Having 10 or more sex partners linked to heightened cancer risk

Findings echo previous studies implicating STIs in development of types of cancer

As an observational study, it cannot establish cause. Photograph: iStock

As an observational study, it cannot establish cause. Photograph: iStock

 

People who have had 10 or more sexual partners during their lifetime are at a heightened risk of being diagnosed with cancer, according to new research.

And women with a higher number of sexual partners have heightened odds of reporting a limiting long-term health condition, the study by English researchers found.

Women who had 10 or more sexual partners were almost twice as likely as women with no or one sexual partner to have been diagnosed with cancer, they found. Among men, those with a higher number of sexual partners were 69 per cent more likely to have the disease.

The study, published in BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health, draws on information from almost 6,000 respondents to an English longitudinal study on ageing.

The average age of participants was 64, and almost three out of four were married. Some 28.5 per cent of men said they had had 0-1 sexual partners to date; 29 per cent said they had had 2-4; one in five (20 per cent) reported 5-9; while 22 per cent reported 10 or more.

The equivalent figures for women were: just under 41 per cent; 35.5 per cent; just under 16 per cent; and just under 8 per cent.

Correlations

In both sexes, a higher number of sexual partners was associated with younger age, single status and being in the highest or lowest brackets of household wealth.

Those who reported a higher tally of sexual partners were also more likely to smoke, drink frequently and do more vigorous physical activity on a weekly basis.

Although the number of sexual partners was not associated with reported long-standing conditions among the men, it was among the women.

Women who reported 5-9 or 10-plus lifetime sexual partners were 64 per cent more likely to have a limiting chronic condition than those who said they had had 0-1.

As an observational study, it cannot establish cause. Nevertheless, the authors say their findings chime with those of previous studies implicating sexually transmitted infections in the development of several types of cancer and hepatitis.