Too much room at the inn as hotel market feels full impact of Covid-19
The expected rollout of vaccines has led to an increase in buyer inquiries as investors eye a swifter recovery in hotel trading
Dalata’s €65m sale and leaseback of the Clayton Charlemont hotel to German investor Deka Immobilien was the last significant Irish hotel transaction in 2020
When Ireland reported its first case of Covid-19 on February 28th, everything within the hospitality industry changed. By mid-March most businesses in the sector were shut and thousands of jobs were lost.
Dublin went on to report a 32 per cent occupancy rate for that month, compared to an 83 per cent occupancy rate in March 2019. April was even tougher, with an occupancy level of 12 per cent and hotel RevPAR (revenue per available room) of just € 11.
Unsurprisingly the hotel investment market stalled also. The notable exception to this was the Dalata Hotel Group’s €65 million sale and leaseback of the Clayton Charlemont hotel to the German investor Deka Immobilien. At a 4.3 per cent net initial yield and € 345,745 per key, this remains the last significant Irish hotel transaction in 2020.
But uncertainty offers opportunity, and since March we have seen private equity and opportunistic capital targeting the Irish market. They await bargains that owing to Government supports and bank forbearance have yet to materialise.
When Irish hotels were permitted to reopen on June 29th, significant pent-up demand saw a strong performance across most markets. By August, a survey by the Irish Hotel Federation (IHF) showed occupancy levels across the country dividing along three lines.
• Cork reported 77 per cent occupancy, Donegal reported 83 per cent, Mayo reported 85 per cent, and Wexford reported 86 per cent.
• Provincial cities performed steadily with Galway, Cork and Limerick reporting levels of 75 per cent, 70 per cent and 53 per cent respectively.
• Conversely, Dublin city and county reported 30 per cent occupancy, while postcodes such as Dublin 2 and 4, reported rates of just 10 to 15 per cent.
The great summer staycation proved to be shortlived, however. The second lockdown from October 19 proved to be a major setback for a hotel industry reliant on the busy corporate months of October and November.
While some of the larger hotel groups concentrated their energies on keeping a reduced number of their properties open for business, those hotel owners based in seasonal trading locations closed entirely. Many do not plan to reopen until next spring.
Dublin continued to be hit the hardest, however, with occupancy running at an average of 16 per cent between October and November.
The road to recovery
The recent arrival of effective vaccines for coronavirus has led to an increase in buyer inquiries and bid levels as investors eye a swifter recovery in hotel trading performance.
We have also seen the return of some banks and debt funds into the hotel refinancing market, notwithstanding the fact that viable options for owners are still limited.
While liquidity remains low it is improving, and the gap between seller and buyer expectations is narrowing. As such we anticipate a big increase in transactional activity in the first half of 2021.
Looking at the make-up of the hotel sector, we expect to see the big players getting bigger as the consolidation of the industry picks up pace.
Ireland is a fractured market with over 80 per cent of its hotels under independent ownership. It is this part of the market, weakened by Covid-19, that the dominant players will target.
And bank forbearance, in a regulatory environment where bankers are now required to recognise their credit losses swiftly, will not last much longer. The over-leveraged bank or under-capitalised hotel owner may well lose out in 2021. That is the nature of a recession. Let us all hope it’s short.
Dan O’Connor is executive vice-president of JLL’s hotel and hospitality group and head of its Irish hotel division