Iraqi Yazidi people who fled their homes in Sinjar. The UN team  found “clear and convincing evidence” of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes against the Yazidi by Isis. Photograph: Adam Ferguson/The New York Times

Brutal killings, especially those of children, “shocked the conscience of humanity and chilled the soul”

The scientists found that due to their highly developed sense of smell,  the bees learned how to detect the virus after just minutes of training. Photograph: Getty Images

Research could be used to help fight the pandemic in underdeveloped countries

 People  shopping in the Kalverstraat in Amsterdam.   There has been a sharp rise in patients under the age of 50 being hospitalised with Covid-19 in the Netherlands. Photograph: Remko De Wal/EPA

Health minister says pressure on hospitals too great to allow further easing of restrictions

People shopping in the Kalverstraat in Amsterdam on Wednesday as customers are allowed shop without appointments once again. Photograph: Remko De Waal/ EPA

Caretaker government eases selected restrictions against advice of its expert panel

Jaap van Delden, head of vaccinations at  public health institute RIVM:  AstraZeneca “will soon no longer be needed”. Photograph: Joris Verwijst/BSR

Jaap van Delden says bulk of 11.7 million doses of AstraZeneca jab ‘superfluous’

A  fresh load of beer is delivered to  De Koning cafe in Alkmaar amid moves to relax coronavirus restrictions from April 28th. Photograph: Koen van Weel

Acting premier Mark Rutte announces moves towards ‘re-establishing society’

Outgoing Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte (on bicycle) and outgoing minister of health Hugo de Jonge: “We each have our own Covid reality,” says Mr Rutte.  Photograph: Marco de Swart

Failure to cut Covid infections ‘very concerning’ as easing of curbs postponed

An employee sets up a pole with a sign advising on anti-Covid-19 measures before the reopening of a Protestant church in Rotterdam. Photograph: Koen Van Weel/ANP/AFP via Getty

Shocking new figures from national statistics agency analysis bring 2020 total to 20,030

Dutch caretaker prime minister Mark Rutte: politically wounded, perhaps mortally. Photograph: Laurens Van Putten/EPA

Hague Letter: Coalition talks in chaos with prime minister’s job finally in play

Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte during a debate in The Hague on April 1st. Photograph:  Bart Maat/AFP via Getty

Parliament had passed formal motion of disapproval saying PM had not told truth

Dutch caretaker prime minister Mark Rutte (left) greets Pieter Omtzigt  prior to the swearing-in of the members of the House of Representatives, in The Hague, the Netherlands, on Wednesday. Photograph: Remko de Waal/ EPA

Warning of third wave amid unexpectedly high reluctance to accept vaccines

Mark Rutte, acting premier: new coronavirus cases are rising in the Netherlands – up 16 per cent to 46,005 over the week to Tuesday, the fastest growth since mid-January. Photograph: Lex Van Lieshout/EPA

‘The emergence of the third wave here in the Netherlands resembles what we’re seeing in neighbouring countries’

D66 leader Sigrid Kaag speaks to journalists in the House of Representatives in The Hague. Photographer: Peter Boer/Bloomberg

Hague Letter: Surge for Liberals’ coalition partners D66 forces far-right into third place

 Dutch Democrats66 (D66) party leader Sigrid Kaag: former diplomat’s party’s support leapt from 19 seats in 2017 to 24. Photograph: Remko de Waal

Progressive D66 party set for key role in government after receiving 15% of vote

Voters queue in the Maritim Museum in Amsterdam, Netherlands, on Wednesday. Photograph: Peter Boer/Bloomberg

Liberal Party set to win 35 seats with far-right Freedom Party forced into third place

People queue to cast their ballots at a polling station in church De Duif in Amsterdam on Monday. Photograph:   Peter Dejong/AP

Three-day election begins as suspension of AstraZeneca jabs set to delay vaccine rollout

Dutch outgoing prime minister Mark Rutte: tax authorities pursued 20,000 families to repay child benefit payments that were rightly theirs. Photograph: Sem Van Der Wal

Despite welfare scandal and reluctance on masks and vaccines, Dutch resisting change

Prime minister Mark Rutte: ‘It’s obvious that the lockdown in this form cannot continue.’ Photograph: Getty

Lockdown and overnight curfew to be extended until the ‘end of March at the earliest’

The farmhouse in Ruinerwold, The Netherlands, where Gerrit-Jan van Dorsten kept six of his children prisoner for almost a decade. Photograph: Vincent Jannink/EPA

