People outside Saint Sulpice  participate in the Chrism Mass as part of Holy Week, as bells ring in tribute to Notre Dame Cathedral. Photograph: Ian Langsdon

Bells ring out across France as debate begins on spending details of €1.1bn funds

Fallen burnt debris  inside Notre Dame: President Emmanuel Macron said the French people would pull together to repair their national symbol. Photograph: Christophe Morin/Bloomberg

Ruined Paris cathedral a focus for ‘great national emotion’ as firms pledge funds

A pile of rubble inside Notre Dame Cathedral today after the devastating fire overnight. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

French prosecutors say blaze at popular landmark probably caused by accident

Smoke and flames rise from the Notre Dame cathedral in central Paris. Photograph:  Francois Guillot/ AFP/Getty Images

Lara Marlowe: Parisians watch as 200-year-old spire collapses

Bernard-Henri Lévy. Photograph: Mustafa Yalcin/Anadolu/Getty

The French celebrity public intellectual on Brexit, his enemies and changing the world

‘I sometimes joke I must have been French in a previous life, probably in 19th-century Paris.’ Photograph: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

The process was Kafkaesque, but I now cannot wait to vote as Citoyenne Marlowe

French president Emmanuel Macron and British prime minister Theresa May in Paris: ratification of the withdrawal accord would be France’s “preferred scenario”. Photograph: Ian Langsdon

Macron poised for May’s request amid concerns over ability to pass withdrawal accord

US president Donald Trump’s then adviser, Kellyanne Conway, provided a memorable example of post-truth in  2017 when she excused exaggeration of the numbers attending the president’s inauguration as “alternative facts”. Photograph: Michael Reynolds/EPA

Paris Letter: Myriam Revault d’Allonnes believes we have become indifferent to truth

French president Emmanuel Macron welcomes the Taoiseach, Leo Varadkar, at the Élysée Palace in Paris,  on Tuesday. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer/Reuters

French president says EU cannot be held as a hostage to ongoing UK political crisis

Former Ireland and Ulster rugby players Paddy Jackson and Stuart Olding, who were acquitted of rape following a trial last year. File photographs: Niall Carson/PA Wire

Differing character traits may have affected the rugby players’ ability to adapt to their new lives in France

A man holds a child in a camp of the Roma community that was attacked in Bobigny, near Paris, Photograph: Kenzo Tribouillard/AFP/Getty

Propagated online, the urban myth of marauding Roma has taken on a life of its own

French president Emmanuel Macron talks with Chinese president Xi Jinping at the Élysée Palace in Paris. Photograph: Thibault Camus/Pool via Reuters

Chinese president and EU leaders test the limits of their relationship at the Élysée Palace

Chinese president Xi Jinping  during a welcome ceremony prior to a meeting with Prince Albert II of Monaco in Monte Carlo on Sunday.  Photograph: Sebastien Nogier/EPA

Chinese president Xi Jinping’s state visit to France will include impromptu EU summit

It’s a nice day for a Red Wedding: a scene from the Game of Thrones Tapestry

Will tourists prefer the real McCoy, or the blood, guts and dragons of the reboot?

Patrice and Lydie Maninchedda have learned that French special forces had rescued their grandsons from al-Hawl refugee camp in Syria. Photograph: Lydia Maninchedda

Patrice and Lydie Maninchedda’s only daughter was killed in Syria

A yellow vest protester hits a riot police officer with his leg on the Champs Élysées during the 18th consecutive national Saturday protest in Paris. Photograph:  Yoan Valat/EPA

Macron returns to Paris vowing ‘strong, additional decisions’ in worst riots in months

Tánaiste Simon Coveney: Westminster confronts Brexit “solely through the lens of British politics”. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer/Reuters

‘If you were looking at this from the moon, you would think: how is this being allowed to happen?’

