Prince Laurent at a military parade to celebrate Belgium’s National Day on  July 21st: is taking legal action over loss of 15 per cent of his annual €307,000 allowance.  Photograph: Julien Warnand

Twelfth in line to throne Prince Laurent claims massive violation of human rights

Nato and trade: President Trump’s increasing demands have shown the true resilience of the European Union.  Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty

Europe has responded to Trump’s broadsides by showing it is capable of going on alone

Theresa May delivers a speech at the Waterfront Hall in Belfast, on Friday. The British prime minister challenged the EU to reply to last week’s British government White Paper. Photograph: Charles McQuillan/Reuters

EU chief negotiator Barnier says the UK’s White Paper is ‘proven unworkable’

The European Union’s chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier chats with Minister for Foreign Affairs  Simon Coveney ahead of a meeting at the European Council in Brussels, Belgium. Photograph: Stephanie Lecocq/EPA

Minister claims UK only ‘partially’ addressed issue in context of customs thus far

The European Union’s chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier chats with Minister for Foreign Affairs Simon Coveney, prior to the General Affairs Council meeting at the European Council in Brussels, Belgium. Photograph: Stephanie Lecocq/EPA

EU’s chief negotiator claims document has useful elements but many questions remain

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar and European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker. Photograph: François Lenoir/Reuters

Diplomatic source warns that EU would not allow a potential loophole in single market

US president Donald Trump  and Russian president Vladimir Putin arrive for a summit in Helsinki, Finland. Photograph: Brendan SmialowskiAFP/Getty Images

Europe Letter: US president’s meeting with Russian leader was stranger than fiction

Android is the operating system used in more than 80 per cent of the world’s smartphones and is vital to the group’s future revenues as more users rely on mobile gadgets for search services

Massive penalty lined up for abuse of dominant position in mobile operating systems

The Volkswagen emissions scandal began in September 2015. Photograph: Reuters

‘Dieselgate’ scandal prompted worldwide recall of 8.5 million cars

A member of Pussy Riot  runs towards Kylian Mbappe of France during the band’s pitch invasion in Sunday’s World Cup final in Moscow. Photograph:   Clive Rose/Getty Images

Treatment of punk band after they played song in Moscow cathedral in 2012 ‘disproportionate’

US president Donald Trump and Russia’s president Vladimir Putin: The damage from Mr Trump’s “naiveté, egotism, false equivalence and sympathy for autocrats is difficult to calculate”. Photograph: Yuri Kadobnov/AFP/Getty

‘It is clear the summit in Helsinki was a tragic mistake,’ says John McCain

US president Donald Trump receives a football from Russian president Vladimir Putin at a joint news conference after their meeting in Helsinki, Finland. Photograph:  Grigory Dukor/Reuters

Analysis: Helsinki meeting will go down as a historic low point in US diplomacy

Containers being transferred at a port in Qingdao in China’s eastern Shandong province. With China and the EU facing into trade wars with the US, both sides see the meeting as important in cementing an alliance in defence of the World Trade Organisation. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Meetings expected to cement shared values and defend rules-based trading system

Demonstrators in Albert Square in Manchester. Photograph: Danny Lawson/PA Wire

Paper warns of chaos at ports and airports but leaves Border questions unanswered

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker being helped by heads of states at Parc Cinquantenaire, in Brussels. Photograph: AP

European Commission president was suffering from sciatica and was not drunk, spokesman says

UK prime minister Theresa May in Brussels during the Nato summit. Photograph: Ian Langsdon/EPA

Paper should bring the EU to the table, but backstop is the biggest obstacle to success

Jan Vertonghen and Romelu Lukaku of Belgium sing the national anthem ahead of their World Cup semi-final victory over Russia in Saint Petersburg.  Photograph: Laurence Griffiths/Getty Images

Europe Letter: Red Devils’ achievements give country a sense of unity – at least for a while

German chancellor Angela Merkel and US president Donald Trump attend the opening ceremony of the Nato summit, in Brussels, on Wednesday.  Photograph:  Sean Gallup/Getty Images