Gerrit-Jan van Dorsten (68) mentally unfit to stand trial, court rules

A man cycles by the Covid-19 testing centre in Bovenkarspel, northern Netherlands, targeted by the explosion. Photograph:  Aris Oikonomou/AFP via Getty

Second such attack since government imposed rolling overnight curfew

Dutch caretaker prime minister Mark Rutte. The appeals court said the curfew was legal, proportionate, and necessary to combat the coronavirus pandemic. Photograph: Sem Van Der Wal/EPA

Month-long row ends with boost for caretaker government weeks before election

Outgoing Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte announced the easing of some minor restrictions on Tuesday evening.  File photograph: EPA/Bart Maat

Voting in March’s general election will take place over three days

Willem Engel of the “Virus Truth” protest group leaves the court of appeal  in The Hague on Friday. Photograph: Remko De Waal/ANP/AFP via Getty Images

Government rushes new legislation through parliament following surprise loss in court

Dutch police officers patrol on horse in the centre of Rotterdam to enforce the 9.0pm nightly  curfew  implemented to fight against the spread of the Covid-19 in the country. Photograph: Robin Utrecht/AFP/AFP

Government to rush new legislation through parliament to reinforce curfew’s legal basis

Skaters gather on ice on the canals at Prinsengracht, Amsterdam. A Dutch court has ordered the government to scrap a curfew, running from 9pm to 4.30am daily, aimed at slowing to seek the spread of Covid-19. Photoraph: Evert Elzinga/AFP via Getty Images.

Judges find measure aimed at restricting spread of coronavirus lacks legal basis

Children skate on an ice rink in Doorn, near Utrecht: Adults are not allowed on the ice because of Covid-19 restrictions. Photograph: Robin Van Lonkhuijsen

Ban on going out between 9pm and 4.30am to continue until March 3rd

Dominic Ongwen was taken by the Lord’s Resistance Army as a young boy. File photograph: Peter Dejong/AP

International Criminal Court also found former child soldier guilty of forced pregnancy

Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda. Photograph: Peter de Jong/Pool/AFP via Getty

Last US administration took exception to allegations of CIA torture in Afghanistan

Firefighters work to extinguish a fire on the Groene Hilledijk in Rotterdam. Photograph: Marco de Swart/ANP/AFP via Getty

There is the sense of a message being conveyed, weeks before a general election

Police watch a car that has been set on fire on 18 Septemberplein in Eindhoven, the Netherlands, on Sunday. Photograph: Photograph: Rob Engelaar/EPA

240 arrested as violent protests sweep country in apparent response to Covid-19 curfew

Law enforcement officers walk through the centre of Utrecht, the Netherlands, on Thursday. Latest figures showed 5,857 new cases of Covid-19 over the 24 hours to Thursday morning, a rise of 260. Photograph: Jeroen Jumelet/ANP/AFP via Getty Images

Rare cross-party agreement for tighter restrictions as new strains drive third wave

Dutch foreign affairs minister Stef Blok. Photograph: Sem Van der Wal/EPA

Dispute centres on Dutch intelligence allegations of Russian spying in high-tech sector

Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte arriving at the Binnenhof in The Hague on Friday. Photograph:    Remko De Waal/ANP/AFP via Getty Images

Mark Rutte and ministers to remain in caretaker capacity until March 17th election

A deserted street in the centre of Groningen. Photograph: Kees Van de Veen/ANP/AFP via Getty

Scandal over 20,000 families being accused of benefit fraud threatens government

A coffee shop in the centre of Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Photograph: Evert Elzinga/EPA

City’s mayor, police and public prosecutor’s office agree plan to reduce cannabis tourism

Minister for health Hugo de Jonge and prime minister Mark Rutte. Photograph: Sem van der Wal/EPA

Hague Letter: After a reasonable start, the pandemic response has been patchy at best

Staff  at a Covid-19 testing facility in Utrecht, the Netherlands.  Dutch daily Covid case figures remain stubbornly high. Photograph: AP Photo/Peter Dejong

Research could help doctors to ‘score’ individual Covid-19 cases, and predict how they will develop

A woman gets a throat and nasal swab at a Covid-19 testing facility of the Municipal Health Authority GGD, in Utrecht, Netherlands, on Wednesday. Photograph:  Peter Dejong/AP

‘It is simply unimaginable why this plan is taking so long’, says expert

Sparse streets in Amsterdam after a stricter lockdown was imposed. Photograph: Peter Boer/Bloomberg

Government left with little choice after daily rate of infections passed 10,000 on Sunday

The scene at the 2005 car bomb explosion in Beirut that killed Lebanon’s former prime minister Rafik al-Hariri. At least eight others, some of them his bodyguards, also died. Photograph: Mohamed Azakir/Reuters

