Antarctica

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Chinstrap penguins swim in Antarctica. The  penguin colonies, which are dependent on sea ice, have declined by more than 50 per cent. Photograph: Ueslei Marcelino/Reuters

The Antarctic has registered a temperature of more than 20 degrees Celsius for the first time in history, prompting fears of climate instability in th(...)

Photo issued by Greenpeace of Chinstrap Penguins on Elephant Island, Antarctica. Photograph: Christian Aslund/Greenpeace/PA Wire

Numbers of chinstrap penguins have fallen by almost three fifths in half a century in an important Antarctic habitat for the birds, scientists said. (...)

Esperanza base, located in Antarctica, where 18.3 degrees were recorded this Thursday. Photograph: EPA/National Meteorological Service

The continent of Antarctica has experienced its hottest temperature on record, with a research station provisionally recording 18.3 degrees. The rea(...)

Chief of Staff of the Defence Forces, Vice Admiral Mark Mellett, with the chair of the Remembering Edward Bransfield Committee, Jim Wilson, at the unveiling of a monument to Bransfield in his  home village of Ballinacurra in East Cork. Photograph: Barry Roche

Edward Bransfield, the pioneering Irish polar explorer and the first person to officially record discovering Antarctica, has been honoured with the un(...)

The remains of a car  destroyed by bushfires sits near a home in the town of Balmoral on Monday  in Sydney, Australia. Photograph: Getty

An Australian volunteer firefighter died on Monday and two others suffered burns after their truck rolled over when it was hit by extreme winds amid (...)

We may have to reframe our mental picture of Captain James T Kirk. Thus far, we’ve imagined the human entrusted with carrying our exploratory hopes an(...)

What used to be frozen is now thawing and is doing so remarkably quickly

Anyone considering a trip to Lapland and a chance to visit Santa’s headquarters this autumn? The elves and reindeer await you, but there is one ingred(...)

The Amery ice shelf has an estimated floating ice area of 60,000 sq km and water penetrates over 550km underneath it. File photograph: Chris Larsen/AFP

A gigantic iceberg almost twice the size of Co Dublin has calved from the Amery ice shelf in east Antarctica, according to expert monitors. The tabul(...)

The UN report predicts record losses of polar sea ice.  Photograph: Chris Larsen/ NASA/AFP/Getty Images

Greenhouse gas emissions from human activity are destabilising oceans, leading to more intense superstorms, increased deadly heatwaves and record loss(...)

Melting glaciers are a clear sign of climat change and global warming. The rise in global energy consumption each year is still larger than new supplies of green energy

More fossil fuels are being used every year, despite all of the efforts to increase renewable energy supplies, a major report to be presented to the U(...)

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