How much can Boris Johnson’s government be trusted to act with rigorous impartiality and to refrain from external impediment? Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA

World View: But where trust is diminished institutions can compensate

US president Joe Biden’s taxation and investment policies are closely linked as well to his policies on China.  Photograph: Alex Wong/ Getty

Direction of US president’s foreign policy puts State’s relations with EU, UK and US in question

President Higgins: “while it has been vital to our purposes in Ireland to examine nationalism, doing the same for imperialism is equally important and has a significance far beyond British/Irish relations”. Photograph: Getty Images

Paul Gillespie: ASEAN nations seek to protect their consensual, informal and respectful diplomacy

 US president Joe Biden: China is the most important foreign policy issue facing the US.  Photograph:  EPA/Oliver Contreras

World View: European states and most US allies in Asia would be more open to engagement with China than Biden would like

Throughout the Brexit saga Ireland has been empowered by EU membership - just as the UK withdrew. Photograph: iStock

World View: Large states in Europe do not recognise how small they are alone

A monument of the composer Ludwig van Beethoven in Vienna, Austria. File photograph: Getty Images/iStockphoto

World View: Composer’s values can help us to act to change a dissociated world

Solidarity from the EU over Northern Ireland and Brexit is now joined by similar support from the incoming Biden administration. Photograph:  Olivier Douliery/AFP via Getty Images

Macron’s vision of a more activist and autonomous Europe is worthy of consideration

Britain’s prime minister Boris Johnson: There is “an almost colonial mindset” among some London ministers and officials dealing with devolved governments and city mayors. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP

Scottish independence and Irish unity linked politically by common problems

Melting Arctic ice, wildfires in California and Australia and methane gas leaks in the North Sea are warning signs of an approaching climatic tipping point in the wake of this Covid emergency. File photograph: Getty

We are over time on shifting to an economic system that is not only sustainable, but fair

Former European commissioner for trade Phil Hogan, who resigned from the position on Wednesday,   with European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen earlier this year. Photograph: Stephanie Lecocq/EPA

He was at the centre of talks between EU, UK and US as an advocate of our interests and concerns

A  fruit vendor at a wholesale market in Xuzhou, China: Donald Trump began his othering campaign with Covid-19 as a Chinese disease. It was taken on board by his  China hawks. Photograph: Giulia Marchi/New York Times

US president ‘others’ factions as enemies of state as policy trick for his re-election

 British prime minister Boris Johnson: For 40 years, British food standards have been aligned with Europe’s. They are higher than US ones and based on the precautionary principle. Photograph: Will Oliver

Battles over food, mobility and residence turn international at Border and in sea

US president Donald Trump and China’s president Xi Jinping. Critics of China say magnanimity is one hallmark of a great power rather than the current chauvinism. Photograph: Artyom Ivanov

World View: Stronger EU foreign policy needs to match trade and investment ambitions

The UK’s cabinet office minister Michael Gove. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

World View: More resilient legal means are now needed to overcome distrust thrown up by Brexit

Men load  food aid in a truck in Abuja, Nigeria.  African and Latin American countries participated in the transition to a more multi-polar world but have not escaped  peripherality. Photograph: Afolabi Sotunde/Reuters

Can the crisis create a more fair world, or will imbalance of power grow?

This world is fundamentally challenged by the coronavirus crisis, whose speed of spread is completely new. Photograph: Alan Betson

Covid-19 effects on international order overlap with disruption of globalisation

Empty street in Naples due to coronavirus: if Italy is made to survive alone or with differential and unequal costs, its disenchantment with the lack of EU solidarity could prove terminal for its membership. Photograph: Cesare Abbate

Deep solidarity, including a common debt instrument, is needed if euro zone is to survive

US president Donald Trump: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has had its budget cut by 10, 19 and 20 per cent over the last three years as part of Trump’s deregulatory crusade. Photograph: Al Drago/Bloomberg

When multilateral action is needed, xenophobia and self-interest is driving the response

The LucidTalk survey is based on a stratified panel of 13,207 voluntary respondents regularly surveyed online about a broad range of commercial and political issues. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA

World View: Brexit toxic for unionists if it reinforces the North's divergence from the EU

Digger manufacturer JCB, based in Staffordshire in England, is cutting production  and is putting its 4,000 staff on reduced working hours from Monday due to the coronavirus outbreak. Photograph: Rui Vieira/PA Wire