US president depicts Germany as ‘a captive of Russia’ over disputed gas pipeline deal

 German chancellor Angela Merkel, Belgian prime minister Charles Michel, Nato secretary general Jens Stoltenberg, US president Donald Trump and British prime minister Theresa May at the Nato summit  in Brussels, Belgium. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

US president’s broadside at Germany continues trend of antagonising allies

US president Donald Trump boards Marine One at the White House, en route to Brussels for the Nato summit. Photograph: Al Drago/Getty Images

Unpredictable US president’s particular target at Nato may well be Angela Merkel

European Commission chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier with then Brexit secretary David Davis  at 10 Downing Street on February 5th last.   Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

Analysis: As Johnson follows Brexit secretary out the door, talks process set to go on

Prime minister Theresa May: It is unclear whether the UK is prepared to countenance even the idea of temporary Irish Sea controls for the sake of getting agreement on the backstop. Photograph: Steve Parsons/PA

Backstop remains single most difficult obstacle faced in talks process

German interior minister Horst Seehofer and  Austrian chancellor Sebastian Kurz: Austria has accepted  150,000 migrants, and is not “happy taking lessons from those who have not taken in proportionately similar numbers”. Photograph: Christian Bruna/EPA

Sebastian Kurz insists Vienna wants ‘Europe without internal borders’

Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz whose country has just assumed the rotating presidency of the EU. Photograph: Getty

Sebastian Kurz comments are first sign of tactical disunity between EU 27 states

Official opening of Patrice Lumumba Square in Brussels, named in honour of late Congolese independence hero Patrice Lumumba, with an effigy of Lumumba. Photograph: Nicolas Maeterlinck/AFP/Getty

Europe Letter: Square named after radical PM of independent Congo who was executed

Austrian prime minister   Sebastian Kurz: will meet Bavarian CSU leader Horst Seehofer on Thursday. Photograph: Leonhard Foeger

EU fears grow that if Vienna closes border with Italy Schengen zone will unravel

Polish prime minister Mateusz Morawiecki. Photograph: Ben Stansall/AFP/Getty Images

Europe argues that involuntary early retirement of judges violates judicial independence

Emmanuel Macron, France’s president, and Sebastian Kurz, Austria’s chancellor: among those moving to reassure the markets and investors the EU banking system can withstand shocks.  Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

European Stability Mechanism will serve as lender of last resort with capacity of €80bn

French president Emmanuel Macron greeting Taoiseach Leo Varadkar during a breakfast meeting at the EU summit in Brussels. Photograph: AP Photo/Virginia Mayo

French president Macron brokers deal that will supposedly help cut flow of external migrants

Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte speaks at the end of a night of negotiation on migration during an European Council summit in Brussels.Photograph: EPA/OLIVIER HOSLET

Ireland will accept migrants to Europe as part of burden-sharing, says Leo Varadkar

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar and Helen McEntee, Minister of State for European Affairs, arrive at the EU leaders’ summit in Brussels on Thursday. Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

Bloc’s leaders warn Theresa May of the danger of the UK crashing out of the union

A no-deal for the rest of the EU means no British exit cash and budgetary chaos, border controls and customs, airlines unable to land, uncertainty on citizen rights, and supply line disruptions

Time is running out, and no deal on a Withdrawal Treaty by October will make a March hard Brexit very likely

European Court of Justice  in Luxembourg. Photograph: John Thys/AFP/Getty Images

Court of Justice in Luxembourg hears case over man fighting extradition from Ireland

German chancellor Angela Merkel and European Council president Donald Tusk. Photograph: Steffen Kugler/Bundesregierung via Getty Images

Three key ideas will be pushed as evidence the EU is grappling with migrant crisis

Simon Coveney would not be drawn on whether the latest UK plan to extend the backstop’s provisions to the whole of the UK was a basis for negotiation. Photograph: Getty Images

