’ as medical mission underlines countries’ close relationship

South African president Cyril Ramaphosa: “Our people need to eat. They need to earn a living.”  Photograph: Jerome De Lay

Ramaphosa to reopen mines and some schools under phased lifting of restrictions

According to South Africa’s Institute  for Security Studies researchers, policing lockdown restrictions is now a major challenge. Photograph: Kim Ludbrook/EPA

Cape Town Letter: However an upswing in gender-based violence in households has been reported

 Health workers in the Strandfontein temporary homeless shelter site in Cape Town: President Cyril   Ramaphosa said the pre-lockdown figures represented an average increase in daily Covid-19 cases of 42 per cent. Photograph: Nic Bothma

Opposition DA party criticises Ramaphosa for move in terms of ‘lives versus livelihoods’

 Residents fetch water from a bore hole in Mbare, Zimbabwe, during a nationwide lockdown on Wednesday. Photograph: Aaron Ufumeli/EPA

Trócaire and Goal assist in virus education in country hugely vulnerable to outbreak

Residents of Madala Men’s Hostel in Alexandra, South Africa cover their noses as they wait to collect sanitiser from health workers on Wednesday. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Government sends out 10,000 volunteers in effort to contain virus ahead of flu season

South African president Cyril Ramaphosa: as coronavirus tally rose 218 cases in 24 hours, he said, “We fear that it might rise much further than that.”  Photograph:  Phill Magakoe

Armed soldiers to be deployed in country with high rate of suppressed immunity

A customer wearing a mask against the spread of the COVID-19 coronavirus outside Makro in Pretoria East. Photograph: Phill Magakoe/AFP via Getty

Health minister warns public as number of cases rises to 554, increase of 102 in 24 hours

The high court ruling will give Cyril Ramaphosa’s administration a timely credibility boost, as one of the central planks of his campaign to become leader of the ANC in 2017 was a promise to fight public sector corruption.  File photograph: Michele Spatari/AFP/Getty

Inquiry last year had found South African leader should be investigated over €28,000 donation

Zimbabwean president Emmerson Mnangagwa: his government’s attempts to alleviate the food crisis have had limited success. File photograph: Aaron Ufumeli/EPA

Country suffering worst food shortage in living memory despite government efforts

Customers shop for hand sanitisers at a store in Johannesburg on Friday following the government announcement   of the first confirmed case of Covid-19 in South Africa. Photograph: Michele Spatari/AFP

Over 7m HIV/Aids sufferers and poor health system raise stakes as first case confirmed

South African president Cyril Ramaphosa’s state of the nation address in Cape Town was not well received. Photograph: Sumaya Hisham/Pool Photo via AP

Government under pressure to deliver plan that saves country from ‘economic meltdown’

Lesotho prime minister Thomas Thabane and his wife, Maesaiah. Photograph: Samson Motikoe/AFP via Getty

Lawyers for Thomas Thabane argue he should not be charged while still in power

Lesotho prime minister Thomas Thabane and his second wife, Maesaiah Thabane, at the former’s inauguration in Maseru. Photograph: Samson Motikoe/AFP via Getty

Thomas Thabane claims he left for South Africa for a medical check-up

 Mozambique’s army marches at the inauguration of President Filipe Nyusi, in Maputo, on January 15th. Mutilated bodies and burned-out villages have  forced at least 65,000  to become internal refugees. Photograph: Roberto Paquete/AFP

Isis claims 23 attacks in Cabo Delgado, while some say extremism product of poverty

Isabel dos Santos has denied any wrongdoing. File photograph: Miguel Riopa/AFP via Getty Images

Daughter of ex-president of Angola alleged to have mismanaged funds at oil company

South African president  Cyril Ramaphosa: corruption inquiries likely to lead to his political enemies being held to account for alleged wrongdoing. Photograph: Wikus De Wet/AFP

Rating agencies rash to gauge South African president by economic measures alone, analysts say

 Former Democratic Alliance leader Mmusi Maimane: its first black leader, he  acrimoniously resigned in late October. Photograph: Veli Nhlapo/Sowetan/Gallo Images

Analysts warn party may never reclaim support lost among black voter base

An anti-riot policeman in Zimbabwe tackles a woman  as police  disperse a crowd gathered to hear an address by MDC  Alliance Nelson Chamisa in Harare. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP

