Activists say that, according to the law, if dogs used in clinical trials are in good health at the end of the process then they must be put up for adoption and not destroyed.

Thirty-eight dogs due to be destroyed after trials at clinic accused of mistreatment

Children return to school after their Christmas holidays in Madrid this week. Photograph: Mariscal/EPA

New strategy would see virus managed more like the flu rather than as a pandemic

 A shield of flowers   deposited at the Ramblas in Barcelona to commemorate those killed in the 2017 terrorist attack. Photograph:  Paco Freire/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

Defendant tells court intelligence service knew about jihadist cell

Alberto Garzón, Spain’s minister for consumer affairs in the left-wing coalition government, said “what isn’t at all sustainable is these so-called megafarms”. Photograph: Alberto Ortega/Europa Press via Getty Images

Government distances itself from ‘anti-meat’ comments by minister for consumer affairs

Rosa Arranz on her farm in Segovia, central Spain. ‘I see that my children are probably going to have more difficulty in having a life in the countryside that is more or less fair and decent compared to that of their father and me,’ she says. Photograph: Guy Hedgecoe

Depopulation and lack of investment are problems for many areas

Pope Francis was handed the El País  findings directly.

Pope Francis received copy of report by El País newspaper

Spain’s former king Juan Carlos attends the  Mubadala World Tennis Championship in  Abu Dhabi on Saturday.  Photograph: Giuseppe Cacace/AFP via Getty Images

Opposition to return of Juan Carlos, who has been living in Abu Dhabi since 2020

Juan Carlos (83), the former Spanish king who abdicated in 2014, faces accusations by German-born businesswoman Corinna zu Sayn-Wittgenstein. Photograph: Pierre-Philippe

Ex-lover of Juan Carlos accuses him of harassment and spying

Pupils and teachers at Vedruna Angels School in the Raval neighbourhood of Barcelona in September 2020. Photograph: Lorena Ros/Getty Images

Children have complied with the measure but there have been dissenting adult voices

People holding Basque flags take part in a demonstration demanding the release of prisoners affiliated to the separatist group Eta in Basauri on December 31st, 2018. Photograph: Ander Gillenea/AFP via Getty

Jailed members of disbanded group acknowledge ‘pain’ of terrorism victims

Pupils and teachers  at Vedruna Angels School in the Raval neighbourhood of Barcelona return to school in September 2020 after a coronavirus lockdown. Photograph: Lorena Ros/Getty Images

‘Total immersion’ model has been in place in region’s schools for four decades

 Pablo Casado: the Popular Party leader has been criticised after attending a Mass in Granada dedicated to the late dictator Francisco Franco. Photograph: Emilio Naranjo/EPA

Pablo Casado’s party says he was at service in Granada at the weekend by accident

On Thursday the Spanish congress voted on whether to appoint four new members of the constitutional court. Photograph: iStock

Scandal-ridden candidate Enrique Arnaldo is approved for post

Two of the Air Arabia Maroc passengers suspected of running away from the airport after an emergency landing are escorted to appear before the judge in Palma de Mallorca on the island. Photograph: EPA/Atienza

More than 20 tried to get off aircraft which landed in Mallorca after passenger fell ill

Moroccan youth sit across the border with Algeria, in the city of Oujda. Photograph: Fadel Senna/AFP via Getty

Relations between north African neighbours deteriorate over Western Sahara

 Portugal’s prime minister  Antonio Costa shake hands with Spain’s prime minister Pedro Sanchez during a bilateral summit meeting in Trujillo. Photograph:  Fernando Calo/la Moncloa/AFP  via Getty Images

Snap election expected in Portugal amid internal tensions in three-way alliance

A floral tribute to the victims of Eta member Henri Parot, in the Plaza de la Memoria in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Alava, Euskadi. Photograph: Getty

Madrid Letter: Some believe Basque conflict should not be treated as two-sided

A group  prays  in front of the cathedral in Toledo, Spain on October 10th as an act of reparation after the release of a music video by Spanish rapper C Tangana and singer Nathy Peluso that was filmed inside the church. Photograph: Angeles Visdomine/EPA