EU to express concern over lack of substantial progress on Brexit backstop

Frans Timmermans (left) talks with Luxemburg’s minister for foreign affairs, Jean Asselborn, and Spain’s minister of foreign affairs, Josep Borrell, in Luxembourg on Tuesday. Photograph: John Thys/AFP/Getty Images

Ministers from most member states insist article 7 process proceeds

UN special envoy to Yemen Martin Griffiths: briefed EU foreign ministers  on worsening situation in Yemen. Photograph: Yahya Arhab

Warnings of potential bloodbath in Yemen come amid ‘continuing deterioration’

German NGO mission “Lifeline” with migrants rescued in international waters: Malta and Italy have  refused to let the vessel dock on their shores. Photograph: Hermine Poschmann

France calls for penalties for countries rejecting migrants with proven asylum status

German chancellor Angela Merkel greets French president Emmanuel Macron on Tuesday during German-French government consultations near Gransee in Germany. Photograph: Michele Tantussi/Getty Images

Franco-German plan to reform euro zone faces growing opposition

  (L-R) German Finance Minister Olaf Scholz, European Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Pierre Moscovici, French Finance minister Bruno Le Maire and Greek Finance Minister Euclid Tsakalotos during a meeting of the Eurogroup in Luxembourg .  Photograph: Julian Waranud/EPA

Finance minister finalise plan to give Athens access to markets in August after final bailout

European commissioner for economic and financial affairs Pierre Moscovici and Greek finance minister Euclid Tsakalotos:  EU officials are convinced the Greek government under Alexis Tsipras remains committed to  stiff fiscal targets. Photograph: Julien Warnand

Objections from Germany held up agreement

ESM managing director Klaus Regling pictured with European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker earlier this week. Photograph: EPA

ESM notes ‘sustained’ Irish economic recovery

 Greek pensioners take part in an anti-austerity rally in Athens this week. About two thousand pensioners took part in a rally to oppose government cuts to their pensions.Photograph: Yannis Kolesidis/EPA

Europe Letter: Eurogroup set to agree landmark ‘liberation’

Simon Coveney gave the Cabinet a Brexit update in advance of the visit to Dublin of European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker and Michel Barnier. Photograph: Gareth Chaney Collins

Tánaiste also warns of ‘very difficult’ summer of talks ahead amid current impasse

The OECD urges continued fiscal discipline in the EU to reduce debt ratios and says the improved financial situation should be used “to complete monetary and banking union.”

But nominal wage growth has not picked up meaningfully due to inflation

Helen Slater, from Bristol, joins anti-Brexit demonstrators as they wave European Union and Union flags outside the Houses of Parliament in London on Wednesday. Photograph: Rick Findler/PA Wire

Despite the wishful thinking of the Brexiteers, this TLA could be a permanent fixture

Some of the 629 migrants boarding rescue vessel Aqarius in the Mediterranean. Photograph: Kenny Karpov/Handout/EPA

Spending to be beefed up to €35bn in next budget, including on 10,000 guards

European Union chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier speaks during a media conference at EU headquarters in Brussels on Friday. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/Pool Photo via AP

No amount of spin will protect David Davis from EU negotiators’ assessment

European Union Chief Negotiator in charge of Brexit negotiations Michel Barnier speaks in Brussels on June 8, 2018. Photograph: John Thys/AFP/Getty Images

UK proposals are a means of avoiding the need for post-Brexit Border customs controls

Italian premier Giuseppe Conte (right) and labour minister Luigi Di Maio  ahead of a confidence vote on the government’s programme  on  June 6th, 2018.  Photograph: AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia

Italy has the largest absolute debt load of any EU country, and the third largest in the world

EU chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier:  tweeted a general welcome with reservations about the “#UK proposal on customs aspects of IE/NI backstop”. Photograph: Balazs Mohai

‘Temporary customs’ proposal fails to furnish text on scope of regulatory alignment

The Government  in 2008 temporarily prohibited mussel seed fishing in Castlemaine harbour, meaning the company had no mature mussels to sell in 2010. Photograph: iStock

Business had claimed EU regulations had caused violation of property rights

Not surprisingly, Angela Merkel had reservations about Emmanuel Macron programme. Photograph: Carsten Koall/ POOL/EPA

Europe Letter: The Franco-German alliance is thriving and driving the EU forward

The complainant, named as JQ, was head of the Internal Medicine Department of a Catholic hospital in Düsseldorf.