World View: The outbreak and its effects dramatise the rise of connectivity

Unfinished house in Portlaoise in 2012. The decision to abolish town councils in 2014  reduced Irish local authorities from 114 to 31 compared to 600 when elections were first held in 1899. Photograph: Bryan O’Brien

World View: Many services can be better delivered locally rather than nationally

 European Union trade commissioner Phil Hogan: Ireland’s shifting position in the transatlantic setting makes it vital to have him in such a pivotal role. Photograph: Andrew Harrer/Bloomberg

Commerce shapes EU’s global agenda with Brexit, US, China and Japan as key players

Pigs feed at a landfill site in front of a power station near the city of Bitola in the Republic of North Macedonia. Photograph: Georgi Licovski

2019 witnessed radicalisation of global movements tackling green crisis

Powers and competences already devolved to Edinburgh from London like agriculture and energy are recentralised as they return from Brussels.

Sturgeon argues that Scottish views on Brexit have been disregarded in Brussels negotiations

European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen’s team believes that if the European Union does not become a key global actor it will lose influence. Photograph: Kenzo Tribouillard/AFP

World View: Irish policy has to think its way into a sphere of weaponised soft power

Algerians chant slogans at  a demonstration as campaigning for Algeria’s presidential election next month got under way. Photograph: Ryad Kramdi/AFP

World View: Protest movements require more truthful online media to succeed fully

Mark Drakeford, first minister of Wales, at the launch of the Welsh Labour Party election campaign: there is growing interest among Welsh Labour voters in an independent Wales. Photograph: Ben Birchall/PA Wire

Some 40 per cent of Welsh voters are now ‘indy-curious’, according to a YouGov poll

Boris Johnson’s withdrawal agreement shifts policy towards greater divergence, in a deregulatory bonfire of EU standards. Photograph: Paul Grover/Pool/AFP via Getty

A more generous vision of the EU could be more to the UK’s liking – and Ireland’s

A slow cycle through Dublin city centre was staged in solidarity with Extinction Rebellion’s week of direct action on climate change. Photograph: Dave Meehan

Apocalyptic imagery, situationist mockery and disruption are very potent tools

Hedge funds especially resent the EU regulation imposed on their ‘vulture capitalism’ after the 2008 financial crash. Photograph: Michael Nagle/Bloomberg

World View: Divergence from EU rules would lead to fewer protections for workers

 A defaced ‘Welcome to Northern Ireland’ sign is displayed on the Irish Border in Derry. Photograph: Charles McQuillan/Getty Images

World View: Two studies are under way to plan for potential changes from UK’s exit

A video grab shows Britain’s former foreign secretary Boris Johnson delivering a speech in the House of Commons in London. File Photograph: Parliamentary Recording Unit/AFP/Getty Images

Ireland's refusal of Anglo-Irish bilateralism and preference for European solidarity perplexes them

US president Donald Trump and China’s president Xi Jinping at the start of their bilateral meeting at the G20 leaders’ summit in Osaka, Japan, in June. Photograph: Kevin Lamarque/Reuters

West will have to get used to rest of the world having the same ambitions as it

Bundles of aluminium ingots in a stockyard in Wuxi, China: The EU is developing a firmer engagement with Beijing. Photograph: Qilai Shen/Bloomberg

World View: EU must judge if its interests are aligned with those of US, Japan and India

“A hard-Brexit UK is finding itself dependent on an America First agenda in a much more zero-sum world dividing into competing blocs.” Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty Images

Shift from softer to harder power is not good news for smaller states

Polls show repeatedly how strongly Conservative members and voters prefer achieving Brexit over supporting Scotland and Northern Ireland. Photograph: Vincent Kessler

Republic must be more aware of potential constitutional implications of Brexit

Supporters of president Tayyip Erdogan wave Turkish flags in Istanbul. The country’s  international relations are  changing. Photograph: Murad Sezer

Rerun of Istanbul’s mayoral election poses threat to Erdogan authority

US president Donald Trump: The same tactics used against Iran force European companies and states to become agents of US policy. Photograph: Jonathan Ernst

Ireland may be caught in the middle of a trade war between US and Europe

The overlap of European and local polls reminds us  we are governed at several different levels which are interlinked and entangled. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch

An intimate entanglement links domestic and international levels of authority

A high proportion of the damage to species and climate has happened in the last two generations. An estimated 60 per cent of the world’s wildlife vertebrate population  has been wiped out since 1970.