Gilets jaunes protest in Paris: Christophe Guilluy’s denunciation of the “dominant classes” in his book  verges on incitement. Photograph: Alain Jocard/ AFP/Getty Images

Christophe Guilluy clearly takes sides but there is an ugly undertow to his message

Ambulance staff take a man from outside a mosque following the shootings which left 49 dead in central Christchurch, New Zealand. Photograph:Mark Baker/AP

Simon Coveney: ‘We are countries that have so much in common’

Douglas Webber regrets that European leaders have been so slow to support President Emmanuel Macron’s European initiatives. Photographer: Alex Kraus/Bloomberg

A political scientist believes member states may increasingly stop complying with rules

 Mehdi Nemmouche:  the  quadruple murder  was the first in a wave of terrorist attacks carried out by Isis in Europe. Photograph: STR/AFP/Getty Images

Mehdi Nemmouche murdered four people at the Jewish museum in Brussels in 2014

Alexandre Holroyd: ‘We should do anything in our power to have an orderly Brexit, whatever that means, a structured Brexit that doesn’t create crisis on either side of the Channel or in Ireland’

Alexandre Holroyd wants an ‘orderly Brexit’ and blames the UK’s parliament for delays

The A16 motorway between Dunkirk and Calais shows trucks heading to the Channel tunnel stuck in a traffic jam as a result of the strike. Photograph: Philippe Huguen/AFP/Getty Images

French customs officers using Brexit to voice their demands

France’s economy and finance minister Bruno Le Maire: “We must tax the Gafa [Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon] to finance our public services, our schools, our creches and our hospitals.” Photograph: Eric Piermont/AFP

Draft law to take effect retroactively expected to raise €500m annually for French coffers

Although French president Emmanuel Macron in his open letter described Brexit as the symbol of Europe’s crisis, he was conciliatory towards the UK, asking that it be included on a European Security Council. Photograph:  Caroline Blumberg/AFP/Getty Images

French president is an antisystem politician of a different stripe

French president Emmanuel Macron. “This is the first time that a head of state has spoken to all the peoples of Europe in their languages,” says an adviser of Mr Macron’s open lettter. Photograph: Gonzalo Fuentes/Reuters

French president’s open letter builds on the theme of European sovereignty

French president Emmanuel Macron: Brexit “symbolises the crisis of Europe”, he  argues in his letter. He indirectly accuses Brexiteers of irresponsibility and lying.  Photograph: Caroline Blumberg/AFP/Getty

French president warns against the trap of ‘national entrenchment’

 French national Fabien Clain:  jihadist  has reportedly been killed in a drone attack in Syria. Photograph: Interpol

French convert to Islam Fabien Clain proclaimed Isis responsibility for Paris attacks

Algerian president Abdelaziz Bouteflika gestures during his swearing-in ceremony in Algiers on April 28th, 2014. He suffered a stroke in 2013. Photograph: Louafi Larbi

Abdelaziz Bouteflika (81) cannot walk, talk, shake hands or receive visiting dignitaries

John Montague’s widow, Elizabeth Wassell in Monaco. Photograph: Princess Grace Irish Library

Pierre Joannon praises Montague’s ‘extraordinary dedication to his craft’

Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel discussed Brexit at a joint press conference at the Elysée Palace. Photograph: Christophe Morin/Bloomberg

Macron says withdrawal agreement can not be renegotiated, seeks ‘clear vision’ from UK

French finance minister Bruno Le Maire is to  deliver a talk on economic policy at the International Institute for European Affairs in Dublin. Photograph: Jakub Kaminski/EPA

Bruno Le Maire will also deliver a talk on economic policy during Dublin visit

Marine Le Pen at a meeting in Saint-Ebremond-de-Bonfosse. Photograph: Chesnot/Getty Images

RN leader on anti-Semitism, the gilets jaunes and her plan to undermine Brussels from the inside

Rembrandt's Self-Portrait with Beret, Wide-Eyed, 1630. Photograph: Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

The Rijksmuseum celebrates the greatest painter of the Dutch Golden Age with its ‘All the Rembrandts’ exhibition

Dieppe harbour in northwest France. As Brexit approaches, the ports of the English Channel and the North Sea are preparing for the worst. Photograph: Charly Triballeau/AFP/Getty Images

