Sir Winston Churchill, January 1954:  his contribution to wider history was such that he was a personal hero of former Taoiseach Garret FitzGerald. Photograph: PA/PA Wire

In recent years, the Tory simplification of British history has been nakedly political

‘Banks have been bailed out by the State, yet still they abuse enormous power and accumulate vast profits at our expense.’ File photograph: Getty Images

History shows that our financial institutions have consistently mistreated the public

Gaiety School of Acting members Evelyn O’Keeffe, Megan O’Malley and Meg O’Brien  launching the Oireachtas  programme of events commemorating 100 years of voting rights for women. Photograph: Jason Clarke

Diarmaid Ferriter: Women in Dáil have been quite a nuisance over the decades

Historian Norman Davies travelled around the world in the first half of 2012, to “spot the recurring themes and catch the fleeting details. And then to tell the story”

Beneath Another Sky is an ambitious project – both travel guide and historical narrative

A nun hands out Yes leaflets at Basin Lane polling station in Dublin on the day of the abortion referendum in 1983. Photograph: Pat Langan

The State is finally confronting the consequences of the 1983 referendum

Prison photograph of backstreet abortionist Mamie Cadden.

Cruel backstreet operator was product of decades of denial and legal ambiguity

Gerry O’Carroll: “I am convinced that Ms Hayes did give birth to twins and was the mother of both the Tralee and the Cahirciveen babies,” the retired garda wrote  in 2014. Photographed in 2001 by  Alan Betson

Diarmaid Ferriter: The retired garda still insists Hayes gave birth to the Cahersiveen baby

Paddy Harte sought to educate his peers about the reality of the Border and highlight the scale of their ignorance.

The Fine Gael TD sought to open eyes on both sides in the North in the face of great hostility

A mural in Gaza City of  Ibrahim Abu Thurayeh, a wheelchair-bound  Palestinian who was shot dead in clashes between Israeli forces and protesters along the Gaza-Israel border in December. Photograph: Mohammed Abed/AFP/Getty Images)

Government has opportunity to take lead within EU on Palestinian question

Countess Constance markievicz as a captain in the rish Citizen Army.

2018 should be year women are afforded ‘high place in the councils’ of a free Ireland

Beggars Bush Military Barracks (formerly the headquarters of the Auxiliary Police) was handed over recently to the Irish Republican Army, amidst scenes of great enthusiasm.

The focus extends to the Civil War and this reveals some of the book's strongest material

The history of Anglo-Irish relations is a reminder of how agreements and phrases can be read in different ways.

Negotiations of 1921 show need for Brexit talks to be built around legal clarity

DUP deputy leader  Nigel Dodds (centre) stands with fellow DUP MPs outside the Houses of Parliament in London thois week. Photograph:   EPA/Neil Hall

By reverting to the ‘Ulster Says No’ sloganeering it may well end up being the big loser

Department of Justice headquarters on St Stephen’s Green: the department should have made the exhibition about the assassination of the State’s first minister for justice, Kevin O’Higgins, public. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Past shows Government not unpractised in contempt for those exposing wrongdoing

Sinn Féin president Gerry Adams: Through the 1990s and beyond, his maintenance of control of Sinn Féin and the IRA was a singular achievement.  Photograph: Jack Taylor/Getty

SF revolutionary politics have led party to being open to be FG’s junior partner

 The late Anthony Clare: his last book, “On Men: Masculinity in Crisis”, was published in 2000: he seems to have been remarkably premature in some of his pronouncements as well as being too reductive. Photograph Brenda Fitzsimons

We must hear women’s testimonies now because we have underestimated how deep the abuses went

Dublin, 1968: the 10-child Murphy family, whom the corporation moved into a slum on Benburb Street after Mrs Murphy fell behind on her rent.  Photograph: Mirrorpix via Getty

Diarmaid Ferriter: Politicians’ threats have never meant much in practice

Halloween bounty: 45 chocolate bars, 10 packets of chocolate buttons, 17 packets of jellies . . . Photograph: Getty

The Irish Heart Foundation puts it simply: ‘Stop targeting children’

A  report of an Amnesty International mission to the Irish Republic in 1977 examined 28 cases relating to the period April 1976 to May 1977, and referred to maltreatment of those in custody by detectives

Some disturbing practices flourished when Cosgrave’s government was in office

A demonstrator waves a Catalan separatist flag in Madrid, Spain. Photograph: Paul Hanna/Reuters

Republicans have a long history with Catalan nationalists, despite their significant differences

