Spanish prime minister Pedro Sanchez: said the allegations were part of an attempt by parties on the political right to discredit him. Photograph:  Mariscal/EPA

Pedro Sánchez’s doctoral thesis is ‘a piece of rubbish’, says newspaper

People wave pro-independence Catalan flags during a demonstration in Barcelona. Photograph: Lluis Gene/AFP/Getty Images

National day celebrations, known as Diada, bring hundreds of thousands on to streets

Catalonian regional president Quim Torra  at the National Theatre of Catalonia in Barcelona, on Tuesday. “We will never renounce our right to self-determination,” Mr Torra said. Photograph:  Alejandro Garcia/EPS

Torra references Martin Luther King and calls on Catalans to take to the streets

Seventy per cent of under-threes in Spain are not in child care

A man runs after over 100 migrants forced their way into the Spanish territory of Ceuta in north Africa:  10  migrants at the border fence between Morocco and the Spanish enclave were arrested on August 28th, 2018. Photograph: Joaquin Sanchez

Perceived U-turn prompts left to condemn Socialist policy while EU’s far right approves

Yellow ribbons shaped as a cross are placed on a beach near Barcelona in support of  jailed Catalan separatist leaders on May 27th, 2018. Photograph: Pau Barrena/AFP/Getty

Pro-independence ribbons in public places prompt fears of political violence in Spain

Luis Magallanes with pianist and humanitarian Gabriella Montero.

Opera singer Luis Magallanes: ‘I’ve gone from a humanitarian crisis to being here’

The basilica at the Valley of the Fallen in San Lorenzo del Escorial near Madrid. Photograph: Javier Soriano/AFP/Getty Images

Decree means dictator’s remains will be removed from Valley of Fallen mausoleum

Number of young people falling to their deaths when attempting to jump from balconies

Spanish minister for territorial policy Meritxell Batet at the Moncloa palace in Madrid. Photograph: Javier Soriano/AFP/Getty Images

Spanish minister Meritxell Batet on her government’s detente with Catalan leaders

 The new leader of the Spanish conservative Popular Party, Pablo Casado, reacts after being elected to the position  at the party’s national congress, in Madrid. Photograph: ZIPI/EPA

Pablo Casado promises a return to traditional conservative values for Popular Party

 Popular Party leadership candidate  Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría  in Madrid, Spain. Photograph: Pablo Cuadra/Getty Images

As the Popular Party chooses a new leader, members grapple with a threat of extinction

Catalonia’s ousted leader Carles Puigdemont at a press conference in Berlin in May 2018. A Spanish judge has dropped a European arrest warrant for Mr Puigdemont. Photograph:  Tobias Schwarz/AFP/Getty Images

Spanish supreme court backtracks in Carles Puigdemont case following German ruling

The Korrika race in Bayonne in southwest France is held annually to promote the Basque language Euskara. Alongside the Basque autonomous community, the northern Spanish region of Navarre and southern France also have substantial Basque-speaking populations. Photograph: Nicolas Mollo/AFP/Getty Images

Euskera speakers on the rise, although some see it as politically tainted

 Catalonia’s former leader Carles Puigdemont: prosecutors said they would soon decide whether to authorise his extradition. Photograph:  Hannibal Hanschke/Reuters

Carles Puigdemont could be extradited to face trial for misuse of public funds

 Spanish prime minister, Pedro Sanchez, welcomes Catalan regional president, Quim Torra (right),  at La Moncloa Palace, in Madrid, Spain. Photograph: EPA/Ballesteros

Prime minister meets with region’s leader Quim Torra in Madrid

Rescued Spanish citizen Patricia Aguilar, who disappeared in 2017 and has lived with a sect in a remote jungle region of Peru. Photograph:  AFP Photo/Municipality of San Martin de Pangoa

Man arrested after allegedly keeping women as slaves

Spain’s King Felipe VI with Spanish prime minister Pedro Sánchez and Catalan regional president Quim Torra at a sports opening ceremony in Tarragona, last week. Photograph: Lluis Gene/AFP/Getty