German hospital not entitled to fire surgeon who divorced and remarried in a civil ceremony

EU commissioner Gunther Oettinger: the hint that Italians were not masters of their own fate was enough to spawn a hurricane of rage. Photograph: John Thys/Getty Images

Günther Oettinger issues grovelling apology as Italian parties outraged

European commission vice-president Jyrki Katainen: With cohesion/regional and agriculture funding amounting to over 70 per cent of the EU budget, both programmes will bear brunt of Brexit cutbacks. Photograph: John Thys/AFP/Getty

Poland and Hungary among EU members whose growth will see their financial aid cut

Carlo Cottarelli: steps in to lead government as  Five Star leader Luigi Di Maio claims President  Sergio Mattarella was responsible for “the darkest night Italy’s democracy has ever seen”.   Photograph: Andreas Solaro/AFP/Getty

Temporary Italian government to be led by IMF’s Carlo Cottarelli as markets fall

Tánaiste Simon Coveney: “We should be looking at a more comprehensive engagement between the EU and the US on the Middle East, more broadly and indeed on other issues like trade across the Atlantic.” Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Coveney warns of dangers of political vacuum in Middle East and urges EU engagement

The  €12.5 million investment in sustainable Irish forestry  comes from a new €125 million EIB natural capital finance facility.

Funding to support sustainable ‘continuous cover’ forestry projects

Theresa May: she  has been suggesting  that the customs provisions suggested in the backstop should be extended on a UK-wide basis to obviate the need for any separate treatment of Northern Ireland goods. Photograph: PA Wire

UK must produce way of making backstop work that reflects December’s promises

Irish High Court’s Ms Justice Aileen Donnelly: said “immense” legislative changes to Poland’s judicial system under the ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party called into question the rule of law.

High Court’s Ms Justice Aileen Donnelly cast doubts on Polish judicial system’s rule of law

A Maasai man passes near a zebra carcass near Isinya in Kenya. Photograph: Radu Sigheti/Reuters

Irishman Tom Arnold is chairing EU task force to help rural Africa solve own problems

Five Star Movement: Luigi Di Maio, the party’s leader, with Giuseppe Conte, the lawyer he nominated to be prime minister. Photograph: Filippo Monteforte/AFP/Getty

EU leaders are deeply worried about the Five Star-Lega populists taking over in Rome

Data Protection Commissioner Helen Dixon  was in Brussels for the first board meeting of the new European Data Protection Board (EDPB). Photograph: Dave Meehan

Data Protection Commissioner now responsible for ensuring both search giant and Facebook are compliant on data privacy

British prime minister Theresa May:  “The UK thinks everything has to change on the EU’s side so that everything can stay the same for the UK,”  a senior EU official said. Photograph: Will Oliver/EPA

UK proposals to maintain regulatory alignment with EU for limited time are a ‘fantasy’

Border at Newry: Prof Federico Fabbrini says the EU could “declare the entire territory of Northern Ireland to be a frontier zone to the EU customs union; thereby removing the need for customs controls (at least on the EU side)”. Photograph: Charles McQuillan/Getty

Europe Letter: Article XXIV of GATT could keep NI in customs union and single market

European semester 2018: EU vice-president Valdis Dombrovskis and commissioners Marianne Thyssen and Pierre Moscovici at the launch of the spring package. Photograph: John Thys/AFP/Getty

Government urged to use ‘windfall gains’ to pay down debt and broaden tax base

Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg  at the European Parliament in Brussels: “We didn’t take a broad enough view of our responsibilities.” Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Social media group’s founder admits it has not done enough to stop abuse on its network

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar and Minister of State  Helen McEntee meeting British PM Theresa May and her chief of staff Gavin Barwell  in Sofia. Photograph: Virginia Mayo/AP.

