Girl Power: the best female leads in children’s and young adult novels

International Women’s Day: Claire Hennessy introduces you to a host of literary role models


Happy International Women’s Day (and to answer your question about ‘well why don’t we have a . . .’, we do and International Men’s Day is November 19, save the date), falling six days after World Book Day and providing an annual opportunity for concerned parents to despair over the lack of female leads in children’s fiction.

It’s a familiar refrain, with teachers and booksellers often noting that while girls will read about male protagonists, the reverse is not true. The hero is the default; the heroine is niche. Anecdotal evidence suggests that today’s boys are less blinkered than we might imagine, but the ongoing fretting over boys ‘not reading enough’ still contributes to a sense that in order to appeal to as wide an audience as possible, the hero must be male.

The fact that this remains the case in a world where protagonists may be wizards, dragons, cats, dogs, badgers, dinosaurs, aliens or sentient toasters says much about our cultural obsession with traditional (not to mention binary) gender roles. Nevertheless, there are plenty of books out there which feature inspiring female leads and might even - gasp - be enjoyed by boys too!

For younger picture book readers, Yasmeen Ismail is a must-buy author. Her bright, bold illustrations and sense of fun and rebellion come through in all of her work. I’m A Girl (Bloomsbury, £6.99) is the most obvious title to suggest, but there’s something to love about each one of her books.

For slightly older picture book readers, Andrea Beaty and David Roberts’s Ada Twist, Scientist (Abrams, £10.99) recounts in verse a girl’s determination to ‘figure out’ the world through experiments, science and perseverance. Beaty and Roberts previously paired up on Rosie Revere, Engineer - you might notice a pattern emerging.

Girl detectives have been a staple of children’s fiction since Nancy Drew, but are faring particularly well at the moment with a number of ongoing historical series. Katherine Woodfine’s The Painted Dragon (Egmont, £6.99) is the third in her The Sinclair’s Mysteries, in which Sophie and Lil must team up once more to track down a missing painting. Robin Stevens’s Cream Buns and Crime (Puffin, £6.99) is a collection of short stories and other titbits from her Murder Most Unladylike series, in which amateur sleuths Daisy and Hazel so often find themselves near dead bodies.

Alternating between historical and modern settings, Jacqueline Wilson’s novels (published by Corgi) typically have a determined, resilient girl at their heart - try out any of the Tracy Beaker books; Katy, her retelling of What Katy Did; Opal Plumstead; the Hetty Feather series; The Suitcase Kid; The Lottie Project. Sally Nicholls is another empathetic and skilled author to watch out for in this age category, with her An Island Of Our Own (Scholastic, £6.99) updating the classic adventure story and featuring a resourceful heroine at its centre.

For anyone fascinated with spies, Ally Carter’s Gallagher Girls series (Orchard Books) takes place at a secret boarding school for spies-in-training and is suitable for young teens; her most recent novel, Take The Key And Lock Her Up (Orchard, £6.99) concludes a trilogy for slightly older readers featuring international intrigue and a mysterious scarred man who may or may not have something to do with the untimely death of the protagonist’s mother. At a recent event in Dublin, Eason’s children’s buyer David O’Callaghan described her heroines as ‘kick-ass’; it is an apt summary.

Closer to home, ER Murray’s Ebony Smart (The Nine Lives trilogy, Mercier) and Deirdre Sullivan’s Primrose Leary (Prim trilogy, Little Island) are compelling heroines for pre- and young teens and particularly appealing to readers seeking Irish characters they can relate to. Older teens might want to try Ruth Frances Long’s Dubh Linn trilogy (O’Brien Press) or Peadar O’Guilin’s The Call (David Fickling, £10.99).

Teens young and old should read Anna Carey’s The Making of Mollie (O’Brien Press, €8.99), an accessible diary-style account of the suffragette movement in Dublin in 1912 with some remarkable contemporary parallels. A more modern take on linking the personal with the political propels Holly Bourne’s Spinster Club series (Usborne), in which the three protagonists, young women in their late teens, form their own feminist society and discuss both the abstract theory and practical realities of feminist thought.

Finally, Meg Cabot’s The Princess Diaries series has recently been reissued by Macmillan, in which humour and social satire play as much a part as romance. Mia, like many of Cabot’s heroines, is a realistic but smart girl (in implausible circumstances) who wants to change the world in some way and is determined to fight for what’s right. We can all learn a lot from this reluctant royal.
Claire Hennessy is a writer, editor, and creative writing facilitator

The Irish Times Logo
Commenting on The Irish Times has changed. To comment you must now be an Irish Times subscriber.
Error Image
The account details entered are not currently associated with an Irish Times subscription. Please subscribe to sign in to comment.
Comment Sign In

Forgot password?
The Irish Times Logo
Thank you
You should receive instructions for resetting your password. When you have reset your password, you can Sign In.
The Irish Times Logo
Please choose a screen name. This name will appear beside any comments you post. Your screen name should follow the standards set out in our community standards.
Screen Name Selection


Please choose a screen name. This name will appear beside any comments you post. Your screen name should follow the standards set out in our community standards.

The Irish Times Logo
Commenting on The Irish Times has changed. To comment you must now be an Irish Times subscriber.
Forgot Password
Please enter your email address so we can send you a link to reset your password.

Sign In

Your Comments
We reserve the right to remove any content at any time from this Community, including without limitation if it violates the Community Standards. We ask that you report content that you in good faith believe violates the above rules by clicking the Flag link next to the offending comment or by filling out this form. New comments are only accepted for 3 days from the date of publication.