Number of coronavirus cases in Africa passes 400,000

There are concerns about capacities of health systems in many African countries

Africa has passed 400,000 confirmed coronavirus cases. The number has increased fourfold across the continent since May 22nd, when it hit 100,000, before doubling to 200,000 on June 10th and rising to 300,000 12 days later.

The largest number of cases are in South Africa, where more than 150,000 people have been infected with the virus, and there have been more than 2,650 deaths. Egypt has nearly 70,000 confirmed cases. Nigeria, in west Africa, has more than 25,600, while Ghana has more than 17,500, Algeria more than 13,000 and Cameroon and Morocco more than 12,000 each.

On Wednesday, the total confirmed death toll for the continent was at 10,167.

High profile politicians are among those who have developed Covid-19, including Ghana's health minister Kwaku Agyeman Manu and South Sudan's vice-president Riek Machar.

Niger's minister of labour and employment, Mohamed Ben Omar, died of the disease, as did the Nigerian president's chief of staff, Mallam Abba Kyari, Guinea's government secretary general, Sékou Kourouma, and the head of Guinea's election commission, Amadou Salif Kebe.

Shutting borders

As the pandemic was spreading across the world in March, many African countries moved quickly to lock down, barring European travellers or shutting their borders completely, and implementing contract tracing and social distancing measures. At the same time, the World Health Organisation warned Africa to "prepare for the worst". There are ongoing concerns about the capacities of health systems in many African countries, which can become quickly overwhelmed.

However, for poorer citizens across the continent, economic uncertainty and worries about getting enough food because of coronavirus-related restrictions are often more pressing than the virus itself.

The World Bank says that due Covid-19 as many as 58 million sub-Saharan Africans may fall this year into extreme poverty – something it defines as living on income of less than $1.90 (€1.69) per day. The pandemic could be the reason the region enters its first recession in 25 years, which the financial institution says could lead to "devastating consequences for household well-being".


A new report by the Norwegian Refugee Council found that about 70,000 people in east Africa have been evicted from their homes since the pandemic began.

Hundreds of millions of children are out of school around the world, and the United Nations children's agency, Unicef, has raised concerns about increases in child abuse, neglect and teenage pregnancies. Many Ugandans have told The Irish Times they will be in debt when the pandemic ends, and have no idea how they will pay education costs for their children when schools open up again.

In countries including Kenya, Nigeria, Uganda and South Africa, there have also been complaints about police brutality and even cases of civilians being killed while coronavirus restrictions were being enforced.

Sally Hayden

Sally Hayden

Sally Hayden, a contributor to The Irish Times, reports on Africa