Judges say killing of former prime minister ‘a politically motivated act of terrorism’

The centre of  Eindhoven in the  Netherlands. Its mayor  closed  shops last Saturday  due to  large crowds. Photograph:  Getty Images

Rate of infection is rising in all age groups but more rapidly among those of secondary school age

A customer wearing a face mask  in a supermarket in Amsterdam.  It is now required  to wear a mask in indoor public  spaces in the Netherlands. Photograph: Koen Van Weel/AFP via Getty Images

Public health institute takes the view that the benefit of face coverings is ‘small’

 Forum for Democracy founder Thierry Baudet  resigned as party chairman on Monday. Photograph: Robin Utrecht/EPA

Party’s charismatic founder stands down in anti-Semitism row months before election

King Willem-Alexander and Queen Maxima of the Netherlands on a visit to Willemstad, Curacao, some years ago: The former Dutch colony is essentially a customised playground. Photograph: Patrick van Katwijk/Getty

Hague Letter: Festive crowd in sandals, shorts and Ambre Solaire a Covid threat

Amsterdam city centre during a partial lockdown. Photograph: Ramon Van Flymen/ANP/AFP via Getty

Wearing masks obligatory from December 1st – a big shift for the socially liberal Dutch

Bullet holes are seen in the windows of Saudi Arabia’s embassy in The Hague on Thursday. Photograph: Mike Corder/AP

No injuries after almost two dozen shots fired in early-morning attack in The Hague

 Hugo de Jonge, Dutch minister of health,  arrives for the plenary debate in the Lower House about the developments surrounding the coronavirus, in The Hague, The Netherlands on Wednesday. Photograph: Bart Maat/EPA

Second wave of virus spreading quicker than first in EU’s most densely populated country

International Criminal Court in The Hague. The behaviour by some of the figures chosen to dispense justice for the world’s most reprehensible crimes has led to ‘low morale in chambers’, says report.

Hague Letter: The international court appears to ‘suffer internally from distrust... and a culture of fear’

Dutch King Willem-Alexander and Queen Maxima. Photograph: Patrick Van Katwijk/ANP/AFP via Getty

Prime minister forced to suggest he was at fault after royals’ fresh coronavirus misstep

Employees of a cafe in Amsterdam watch a press conference by Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte on Tuesday evening about new coronavirus restrictions. Photograph: Remko De Waal/ANP/AFP via Getty Images

Government abandons talk of ‘intelligent lockdown’ in urgent effort to slow cases

Dutch researchers  believe the virus’s  impact on the brain may be the reason why patients often lose their sense of smell or taste. Photograph: EPA/Rob Engelaar

Researchers say when the immune system is damaged by the virus it goes into overdrive

The root of the current shortage  of remdesivir appears to be that, having approved the drug, the US then bought up 500,000 doses in July, before the EU managed to place its order. Photograph:  Ulrich Perrey/Pool/AFP via Getty Images

Situation causes concerns that this could indicate start of Europe-wide shortage

 Fergal Gaynor is the only Irish judge attached to the special court for Kosovo in The Hague. Photograph: Dave Meehan

Fergal Gaynor is one of six new judges to try crimes allegedly committed in Kosovo war

Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte: “We are giving the whole of the Netherlands some clear urgent advice.” Photograph: Aris Oikonomou/EPA

After months of resistance to masks, officials give in to pressure from MPs and retailers

Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte and health minister Hugo de Jonge give a press conference. Photograph: Phil Nijhuis/ANP/AFP via Getty

Coronavirus: Numbers infected doubling every eight days and daily death toll rising

A woman wearing a Niqab Islamic dress, in Rotterdam. The Dutch ban applies  in public places such as schools, hospitals, government offices, and on public transport, though not on the street. Photograph: Robin Utrecht/AFP/Getty    Images

Hague Letter: Year-old ban seen as discriminatory and nonsensical in an era of obligatory Covid-19 face covering restrictions

Dutch minister for justice Ferdinand Grapperhaus. Photograph: Jeroen Jumelet/ANP/AFP via Getty

Government to review whether pandemic-related fines should lead to such a record

The first 10 coffins have been retailing at €1,250 each. Photograph: Loop

Coffins made of mycelium – the underground part of fungi – speed up decomposition

The red-light district of Amsterdam. Photograph: Kenzo Tribouillard/AFP via Getty

Amsterdam Letter: The sight of sex workers in windows may become a thing of the past

Dutch far-right Freedom Party  leader Geert Wilders speaking to the press outside the court of appeal in The Hague on Friday. Photograph:  Remko De Waal/ANP/AFP via Getty Images