Pedro Sánchez tries to reduce negative view of capital held by independence movements

The Spanish dictator Francisco Franco: his regime is believed to have encouraged the separation of children of leftist republicans from their mothers in order for them to be raised by families that were sympathetic to his far-right, Catholic ideology. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Doctor accused of involvement in illegal adoption racket during dictatorship

The  calle Estafeta during the San Fermin bull-running festival in Pamplona: event brings about a million visitors to the city from across Spain and abroad. Photograph:  Pablo Blazquez Dominguez/Getty

Spanish bullfighting industry and fans criticise comments ahead of bull-running festival

Spain’s Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez learned English in Dublin and once attended a Shamrock Rovers match, he told Taoiseach Leo Varadkar at their meeting in Madrid on Thursday. Photograph: REUTERS/Susana Vera

Taoiseach fits in trip to view Picasso’s Guernica after meeting new Spanish PM

Search and rescue: some of the migrants picked up in the Mediterranean Sea. Photograph: SOS Mediterranée/AFP

Aquarius and passengers accepted by new PM Pedro Sánchez after Italian crackdown

 Spanish prime minister Pedro Sanchez (centre) with his cabinet after their first  meeting at the Moncloa Palace in Madrid. The cabinet has the highest number of female ministers in the country’s history with 11 women and six  men. Photograph: Pablo Blazquez Dominguez/Getty Images

Eleven out of 18 ministers in Pedro Sánchez’s cabinet are women

The civil guard presence at Bilbao ferry terminal has been increased to control stowaway attempts. Photograph: Guy Hedgecoe

Security tightened around terminal in bid to thwart increasingly ‘desperate’ stowaways

A protest against a judge’s decision to sentence eight defendants to prison, accused of assaulting two Civil Guard officers and their girlfriends in the village of Alsasua, in Navarra, northeastern Spain. Photograph: EPA/Jesus Diges

Court found that youths in Spanish town of Alsasua targeted civil guards in attack

Likely new foreign minister Josep Borrell has been outspoken on Spain’s territorial issue. Photograph: Frederick Florin/AFP/Getty Images

New PM Pedro Sánchez sets the Catalan crisis and gender parity in cabinet as his key goals

An image of  Mallorca, Spain. File photograph: Getty Images

A man in his early 20s has been found dead at an apartment block in Mallorca

Pedro Sánchez acknowledges applause in the Spanish parliament after winning his vote of no confidence in prime minister Mariano Rajoy. Photograph: Pierre-Philippe Marcou/AFP/Getty Images

Pedro Sánchez pulls off unlikely feat but fragile government faces myriad challenges

Spain’s new leader  Pedro Sánchez (left) shakes hands with deposed prime minister Mariano Rajoy  after Mr Sánchez won no-confidence motion in the Spanish parliament in Madrid on Friday. Photograph:  Pierre-Philippe Marcou/Getty Images

Socialist becomes the new PM with the support of a ‘Frankenstein coalition’

Spain’s prime minister Mariano Rajoy during a motion of no confidence debate at parliament in Madrid on Thursday. Photograph: Juan Carlos Hidalgo/Reuters

Leader could resign ahead of no-confidence vote amid torrent of corruption allegations

Spanish prime minister Mariano Rajoy gives a speech two days before a no-confidence motion against his government. Photograph: Pierre-Philippe Marcou/AFP/Getty Images

Spain’s parliament is more fractured than it has been since the return to democracy

 Spanish Socialist Party announced on May 25th   the presentation of a motion of no confidence against the Spanish prime minister Mariano Rajoy. Photograph: EPA/Chema Moya

Spanish prime minister faces no-confidence vote this week

Spanish prime minister Mariano Rajoy: Although he now cuts an isolated and weak figure, the fragmented nature of Spanish politics could yet save him. Photograph: Reuters

Socialists could struggle to gather support for no-confidence vote against prime minister

Newly elected Catalan regional leader Quim Torra outside the Estremera prison near Madrid where he visited Jordi Turull, Josep Rull and  other pro-independence politicians who are jailed there. Photograph: Sergio Perez/Reuters

