After Bloody Sunday November 21st 1920,  the bodies of British officers assassinated in Dublin during the Irish War of Independence are taken back to England for burial. The men were members of British intelligence cell, the Cairo Gang. File photograph: Getty

Backlash left IRA reeling and enhanced British intelligence. Then talk turned to truce

‘Coronavirus restrictions are worth little if North and South continue on divergent paths.’ File photograph: Colin Keegan/Collins

Coronavirus restrictions are worth little if North and South continue on divergent paths

The Four Courts: There is nothing straightforward about a showdown between the Oireachtas and a recalcitrant judge. Photograph: Chris Maddaloni/Collins

We have no precedent for the successful impeachment of a judge

Protesters in Portland, Oregon, on the day after the US presidential election vote. Photograph: Kathryn Elsesser/AFP via Getty Images

Even with a narrow Joe Biden victory there will be no neat resolution

Just what constitutes a public as opposed to a private record in relation to our history of institutionalisation?  Photograph: Getty Images

Diarmaid Ferriter: Records of Mother and Baby Home inquiry have raised wider questions about access to archival material

It is obvious that Nphet, dominated by Department of Health and HSE voices, is not representative enough. Will more thought be given now to the suggestion in the Government’s document from June about the governance structures of Nphet that its composition “may change further over time in line with the expertise required across the response”? Photograph: Colin Keegan/Collins

Government has promised us a slice of Christmas if we improve our ‘behaviour’

Chief medical officer Dr Tony Holohan at a Covid-19 update press conference. There was swift, co-ordinated action in facing foot-and-mouth disease in 2007 but North-South incoherence in facing Covid-19 today. Photograph:  Colin Keegan, Collins Dublin

It is absurd that, even with new stricter measures North and South, there is insufficient uniformity

 Dr Tony Holohan: It is highly likely Ireland will move to Level 5. Such will be the enormity of that move and its consequences that the row between Nphet and the Government might fade into the background.  Photograph:  Colin Keegan

Holohan versus Government narrative misplaced as unanimity on plan elusive

Fianna Fáil leader Micheál Martin has targeted Mary Lou McDonald’s Sinn Féin as the biggest threat to his party’s future.

Could reviving social partnership resuscitate the ailing catch-all party, wrongfoot FG and see off SF?

In her new memoir Mary McAleese is both Catholic Church insider and outsider. Photograph: Patrick Browne/ The Irish Times

Book review: in Here’s the Story, the former president tells a lot, but not all, about her extraordinary career

Surely the existence of so many advisers is tantamount to a recognition that civil servants are still not given ample scope to initiate. File photograph: Getty

Is there an inbuilt acceptance that Ministers must be surrounded by a cohort of mentors?

Those with power in Downing Street  have no regard for Northern Ireland or the DUP.

Boris Johnson just the latest British poltician to use unionism to advance his own agenda

Covid-19 graph and Prof Philip Nolan: Have we suffered from a lack of consideration given to opinions alternative to those promoted by the  National Public Health Emergency Team? Photograph:  Colin Keegan

Have we focused too narrowly on medical and scientific view of emergency team?

There is reason to believe those running pubs can adapt again if allowed, instead of facing existential crises. Photograph: The Irish Times

The centrality of the pub to Irish life is a cause of celebration and anguish

Former chief justice Susan Denham: asked to undertake a report on the attendance of Supreme Court judge Séamus Woulfe at the Clifden golf dinner. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Separation of powers aside, we expect our Supreme Court judges to use good judgement

Britain’s prime minister Boris Johnson: It is easy for British ministers to dash in and out of Belfast and offer platitudes, but  complications have always followed them. Photograph: Pippa Fowles

North’s creation was admission of defeat and commemoration must be sober

 Inis Mór: Our island communities have to be particularly careful of coronavirus.

