Trump moves to reduce legal immigration to US
Visa application evaluations would be based on merit under proposed new legislation
President Donald Trump discusses the Raise Act, proposed immigration legislation, in the Roosevelt Room of the White House, in Washington. Photograph: Doug Mills/The New York Times
President Donald Trump has endorsed new legislation that would reduce legal immigration to the US.
Under the new legislation, visa application evaluations would be based on merit, with a preference for people with higher education or job skills.
The legislation, which could have significant impact for Irish people, would represent a dramatic overhaul of the current US immigration system, leading to a significant decrease in the number of green cards issued to immigrants and eliminating some benefits enjoyed by prospective immigrants with family members already in the US.
Instead, applicants with advanced degrees, particular skills, or job offers would be given preference.
The changes would represent the fulfilment of a campaign-trail pledge for the president, and are favoured by top White House aides Steve Bannon and Stephen Miller, who have often pushed Mr Trump to embrace a more nationalist agenda.
They have argued that while high-skilled foreign workers can help stimulate the economy, low-skilled immigrants can suppress wages and job opportunities for US-born workers, and particularly those in blue-collar jobs already under threat from global trade.
The legislation “will reduce poverty, increase wages and save taxpayers billions and billions of dollars,” Mr Trump said in remarks at the White House, where he was flanked by Republican Senators Tom Cotton of Arkansas and David Perdue of Georgia, the bill’s sponsors.
The US should “favour applicants who can speak English, demonstrate they can financially support themselves and their families, and demonstrate skills.”
But the legislation faces a steep climb on Capitol Hill, where immigration bills have long struggled to gain momentum, even when lawmakers weren’t facing major pushes to raise the nation’s borrowing authority, fund the government, and overhaul the tax code.
The ideas offered by Mr Cotton and Mr Perdue have so far got little traction among their colleagues. Some - including Republicans - argue that low-skilled workers help stimulate the economy, particularly in sectors like construction and agriculture.
They point to decreasing unemployment rates as evidence that on the whole, Americans are able to find the work they want.
And immigration advocacy groups say that by prioritising high-skill workers, the extended family members of US citizens will be disadvantaged. So too will immigrants looking to escape poverty or violence.
To that end, the legislation would also cap annual refugee admissions to just 50,000 per year, less than half the rate Barack Obama set for his final year in office amid the migration crisis in the Middle East.
It would also eliminate the Diversity Immigrant Visa lottery, which aims to diversify the immigrant population by opening up visas to countries with low immigration rates.
But the senators hope that with Mr Trump’s support, their proposals can gain steam. The president’s push on immigration was one of the tent poles of his successful presidential campaign, and thought to have helped motivate white, working-class voters to propel his upset victories in Midwestern states that had voted for Mr Obama.