Liam Cosgrave was dismissive of “verbal patriotism” being accepted as the “highest form of political martyrdom” and as Conor Cruise O’Brien pointed out, he disliked the school of oratory he called “dying for Ireland”. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Vote on contraception backed up reputation for having ‘deeply pious old head on young shoulders’

During his journalistic travels, Fergal Keane faced his own battles to make sense of war and its impact on him and is admirably frank about their toll

Diarmaid Ferriter on ‘Wounds: a memoir of war and love’ by Fergal Keane

Stormont: the Northern Ireland Assembly has not sat for eight months. Photograph: Paul Faith/AFP/Getty

Diarmaid Ferriter: Even with Brexit looming both sides opt for hand-holding

Soundbitten: Minister for Finance Paschal Donohoe and Taoiseach Leo Varadkar. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons

Diarmaid Ferriter: We’re in for more of the same. The human cost will be devastating

National Army troops at Ordnance Barracks, Mulgrave Street, Limerick, 1922. Photograph: Courtesy of the National Library of Ireland

Diarmaid Ferriter: This book distills a huge range of perspectives in an accessible format

A letter from WB Yeats to his  friend and first lover, Olivia Shakespear, featuring the poem “After Long Silence”,   is displayed at the Yeats: The Family Collection exhibition at the Royal Hibernian Academy, Dublin.  Photograph: Charles McQuillan/Getty Images for Sotheby’s

There is no more appropriate place for the Yeats papers than the National Library

 ‘Class and ideology have clearly always been central to Irish housing policy.’ Photograph: Ben Birchall/PA Wire

Governments have the desire to solve housing issues, but refuse to face down vested interests

“The rain here is absolute, magnificent, and frightening,” said Heinrich Böll. Above, 2014 flooding in Cork. Photograph: Niall Carson/PA Wire

The line about the Public Services Card is part of a grand Irish tradition

Ben Brosnan beside the smashed Civil War Monument at Talbot’s Bridge in Knocknagoshel: such actions invite a simplistic, polarised narrative of conflicts and aftermaths, and create amnesia about how myths were fashioned.   Photograph: John Reidy

Conflict constructs societies and we must respect statues that articulate history

After defeat in the 1973 election, Lynch adopted a hands off approach to leading the opposition, which, to his critics, was born of an intellectual laziness.

Pluralism was a strength but he never pushed himself – or others – hard enough

Johnny Healy Rae, son of Danny Healy Rae, on the bonnet of a jeep with Michael and Danny Healy Rae during the first meeting of the 32nd Dáil at Leinster House. Photograph: Alan Betson

Liam Weeks’s overview of Independent politics since 1922 rectifies a long-standing neglect

Kevin Myers with Michael O’Leary at the launch of the former’s memoir, ‘A Single Headstrong Heart’, last year. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Kevin Myers, Brian Cowen and fairy forts – my holiday listening was a revelation

Will the changing of the guard herald a more serious approach to meeting our emissions targets? Photograph: Barbara Lindberg

The Taoiseach should define climate change as the most important challenge we face, because it is

Church and State: Archbishop John Charles McQuaid of Dublin; Cardinal Francis D’Alton; President Sean T O’Kelly; the nuncio, Dr Alberto Levame; the president’s wife, Phyllis O’Kelly; and Taoiseach Éamon de Valera in 1964. Photograph: Dermot Barry

Church, State and Social Science in Ireland review: Peter Murray and Maria Feeney details the church's attempts to control researc(...)

Éamon de Valera with members of the cabinet during the inauguration of the Constitution in 1937. Photograph: Hulton Archive

De Valera and his team created a robust, adaptable and sophisticated document

Minister for Transport Shane Ross. “The grandest panjandrum in contemporary Irish politics.” Photograph: Gareth Chaney/Collins

Shane Ross’s Bill will not serve justice and is not designed for balance in decision-making

Garda Commissioner Nóirín O’Sullivan. “Interrogating the commissioner before the Public Accounts Committee has become a political blood sport.” Photograph: Eric Luke

Irish policing is firmly wedded to politics but it has not been a successful marriage

British prime minister Theresa May: before Brexit she predicted “Border controls” if the referendum was carried; now, she speaks disingenuously of a “frictionless” Border. Photograph: Facundo Arrizabalaga/EPA

Will Theresa May’s newfound interest in Ireland pay dividends?