UK expected to put customs proposals in written form to EU negotiators in weeks

EU-Western Balkans summit:   German chancellor Angela Merkel, Bulgarian prime minister Boiko Borissov, French president Emmanuel Macron and British prime minister Theresa May, in the second row. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Breakdown in relations with US will test EU self-reliance, warns Donald Tusk

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar arrives at an informal European Union  summit with Western Balkans countries at the National Palace of Culture in Sofia, Bulgaria. Photograph: Vassil Donev/EPA

‘We need to seriously question whether we’re going to have a Withdrawal Agreement at all’

Bulgarian prime minister Boyko Borissov welcomes president of the European Parliament Antonio Tajani during the European People’s Party summit in Sofia, Bulgaria on May 16th, 2018. Photograph: Borislav Troshev

Europe Letter: EU leaders gather in Sofia to reassure western Balkan states of future

The case before the Strasbourg-based European Court of Human Rights  (ECHR) arose after the group’s application for a licence to put the play on in 2007 had been denied. Photograph: Frederick Florin/AFP/Getty Images

Maltese authorities claimed that play showed contempt for Auschwitz victims

Iran’s foreign minister Mohammad Javad Zarif is welcomed by Belgium’s foreign minister Didier Reynders  at the Egmont Palace in Brussels on May 15th, 2018. Photograph: Eric  Lalmand/AFP/Getty

Mohammad Javad Zarif optimistic Tehran’s interests will be preserved despite US pullout

European Union’s chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier and Minister for Foreign Affairs  Simon Coveney attend an EU’s general affairs council in Brussels, Belgium on Monday. Photograph: Reuters/Francois Lenoir

‘There will be no withdrawal treaty if there isn’t a backstop dealing with the Irish Border,’ says Coveney

Attempts to conserve the Irish branch of the European eel have been complicated by Brexit

Talks about Irish issues aren’t just about the Border – they also cover trade, tourism and nature

European chief negotiator on Brexit Michel  Barnier  speaking to media in Derry during a visit to Northern Ireland in May. Photograph: Trevor McBride

Brussels adamant withdrawal agreement must be approved by UK in June for talks to go on

Jean-Claude Juncker speaking at the European University Institute in Florence: “We want all Europeans to be full-time Europeans, not fair-weather Europeans.” Photograph: Claudio Giovannini

European Commission president underlines role of solidarity in formulation of policy

Federica Mogherini, vice-president of the European Commission: the European University Institute’s conference debated  the proposed multi-annual budget. Photograph: Claudio Giovannini

Forum hears burden-sharing and solidarity are key principles of EU’s legal order

Syrian refugee Hossam Eldin (55) looks around to his grandchildren after crossing the Evros river between Greece and Turkey: a forum in Florence heard EU public attitudes to migration have remained stable. Photograph: Alkis Konstantinidis/Reuters

While right-wing groups focus on migrant debate, left appears to be ignoring issue

President Michael D Higgins attends the State of the Union conference, Solidarity in Europe – Authenticity in the European Street, for which  he gave an address  at the European University Institute (EUI) in Florence, Italy. He is pictured with Prof Renaud Dehousse, EUI president. Photograph: Maxwell’s

EU speech: President sets out distinctly left-wing vision, critical of obsession with markets

Viktor Orban, Hungary’s prime minister, recently  reiterated his objections saying the EU’s migration policies threaten the “sovereignty and cultural identity” of Hungary. Photographer: Akos Stiller/Bloomberg

Europe Letter: EU compromise on asylum seeker rules will be hard to broker

An Iranian woman walks past a mural on the wall of the former US embassy in the Iranian capital Tehran on Tuesday. Photo/ AFP PHOTO / ATTA KENAREATTA KENARE/AFP/Getty Images

Reaction: Trump demand that allies fall into line could cause a considerable rift with EU

Just one in nine voters say Ireland should quit the EU, down from nearly three times that level five years ago, a new poll for the European Movement in Ireland has found. Photograph: Yves Herman