Spanish direct rule remains after Quim Torra appoints jailed and exiled politicians

Girls skate next to a graffiti reading in Basque “ETA, the people with you” in the Spanish Basque village of Hernani. The militant separatist group announced its dissolution earlier this month. Photograph: Ander Gillenea/AFP/Getty Images

Marked surge in Spanish unionism unnerves nationalists in northern region

Speaker of the Catalan parliament, Roger Torrent, watches as new Catalan president Quim Torra takes the oath of office at the regional government’s headquarters in Barcelona on Thursday. Photograph: Alberto Estevez/EPA

Ciudadanos urges PM to act swiftly to curtail any fresh attempts at unilateral secession

Newly elected Catalonia regional president Quim Torra in the Catalan parliament on Monday. Photograph:   Lluis Gene/AFP/Getty Images

Catalan parliament votes in candidate handpicked by Puigdemont to end stalemate

Ian Gibson: ‘I didn’t want to die without revising the book, it was a moral obligation’

Ian Gibson has lived in Spain for decades and is best known for his work on the poet Federico García Lorca

Joaquim “Quim” Torra:  the candidate proposed by former Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont to head the regional Catalan government. Photograph: Luis Felipe Castilleja/Reuters

Unionists warn against ‘xenophobic’ Joaquim ‘Quim’ Torra as president

MujeresRtve: one of La 1’s newscasters in black on Friday

Journalists wear black and share claims of manipulation by superiors

JxCat party spokeswoman Elsa Artadi  and party members:  to avert an election, pro-independence parties may propose a less controversial candidate for president such as Ms Artadi.  Photograph: Toni Albir/EPA

Controversial move permitting exile to exert power from abroad likely to be blocked

Three Eta militants: now disbanded group complains the nearly 250 of its members in Spanish prisons are deliberately kept in jails far from their families.  Photograph: AFP/Gara.net

Basque terrorist group says it has ‘dissolved all structures’ and ended its ‘political project’

Hundreds  gather at the palace of justice after the sentencing hearing of the trial of five men accused of gang raping an 18-year-old during San Fermines fiestas, in Pamplona. Photograph: Villar Lopez

Pamplona and Madrid among cities in which protesters chanted ‘It’s not abuse, it’s rape’

Lawyer Eduardo Ranz, with  family members of Spanish Civil War victims who want their dead relatives exhumed, at the entrance of the Basilica of the Valley of the Fallen. Photograph: Juan Medina

Families want to exhume bodies of loved ones buried next to Spanish dictator

 President of Madrid’s regional government  Cristina Cifuentes resigns on Wednesday at a press conference in Madrid, Spain.  Photograph: Emilio Naranjo/EPA

Cristina Cifuentes of Popular Party resigns after footage emerges of supermarket incident

Spanish customs officers and police unload a shipment of cocaine from a vessel called Riptide at the port of Vigo, northwestern Spain, in June  2013. File photograph: Miguel Riopa/AFP/Getty Images

Madrid Letter: Controversy fuels success of Galicia-based ‘Fariña’ TV show set in 1980s

Supporters  gather outside the Madrid court as eight people go on trial accused of assault and terrorist threats on two civil guard officers in   northern Spain in 2016. Photograph: Fernando Villar/EPA

Eight youths face terrorist charges after civil guards hospitalised in northern Spain in 2016

Activists put up a placard asking for the release of jailed separatist leaders Jordi Sànchez and Jordi Cuixart and reading “freedom to political prisoners”. Photograph: John MacDougall/AFP/Getty Images

Madrid compares pro-independence activity to terrorism but activists insist it is not violent

Former  Catalonia leader Carles Puigdemont: allowed to go free from Neumünster prison after paying €75,000 in bail. Photograph: Martti Kainulainen/AFP/Getty Images

Former Catalan leader, released on bail, could still face trial for misuse of public funds

Cristina Cifuentes attends the town hall’s plenary session in Madrid, a day after news broke of the scandal that accuses her of falsifying a university master’s degree. Photograph: Emilio Naranjo/EPA