Nuns and staff at the Mater Hospital await the funeral cortege of president Éamon de Valera in 1975. Photograph: Independent News and Media/Getty Images

Liam Kirwan’s ‘inside’ look is repetitive, hectoring and devoid of nuance or context

The sharp rise in prices and lending raises concerns that another bubble may be forming, according to the OECD. Photograph: Frank Miller

State may be on the verge of a new property collapse as the last one remains unresolved

The founder of the Sisters of Charity said her resource was the “Bank of Divine Providence”. Photograph: iStock

The orders have profited spectacularly at the expense of community welfare

Fine Gael leadership candidate Leo Varadkar during a 5k run in Dublin. Photograph: Gareth Chaney/Collins

Diarmaid Ferriter: Duracell-bunny Fine Gaelers lack philosophical reflection

Kenny did what no other Fine Gael taoiseach has done by winning a second consecutive term in office

Kenny as Taoiseach mostly presided and chaired rather than initiated

Bloodlust and revenge: Members of Auxiliary Division of the Royal Irish Constabulary

Diarmaid Ferriter reviews ‘Havoc: The Auxiliaries in Ireland’s War of Independence’

Trinity College Dublin: O’Malley’s plan, announced in 1967, to merge UCD and TCD was defeated. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Can a university have a soul and be driven by priorities other than rankings?

British prime minister Theresa May and   European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker. Anglo-Irish relations are likely to get very fraught in the absence of a shared EU space. Photograph:  Carl Court/Getty Images

With a ‘bloody difficult woman’ negotiating Brexit, Ireland will need to play hardball too

“Up to 1969, St Vincent’s, Stephen’s Green [the original site of the hospital] received a total of £2.1 million and St Vincent’s Hospital, Elm Park, received £3.1 million” from the sweepstake funds.

Sisters of Charity benefited greatly from the sweepstakes yet retain ownership of the hospital

Teachers at all levels have a particular balancing act to perform: to safeguard teachers’ welfare and to promote the interests of those they serve. Photograph: The Irish Times

Teachers subjected to two-tier pay system that is compete antithesis of equality

The tribal sneers of Barry Cowen and the distraction of the Fine Gael leadership issue exemplify why still, in O hEithir’s words, “questions of personality shoulder serious questions off the stage”. Photograph: Dara Mac Donaill

Fianna Fáil’s somersaults on the water issue are as cynical as anything seen in Irish politics

Trade unionist Rosie Hackett was among the women determined to mark the anniversary of the execution of James Connolly.

FAI row shows how female protesters always raise the hackles of the men in charge

Seán Lemass: “He never abandoned the proposition that workers and employers were on the same side, despite appearances,” said Tom Garvin. Photograph: Dermot O’Shea

Minister is wrong: former taoiseach was a hard-working, interventionist politician

Martin McGuinness had a confidence, intelligence and empathy that stood out. But he also had a ruthlessness that was honed in the Derry cauldron of his time. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons

Ruthless he was, but crude stereotypes do not do justice to the man or the times

Bishop Eamonn Casey at the papal youth Mass in Galway in 1979. Photograph: Peter Thursfield

Former Bishop of Kerry was a highly compartmentalised man in his 1970s heyday

It was always felt by some that being in Europe would help end partition and Brexit has raised the issue again

The British establishment lacked consistency while the Free State washed its hands

Historian Catherine Corless with a list of the names of missing children from the mother and baby home  run by the Bon Secours nuns in Tuam. Photograph: Peter Nicholls/Reuters

Ireland’s long moral panic led to extraordinary and dehumanising situations

Private army: the East India Company had 260,000 soldiers at the start of the 19th century. Illustration: Ann Ronan Pictures/Print Collector/Getty

Book review: Shashi Tharoor’s angry history of British rule in India is a timely response to empire nostalgia

 Cardinal Desmond Connell  had no truck with what he considered unqualified people speaking about religion. Photograph: Bryan O’Brien

There are still powerful bureaucrats in the Vatican who think they know best

British foreign secretary Boris Johnson said the 1916 commemorations ‘struck exactly the right note’. Photograph: Johannes Simon/Getty Images

British foreign secretary’s response to 1916 celebrations betrays an empire mindset

 Kerry Babies tribunal: Protesters outside the Department of Justice on January 29th, 1985 voiced support for the Hayes family  over their treatment  by gardaí and the tribunal.  Photograph: Pat Langan

Latest inquiry recalls State’s controversial handling of Kerry Babies case

’What was created was a health system that became extraordinarily uneven and managerial, with significant regional variations.’ File photograph: Dylan Vaughan

Its history is one of turf wars, appeasing vested interests and scaremongering

Douglas Hyde

Brian Murphy’s book show how Ireland’s first president set the tone for the office

Taoiseach Enda Kenny, Minister for  Rural  Affairs Heather Humphreys  and Minister Dennis Naughton at the launch of the Action Plan for Regional Development : would the Government not be better with a more compact, and so more realistic, plan?  Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

New three-year plan contains too many commitments and not enough priorities

 Ronan Fanning: Many of the issues he addressed in his history writing – especially the extent of independence and interdependence in Anglo-Irish affairs – have an added contemporary resonance because of Brexit.