French businesses are better-prepared than the UK for crash-out, an expert believes

National Assembly deputy Hervé Berville was born a Rwandan Tutsi and was four years old when French soldiers took him from an orphanage in Kigali, leading to adoption by his French family. Photograph: Lara Marlowe

Hervé Berville has received threatening, racist messages in toxic atmosphere in France

Pieces of evidence are displayed during the trial regarding the terrorist attack at the Jewish museum in Brussels, at the Brussels Justice Palace,  this week. Photograph:  Stephanie Lecocq/EPA

The four say they recognise Nemmouche as the man who guarded them while they were held in Syria

The ‘gilets jaunes’ on strike in Marseille.  The sign reads ‘the richer they become, the more numerous we will be’.  Photograph: Gerard Julien/AFP/Getty Images

Paris Letter: Macron’s supporters hope unpopular economic reforms will continue

 French policemen hold up French and EU flags on the facade of Farnese Palace, the French embassy in Rome. File photograph: Claudio Peri/EPA

Populist leader’s support for protest movement increases diplomatic tensions

Firefighters and a police officer are seen near a building that caught fire in the 16th arrondissement in Paris. Photograph:  Geoffroy Van der Hasselt/AFP

Ten dead and arson suspect transferred to psychiatric hospital after fire at apartment block

The first World War grenade found in a shipment of French potatoes in Hong Kong. Photograph: Hong Kong police force

The German grenade had been accidentally shipped from northern France to Hong Kong

France has one of the lowest rates of uptake of the HPV vaccination in Europe, due to ‘unfounded rumours’ around its safety, says Dr Elisabete Weiderpass. Photograph:  Matthew Busch/Washington Post/Getty Images

Efforts to inoculate 60% of girls stepped up amid ‘unfounded rumours’ about vaccine

A fighter for the Syrian Democratic Forces  in Raqqa, Syria in 2017. The SDF have been holding the French jihadists but are no longer able to do so. Photograph: Reuters/Erik De Castro

Authorities examine options to detain the ‘potentially dangerous’ French citizens

Ian Bailey, a British citizen who lives in Schull, Co Cork, denies involvement in the murder of Sophie Toscan du Plantier during the night of December 22nd-23rd, 1996. Photograph: Niall Carson/PA

Bailey denies involvement in the murder and is still considering participating in the trial

French president Emmanuel Macron and his wife first lady Brigitte Macron with Grand Sheik Ahmed al-Tayeb in Cairo. Photograph: Amr Nabil/Reuters

French president on visit to Cairo tells Sisi he should restore civil rights and liberties

Front de Gauche candidate for the 2012 French presidential election Jean-Luc Melenchon (R), flanked by French leader of the French communist party  Pierre Laurent (C), reads ‘L’Humanité’. Photograph:  AFP Photo/Pierre Verdy/Getty Images

‘L’Humanité’ faces liquidation after 115 years in print, as funding options run out

In Dunkirk, northern France, buses were painted bright colours to mark the new free-fare system.
Photograph: Philippe Huguen/AFP/Getty Images

Dunkirk is latest European city to offer a free-fare system. Could we follow suit?

French president Emmanuel Macron with Egyptian president Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in Paris on  October 24th, 2017: Mr Macron has emphasised the “unavoidable” necessity of maintaining good relations with Cairo. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer

Élysée promises French president will raise subjects of repression and abuse in Cairo

French president Emmanuel Macron  sits prior to answering questions during a meeting with local residents as part of the “great national debate” in Bourg-de-Peage near Valence, France, on Thursday. Photograph: Emmanuel Foudrot/AFP/Getty Images

Minds of French politicians turning nervously to European parliamentary elections

 Italian interior minister Matteo Salvini attends a press conference  in Rome earlier this month. Photograph: Riccardo Antimiani/EPA

Migration row between the two governments highlights the shattering of historic ties

EU chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier: “When I visited Dungannon in May 2018, I was very struck by my meeting with a group of women . . . Two of them wept because they were so afraid that the Troubles would start again.” Photograph: Getty Images