Red C survey shows slight rise in Irish support for joining EU defence structures

 Marco Buti of the  European Commission: The commission’s projections for the Republic say   ‘the domestic economy is expected to remain robust, supported by positive labour market trends and investment in construction’.  Photograph: Alan Betson / The Irish Times

Spring forecasts see Brussels raise 2018 growth projection to 5.7%

A statue of German philosopher, economist, political theorist and sociologist Karl Marx is placed on its plinth in his birthplace of Trier, Germany. Photograph: Harald Tittel/AFP/Getty

Two centuries later, the ‘father of communism’ should not be judged on disciples’ excesses

European Commissioner for Agriculture Phil Hogan said that small farmers’ pockets should not be hit by the proposed farm budget cutbacks.

Rural development fund to be cut by 10 per cent

The European Commission is suggesting raising the legal amount it can ask member states contribute to the EU budget – from 1.2 per cent of GNI to 1.29 per cent. Photograph: iStock

Budget bill to require higher national contributions and cuts to funding for agriculture

On Wednesday budget commissioner Gunther Oettinger will set out his proposals for the next EU budget – running from the end of 2020 for seven years. Photograph: iStock

Budget commissioner Oettinger to set out proposals for next EU budget to run from 2020

European Union negotiator Michel Barnier visiting to the EU subway station in Sofia: talks of the Belfast Agreement as a European agreement. Photograph: Dimitar Dilkoff/AFP/Getty Images

Skilled European negotiator who insists on backstop Border provision set to visit Ireland

France’s Minister for the Economy and Finance Bruno Le Maire, left,  and German finance minister Olaf Scholz give a joint press conference after an informal Ecofin meeting of EU finance minister in Sofia on April 28th. Photograph:  AFP PHOTO / STRSTR/AFP/Getty Images

Germany, UK now opposed to measure proposed by European Commission - sources

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar: ‘The threat on our doorstep today is Brexit.’ File photograph: Clodagh Kilcoyne/Reuters

Taoiseach makes case for integration on several issues but reiterates resistance on tax

The European Commission policy paper proposes sharply increased investment in artificial intelligence by both the EU and the private sector.

European Commission policy paper sets out three-pronged approach

UK foreign secretary Boris Johnson and Minister for Foreign Affairs Simon Coveney: Ireland diluted the EU’s expression of support for the military strike against Syria. Photograph: Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty

Europe Letter: Realpolitik and principle make for uncomfortable bedfellows

Brexit warning to Theresa May: “The UK has to face up to the fact that decision time is here.” Photograph: AFP/Getty

EU commissioner to take aim at Theresa May’s ‘red lines’ opposing customs union

UN under-secretary-general for humanitarian affairs and emergency relief co-ordinator Mark Lowcock  at a news conference with European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini during an international conference on the future of Syria, in Brussels, Belgium, on Wednesday. Photograph: Francois Walschaerts/Reuters

Ireland brings aid in region to €100m since 2012 as €3.6bn pledged at EU-UN summit

 European Parliament Brexit co-ordinator Guy Verhofstadt: “It remains a priority . . . to ensure that citizens, whether UK citizens in the EU or EU citizens in the UK, can continue to lead their lives as they do now.” Photograph: Patrick Seeger

Concerns grow about transition and post-Brexit reality for EU citizens in UK

European Commission vice-president Frans Timmermans:  “There should be no punishment for doing the right thing.” Photograph: Eric Vidal/Reuters

Move aims to bolster safety from retaliation for employees across union

The report criticises social media platforms for not protecting users’ data, a nod to   the Facebook and Cambridge Analytica scandal. Photograph: Loic Venance/AFP/Getty Images

Commission to call for self-regulation rather than legislation to fight ‘disinformation’

A woman takes pictures of Humanoid “Sophia The Robot” of Hanson Robotics  at the 2017 Web Summit in Lisbon. Photograph: Patricia de Melo Moreira/AFP/Getty Images

What ‘rights’ have artificial intelligence objects, and can you embed a conscience?

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