Irish negotiating about Brexit should look to lessons from history

Key player: TK Whitaker (far right), who died on January 9th, at Dublin Airport in 1967 with Taoiseach Jack Lynch (centre) and Minister for Finance Charles Haughey (second right). Photograph: Jack McManus

TK Whitaker, who has died at 100, said things to ministers that other public servants would not, and his hard-hitting memos often (...)

Fine Gael’s Michael Noonan dismissed criticism over the State’s approach to vulture funds at an Oireachtas Committee on Housing and Homelessness hearing in May 2016.

There is growing resistance to the notion that the sale of people’s debts was necessary

Susan Murray a TCD business student and model wearing a ballgown designed by Brid Nihill during a photocall to publicise the 1999 Trinity Ball. Photograph: Matt Kavanagh.

What may be an enjoyable slice of nostalgia pie for Trinity graduates may leave others with indigestion, suggests Diarmaid Ferrite(...)

Eamon de Valera, in addressing the League of Nations when the Irish Free State held the presidency of the League Council, highlighted his disquiet about the larger powers dominating international organisations

There is precedent for Taoiseach taking on foreign affairs challenge but he must bring coherence and planning

‘Homelessness should be treated as an emergency and more Nama-owned vacant properties occupied.’ Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Priorities include an end to direct provision, child poverty – and Roy Keane’s beard

A card from the Frongoch camp: ‘In Frongoch, Michael Collins had became a dominant figure in what has been described as the ‘university of revolution’.’ Photograph: © National Museum of Ireland

Hundreds of internees from the Rising returned to an already changing Ireland

Former minister for arts John O’ Donoghue  emphasised the need for an ‘arm’s length’ between State and the arts. In th3e background is Frieze, by Fergus Martin and Anthony Hobbs, 2003. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Since the foundation of the State, its relationship with the arts has been ambiguous

Stuart Cole of Adam’s  and Sarah Kinlen with the  Patrick Pearse letter   urging rebels to surrender. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Questions over ownership of historic note that was up for auction will come up again

Fidel Castro  in Shannon during a stopover in 1982. Castro  left a box of  Cohiba cigars for then-taoiseach Charles Haughey.

Irish policy towards Cuba hardened under Lemass and did not soften until 1995

Catríona Crowe, the former head of special projects at the National Archive, has referred to “our depressing history of archival self-destruction”. Picture: RTÉ

Ireland has long history of destroying documents and understaffing institutions

Taoiseach  Séan Lemass and president Éamon DeValera signing the proclamation to dissolve Dáil Éireann in March 1965. Photograph:  INM/Getty Images

Kenny is a ruthless survivor with no vision and Martin’s FF is entrenched in tribalism

’Notions of community and civility have taken a battering during this election but that does not mean they are dead, given that Trump also managed to generate much disgust and distress in the US.’ Photograph: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

In dealing with the incoming US president, Ireland should not let self-interest rule

Martin McGuinness and Arlene Foster speaking to journalists in Downing Street recently. Photograph: Facundo Arrizabalaga/EPA

Dismissals of claims that Brexit could damage peace process are worrying

Charles Stewart Parnell, founder and leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party, addressing an anti-rent meeting in Limerick in 1879. Image: Culture Club/Getty Images

How the whip system has reduced the Dáil to a galley of whipped voting slaves

The flourishes of both Patrick Pearse and James Connolly are evident in 1916 Proclamation of the Irish Republic. Photographer: Dara Mac Dónaill

We have had a number of ‘mission statements’ over the past 100 years, but have any visions become reality?

Wrong location for   archive? The Mary Robinson Centre in Ballina, Co Mayo. Photograph: Keith Heneghan/Phocus

The former president should follow the practice of her predecessors and donate her papers to the National Library, the National Ar(...)