‘We receive texts and messages that we are in danger and our children will be raped’

Zimbabweans queue to get a free monthly food basket at a pick-up station run by WFP and Goal in Mutare district, Manicaland province. Photograph: Bill Corcoran

The one-time ‘bread basket of Africa’ faces a severe crisis in wake of cyclone and drought

Jacob Zuma at his homestead in Nkandla back in  2007: has  said he does not have the money to pay his debts. Photograph: Simphiwe Nkwali/Sunday Times

Liquidators seek to recoup mortgage on former South African president’s property

South African rugby fans great the team on their national  tour with the Webb Ellis Cup in Pretoria on Thursday. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

Success has punctured air of national despondency by underlining togetherness

A great white shark breaches the water in False Bay, Cape Town. Photograph: Chris Fallows-Die Burger/AP

Cape Town Letter: Long-term absence could hurt marine environment and tourist industry

A polling officer explains the ballot paper to a voter at the Ntebogang Community Junior School polling station in Kanye, in Botswana. Photograph: Monirul Bhuiyan/AFP

Incumbents win five-year mandate in country deemed second least corrupt in Africa

Democratic Alliance leader Mmusi Maimane, the party’s first black president, stood down on Wednesday. Photograph: Gulshan Khan/AFP via Getty

Democratic Alliance’s top two office holders quit, leading some to question party’s future

National Electoral Commission  officials check ballots after closing their polling station at Chota Primary School in Beira on October 15th, 2019, after  the general election in Mozambique. Photograph: Patrick Meinhardt/AFP

Frelimo party set for huge victory as rival Renamo among those alleging vote trickery

 Democratic Alliance leader Mmusi Maimane speaks  in Johannesburg, South Africa. File photograph: Kevin Sutherland/EPA

Mmusi Maimane, the first black leader of the Democratic Alliance, faces a crucial meeting

President of Mozambican National Resistance (Renamo) and presidential candidate Ossufo Momade waves to supporters during a campaign event in Nampula, Mozambique. Photograph: Vasco Quembo

Frelimo and Renamo factions persist in violence and intimidation on campaign trail

Zimbabwe’s president Emmerson Mnangagwa: Despite his promises to end the authoritarian approach to governance, the army and police have cracked down on protesters.   Photograph:  Tony Karumba/ AFP

Zanu-PF-led government urged to adopt a human rights approach to policing demonstrations

Youth carrying a portrait of Zimbabwe’s late former president Robert Mugabe at the Rufaro stadium in the capital, Harare, where his body will lie in state. Photograph: Tony Karumba/AFP

Zimbabweans torn in mourning for leader who ended colonial rule but ruined economy

 Members of Zimbabwe’s presidential guard with the coffin containing the body of  Robert Mugabe, upon its arrival in Harare International airport. Photograph: Aaron Ufumeli/EPA

Former president’s family seeking to have him buried in home village instead of Harare

Arrested residents of Johannesburg’s Katlehong township lay on the ground on September 5th as South Africa’s financial capital is hit by a new wave of anti-foreigner violence. Photograph: Michele Spatari/AFP/Getty Images

Two dead after mob goes on rampage in Johannesburg attacking foreigners

February 1980: Former Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe,who has died aged 95. Photograph: PA Wire

Guerrilla leader led Zimbabwe to independence in 1980 and ruled with an iron fist

People  take part in a protest against the abuse of women by men outside parliament in Cape Town. Photograph: Rodger Bosch/AFP/Getty

Protestors try to confront president over plan to tackle xenophobia and femicide

Plain-clothes members of the South African Police Service patrol the Johannesburg township of Alexandra. Photograph: Michele Spatari/AFP/Getty Images

Police fire tear gas, rubber bullets at mobs targeting migrants in Johannesburg

Whistleblower  Angelo Agrizzi: All of those  accused of corruption by him have denied any wrongdoing.  Photograph:  Wikus de Wet/AFP

CEO Gavin Watson died day before questioning at tax investigation into his affairs

Demonstrators take to Harare streets earlier in August. The country’s main opposition party, Movement for Democratic Change, called for protests against President Emmerson Mnangagwa and his government’s management of the economy. Photograph: Getty

Little change one year on from President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s inauguration