Toledo cathedral’s use as location for filming ‘Ateo’ video triggers backlash

 Isabel Diaz Ayuso: the conservative president of the Madrid region said  Spain had taken its language, “Catholicism and, therefore, civilisation and freedom to the American continent”. Photograph: Craig Hudson/Europa Press via Getty Images

Conservatives angry at calls for apology over Mexican conquest

Lava flow from the Cumbre Vieja volcanic eruption in La Palma reaching the sea in an area of cliffs next to Tazacortes coast, Canary Islands, on Tuesday night. Photograph: EPA

Magma from La Palma volcano pours off sea cliffs into Atlantic, creating clouds of vapour

Exiled former Catalan president Carles Puigdemont has been arrested in Italy. Photograph:  Gianni Biddau / AFP via Getty Images

The arrest of the former Catalan leader in Italy may stoke the fires of separatist anger

The volcano on  the Cumbre Vieja mountain range spewing gas, ash and lava over the Aridane valley on the Canary Island of La Palma. Photograph:  Desiree Martin/AFP via Getty Images

Thousands evacuated to avoid lava flows on La Palma amid fears for when lava reaches sea

 Mount Cumbre Vieja erupts in El Paso, La Palma,  spewing out columns of smoke, ash and lava. Photograph:   Desiree Martin/AFP via Getty Images

Trail of lava ‘literally eating up homes’ on La Palma island, head of local government says

Catalan regional president Pere Aragones, centre, in Barcelona marking the national day of Catalonia. Photograph: Josep Lago/AFP via Getty

Spanish government has already rejected the Catalan administration’s main demands

  Protesters attend a demonstration against homophobia in Puerta del Sol in Madrid. ‘I didn’t come out of the closet in order to get put in a coffin,’ read one of the protester’s banners. Photograph:  Marcos del Mazo/LightRocket via Getty Images

Upsurge in assaults on LGBT community triggers political storm and protests in Madrid

Xavier Novell presented his resignation as bishop of the town of Solsona in late August.  Screengrab: YouTube

Xavier Novell reported to have begun relationship with divorcee, unsettling Catholic Church

Pope Francis: ‘I do not know if Spain is fully reconciled with its own history.’ File photograph: EPA

Pontiff appears to criticise hardline stances on both sides of independence debate

  A street in central Madrid has once again been named after Franco supporter General Millán Astray. Photograph:  A. Perez Meca/Europa Press via Getty Images

Signs paying tribute to supporters of Franco dictatorship return to streets of capital

Bullfighter Finito de Cordoba in action during a recent bullfight in Gijón. Last week, the mayor of the city, Ana González, announced that bullfights would no longer be held in the northern Spanish city from next year onwards. Photograph: Paco Paredes/EPA

Defenders of tradition warn of political campaign against them

Santiago Abascal: the Vox leader described Ceuta’s Muslims as “pro-Moroccan” and “fifth columnists” and as a result was subsequently declared persona non grata by the city’s assembly. Photograph: Pablo Blazquez Dominguez/Getty Images)

Vox party’s Santiago Abascal accused of divisive behaviour in multicultural Ceuta

Gen  Franco:  Sánchez’s coalition administration has taken another step towards tackling his legacy and that of the 1936-1939 civil war that preceded it, by unveiling its Democratic Memory Bill.  Photograph: Baron/Getty

Madrid Letter: Vox victory with naming minor as Sánchez Bill tackles Franco-era abuse

Spain’s Queen Letizia and King Felipe VI  at the Royal Palace in Madrid during the second official ceremony to pay tribute to the victims of  coronavirus. Photograph:  Epa/Ballesteros /Pool

Court said government should not have used state of emergency during lockdown

Vox’s slogan read: ‘A MENA [immigrant minor]: €4,700 per month... Your grandmother: €426 pension per month’. Photograph: Marta Fernandez Jara/Europa Press via Getty