Backstop cannot be time limited in bid to avert no agreement, says bloc’s chief negotiator

Protesters wearing Pikachu hats take part in a Women’s Gilets Jaunes protest in front of the Eiffel Tower on January 20th. Photograph: Ian Langsdon/EPA

France one of world’s leading redistributors of wealth, according to OECD

French president Emmanuel Macron and German chancellor Angela Merkel: Critics say the treaty lacks ambition and does not address the euro zone, migrants or social and environmental policy. Photograph: Wolfgang Rattay

Macron and Merkel set for bland commitment to relaunch Franco-German projects

Calais-Dover is the closest maritime link between the continent and Britain, crossed by two million lorries, 46 million tonnes of freight and 9.1 million passengers last year. Photograph: Vincent Kessler/Reuters

British plans for new ferry routes ‘insolent’ and disrespectful, says Calais port chief

French president Emmanuel Macron addresses a meeting of some 600 mayors in Grand-Bourgtheroulde, Normandy. Photograph: Ludovic Marin/AFP/Getty Images

French president’s ‘contemptuousness’ raised during meeting with 600 mayors

“Gilets jaunes” protesters take part in the ninth consecutive national Saturday demonstration, in Bordeaux, France, on January 12th. Photograph: Caroline Blumberg/EPA

President’s six-page letter tells citizens he intends ‘to transform anger into solutions, with you’

A rally of the women’s yellow vest protesters (femmes gilets jaunes) near Place de la Bastille in Paris. Photograph:  Bertrand Guay/AFP/Getty Images

Defining inclinations of the movement are a clear and present danger to Europe

Firefighters survey the damage following a gas-leak explosion in Paris. Photograph: Christophe Ena/AP

Judiciary police ‘not excluding any possibility’ as death toll rises to four dead, 50 injured

Woman at Her Toilette, 1875-80, Art Institute of Chicago

A fine new show re-establishes the painter as a leading impressionist but miscasts her as a feminist icon

François Fillon was expected to win the top office until it was revealed his wife had received some €600,000 for a fake job. Photograph: Christian Hartmann/Reuters

François and Penelope Fillon could be prosecuted over scandal that destroyed his 2017 campaign

A file picture released on June 1, 2014 shows Mehdi Nemmouche, a 29-year-old suspected gunman who shot dead four people at the Jewish museum in Brussels Photograph: STR/AFP/Getty

Jihadist Mehdi Nemmouche accused of killing four in Brussels Jewish Museum

A man with a skateboard passes by a mural by street artist PBOY depicting yellow vest protesters inspired by the ‘La Liberte guidant le Peuple’ painting in Paris on January 8th Photograph: Philippe Lopez/ AFP/Getty

Protesters from neglected countryside knocking on the door of bourgeois Parisians

Archbishop of Lyon Cardinal Philippe Barbarin  in  court in Lyon, France where he is on trial charged with failing to report a priest who abused boy scouts in the 1980s and ’90s. Photograph: Jeff Pachoud/AFP/Getty Images

Cardinal Barbarin of Lyon and five others accused over priest’s abuse of boy scouts

Emmanuel Macron. For 10 days this month, the French president hunkered down in the Élysée Palace, pondering where it all went wrong. Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

French president will have to work hard to salvage reputation at home and abroad

French president Emmanuel Macron and former Élysée senior security officer Alexandre Benalla. Photograph: Ludovic Marin/AFP/Getty Images

Alexandre Benalla in fresh scandal over use of diplomatic passport and role in arms trade

Gilets jaunes protesters in Biarritz, southwest France. Photograph: Iroz Gaizka/AFP/Getty Images

Paris Letter: Debate will attempt to ‘take the pulse of the country’ after widespread unrest

The memorial service at the Pôle Universitaire Léonard de Vinci, where John Dowling taught English and European civilisation for 20 years. Photograph: Lara Marlowe

Memorial service for John Dowling, killed in Paris, was a joyful celebration of his life

Dublin teacher John Dowling who was stabbed to death outside a university in Paris.  Photograph:  Pôle Universitaire Leonard de Vinci