How compatible with human survival is growth based on capitalist economics?

An Algerian student attends a protest calling for the departure of the Algerian regime in Algiers  on April 23rd. Photograph: Mohamed Messara

Military regimes will sit out crisis and exploit flaws in populist movements

Chinese premier Li Keqiang and European Council president Donald Tusk: meeting was a breakthrough in terms of issues such as the Chinese 5G communications technology which European powers fear will compromise their security. Photograph: Susana Vera

Li Keqiang’s meeting with EU officials is step towards balanced, mature relations

The internet is dominated by five companies: Google, Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Microsoft. Photograph: Dado Ruvic/Reuters

World View: Big tech companies are observing our behaviour and profiting from it

Diverging interests policies have resurrected older asymmetries. Photograph: iStock

Brexit, Bloody Sunday prosecutions and the backstop have cut deep

Some call for a UK-wide constitutional convention or a much more determined effort to codify its rules coherently.

Loss of EU regulatory glue helping hold UK together may lead to its disintegration

People take part in an anti-Brexit rally at the Border near Carrickcarnan, Co Louth in  January. ‘Ireland is a key issue  because the UK’s sovereignty crisis has a dual nature.’ File photograph: Brian Lawless/PA Wire

World View: UK’s dual sovereignty crisis could bring question of Irish unity to a head

Student doctors and dentists  stage  a sit-in outside La Grande Poste in Algiers in February 2018, in protest against compulsory civil service. Photograph: Ryad Kramdi/AFP/Getty Images

Immobile and gerontocratic political regimes are not delivering on promises

US president Donald  Trump: played the trade deficit card that is a longstanding feature of his mercantilist policy profile quite effectively.  Photograph: EPA/Michael Reynolds

We are living through the end of the American world order

Theresa May’s domestic political failure to resolve her trilemma is brutally expressed in the current convulsion and parliamentary impasse over Brexit. Photograph: iStock

World View: May’s current impasse is due to a failure to choose from three options

A bus with students from anti-Brexit protest group ‘Our Future Our Choice’ demonstrates outside  Stormont  in Belfast. Photograph: Clodagh Kilcoyne

English voters overwhelmingly want their money spent in England, not in the North

Competition from China for infrastructure investment in Africa has been a stimulus for change. Photograph:  Simon Maina/AFP/Getty

Investment and trade have replaced aid as key elements of EU-Africa relations

German chancellor Angela Merkel. Her exit is marked by the rise of a right-wing populism. Photograph: Axel Schmidt/Reuters

World View: German direction following the Merkel era will impact on all Europeans

President Michael D Higgins: has made European defence and security part of a critical questioning of market assumptions, historical amnesia and the lack of an ethical dimension in Irish public life.  Photograph:  Collins

World View: Higgins has advocated need to discuss European defence and security

Market and consumer capitalism predicated on unlimited growth is in conflict with planetary limits. Photograph: Natalie Behring/Reuters

Danger and destruction of global warming must trigger real modification of behaviour

China’s president Xi Jinping and US president Donald Trump. Photograph: Nicolas Asfouri/AFP/Getty Images

China under Xi Jinping and the US under Trump will play different roles than in 2008

Supporters at a national programme of Brexit-focused action at the Town Hall in Dover on  Friday, September 14th. Photograph: Gareth Fuller/PA

World View: Political instability makes fudge most plausible immediate outcome

The tomato is easy to transform genetically by improvement, selection and crossing. Photograph: Jane Powers

World View: This cultivated fruit raises regulatory and ethical practice issues

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Photograph: AFP/Turkish Presidential Press Office/Murat Kula

World View: US and Europe must take care with Ankara if they want to retain influence

US president Donald Trump is surrounded by people who, like him, have bought deeply into Islamophobic ideology and propaganda. Photograph: Carolyn Kaster

Paul Gillespie: Linking Islamophobia and anti-Semitism is commonplace in analysis

US secretary of state Mike Pompeo and President Donald Trump: Trump is well-established in power, more confident with a new team and growing in domestic support. Photograph:  Leah Millis/Reuters