Appeals court overturns 2016 verdict and finds politician guilty of ‘insulting’ Moroccan community

Ferdinand Grapperhaus (left)  has been scathing about members of the public who broke the rules during the summer, describing them as ‘sloppy, lazy and anti-social’. Photograph: Sem van der  Wal/EPA

Ferdinand Grapperhaus survives motion of censure, no confidence motion in parliament

Frans Hals painting was stolen twice before in The Netherlands in 2011 and 1988. Photograph: Ilvy Njiokiktjien

Frans Hals 17th-century Dutch Golden Age artwork taken from museum near Utrecht

Lawyers leaving the Lebanon tribunal in the Netherlands last week after the ruling on the assassination of Lebanon’s former prime minister Rafik  Hariri. P hotograph:Koen van Weel/EPA

After 11 years and nearly $1bn, we know little more about the assassination of Rafik Hariri

Dutch King Willem-Alexander and Queen Maxima arrive. File photograph: Patrick van Katwijk/EPA

Photo shows King Willem-Alexander, Queen Maxima and restaurateur side-by-side

Presiding Judge David Re, Judge Janet Nosworthy and Judge Micheline Braidy hand down a judgment in the case of four men being accused over the 2005 bombing that killed former Lebanese PM Rafik al-Hariri, in the  Netherlands. File photograph: Piroschka van de Wouw/EPA

One found guilty, three acquitted in UN-backed tribunal into killing of former Lebanese PM

Geert Wilders and his Freedom Party launched a 24-hour “anti-Polish hotline”. Photograph: Michael Kooren/File Photo/Reuters

Hague Letter: To say the two countries have a difficult relationship is an understatement

Hedwig Waltmans-Molier (55) was thrown off her feet by the blast.

Serious trauma the result of ‘sheer bad luck’, notes ministry statement confirming death

People in face coverings on a bridge of the Red Light District. Photograph: Remko de Waal/ANP/AFP via Getty

Concerns people are losing discipline as ‘hard to understand’ measures criticised

People wear face masks as they leave a train at central station in The Hague. Photograph: Sem Van Der Wal/EPA

New figures, which include nursing homes, are first formal acknowledgement of higher death toll

Tourists   in the “red light district”  of  Amsterdam, the Netherlands, on  July 25th. Photograph: EPA/Olaf Kraak

Hague Letter: a survey found 89% of respondents said they went shopping at least once despite having possible Covid symptoms

An advertisement for Deutsche Telekom’s upcoming 5G mobile data network in Berlin on Tuesday. Germany’s biggest mobile provider  relies heavily on Huawei equipment.  Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Eir’s plan to use Huawei tech in its 5G network could spark retaliation from the US

A street in Amsterdam, The Netherlands recently. Photograph: Olaf Kraak/EPA

Those in their 20s now almost as likely to be infected as over-50s – an extraordinary shift

King Willem-Alexander visits the ‘Infected!’ exhibition in the Rijksmuseum Boerhaave in Leiden. Photograph: Peter Dejong

Birmingham researchers establish connection between air fumes and Covid-19 fatalities

 Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte during a debate last month on  developments around  Covid-19 in the House of Representatives in The Hague. Photograph: EPA/Bart Maat

Hague Letter: all politicians would be mistaken to believe they are in the driving seat when it comes to coronavirus

The Kurdish-run al-Hol camp for the displaced in the al-Hasakeh governorate in northeastern Syria: Lawyers for  “jihadi wives” and their children  have lost the case to have them repatriated to the Netherlands. Photograph: Delil Souleiman

Decision to repatriate wives and children deemed a political rather than rights issue

Research from the Trimbos Institute, which studies addiction, showed that more than 37 per cent of Dutch party-goers use laughing gas on a regular basis. Photograph: PYMCA/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

64 young adults in Netherlands hospitalised in last two years for overuse of party high

Dr Marinou Arends, who was at the centre of a controversial euthanasia case. Screengrab: Nieuwsuur

Hague Letter: Court finds doctor charged with murder acted in patient’s best interests

Ali Kushayb has personally been linked by witness evidence to 504 killings, 20 cases of rape and the forced displacement of 41,000 people

Alleged leader of Janjaweed militia Ali Kushayb to appear in The Hague next week

Lawyers Sabine ten Doesschate and  Boudewijn van Eijck  defend Russian Oleg Pulatov at the high security court building at Schiphol airport. Photograph: Robin van Lonkhuijsen

Counsel for former special forces soldier points out 2014 disaster took place over war zone