John Dowling who had taught at the college for 20 years was stabbed by a former student

French special police forces secure an area during a police operation in the Meinau district  in Strasbourg, France. Photograph: Christian Hartmann/Reuters

The 29-year-old is suspected of Christmas market assault that left three dead

Handout picture released by French police of Cherif Chekatt, suspected of being the gunman involved in the Strasbourg shooting. Photograph: French police handout/AFP/Getty Images

Terror investigation begins after two killed by gunman near Christmas market

Yellow vest  protesters watch President Emmanuel Macron’s speech on TV in Fay-au-Loges, near Orleans. Photograph: Guillaume Souvant/AFP

In response to yellow vest crisis, president announces boosts to purchasing power

The shattered  window of Starbucks at Gare St Lazare in Paris, following a fourth week of protests against rising fuel prices.  The police used tear gas and water cannons to disperse “yellow vest” activists. Photograph: Jeff J Mitchell/Getty

Central Paris’s streets were once more a mess of tear gas, protesters and debris

Smashed windows of  a Starbucks after yellow vest clashes with French police in Paris on December 8th, 2018. Photograph: Ian Langsdon

Massive deployment of security as 136,000 engage in acts of violence and destruction

A firefighter extinguishes a burning car during the yellow vests’ demonstration near the Arc de Triomphe today. Photograph: Chris McGrath/Getty Images

Restive city draws sharp police reaction to yellow vest protesters who turn ire on Macron

Protesters wearing yellow vests take part in a demonstration below the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. Photograph: Benoit Tessier/Reuters

Barricade of burning rubbish bins built as ‘yellow vests’ demonstrate

John Dowling: “Adorable, always good-humoured and very, very intelligent”. Photograph: Pôle Universitaire Léonard de Vinci/PA

John Dowling ‘loved what he taught and the people he taught it to’

Edited image: Forensic police in front of the main entrance of the Pôle Universitaire Léonard-de-Vinci where John Dowling (inset), a 66-year-old teacher from Ireland, was stabbed to death. Photograph: Philippe Lopez/AFP/Getty Images

Marine Le Pen comments on fatal stabbing of lecturer (66) after arrest of Pakistani citizen

Edited image: Forensic police in front of the main entrance of the Pôle Universitaire Léonard-de-Vinci where John Dowling (inset), a 66-year-old teacher from Ireland, was stabbed to death. Photograph: Philippe Lopez/AFP/Getty Images

John Dowling (66) had been teaching English in France for the past 20 years

French president Emmanuel Macron (centre) waves to citizens as he assesses the damages of the ‘Yellow Vests’ protest a day earlier, next to the Champs Elysee in Paris on December 2nd Photograph: Etienne Laurent/EPA

Large segment of population view Macron as the ‘president of the rich’

A student is arrested by police during a demonstration, on Monday, in Bordeaux, southwestern France.  Photograph: Nicolas Tucat/AFP/Getty Images

Woman (80) becomes fourth person to die in violence that threatens rest of president’s term

Graffiti  on a  wall at the Arc de Triomphe in Paris on the day after serious clashes with yellow vest protesters. Photograph: Stephane Mahe/Reuters

Anger over fuel taxes worsens over falling living standards and Macron’s perceived aloofness

Louis Gentilhomme, who quit as mayor of Saint-Seine-sur-Vigeannes earlier this year.  Photograph: Pierre Terdjman/New York Times

French president seeks to improve relations with rural mayors angry over cuts to resources

Demonstrators  on the French overseas island of La Reunion on Monday demonstrate as part of the gilets jaunes (yellow vest)  movement to protest against fuel prices.  Photograph: Richard Bouhet/AFP/Getty Images

It’s easy to imagine the unpopular Macron as a powdered marquis being led to the guillotine

Ségolène Royal is a veteran of 30 years in French politics. She was the first woman in France to make it to the runoff in a presidential election. Photograph: Loic Venance/AFP/Getty Images