Nelson Mandela Foundation chief executive Sello Hatang: “We should not be poisoning the future through the gratuitous display of the old flag.” Photograph: Denis Farrell

Gratuitous use of South African flag from white rule period deemed hate speech

A soldier stands guard in the township of Philippi East, a township in Cape Town. Photograph: Joao Silva/The New York Times

Cape Flats has had 900 gang-related murders this year as politicians argue over resources

Trinity provost Patrick Prendergast with the vice-chancellor of the University of Dar es Salaam Main Campus (UDSM), Prof William Anangisye; vice chancellors and deans at UDSM; Bronagh Carr, deputy head of mission / head of development cooperation, Tanzania; the Embassy of Ireland, Tanzania team and the Trinity delegation at UDSM.

Trinity is exploring student exchange schemes, joint degrees and collaborative research opportunities with African colleges

 Public protector Busisiwe Mkhwebane  at a parliament briefing in Cape Town, South Africa. Photograph: Reuters/ Mike Hutchings

Calls for dismissal of public protector amid concerns over competence and neutrality

A youth  sells firewood in Mabvuku, Harare, Zimbabwe, as power cuts continue. Photograph: Aaron Ufumeli

Aid target rises to €331m as humanitarian disaster feared in southern African country

Dr Graham Love, former chief executive of the Higher Education Authority. ‘What is the point of having a specialist agency, conferring functions upon it and then ignoring or discouraging its advice?’ he writes. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Former Higher Education Authority chief criticises Government ‘control’ over sector

Johannesburg: Supporters of former president Jacob Zuma gather at the end of the fourth day of his testimony during the commission of inquiry  into ‘state capture’. Photograph:  Yeshiel Panchia/EPA

Alleged corruption involved Indian family and South African officials

Former president Jacob Zuma addresses his supporters after the end of the fourth day of his testimony at a public sector  corruption inquiry, in Johannesburg, South Africa. Photograph: Yeshiel Panchia/EPA

Former president had decided to stop co-operating with the investigation

Former South African president Jacob Zuma: whistleblowers allege he allowed Gupta brothers Ajay, Atul and Rajesh to hand-pick ruling party members who would do their bidding for cabinet posts. Photograph: Reuters

South African public sector corruption inquiry investigates role of former leader

Supporters of former South African president Jacob Zuma gather outside the Hill on Empire building in Johannesburg, where Zuma appears before the Commission of Inquiry into State Capture over allegations that he oversaw systematic looting of state funds while in power. Photograph:  Guillem Sartorio/AFP/Getty Images

Analysis: The former South African president’s nervousness during the commission inquiry is at odds with his earlier easiness

Former South African president Jacob Zuma arrives at the Commission of Inquiry into State Capture on Monday in Johannesburg. ‘I have been vilified, alleged to be the king of corrupt people.’ Photograph: Wikus de Wet/AFP/Getty Images

Former SA president tells inquiry that he and Gupta business family were just ‘friends’

Former South African president Jacob Zuma has accused the inquiry of being ‘prejudiced’ against him. File photograph: EPA

One-time ANC chief accused by whisleblowers of various offences, including bribery

Members of the Economic Freedom Fighters with their leader Julius Malema. Photograph: Rodger Bosch/AFP/Getty

Cape Town Letter: Disillusionment with corruption-tainted ANC spurs voter flight

President of South Africa Cyril Ramaphosa (left) with David Mabuza in Pretoria who he reappointed as deputy president. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Equal number of men and women named as ministers for first time in South Africa

Cyril Ramaphosa is set to emphasise national unity when he is sworn in as South Africa’s fifth post-apartheid president at Loftus Versfeld Stadium in Pretoria on Saturday. Photograph: Nic Bothma/EPA

ANC leader to be sworn in as South Africa’s fifth post-apartheid president in Pretoria

Former South African president Jacob Zuma on trial for alleged corruption in the High Court in Pietermaritzburg. He is accused of taking bribes from French defence company Thales. Photograph: Themba Hadebe

Court told former S African president delaying prosecution on corruption charges

Former South African president Jacob Zuma gestures during a lunch break while facing court charges that include fraud, corruption and racketeering. Photograph: Themba Hadebe/Pool via Reuters

Former SA president’s legal team apply for stay of prosecution on 16 corruption charges

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