Offshore communities have mixed feelings about Covid-19’s geographic access

David Lean films a tempestuous sea on the west coast of Ireland for a climactic scene in the MGM film Ryan’s Daughter. Photograph: Archive Photos/Getty

Paul Benedict Rowan’s book does David Lean and most of the 1970 movie’s cast no favours

Seán Lemass ‘would not have envisaged a Fianna Fáil taoiseach managing a coalition government’. Photograph: Independent News And Media/Getty Images

FF founding father’s observations on leadership and political psychology are still relevant

Catherine Martin, newly appointed Minister for Media, Tourism, Arts, Culture, Sports and the Gaeltacht, receives her seal of office from President Michael D Higgins in June. Photograph: Maxwells

The arts have long been starved of funding and given a minor role in government policy

The newly elected Cabinet of the 33rd Dáil ahead of their first Cabinet meeting in Dublin Castle. Photograph: Julien Behal/PA Wire

Paper sees region’s overlooked politicians as victims in battle raging since 17th century

Clare Bailey, the leader of the northern Greens, does not identify as unionist or nationalist in the Northern Assembly, but as ‘feminist’. Photograph: Tom Honan

David Norris should know better than to query role of party’s branch in the North

Ireland’s gifted Paul McGrath – The Black Pearl of Inchicore – salutes fans at the World Cup homecoming in Dublin on  July 1st, 1990. File photograph: Inpho

A changing country fixated by exploits in Italy and grappling with political turmoil at home

Green Party leader Eamon Ryan: the party seems determined to undermine itself and its priorities. Photograph: Gareth Chaney/Collins

Green Party seems to have learned little from its last time in government

The Prince of Wales with UCC  president  Prof Patrick O’Shea looking at a statue of Queen Victoria during the official 2018 visit. File photograph: Julien Behal

A protest can do violence to historical context, messy, layered indentities and inheritances

Green Party leader Eamon Ryan wondered in 2011 “will the other parties just steal our clothes”? No, they won’t. They will more likely insist those clothes are unaffordable. Photograph: Gareth Chaney/Collins

Diarmaid Ferriter: Price of power will be compromise and a divided membership

The front page of French newspaper Le Petit Journal, December 5th, 1920, depicting British police attacking a farm in Tipperary occupied by Sinn Féin members. Photograph: Leemage/UIG via Getty Images

It invokes such partiality that, 100 years later, untangling its knotted legacy is not easy

How old-fashioned it appears now to strive for a university  with pride in its self-made identity and producing independent thinkers.

Diarmaid Ferriter: Even before Covid-19 third level faced threats from market-based ideas

Normal People author Sally Rooney. Photograph: Nick Bradshaw

Today’s television sex is far too polished and sophisticated

A man carries an Irish flag during the St Patrick’s Day parade in New York: Emigrants frequently have to straddle two worlds, handling identity, dislocation and integration issues. Photograph:  Reuters/Shannon Stapleton

In a sense, it is like a return to the 1950s when Irish emigrants in the US could rarely attend family funerals

Taoiseach Éamon de Valera inspecting troops during the  Emergency:  Ireland is now hoping to look beyond a different emergency, Covid-19,  but with  similar questions. Photograph: Military Archives

Rationing, restrictions persisted after second World War but hope, politics were mutating

Chief medical officer Dr Tony Holohan’s response when asked about possible easing of restrictions  – “I haven’t made my mind up” – underlines the extent of the enormous power he and the NPHET wield. Photograph: Nick Bradshaw

Those devising responses to national crises need to be wary of distraction

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This may be the best chance to achieve a fairer balance since the postwar period

According to Charles Haughey in 1987, the economic policies of his government had been ‘dictated by the sheer necessity of economic survival’. Photograph: Paddy Whelan

How will the debts being generated be paid, and on whom will the burden fall?

The late Tim Robinson photographed near Roundstone in Connemara. Robinson ‘became a victim of Covid-19 at the very time when the Covid crisis emphatically underlined the importance of his work and mission’. Photograph: Brian Farrell

Writer’s connection to islands around us an example of artistic wisdom society has undervalued

Born in the shadow of the Rock of Cashel, Tom lived his childhood during another Emergency in the second World War. Photograph : Fergal Shanahan

Pandemic robs us of the power to gather and grieve

Simon Harris has said ‘there can be no public versus private here’. Photograph: Aidan Crawley/EPA

Legacy of crisis should be a system based on health need, not ability to pay

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar addressing the country on St Patrick’s Day. Photograph: RTÉ/PA Wire.