Campaign poster depicted immigrant children as drain on public finances

Jailed Catalan separatists leaders (from left) Jordi Sànchez, Oriol Junqueras, Jordi Turull, Joaquim Forn, Jordi Cuixart, Josep Rull and Raul Romeva  in Lledoners jail in Sant Joan de Vilatorrada, in 2018. Photograph: Omnium Cultural/AFP/ Getty Images

Government move denounced by far-right opposition as ‘coup d’état’

Spanish prime minister Pedro Sánchez speaking in Barcelona on Monday: ‘Time alone does not cure wounds, courage and willingness to take on our pain are also needed. Photograph: Lluis Gene/AFP via Getty Images

Pedro Sánchez hopes move will pave way for reconciliation on country’s most divisive issue

A Spanish Oceanographic Institute vessel   leaves Santa Cruz de Tenerife harbour in the Canaries to continue the search for  one-year-old Anna Gimeno and her father Tomás. Photograph:  Miguel Barreto/EPA

Investigators believe Tomás Gimeno killed both his daughters in case that sparked protests

Uncomfortable position: Spain’s King Felipe. Photograph: Javier Lizon/EPA

Monarch will have to sign off release of independence leaders by government

 Moroccan migrants wait in a long queue  at Tarajal border crossing in Ceuta, Spanish enclave in northern Africa.  Most of the asylum seekers entered Ceuta on May 17th/18th  when some 10,000 people managed to reach Spanish territory. Photograph: Reduan Dris/EPA

Disputed region of Western Sahara is at the root of a migrant crisis in north Africa

Demonstrators hold a banner demanding freedom for Catalan jailed leader Oriol Junqueras in Barcelona. Photograph: Lluis Gene/AFP/Getty

Madrid Letter: Prime minister Pedro Sánchez weighing up cost of pardons

 Pere Aragones:  parliamentary allies in the CUP accused Catalonia’s president of going back on his word just a day after taking office. Photograph: Alberto Estevez/EPA

Involvement of riot police in foreclosure angers hard left

A bailaora, or flamenco dancer, performs ahead of the reopening of the Corral de la Morería, in Madrid, Spain. Photograph: Rodrigo Jimenez/EPA

Concerns raised that future of music genre in jeopardy as venues shut permanently

Migrants rest on the coast after crossing over to Ceuta, the Spanish enclave in north Africa. Photograph: Reduan/EPA

Thousands reach city in north Africa amid diplomatic dispute with Morocco

Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya’s (ERC) leader Pere Aragones and Catalan pro-independence party “Junts per Catalunya”(JxCat) leader Jordi Sanchez  before the   press conferene  announcing  the new coalition government. Photograph: Luis Gene/AFP via Getty Images

Deal repeats ERC-JxCat coalition of the last legislature and avoids repeat election

People crowded on the beach in Barcelona on Sunday as  residents were euphoric at the ending a  of six-month long national state of emergency and consequently, the local curfew.  Photograph: Emilio Morenatti/AP

‘The end of the state of emergency was not the end of coronavirus’, says health official

 Madrid’s regional president  Isabel Díaz Ayuso and People’s Party leader Pablo Casado celebrate the party’s result  in Madrid’s elections. Photograph: Mariscal/EPA

PP leader Ayuso’s approach to Covid restrictions pays off while leftist leader Pablo Iglesias quits politics

Isabel Díaz  Ayuso: hands-off approach to the pandemic, along with her confrontational, arguably populist, style has helped make her an icon for those who oppose the leftist central government of Pedro Sánchez. Photograph: Isabel Infantes/Europa Press via Getty

Conservative politician Isabel Díaz Ayuso’s confrontational style divides Spanish capital

Audience at the Love of Lesbian concert at Sant Jordi stadium in Barcelona, on  March 27th: the event was a  mass experiment in Covid-19 safety. Photograph: Angel Garcia/Bloomberg

Scientists say Covid risk at 5,000-strong indoor event was extremely low

With the bullfighting season running from spring to autumn, no corridas have been held in the capital’s renowned Las Ventas bullring since October 2019 and the 2020 season was virtually wiped out due to Covid.

