Trinity’s rankings are in the Government’s hands
Irish universities will continue to suffer until the way research is funded changes
Trinity College Dublin front square. File photo. Photograph: Alan Betson
Hundreds of people here and overseas have been asking me about Trinity College Dublin’s fall this month in the Times Higher Education world university rankings. Students and staff, potential students, alumni, employers, industry, politicians and overseas universities. Everybody wants to know how Trinity, of all places, could have suffered the worst fall among any of the world’s individually ranked universities.
This is what I’ve been telling them: Trinity’s overall score did not fall. In fact, it rose slightly. The problem is that more than 40 universities in other countries saw their score rise at a much faster rate.
Many universities are getting better quickly while we are getting better slowly. If things continue like this, Ireland will soon join a small club of western countries which have no university in the top 200. It will be an entirely self-inflicted wound.
If Irish people are so proud of our education system, why is it in such trouble? The short answer is lack of money at all levels from primary to third level. The longer answer is that governments and individuals elsewhere invest more – they ensure their schools and universities have the best labs, libraries and teachers. And these governments understand that talk of a first-rate knowledge economy means nothing without first-rate investment.
The money issue is impossible to disprove. OECD figures show that only one other EU member state spends less on third-level education than Ireland. This underinvestment comes at a time when we have rising numbers of young people; a recipe for even more serious problems in future. We are throwing away our talent advantage.
In Trinity, as in other Irish universities, we try to make up the shortfall in State investment by staff working harder and by our entrepreneurial and commercial activities, as well as other revenues. But it’s clearly not enough.
It’s not just a shortage of money. Ireland doesn’t have a research strategy to help universities flourish. Public money previously used to fund original research is now used to support industry research and job creation. We should certainly use some of the research budget for this, say 50 per cent, but we should put the remaining 50 per cent into universities to be driven by individual researchers on a competitive basis.
At present, we tend only to fund what’s deemed to have industrial application with short-term goals. It’s a superficially attractive strategy. Who does not want research with impact? But this focus on industry research will reduce innovation and job creation in the long run.
Take William C Campbell, the Trinity-educated scientist who was awarded the Nobel prize in 2015 for discoveries that prevented millions of people from going blind. This great Donegal man made his discoveries by following his interest in parasites while in Trinity and then in the United States. Most people would agree that we need more Bill Campbells – men and woman driven by a passion for discovery of new knowledge. Instead, as a nation, we have largely stopped funding individuals like Campbell.
The failure to back individual researchers has, inevitably, caused a negative effect on university reputation and rankings.
Ireland has funded only a dozen such grants in three years – all by the Irish Research Council. These grants are welcome but 12 is entirely and shockingly inadequate. For thousands of Irish researchers, trained in a world of competitive scholarship, there are no national grants to compete for and that, in turn, greatly inhibits their capacity to compete for external funding.
It’s from these individuals and from their research that all else grows: the larger-scale initiatives with industry, collaborations with civil society, tackling of grand societal challenges and industry start-ups. Without the basic raw talent and the ideas that come from that, there is nothing. Ireland’s reputation in science, and Trinity’s, has dropped for this reason.
Ireland has used tax advantages to attract investment for the past three decades, but such advantages will be eroded in the years ahead. Our talent and our capacity for innovation will, therefore, become ever-more critical to our future competitiveness as an economy.
One measure of Ireland’s slippage on research and innovation is contracts won from the European Research Council. Six out of seven Irish researchers awarded these prestigious grants in the most recent round are working in foreign universities. This shows Ireland is losing competitiveness in research. The batteries have been run down.
There is a solution: we must radically revise our education/research strategy and commit to excellence above all else. No ifs or buts. The system must change to back universities.
The good news is that this is possible. Many countries in Europe and elsewhere have done it. Germany took action 13 years ago to reverse a decline in the rankings with a so-called excellence strategy that provided highly competitive funding for universities. And it worked, there are now eight German universities in the top 100 and 23 in the top 200.
This is not a criticism of present or past governments. Unimaginably difficult decisions had to be made over the past decade. Education was particularly hard hit – but there was suffering everywhere. Governments did what they had to do. But the world has changed again. Ireland needs to recognise that. It is time to work out a plan, integrated across several government departments, to reverse the decline in Ireland’s reputation.
Universities cannot do it all on our own but we are more than willing to work with government on a viable way forward.
Dr Patrick Prendergast is an engineer and provost of Trinity College Dublin