Politician did not attend classes and university falsified documents, newspaper claims

 Former Catalan minister Clara Ponsatí leaves after she was granted bail, following her appearance at Edinburgh Sheriff Court in Edinburgh, Scotland. Photograph: EPA/Andy Rain

Catalan politician Clara Ponsatí hands herself in to Scottish authorities

The Catalan separatist flag lies on the ground as protesters shout slogans during demonstrations after the detention of former Catalan president Carles Puigdemont. Photograph: Angel Garcia/ Bloomberg

Arrest of Carles Puigdemont in Germany comes as Spanish supreme court formalises charges of rebellion against 13 Catalan politicia(...)

Alberto Álvarez, of the Élite taxi drivers’ association, has become a figurehead of the campaign against Uber in Barcelona. Photograph: Guy Hedgecoe

Regulatory restrictions and incensed taxi drivers make city a challenge for company

Catalan politician Jordi Turull returns to the supreme court during a break in proceedings as part of an investigation into Catalonia’s banned bid for independence in Madrid on Friday. Photograph: Susana Vera/Reuters

Secessionist leader Marta Rovira flees to Switzerland as 13 politicians charged with rebellion

Jordi Turull, from Carles Puigdemont’s Together for Catalonia (JxCat) coalition,  is expected to be the presidential candidate. Photograph: Luis Gene/AFP/Getty Images

Investiture vote could take place as soon as Thursday due to judicial pressures

Patricia Ramirez  and Angel Cruz mourn at the coffin of their  son Gabriel Cruz (8) outside the cathedral in Almeria, Spain, Photograph: Carlos  Barba

Eleven-day search for Gabriel Cruz ended in arrest of father’s partner, Ana Julia Quezada

Loewe  handbags and high-quality leather goods   on display in the Barrio Salamanca, a fashionable shopping  area  in Madrid. Photograph: Cristina Arias/Getty Images

Current definition too negative and fails to take account of emotions, firms argue

Civil Guard agents conduct checks at a security control point at El Prat airport in Barcelona, Spain. File photograph: Toni Albir/EPA

Three-year investigation reveals efforts to smuggling mostly Chinese migrants into UK and Republic

Darío Adanti  and Edu Galán:   they have struck a chord in Spanish society and clearly see this as their vocation

Tone of Mongolia magazine is risque, irreverent and politically indiscriminate

 Jordi Sanchez, who has been in prison since September, awaiting trial for sedition, rebellion and misuse of public funds. Photograph: Gabriel Bouys/AFP/Getty Images

Jordi Sànchez has been refused leave to be sworn in as regional leader

The “March for Women” in Vigo, Spain this week. Thousands attended the march ahead of International Women’s Week calling for gender equality. Photograph: Salvador Sas/EPA

Madrid Letter: Political right accuses leftists of commandeering protests

Carles Puigdemont: his choice of  Jordi Sànchez as an alternative candidate  is likely to be contentious. Photograph:  Josep Lago/AFP/Getty

Catalan independence champion presents human rights complaint against Spain to UN

Catalan National Assembly president Jordi Sánchez, who is under investigation for sedition and rebellion, arriving  at a court in Madrid. Photograph: Javier Soriano/AFP/Getty Images

Main secessionist parties agree to back Jordi Sánchez

ETA has not killed anyone since 2010 and staged a decommissioning ceremony in southern France last year, prompting speculation that its demobilisation was imminent. Photograph: AP

Newspaper gains access to internal communique sent to militants

 Anna Gabriel, a senior figure in the Popular Unity Candidacy party, said she would remain in Switzerland, claiming that the Spanish  judiciary would treat her unfairly. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

‘I will be more use to my movement free than behind bars,’ says Anna Gabriel

Marta Sanchez, one of Spain’s best-known singers, sang the national anthem using her own lyrics. Photograph:  Europa Press/Europa Press via Getty Images

Right-wing parties swoon after pop star performs new words to national tune

The court ruled that  convicted Eta terrorists Igor Portu (left) and Mattin Sarasola  had suffered “degrading and inhumane” treatment by Spanish security forces after their detention in 2008.  Photograph: Reuters

Two men carried out 2006 attack on Madrid airport car park, killing two

Superimposed Christ image and Daniel Serrano: a court in Jaén ordered  Mr Serrano to pay €480 for committing a crime against religious feelings.