Paul Gillespie: Patterns have emerged in US president’s apparently chaotic decisions

Rescued migrants arrive at the port of Motril, southern Spain, on July 4th. Photograph:    Alba Feixas/EPA

EU summit’s fragile compromise on migration will not tackle longer-term issues

To underestimate China’s innovatory practice is a much more serious mistake

 French president Emmanuel Macron: his proposals were pitched unrealistically at a German audience and he is now isolated by the lack of southern allies. Photograph: Ian Langsdon

Ireland’s membership of a group more cautious than Germany looks imprudent

 European Council president Donald Tusk’s blunt warning that the EU can be either a pawn or an independent actor in this new world politics is a remarkable shot across the bows of those who say Trump and Brexit are electorally reversible. Photograph: Reuters

West no longer so dominant in world affairs

If deliberation is discussion aimed at producing reasonable and well-informed opinion, Ireland is going through an intense period of reflection, contestation and debate.

Brexit and Europe are fuelling discussion in civic forums and citizens’ meetings

Ireland lies relatively far north in the Atlantic so the Gulf Stream’s gift of more temperate waters matters hugely to our climate.

Natural history is non-linear with tipping points linked to human-induced changes

Malaysia’s landmark Petronas Twin towers: the country’s estimated 20 million Malays, seven million Chinese, two million Indians and other communities are represented in competing political coalitions organised mainly on communal lines, Photograph: Manan Vatsyayana/AFP/Getty Images

World View: Colonial experiences have put premium on sovereign autonomy

Growing inequalities created resentment among those who lost out from the older social protection, making  them open to nationalist appeals from leaders like Victor Orban in Hungary. Photograph: Attila Kisbenedek/AFP/Getty Images

It was once assumed that their values would flourish in east and central Europe

Going into the economic crisis, Ireland shared many characteristics with the south on debt and bailouts, even though its export-led growth model is more northern.

Worldview: Crash begot regional approaches to deeper integration of EU

 Theresa May: set out what she called “hard facts” about leaving the European Union in a major speech on Friday. Photograph: Leon Neal/AFP/Getty

Preparing an acceptable deal will require imaginative involvement by Irish and British governments

Angela Merkel and Martin Schulz: German politics has a rapidly changing profile.  Photograph: Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg

World View: Leaderships accept political reality but struggle to find suitable vocabulary

Taoiseach  Leo Varadkar told the European Parliament Ireland is committed to EU membership, wants to help shape the debate and is willing to pay more for agreed policies.  Photograph: Jean-Francois Badias/AP

World View: Citizens' dialogue is part of the process of re-examining our bond with EU

Slaves working on sugar cane plantation: a key source of wealth for the West. Photograph: Istock

Worldview: US and Europe must aid Africa and S America’s rising populations

Ardent Brexiteers want to complete the Thatcher revolution of deregulation, introduce a cheap food policy to compensate for lower incomes and scale back the welfare state. Photograph: Dan Kitwood/Getty

Worldview: Which ever way Britain goes, effects will be most keenly felt on Border

 During and after the exit talks Ireland will still have a vital interest to maintain interdependence with Britain  in a new European setting. Photograph: Luke MacGregor/Bloomberg

Ireland’s future relationship with Britain will depend on what deal UK can negotiate with EU

Iranian foreign minister Mohammed Javad Zarif:  “We are in the region. We will never leave. We cannot leave our home. We are not asking anyone to leave.” File photograph: Getty Images

Iran is most stable country in Middle East region and therefore best able to project force

The UK side is ill-prepared, divided on objectives and seeking to use Ireland as a bargaining card in the wider negotiations on trade and market access. Photograph: Kirsty Wigglesworth

UK must give written guarantees on post-Brexit Border to restore trust

Eric Hobsbawm:  writing in the late 1980s, he regarded the Russian revolution as the central event of the 20th century as one-third of humanity lived under communist regimes deriving from those events.