Supporting cultural tradition means ‘defence of freedom’, Madrid president says

Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine. Photograph: Kirill Kudryavtsev/AFP via Getty

Regional leader defends move even though jab has not been EU approved

Migrants in the port of Arguineguín being cared for on the Spanish Canary island of Gran Canaria, November 2020. Photograph: Desiree Martin/AFP via Getty

Two-year-old dies despite being revived after being picked up by rescue boat

 Madrid’s regional president Isabel Díaz Ayuso: Has  called a snap election for May 4th, claiming to be acting in a bid to pre-empt a Murcia-style no-confidence motion against her. Photograph:  EPA/ZIPI

Coalition partners Ciudadanos and PP fall out over vaccination and corruption scandals

Carles Puigdemont: “We have lost our immunity but the parliament has lost more.”  Photograph: AFP via Getty Images

Spain wants to extradite former Catalan president over region’s 2017 independence bid

Former Catalan president Carles Puigdemont argues that the immunity waiver is driven by political persecution. File photograph: John Thys/AFP via Getty

Carles Puigdemont and colleagues unlikely to be extradited to face charges in Spain

Protesters riot during a march against the imprisonment of Spanish rapper Pau Rivadulla Duro (also known as Pablo Hasel) in Barcelona, on Sunday.  Photograph: Alenjandro Garcia/EPA

Force criticised for handling of protests triggered by Pablo Hasél’s arrest

Spanish rapper Pablo Hasél is arrested by Catalonian police inside Lleida University. Photograph: Paul de la Calle/EPA

Pablo Hasél the latest performer to face action for tweets and song lyrics

Pere Aragonès, candidate for pro-independence Catalan Republican Left (ERC), with party leader  Oriol Junqueras after Sunday’s vote. Photograph: Alberto Estévez/EPA

Socialists win Sunday’s Catalonia elections but nationalists increase their majority

The Socialists’ candidate is Salvador Illa, who stepped down as Spanish health minister to run in this campaign. Photograph: Angel Garcia/Bloomberg

Socialists vying with independence parties to win Sunday’s vote as region’s priorities shift

Salvador Illa: The PSC’s candidate for president of Catalonia rose  to prominence as the Spanish health minister when Covid-19 struck. Photograph: JJ Guillan/EPA

February 14th date for vote still not definite

The  Valley of the Fallen (Valle de los Caidos), the mausoleum outside Madrid that held the remains of  Spanish dictator Francisco Franco. In 2019, the body  was moved to a private cemetery. Photograph: Sergio Perez/Reuters

Town removes emblem because of association with dictator Franco

A nurse administering  the Moderna  vaccine to a medical worker at the Sant Joan de deu hospital in Barcelona, Spain.  Photograph: Angel Garcia/Bloomberg

Politicians received Covid-19 jab despite not being high risk

 Corinna Sayn-Wittgenstein: has claimed that after the relationship with Juan Carlos ended, she suffered a campaign of harassment by Spanish security services. Photograph:  JP Yim/Getty Images

Defendant said woman received death threats from intelligence chief

Young people roll a giant snowball in Madrid on Saturday. Photograph: Gabriel Bouys/AFP via Getty

Madrid Letter:A mass snowball fight and jubilant street dancing bring recriminations

Colm Toibín: the author has signed a manifesto along with 50  international personalities calling for  political engagement between Madrid and Catalonia.  Photograph: Dara Mac Donaill

Talks on territorial issue have been on ice since for nearly a year

  Spain’s former king Juan Carlos. Photograph:   Martin Bureau/AFP via Getty

Financial affairs threaten to overshadow his achievements and undermine the institution

Arnaldo Otegi has served several jail terms, including one for involvement in an Eta kidnap in the 1980s. Photograph: Iroz Gaizka/AFP/Getty

Arnaldo Otegi already jailed and released for re-forming outlawed party linked to Eta

King Juan Carlos: A string of scandals linked to his personal life has tarnished his reputation. Photograph:  Daniel Perez/Getty Images

Juan Carlos, facing several probes into his finances, has been in self-imposed exile in UAE