Coronavirus is a challenge but our nation's brief history is full of setbacks

Victims of the 1918 influenza pandemic are quarantined in a converted warehouse. Photograph: Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images

Diarmaid Ferriter: Then, as now, disinfection and purification were watchwords for preventing spread

One of the five dormitories at Artane industrial school, 1905

Too many who needed to be helped were instead subjected to new trauma

Sinn Féin president Mary Lou McDonald at a party rally at Liberty Hall, Dublin. Photograph:   Tom Honan

Building consensus around its core project of reunification will be more difficult

For all the talk of new dawns, the idea of FF and FG sharing power is not unprecedented. Photograph: Alan Betson

Successful coalitions need a common purpose, and smaller parties must prioritise

Former Sinn Féin president Gerry Adams looks on as the party’s leader, Mary Lou McDonald, addresses its national executive committee in Dublin on Monday. Photograph: Niall Carson/PA Wire

SF will go on repositioning itself as the prospect of power focuses minds in the party

Members of the Seventh Infantry Battalion Luke Shanahan and Pte Martin Knap light candles during the annual Light Up a Life fundraising event at Our Lady’s Hospice in Harold’s Cross, Dublin. Photograph: Alan Betson

Too many of our basic services are supplied and funded by voluntary organisations

Former British prime minister Tony Blair, former US Senator George Mitchell and former taoiseach Bertie Ahern. Photograph: Dan Chung/AFP/Getty

New books include in-depth interviews with protagonists in 1998

‘Retrospectively, John Kelly seemed to regard the mid-1970s as the golden age for Fine Gael.' Photograph: Cyril Byrne

FG cannot afford the arrogance accrued in recent years, while FF cannot afford a return of its historic swagger

Leo Varadkar: his early-rising slogan may come back to  haunt him, and  vindicate Coveney’s   warning  in 2017.  Photograph: Getty Images

Fine Gael's period in power has put the lie to bed that integrity distinguishes them

Members of the Black and Tans, an armed auxiliary force of the Royal Irish Constabulary, and British army privates watch fighting at  the siege of the Four Courts in June 1922. Photograph: Topical Press Agency/Getty

Thorny issues of past require sensitivity but realism – in both North and South

Suspects being searched in Dublin, Ireland in 1920 during the Irish War of Independence. From Story of Twenty Five Years, published 1935. (Photo by: Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images)

National Library exhibition makes space for civilian experience of intense conflict

 Black & Tans guarding Dublin street after a shooting on Gloucester Road.

Diarmaid Ferriter: The terrorising Black and Tans had no monopoly on brutality in 1920

Marian Finucane in January 1980: rarely lost her inquisitiveness of instinct for what would generate an emotional charge.  Photograph: Pat Langan

Broadcaster’s empathy and humanity explored society for mixed Irish audience

A Christmas crib at the Jasna Gora Monastery in  southern Poland. Filling the crib has long been controversial. Photograph: Waldemar Deska/EPA

Traditional nativity scene-setting gives way to distasteful commercialisation

Michael Collins and Richard Mulcahy at Arthur Griffith's funeral, August 1922

Details of what lay behind the threatened Army mutiny of 1924 are only emerging now

Book review: Leeann Lane does justice to the activist who has been unfairly underestimated

Under the Litter Pollution Act 1997, it is an offence for someone to allow their dog to foul in a public place. Photograph: Joe Raedle/Getty Images

Canine excrement covers our streets as unsocial dog-owners escape any penalty

Minister of external affairs Frank Aiken and taoiseach Éamon de Valera

This book marking a century of foreign policy provides a well-written overview

Mr Justice Sean Ryan, chairman  of the Commission to Inquire into Child Abuse,  with Anne McLoughlin of the confidential committee. A compromise between the concerns of  survivors   and the issue of promised confidentiality needs to be found. Photograph: Eric Luke

Similar problems about sealing sensitive records have been dealt with before

While Fianna Fáil’s Seán MacEntee in opposition in 1929 decried the usurpation of powers by unelected officials, in time he was himself castigated for championing further central control over local authorities.

Every government since independence has looked to centralise power

An Irish immigrant sits on a chair next to an Italian and her children at Ellis Island in the early 20th century. Photograph:  FPG/Getty Images

All migrant history encompasses guilt, shame, progress, dislocation and tragedy

An East German policeman  looking through a hole  in the Berlin Wall in November  1989. Those breaching the  wall 30 years ago justifiably felt they were at the centre of history, but they were nowhere  near the end of it. Photograph: Gerard Malie/AFP/Getty Images

Convulsions always generate a hankering for what has been displaced

The two big beasts of Fianna Fáil and Fine Gael still dominate and there is still much faux posturing about the supposed gulf between them. Photograph: Bryan O’Brien