Spanish court finds Daniel Serrano guilty of offending religious feelings with picture

“In order to make a sniffing tube that does not damage the nostrils it is best to use rolled-up paper or cardboard rather than piping or other hard material,” the pamphlet advises.   Photograph: iStock

Zaragoza authorities under fire for including consumption advice in document

Ousted Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont attends a meeting in Brussels on Monday with representatives of pro-independence parties. Photograph: Virginia Mayo/AP

Secessionist parties meet to discuss deal to put new Catalan president in place

Former Catalan president Carles Puigdemont: messages appear to say he is withdrawing from politics to concentrate on his legal affairs.  Photograph: Yves Herman/Reuters

Exiled Catalan independence leader appears to accept defeat in bid to be president

People wearing masks depicting ousted separatist leader Carles Puigdemont attend a demonstration on January 30th in Barcelona. Photograph: Lluis Gene/AFP/Getty

Catalan parliament in limbo as speaker calls off debate to swear in new president

Carles Puigdemont: Madrid fears the politician may sneak across the border with France “in a helicopter, in a boat or in the boot of a car”. Photograph: John Thys/AFP/Getty

Carles Puigdemont’s lawyer refuses to rule out dramatic return by exiled politician

Spain’s prime minister Mariano Rajoy: under pressure. Photograph: Sergio Perez/Reuters

Senior member of Rajoy’s governing Popular Party confirms kickbacks system

Former Catalan president  Carles Puigdemont poses for photographs with students as he leaves the University of Copenhagen after attending a debate on Monday. Photograph:  Jonathan Nackstrand/AFP/Getty Images

Court rejects Spanish prosecutor’s request after Puigdemont travels to conference

Ribbon in support of Catalonian politicians who have been jailed on charges of sedition. Photograph: Manu Fernandez/AP Photo

Uncertainty surrounds Puigdemont’s plan to be sworn in from exile in Belgium

The Palau de la Música Catalana concert venue in Barcelona, which was used as a front for false invoicing in a scam involving the party. Photograph: JTB/UIG via Getty Images

CDC received bribes in exchange for public contracts for 10 years from 1999, court finds

Catalan independence leader Carles Puigdemont, who is in exile in Belgium. Photograph: Virginia Mayo/AP

Puigdemont seeks to become regional leader again ‘by Skype’ despite his exile

Young Moroccans clash with sub-Saharan migrants on November 24th in Casablanca. Photograph: Fadel Senna/AFP/Getty Images

‘Saving lives is not a crime,’ says NGO worker, who helps African migrants in trouble at sea

Deposed Catalan vice-president Oriol Junqueras is among several politicians  awaiting trial for promoting secession via an outlawed referendum and an October 27th unilateral Catalan declaration of independence. File photograph: Paul White/AP Photo

Oriol Junqueras a candidate to lead Catalonia if exiled president does not return

Architect Oriol Capdevila in Barcelona’s Poble Nou district where he helped build the Olympic Village. Photograph: Guy Hedgecoe

A quarter century after Olympic glory, the Catalan capital counts the cost of success

Axed Catalan president Carles Puigdemont: has hinted at a less strident approach to independence in the future. Photograph: Thierry Roge/AFP/Getty Images

Moderation is one victim of result as region’s voters become increasingly polarised

Carles Puigdemont,  dismissed president of Catalonia, reacts while viewing the results in Catalonia’s regional election in Brussels, Belgium. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/Reuters

Regional election deals stunning blow to Spanish prime minister Mariano Rajoy

 Spanish and Catalonian pro-independence flags hang from balconies in Badalona, Catalonia, a day before the Catalonian regional elections on December 21st, 2017. Photograph: Alberto Estevez/EPA