Whatever about Putin’s unease, events of 1917 set the tone for the hundred years since

Chinese president Xi Jinping: “It’s my conviction that the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation will become a reality.” Photograph: How Hwee Young

Xi’s ‘middle-income power by 2021’ will be monitored on ‘seven unmentionables’

The national flag of Spain, left, flies beside the Catalan flag. Photographer: Angel Garcia/Bloomberg

Brexit and Catalonia challenge the European political order

French president Emmanuel Macron attends an EU summit in Tallinn, Estonia. Photograph: Ints Kalnins/Reuters

World View: Emmanuel Macron has dared Europeans to think big about the bloc’s future

In a speech at the European Parliament, European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker called for a more united and democratically accountable European Union. Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

Prospects for Juncker proposals rest on leaders and citizens, not EU commission

The English nationalism that drives Brexit reaffirms most Irish people’s belief that they are better off staying in the European mainstream. Image: iStock

But staying in the EU means choices will have to be made on neutrality and taxation

Global Footprint Network: calculates how many planets we would need to sustain the lifestyles of different countries, groups and individuals

If everyone was to live like the average US citizen we would need five planets

The EU must work with Asean for common pressure on China to multilateralise its Belt and Road Initiative and to dissuade the US from misapplying hard power in the region. Photograph: STR/AFP/Getty

Asean model stands up well compared to EU supranationalist integration

New study  examines how the attitudes of voters, election candidates and political parties  overlap and diverge. Photograph: Alan Betson / The Irish Times

Over half of Sinn Féin voters and a third of independent voters fall into this category

Moroccan migrants rest at the port of Barbate after 163 migrants, including 50 children, were rescued from the Strait of Gibraltar on Friday. Photograph: Marcos Moreno/AFP/Getty Images

A new study shows how reporting often reduces migrant experiences to stereotypes

The long goodbye: European Council president Donald Tusk with British prime minister Theresa May, June 22nd. Photograph: AP

Hard or soft? Complex Ireland question is the opportunity for a less binary approach

Emmanuel Macron: the French Gaullist tradition of asserting multipolarity against the US is being resurrected in his encounters with Donald Trump.   Photograph: Philippe Wojazer/Reuters

The US retreat from global leadership raises challenges for the EU and China

Chinese president Xi Jinping speaks at a news conference at the end of the Belt and Road Forum in Beijing. Photograph: Jason Lee/EPA

Paul Gillespie: Belt and Road initiative a potential pivot of geopolitical change

Emmanuel Macron’s  decision to put European issues centre stage in debates with Marine Le Pen politicises them beyond French borders for Europeans made more aware of possible disintegration by Brexit and Donald Trump. Photograph: Getty Images

Chance to revive constructive politics at European level and confront populists

Religion is a key value in bringing up children in the south Mediterranean and far less so in the north, where respect for other cultures tops a list.

Paul Gillespie: Survey explores negative stereotyping by populist movements

 US president Donald Trump and Chinese president Xi Jinping at the Mar-a-Lago estate in Florida. Trump has gone from accusing China of manipulating its currency to denying it. Jim Watson/AFP/Getty Images

Paul Gillespie: US president remains an opportunistic populist despite policy shifts

Brexit challenge: Ireland and the UK face a more uncertain future than at any time since they  joined the EU, in 1973. Photograph: Artur Widak/Nurphoto via Getty

Dynamics of Political Change in Ireland review: This authoritative collection tells a cautionary tale

Maintaining Ireland’s role in Europe must take full account of how Brexit affects Northern Ireland and the future of the UK itself. Photograph:  Justin Tallis/AFP/Getty Images

Worldview: Strengths and weaknesses of Irish economy and political system will be crystalised

Scottish  first minister Nicola Sturgeon (left) and British prime minister Theresa May: the Scottish National Party case for staying in the single market and customs union were dismissed by May. Photograph: PA Wire

The Belfast Agreement has been disrupted by Brexit and Conservative party behaviour

Taoiseach Enda Kenny  in Brussels: says keeping the Border open will be a political decision and not a technical one. Photograph: Eric Vidal/Reuters

The return of a hard Border would have a devastating impact North and South

Donald Trump and Steve Bannon:  “That chilling prospect concerning migration should focus attention on the group of ‘alternative right’ ideologues Trump has gathered around him.” Photograph:  Mandel Ngan/AFP/Getty Images

New US administration is determined to use its power to fight for what it believes in

Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orban:  like other right-wing populist leaders, he is skilled     at targeting refugees and blaming social ills on immigration. Photograph: Laszlo Balogh/Reuters

With populism on the rise and social-media platforms enabling incendiary comment, restoring media ethics of accuracy and impartial(...)

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