Migrants wait to be  transferred to Red Cross emergency accommodations from the port of Arguineguin  on the Spanish Canary island of Gran Canaria. Photograph: Desiree Martin/AFP/Getty

Emergency camp set up as migrants continue to make crossing

On January 11th, relatives of Basque prisoners demand the transfer of Eta prisoners to jails near their homes. Photograph: Ander Gillenea/AFP via Getty

Opposition accuses government of siding with radicals as defunct Eta still a live issue

Antidisturbios: ‘In the series we are treated like virtual criminals, ’one policeman complained

Madrid Letter: Antidisturbios offers a hard-hitting view of modern-day Spain

Javier Martínez, whose three-year-old son was killed in the 2017 terror attack on The Ramblas,  in Barcelona. ‘I want my son’s death to serve a purpose,’ he said ahead of the trial. Photograph:  Lluis Gene/AFP via Getty Images

Prosecutor calls for jail sentences of between eight and 41 years for defendants

A street in downtown Barcelona. The region of Catalonia has announced additional restrictions on weekends for the next two weeks, preventing movement to and from towns and cities. Photograph:  EPA/Enric Fontcuberta

Health minister warns of ‘long winter’ as 23,580 new cases are reported in a day

Spanish prime minister Pedro Sanchez. Photograph: Giuseppe Lami/EPA

Vox cites ‘criminal mismanagement’ of pandemic, though vote is expected to fail

Spain’s second deputy prime minister Pablo Iglesias. Photograph: Fernando Alvarado/EPA

Deputy prime minister Pablo Iglesias could face inquiry into three suspected crimes

Police officers patrol a roadside checkpoint in Madrid on Thursday. Photograph: Paul Hanna/Bloomberg

Confusion in Spanish capital after ruling that travel restrictions violate ‘fundamental rights’

Madrid and its surrounding region are the hub of Spain’s second wave of coronavirus, accounting for more than 40 per cent of new infections. Photograph: David Fernandez/EPA

Local government had resisted Spanish health ministry measures

Quim Torra leaves the Catalan parliament after delivering a speech as a guest of the Parliament, in Barcelona on Wednesday. Photograph: Quique Garcia/EPA

Madrid making conciliatory moves three years after independence referendum

 A six-metre  statue  of a “superhealthworker” in Madrid to pay tribute to those  fighting   coronavirus.  Photograph: Gabriel Bouys/AFP via Getty Images

Partial lockdown in parts of city and surrounding area due to be extended

  In October 2019 the Spanish  government exhumed the remains of Franco from the dictator’s grandiose mausoleum outside Madrid, the Valley of the Fallen, and reburied them in a nearby cemetery. Photograph: Javier Soriano/AFP/Getty

Law will make state responsible for identifying victims and pave way for probes into abuses

Covid-19 patient 64-year-old Manolo Salces (centre), on his way to meet his three-month old grandson, in Palma de Mallorca, Balearic islands, Spain on September 1st. Photograph: Hospital Son Espases/handout/EPA

Inter-generational contact and summer relaxation blamed for soaring infections

Rodolfo Martin Villa: the former Spanish interior minister will give evidence before an Argentinian judge investigating several violent deaths during Spain’s transition to democracy. Photograph: Pierre-Philippe Marcou/AFP/Getty

Rodolfo Martín Villa will testify via video over allegations of 12 killings

Residents wearing protective face masks queue outside a mass coronavirus screening facility in Barcelona on Tuesday. Photograph: Angel Garcia/Bloomberg

Regional governments told to declare state of emergency if necessary to control virus

A beach in Salou, Spain, on  July 27th. More than 18 million British tourists visited Spain last year. Photograph: Angel Garcia/Bloomberg

Spain hoping to secure quarantine exemptions for certain regions as northeast sees worst of the Covid outbreaks

 Police officers asking  a man to wear a  face mask in Lleida, Catalonia. Regional authorities announced special movement restrictions  in the area of Segria in Lleida due to a coronavirus outbreak. Photograph: EPA/Ramon Gabriel

