Amarin shares jump as FDA panel backs heart drug
US regulator’s advisory committee backs dramatic increase in market for purified fish oil drug Vascepa
US medicines regulator, the Food and Drug Administration, has cleared a major increase in the patients that can access a heart drug from small Irish pharma Amarin.
The shares, which had jumped over 20 per cent earlier in the week as the panel prepared to meet, added another 8 per cent when the Nasdaq market re-opened on Friday. It was trading around the $22.87 mark at lunch in New York, up 6.4 per cent on the day.
The specially convened FDA advisory committee voted unanimously to approve the expanded use of Amarin’s Vascepa drug as an add-on therapy for reducing the chance of heart attacks and strokes in high-risk patients with cardiovascular disease.
However, there were differences within the group as to just how widely it should be prescribed.
Vascepa is a highly purified fish oil capsule targeted at people who are at risk of stroke or heart attack because they continue to have high levels of harmful blood fats, called triglycerides, despite being prescribed treatment with statins.
Until now, Amarin was approved only for a much smaller niche indication – the lowering of triglycerides in patients who have extremely high levels of the blood fats.
“There is no doubt this is a medication that could benefit a substantial portion of the US and meets an unmet need,” said panel member Dr Jack Yanovski of the National Institutes of Health.
The panel was largely in favour of an approval in patients with history of cardiovascular disease, but some members were unconvinced of the drug’s effectiveness in reducing cardiac events in patients who have not had strokes or heart attacks, or any other such events.
Jefferies analyst Michael Yee said on Thursday, ahead of the vote, that patients with existing cardiovascular disease would be the vast majority of those likely to be using Vascepa. “Frankly it’s not clear that the exact wording of the label would even materially impact prescriptions, utilisation, or reimbursement,” Mr Yee added.
Some patients in the trial reported slightly higher risk of bleeding and a small increase in irregular heart rhythm, safety concerns that panel members suggested highlighting on the drug’s label.
In the United States, cardiovascular disease leads to one in every three deaths. An expanded label could open up market access to up to 15 million Americans with high triglycerides and other cardiovascular risk factors, despite being on statin treatment.
In May, the FDA granted Amarin priority review for Vascepa in relation to a much wider group of patients who have less extreme levels of the dangerous blood fats. The company says it is a condition affecting millions of patients.
A late-stage trial last year found Vascepa, when administered to patients on cholesterol-lowering drug statin, cut the combined rate of heart attacks, strokes and other cardiovascular events by 25 per cent compared to a placebo.
Shares in Amarin jumped 20 per cent before trading was suspended to allow the committee consider the evidence for wider access. Roth Capital Partners analyst Yasmeen Rahimi, who expects Vascepa to be a game changer in the cardiovascular market, sees it capturing about 12.1 per cent of the market over the next decade, resulting in peak sales of $3.2 billion by 2030.
Amarin recorded sales of $229.2 million last year.
The company must now wait to see if the FDA follows th guidance of the advisory committee. The medicines regulator, which has set a target date of December 28th to decide on the label expansion, is not mandated to follow the recommendation of the panel, but generally does. – Additional reporting, Reuters