Magna Carta exhibition opens at Christ Church in Dublin
Archbishop of Dublin in early 1200s was seminal document’s second named witness
A Royal Mail commemorative stamp from a set marking the 800th anniversary this month of the signing of the Magna Carta in England. Photograph: Royal Mail/PA Wire
One of the most important legal documents in history, the Magna Carta established the principle that everyone, including a monarch, is subject to the law and guaranteed all subjects the right to a free trial.
Such principles were extracted from King John of England (1199 to 1216) by barons who rebelled against his rule. He signed it 800 years ago on June 15th, 1215.
Its foundation principles are contained in the 1791 American Bill of Rights and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, drawn up after the second World War.
The Christ Church copy will be displayed for the very first time in this exhibition.
Dating from the 14th century, it is contained in the cathedral’s Liber Niger or Black Book, a collection of documents created by the Canons of Christ Church, and will be centrepiece of the interactive exhibition in the crypt.
The first country outside England to receive the Magna Carta was Ireland. In February 1217 it was sent to Dublin and became fundamental to the English common law tradition in Ireland, which survives to this day.
The original Magna Carta has close links with Christ Church and Dublin.
Then Archbishop of Dublin, Henry of London, was one of King John’s most trusted officials. He was elected Archbishop of Dublin in 1212 and the following year became Viceroy of Ireland.
He was present at Runnymede in England during the negotiations between King John and the barons which preceded the signing of the Magna Carta, and his name appears on it as the second named witness, after Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury.
Further details at christchurchcathedral.ie