Spike in cases in and near Barcelona a particular concern

Basque Country regional government president Iñigo Urkullu (C) and his wife Lucia Arieta (R) arrive to PNV party headquarters  in Bilbao, Spain. Photograph: Luis Tejido/EPA

Win for moderate in Galicia raises questions about opposition leader’s hardline style

Spanish prime minister Pedro Sanchez (centre) walking with  Basque Socialist Party candidate Idoia Mendia (second right) before  a Basque Country regional election rally in Vitoria, northern Spain. Photograph:  EPA/David Aguilar

New outbreaks detected ahead of elections in Galicia and Basque Country

A statue of Father Junipero Serra  in front of the San Gabriel Mission in San Gabriel, California.   A statue of Serra in nearby Golden Gate Park was torn down by protesters last Friday. Photograph:  Frederic J. Brown/AFP/via Getty Images

Monuments to Columbus, Cervantes and others defaced in wake of George Floyd death

Spain’s former prime minister  Felipe González, above, has long faced questions about the extent of his knowledge of the Anti-Terrorist Freedom Groups (GAL), which operated in the mid-1980s. File photograph: Miguel Gutierrez/EPA

Calls for inquiry into possible role of former prime minister González in death squads

José Manuel Rodríguez, owner of La Calle bar in Toledo. “We may have moved from one phase to another, but the amount of activity hasn’t increased.” Photograph: Guy Hedgecoe

Restrictions on foreign visits to be lifted next week as state of emergency ends

Illiass Tahiri was 18 when he died in the Tierras de Oria centre for minors in Almería in July 2019.

Video appears to contradict official version of Moroccan boy’s death in case compared to that of George Floyd

Thousands of women marching in  Barcelona, Catalonia, to commemorate International Women’s Day on  March 8th. Photograph:  Miquel Llop/NurPhoto via Getty Images

Right-wing opposition claims women’s day event in early March put lives at risk

Volunteers hand out food in the Madrid district of Aluche. Photograph: Guy Hedgecoe

At first about 100,000 Spanish homes will get a monthly payment of €462-€1,000

 Protesters and counter-protesters clash during a march against the Spanish central government’s management of the coronavirus crisis in Madrid, Spain. Photograph: EPA/Rodrigo Jimenez

Minority government wins vote to extend state of emergency but alienates Catalan nationalists

Several dozen people attended a  protest against the central government for its Covid-19 crisis management in  Madrid, Spain. Photograph:  EPA/ Rodrigo Jimenez

Several major cities still under tight restrictions

 Michael Robinson speaks during the presentation of the initiative ‘Getting into the Game’ in Barcelona in March of 2019. Photograph: Alejandro Garcia/EPA

Robinson’s Monday night show was essential viewing thanks to his insight into the game

A girl looking at a deserted playground from her window in Bilbao, northern Spain. Photograph:  EPA/Luis Tejido

Latest easing of restrictions comes as the impact of coronavirus appears to be on a downward trajectory

Patrol cars of local police  are seen in Ronda, southern Spain. Photograph: Jon Nazca/Reuters

The country’s daily death toll has dropped to its lowest level in nearly a month

Commuters wearing face masks sit on a train at the Atocha Station in Madrid on Monday as some companies resumed operations at the end of a two-week halt of all non-essential activity. Photograph: Javier Soriano/AFP/Getty Images.

Government faces criticism for easing restrictions as some 4m return to work

Vox MP Macarena Olona walks past Spanish prime minister Pedro Sánchez during a parliamentary session in Madrid, Spain. Photograph: Mariscal/EPA

Conspiracy theories and grudges characterise approach by right-wing opposition

 Coffins containing the bodies of people who have died from coronavirus in the long-term car park of the Collserola morgue in Barcelona on Thursday. Photograph: David Ramos/Getty Images

Futher 950 people die in 24 hours as relieving healthcare services becomes major concern

Civil defence members carry a patient on a stretcher as they arrive at the Severo Ochoa hospital in Leganes, Spain on Thursday. Photograph:   Javier Soriano/AFP via Getty Images

Tentative signs of progress as country’s 655 deaths in 24 hours lower than previous day

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