The two big parties may swap places but there will be no radical new approach

A section of the the peace wall between the Catholic Falls Road and the Protestant Shankill Road in Belfast. Photograph: Paul Faith/AFP via Getty Images

Fraught Brexit process puts onus on all in North to keep striving for dialogue

Emma De Souza and her husband, Jake. Photograph: Colm Lenaghan/Pacemaker Press

It must be seen in the context of the tortured identity politics of Northern Ireland

‘On the Run’ by Seán Keating. Copyright The Estate of Seán Keating, IVARO Dublin, Image courtesy of the Crawford Art Gallery, Cork

The remarkable level of human detail in pension applications enhances our understanding of republican volunteers both during and a(...)

In revolutionary Ireland 100 years ago, the formal promise was made that ‘no child should suffer hunger’. Photograph: iStock

Patchiness of Government scheme shows up the extent of food extremes that coexist here

Benedict Kiely, the centenary of whose birth falls this year, was a critic of unionist misrule. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Brexit crisis gives added force and relevance to the words of Omagh-born writer Benedict Kiely

 US president Donald Trump and British prime minister Boris Johnson:   If we have learnt anything over the last three years it is that  contemporary crises demand a proper knowledge of the history of statecraft. Photograph:  Saul Loeb/AFP

More than ever we must study the roads that lead to a dangerous level of political dysfunction

Independent farmers and supporters outside the Dawn Meats plant at Grannagh on the Waterford-Kilkenny border. Photograph: Brian Lawless/PA Wire

Small farmers and factory workers are exploited, and the State does little to help them

Boris Johnson quoted Ian Paisley as saying of Northern Ireland “that the people were British but the cattle were Irish”.

Solution lies in shared distrust of London and pragmatically prioritising North

Ironically, given the wailing of Jacob Rees-Mogg, it will be Boris Johnson who will now imitate Charles Stewart Parnell and launch his people versus parliament crusade to win a majority

The British prime minister might already have overplayed his hand, just as Parnell did

Boris Johnson speaks at a Conservative Party leadership campaign hustings at in London. File Photograph: Neil Hall/EPA

The hypocrisy inherent in the British PM's words and deeds is astounding

British prime minister Boris Johnson: blithely ignoring all the  complications of Brexit. Photograph: Finnbarr Webster

Johnson speaks of Belfast Agreement’s ‘delicate balance’ but is ignorant of it

  British paratroopers in Derry on Bloody Sunday. The conflict continued to divide trade unions, county councils and sporting organisations among others: in that sense the Troubles was, in historian Brian Hanley’s words, “a constant backdrop” to life in the Republic. Photograph: William L. Rukeyser/Getty Images

Psychological divide remains between people in the Republic and Northern Ireland

The British prime minister, Boris Johnson. Photograph: Simon Dawson/EPA

It contributed to partition, ongoing strife and a sense of unfinished business

Former taoiseach Jack Lynch:  he  struggled to find a coherent, agreed cabinet response as the North became inflamed in 1969

The relationship between Dublin and London needs to be managed carefully to dilute the current ‘momentum of disorder’

We were hilariously warned this week by the retired MEP and new chief executive of Banking and Payments Federation Ireland, Brian Hayes, that ‘for the last number of years, bank bashing is the new form of groupthink in this country’. Photograph: Alan Betson

Gamekeeper-turned-poacher Brian Hayes now has the gall to cheerlead for the banking elite

Conservative Party leadership contender Boris Johnson. ‘Wilful ignorance about the Border suffuses Johnson’s outlook.’ Photograph: Andrew Matthews/Reuters

Dublin needs to engage in realistic planning for the Border in case of a no-deal Brexit

Garda Majella Moynihan in 1998: As senior gardaí interrogated her, she was subjected to a lay version of a Catholic marriage tribunal. Photograph: RTÉ

Hounding of Majella Moynihan had roots in force’s hypocritical ‘manliness’ ethos

Boris Johnson during the launch of his campaign to become leader of the Conservative Party. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

Tory leadership contender is so unprincipled and dishonest he may retreat on the Border

Former minister for justice Alan Shatter. In retirement, it appears he continues to be convinced of the stupidity and unthinking prejudices of his political opponents and oblivious to his shortcomings. File photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons

Diarmaid Ferriter: Few mourned his downfall but it has nothing to do with his Jewish faith