‘O’Leary revelled in a coarse, hectoring and hate-filled discourse that would make Donald Trump proud – and his primary targets were public servants.’ Photograph: Nick Bradshaw

Ryanair boss is an ideological soulmate for the party that talks centre but thinks right

Cool customer: Ireland captain Paul O'Connell looks on as the match is called off just before kick off due to a frozen pitch during the RBS 6 Nations match between France and Ireland at Stade de France on February 11, 2012 in Paris, France.  (Photo by Richard Heathcote/Getty Images)

In ‘The Battle’, the Munster, Ireland and British and Irish Lions powerhouse has written an honest memoir of his battle-scarred li(...)

Democratic US vice-presidential nominee Senator Tim Kaine and Republican vice-presidential nominee Governor Mike Pence: both have Irish roots. Photograph: Kevin Lamarque/Reuters

They may have experienced racism but Irish migrants have a history of attacking others too

A Guinness advertisement in Elephant and Castle, London. Photograph: Bert Hardy/Picture Post/Getty Images

Mary Mitchell O’Connor’s blunder latest in series of botched efforts to connect with emigrants

John Bowman: has gathered an original and challenging mix of material. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons

Selected personal testimonies make for a picture of Irish life that undercuts ‘official’ history

The Central Library at Dún Laoghaire, Co Dublin, where staff are objecting to a decision by management to open on Sundays without any library staff present. Photograph: Eric Luke.

Many library users need assistance and libraries have to be staffed by those with knowledge to be true to their mission

A rally organised by the federation of Dublin anti-water charges campaign. Photograph: The Irish Times

The determination of politicians, not to do what is best for the environment or what is equitable, but what is most popular is und(...)

Perhaps reminders of difficult parts of the national experience should  also be present on All-Ireland Sundays in Croke Park. Photograph: Dara Mac Donaill

Abuse survivor Mannix Flynn wants name changed, but is that such a good idea?

US Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump stands on a red carpet in Shannon Airport during a visit in 2014. Photograph: Sean Curtin.

Dollar Exports Advisory Committee called for tax concession on profits from exports

President Michael D Higgins speaking at the Beal na Blath commemoration, Co. Cork Pic Michael Mac Sweeney/Provision

President was right to speak of the need to recognise the atrocities committed by both sides

Diarmaid Ferriter on Tom Inglis’s book unravelling why we Irish are the way we are

At the national hunger strike commemoration march last year,  at which family members of those who died during the hunger strikes hold  portraits of those who died. Photograph:  Nick Bradshaw

On this day 35 years ago, INLA hunger striker Michael Devine died in the Maze prison, the tenth and last of the hunger strikers to(...)

A mural depicts the late Bishop Edward Daly (right) waving a white handkerchief  in the Bogside area of Derry. Photograph: Paul Faith/AFP/Getty Images

‘Ironically, given his profile during and after Bloody Sunday, Daly was wary of political involvement’

‘It is a reliable and steady companion. It encourages and reinforces positive behaviour and it only needs to be recharged every few days. It tells her how fabulous she is with great regularity and gusto.’

I wonder where all this data goes. What is done with it and by whom?

 US President George W. Bush (R) drives with British Prime Minister Tony Blair (L) in his truck after Blair arrived at the Bush’s Prairie Chapel Ranch 05 April 2002 in Crawford, Texas.  STEPHEN JAFFE/AFP/Getty Images

Blair believed he had a moral certainty and a purpose that was superior to the anti-war movement

Diarmaid Ferriter: “The wheel has turned over the decades in relation to Anglo-Irish relations and how joint involvement in the EU transformed perspectives.” Photographs: The Irish Times

Younger unionists keen to stay in EU may feel less trenchant about their unionism

‘During the referendum campaign, Charles Powell, former adviser to Margaret Thatcher, insisted that had she been voting she would have voted to remain with the aim of reforming from within.’ Photograph: PA

Thatcher insisted that it was highly damaging ‘to try to suppress nationhood’

In 1853, in response to the unprecedented wave of immigration that saw 3 million arrive in the US in the previous decade, the Know Nothing Party emerged as a force in US political life

Arrogant self-certainty is central to Trump’s campaign, but it is more sinister than that

Taoiseach Jack Lynch had been more than happy to host Ali in his office at Leinster House; indeed, judging by contemporary reports, the atmosphere was positively giddy. Photograph: Kevin McMahon

Civil servants kept the ‘boastful, bombastic man’ away from ageing president

Almost 40 years ago, this newspaper caused a huge stir and was denounced after its exposé of Garda brutality.

Mistakes made dealing with subversion in the 1970s should not now be made in reacting to gangland crime

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