German chancellor Angela Merkel, Italian prime minister Paolo Gentiloni and French president Emmanuel Macron descend from the Italian Navy school ship Goletta Palinuro on the sidelines of the Western Balkans summit in Trieste, Italy, on Wednesday. Photograph: Andrea La Sorte/EPA

In the souvenir shops of Sarajevo’s old town, popular with the tourists that throng its narrow, cobbled streets, Bosnia’s past and present sit co(...)

 Syria’s president, Bashar al-Assad. Western powers want his removal from office as part of a Syrian peace deal. Photograph: EPA/Syrian Arab News Agency

“Assad must go,” is the constant refrain from US president Barack Obama, French president François Hollande, British prime minister David Cameron and (...)

Soldiers returning from particiption in Operation Storm, which in just three days reclaimed almost 20 per cent of Croatia’s territory. Photograph: Ilie Bumbac/AFP/Getty Images

Not so long ago in eastern Europe, a region on the periphery of a country in crisis took up arms against the new government. With the help of fighters(...)