Green Party leader Eamon Ryan had his work cut out for him after the party’s annihilation in the 2011 general election. Photograph: Niall Carson/PA Wire

Party has momentum on climate change, but faces old questions of purity versus participation

John Hume  (left) and Seamus Mallon  walk on the strand at the Slieve Donard Hotel, in Newcastle during a break from the SDLP annual conferece on November 18th, 2000. Photograph: Matt Kavanagh

Seamus Mallon details growing up in sectarian settings and his political career

Margaret Thatcher: the bond she cultivated with the US was paralleled by a destructive disdain for Europe. Photograph: Getty Images

Diarmaid Ferriter: Thatcher’s victories came at the cost of deep inequalities and confusion about British identity that still reso(...)

It seems likely that Fine Gael’s European candidate in Dublin, Frances Fitzgerald, will easily top the poll. Photograph: Dara Mac Donaill / The Irish Times

Despite its urgency, the environment is not a main theme for most European election candidates

TK Whitaker, when looking back at the early years of the ESB, pointed out that  “the government showed no pusillanimity in setting up a national monopoly in the production and sale of an essential source of energy”, and the ESB stood by its statutory mandate. Photograph: Neil Warner for ESB

The ESB was given responsibility for what was a national project in 1946 – and it worked

In the Allianz ad Donogh O’Malley’s son Daragh  delivers the famous speech introducing free education.

Donogh O’Malley’s free education speech from 1966 is pillaged for profit by insurer

Margaret MacCurtain. “MacCurtain’s life and work reflect the second wave of the feminist movement in Ireland that emerged in the late 1960s.” Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons

Margaret MacCurtain embraced challenge of commission on status of women

Éamon de Valera in 1948: JJ Lee’s analysis of the political state-builders, including William T Cosgrave, de Valera and Seán Lemass, was multilayered and nuanced. Photograph: Haywood Magee/Getty

Historian’s classic account lacerated the country’s mediocrity and begrudgery

Taoiseach John A Costello  arriving at Northolt Airport for trade talks with the British government, June 16th,  1948. Photograph: Keystone/Getty

Ireland Act saw the exit from the Commonwealth and a burst of pious hot air in the Dáil

“For all the recent focus on the ‘solidarity’ of the EU in backing Ireland’s insistence on no return to a hard border and protection of the Belfast Agreement, there is too much muteness and ambiguity about the elephant of post-Brexit Irish citizenship in the room. Photograph: Nick Bradshaw

DeSouza case highlights difficulties set to arise in asserting EU rights

Edna O’Brien: has acknowledged the censorship and outrage bruised her. Photograph: Frank Miller

Ireland has a long way from its 1960s ban on Country Girls to praise for Normal People

Tánaiste Simon Coveney and DUP MP Jeffrey Donaldson at the Fine  Gael national conference in Wexford last Saturday. Photograph: Patrick Browne/FG/PA Wire

Party realists realise a shift in the wider balance of power requires a new strategy

Richie Ryan, Garret FitzGerald and Nuala Fennell at a Fine Gael press conference in June 1979. Photograph: Eddie Kelly

Party grandees have conveniently forgotten how former minister was sidelined

What we have been witnessing since the 2016 Brexit referendum is  the inevitable culmination of a history of melancholy morphing into vehemence. Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA

Britain has always seen the EU as something to be endured rather than embraced

SDLP leader Colum Eastwood speaking at Fianna Fáil’s ardfheis  in February: the SDLP’s force has  dissipated. Photograph: Brian Lawless/PA

Northern nationalists look to be locked outside the gates of power

Are we storing up trouble with iPad schools and overreliance on technology-enhanced learning that can facilitate distraction and neglect of writing and reading skills?

Digital technology is vital but it may be eroding communication functions

IRA men pulling down the union jack from the Masonic Hall on Molesworth Street in Dublin in 1922.

Diarmaid Ferriter: State’s origin merits a complex and versioned history

In December 2017, Taoiseach Leo Varadkar assured Northern unionists: “The Irish Government has no hidden agenda.” Photograph: Liam McBurney/PA Wire

Diarmaid Ferriter: Fine Gael needs to back up its rhetoric on the North

Border patrol: a wounded British soldier in Co Fermanagh in 1978. Photograph: Alex Bowie/Getty

Thatcher made one visit to the Border, and viewed it ‘from the window of a high-speed helicopter’

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