The Van Rooi Meat slaughterhouse in Helmond, The Netherlands, was ordered to close after an outbreak of Covid-19 was identified in its workforce. Photograph: Rob Engelaar/EPA

Romania urges better policing after Covid-19 outbreaks force several facilities to close

Willingness to stop smoking seemed to be linked to economic pain. Photograph:  Christian Hartmann/Reuters

A survey of people aged 12-18 finds the allure of smoking has been stubbed out

Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte: ‘Countries that are bailed out will have to say what they will do to make sure this situation does not arise again.’ Photograph: EPA

Mark Rutte’s comments likely to worry Italy and Spain

Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte (left) visits a hairdresser in The Hague, on May 14th as the country eased lockdown measures. File photograph: Getty

Hague Letter: ‘I needed to know before I took a potentially lethal risk, is it safe?’

Rescue workers  search for missing water sports enthusiasts in the North Sea, in Scheveningen, The Netherlands, on Tuesday.  Photograph: Sem van der Wal/EPA

Sudden deterioration in weather conditions blamed for the deaths

Anne Frank, the Jewish girl who wrote her world-famous diary  while living in hiding in Amsterdam during the second World War. Photograph: AP

Amsterdam’s second most-visited location was forced to close when pandemic hit

International Criminal Court (ICC) chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda: has set in train one of the ICC’s most controversial investigations. Photograph:  Cellou Binanicellou Binani/AFP/Getty

ICC prosecutor details activities around Gaza war in document for three judges to rule on

Girl with a Pearl Earring by Dutch maestro Johannes Vermeer. Photograph: Getty

Artist not working from imagination, but ‘faithfully painting a real person in a real place’

Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte (right) and Dutch health minister Hugo de Jonge. Mr de Jonge said he would make no concessions on protecting user privacy in the app. Photograph: Bart Maat/ANP/AFP via Getty Images

Privacy concerns leads health minister to appoint new team to oversee project

The 19 women taking this action were aged between 11 and 21 during their time with the sisters.

19 women aim to sue Sisters of the Good Shepherd for allegedly using them as forced labour

The former assembly hall of the Dutch House of Representatives being prepared for meetings of the parliament’s lower house during the coronavirus crisis, The Hague. Photograph: Bart Maat/EPA

Move to include deaths outside hospitals should improve accuracy of statistics

 Passengers in the departure halls that are still open at Schiphol, the Netherlands. Photograph: Robin Van Lonkhuijsen/EPA

Netherlands renews commitment to new €7 tax on all flights from January next

Mark Rutte:  his Dutch government  remain obstinate in their opposition to mutualised “corona bonds” to help aid  southern EU countries devastated by Covid-19. Photograph: Bart Maat/EPA

Little empathy evident in the Netherlands for countries devastated by Covid-19

German chancellor Angela Merkel: “It must be in the interest of everyone and of Germany that Europe emerges stronger from this test.” Photograph: Markus Schreiber

Calls in Germany and Netherlands grow for pooling of European debt liability

 Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte during a press conference after a  cabinet crisis team on Covid-19  in The Hague. Photograph: EPA/Bart Maat

In the Netherlands the government has been under fire for allegedly planning to pursue herd immunity as a Covid-19 strategy

Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte said he realised that asking the public to stick with the ‘intelligent lockdown’ was difficult, but necessary. Photograph: EPA/Bart Maat

Mark Rutte denies that ‘herd immunity’ was ever an active strategy

A health worker pushes a stretcher near an ambulance  in Tilburg, the Netherlands. File photograph:  Rob Enegelaar/ANP/AFP via Getty

‘You’re on Belgian territory and you have to pay the toll,’ paramedic crew told

‘Adrienne Cullen died in the Netherlands on New Year’s Eve 2018, one of far too many victims of medical negligence.’

She may have something to tell us about how to handle fear without letting it ruin our lives

A  police blockade made with containers on a border  crossing between Belgium and the Netherlands after Belgium closed  its borders due to Covid-19 on March 22nd. Photograph: Kristof Van Accom/Belga/AFP via Getty Images

Outlet straddling Dutch-Belgian border subject to clashing regulations on staying open

 In 2015 Volkswagen finally came clean and admitted it had sold 11m cars worldwide fitted with a secret ‘defeat device’. Photograph: Ronny Hartmann/AFP via Getty Images

Foundation says it has potential to represent 8.5m consumers across Europe

Wreckage from Malaysia Airlines flight MH17: It  was flying from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur when it was shot down by a missile fired from territory in eastern Ukraine controlled by pro-Russian rebels. Photograph: Antonio Bronic

Film allegedly shows weapon that may have downed MH17 over Donetsk in July 2014

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