Politician’s new book takes aim at Macron, former partner Hollande and sexism

Father and son: part of Pierre-Auguste Renoir’s painting The Swing, and on the set of the Jean Renoir film A Day in the Country. Original photographs courtesy Musée d’Orsay and Centre Pompidou

Freudians would have a field day with Jean’s allusions to Pierre-Auguste’s paintings

Anti-riot policemen evacuate gilets jaunes protesters during a protest against the raising of fuel and oil prices. Photograph: Philippe Huguen/AFP/Getty Images

Rise of the ‘gilets jaunes’ coincides with Macron’s record low 26% approval rating

The cordoned-off Bataclan concert hall in Paris, November 16th, 2015. The “Beyond Chaos: In the Aftermath of the Arab Upheavals” launch occurred on the third anniversary of the massacres. Photograph: Bertrand Guay/AFP/Getty Images

Book author notes how much jihadism evolved between 9/11 and the 2015 Bataclan attacks

Russian president Vladimir Putin and Canadian prime minister Justin Trudeau attend the opening session of the Paris Peace Forum on Sunday. Photograph:  Sputnik/Mikhail Metzel/Kremlin via Reuters

Transatlantic Commission on Election Integrity sets out to prevent interference

German chancellor Angela Merkel and French president Emmanuel Macron greet US president Donald Trump as he arrives  at the Arc de Triomphe in Paris on Sunday.  Photograph:  Benoit Tessier/AFP/Getty Images

Barrage of tweets come 48 hours after Macron criticises US president’s nationalism

The tide washes away a remembrance cross is planted in the sand as volunteers drew depictions of those killed in World War One, part of Danny Boyle’s Pages of The Sea celebrations, on Murlough Beach in Newcastle, Northern Ireland on November 11th Photograph: Clodagh Kilcoyne/Reuters

World leaders gathered in France where Trump led through inarticulation

US first lady Melania Trump and US president Donald Trump look on as  German chancellor Angela Merkel talks to French president Emmanuel Macron at the Arc de Triomphe in Paris on November 11, 2018. Photograph:  François Mori

Trump, Putin and Netanyahu keep degree of distance as Macron condemns nationalism

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar: “There isn’t, nor should there be, any one political party anywhere in the UK or Europe that should have a veto on this.” Photograph: Peter Byrne/PA

Exiting EU a matter for UK government and parliament and EU, Taoiseach says

French president Emmanuel Macron   at a ceremony marking the centenary of the end of the first World War at  the Douaumont Ossuary cemetery  near Verdun. Photograph:  Ludovic Marin/AP

... German buglers responded. Across the battlefield, men stood up in bright sunshine

At St Patrick’s Cathedral in Dublin, silence will be observed at 11am on Sunday to mark the end of the first World War. Choral Evensong at 3.15pm will include official wreath-laying.

Galway events will commemorate 1,400 men from county who died in WWI

French finance minister Bruno Le Maire proposed a compromise to secure agreement for an EU-wide digital sales tax. Photograph: Eric Piermont/AFP/Getty Images

France says only Ireland, Sweden and Denmark are holding out on digital tax

French soldiers near Verdun battlefield  on which 163,000 French soldiers and 143,000 German soldiers died. Photograph: STF/AFP/Getty

French president to meet May, Merkel and Mali president during Alsace-Moselle events

Citizens wear traditional costumes outside the venue for the closing meeting of the Kanak and Socialist National Liberation Front (FLNKS) campaign for a ‘yes’ to New Caledonia’s independence from France in Noumea, on the French overseas territory of New Caledonia, on October 30th, 2018 Photograph: Theo Rouby/AFP/Getty

Former colony 17,000km from mainland France has waited 30 years for referendum

Minister for Foreign Affairs Simon Coveney with  French foreign minister Jean-Yves Le Drian in Paris on Wednesday

Irish and French ministers discuss contingency plans for trade at Paris meeting

Ireland and France have “a very similar view and approach towards supporting and progressing” the Middle East peace process, Tánaiste Simon Coveney said. Photograph: Virginia Mayo/EPA

Government ‘working with France’ on initiative, Tánaiste says

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