Pro-independence parties closer to forming majority than unionists, polls indicate

 Candidate for the centre-right party Ciudadanos Inés Arrimadas: has become the leading unionist figure in the northeastern region and  polls suggest her party is a contender to win Thursday’s election.Photograph: Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images

Ciudadanos leader seeks victory in Catalan election but presidency may still be elusive

Mossos d’Esquadra (Catalan regional police officers) keep protesters back from the entrance of the Lleida Museum after police entered the museum to take some 40 contested artworks. Photograph:  Albert Salame/Reuters

Pro-independence camp claims Madrid has ‘plundered’ artworks in show of power

Spanish prime minister Mariano Rajoy delivers a speech during a visit to the Freixenet winery in Barcelona last Wednesday. Photograph: Josep Lago/AFP/Getty Images

Calling an election in Catalonia following its failed bid for independence was a bold move by Spanish PM Mariano Rajoy. As electio(...)

Ousted Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont taking part in a pro-independence rally for Catalonia, in Brussels on  December 7th. Photograph: Yves Herman/Reuters

Pro-independence Carles Puigdemont conducting campaign from exile in Belgium

Ousted Catalan president Carles Puigdemont appears on a giant screen during an event held by his political platform Junts per Catalunya to mark the start of the campaign for the Catalan regional election, in Barcelona on Monday. Photograph: Manu Fernandez/AP

Judge makes decision due to technical concerns about eventual trial of Puigdemont

A man attends a concert organised by the pro-independence Catalan National Assembly to demand the release of jailed Catalan cabinet members, at Plaza Espanya square in Barcelona  on Sunday. Photograph: Javier Barbancho/Reuters

Political landscape finely balanced as Catalans deeply divided over sovereignty

A protester holds a smoke bomb during a strike by taxi drivers in Madrid. Photograph: Juan Medina/Reuters

Major disruption as taxi drivers claim controversial American firm flouts local laws

Spanish judge Baltasar Garzón has criticised the terrorism charges brought against a group of young people accused of involvement in the attack of two civil guards last year in a bar in northern Spain. Photograph: Andrea Comas/Reuters

Youths face terrorism charges after fracas with civil guards

 A Spanish Maritime Rescue ship carrying the 90 rescued migrants arrives at the port of Almeria, Spain, last week. Photograph: Carlos Barba/EPA

Government accused of using racist language after arrival of migrants from Africa

Ousted Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont:  will argue that Spain’s attempts to repatriate him are unlawful and politically motivated. Photograph:  Stephanie Lecocq/EPA

Deposed Catalan leader facing Spanish extradition proceedings on Friday

Mariano Rajoy’s administration has complained to the Russian embassy about the alleged interference, according to a report. Photograph: Angel Garcia/Bloomberg

Madrid also claims that Julian Assange is ‘manipulating the democratic process’

 Former Catalan regional parliament speaker Carme Forcadell, with other members of the Catalan parliament, was ordered to appear in court under alleged charges of rebellion and sedition. Photograph: Pablo Blazquez Dominguez/Getty Images

Carme Forcadell tells court independence declaration was ‘symbolic’

The jerseys the Spanish national soccer team will be using at the 2018 Fifa  World Cup in Russia. Photograph: EPA

Purple colouring reminds many of leftist pre-war flag

 Dismissed Catalan cabinet members  arrive at Spain’s high court   after being summoned to testify on charges of rebellion, sedition and misuse of public funds. Photograph:  Reuters/ Susana Vera

Judicial decision is likely to have profound political repercussions

A man holds an Estelada (Catalan separatist flag) during a gathering in support of the jailed members of the dismissed Catalan cabinet in  Barcelona on Thursday night. Photograph: Albert Gea/Reuters

Trial pending on charges linked to drive for independence, including rebellion and sedition

Mayor of Sabadell Maties Serracant: 'We know we’re not yet in a Catalan republic.' Photograph: Guy Hedgecoe

Catalonia is in limbo as direct rule begins, but independence activists remain optimistic

More articles