Lebanese call for government to resign in ‘WhatsApp revolution’

Tax on social media platform last straw for disgruntled protesters

Thousands of angry Lebanese have poured into the streets of towns and cities to express their frustration over the deteriorating situation in the country and have vowed to continue their protests until the government resigns.

The trigger for the protests was cabinet approval of a tax on WhatsApp calls, prompting demonstrators to dub the popular eruption the “WhatsApp Revolution”. Although the government has announced the withdrawal of the tax, this was too little, too late.

It is a spontaneous mobile revolution. Young men and women, many wearing surgical masks or kerchiefs over their noses, roam Beirut’s streets on motor scooters or on foot.

Some pause to topple refuse disposal units on to their sides and set alight garbage. Stationary groups burn barricades of tyres, filling the air with high columns of acrid black smoke. It is also a typically Lebanese revolution. Customers in cafes overlooking Beirut’s offshore landmark pigeon rocks sip drinks, puff on water pipes and watch calmly as cheerful youths ride by.


Women walk side streets with bags of shopping and middle-aged men gather on corners to discuss the situation and, somewhat bewildered, wait to see what will happen next.

A cabinet meeting was cancelled, the airport road has been intermittently blocked, schools, universities, banks and public institutions have closed. Raya al-Hassan, Lebanon’s first female interior minister, warned protesters “against damaging public and private property and blocking roads”. They ignore the bit about roads.

Former finance minister Georges Corm told The Irish Times, "I'm optimistic. It's great. There are no sectarian flags. When I walk in the streets I hear people talking the same language. It's an opportunity for Lebanese to get out of mismanagement and corruption [which] the government cannot fix. It let the people down. The political class has closed on itself and cannot make contact with its external environment."

Long-overdue reforms

WhatsApp became the trigger because Lebanese of all ages and backgrounds rely on the messaging service to speak to each other and to their relatives and friends living abroad.

For the poor and middle class, in particular, WhatsApp is indispensable at a time of rising prices, fresh taxes, and economic collapse. Squabbling among government ministers prevents them from tackling Lebanon’s ailing economy and initiating long-overdue reforms.

So far there has been no mass rally, comparable to the throng in Cairo’s Tahrir Square in January 2011, but the Lebanese are motivated by the same grievances. Frustration flared in July when the government imposed an austerity budget in a bid to reduce Lebanon’s public debt, which has risen to 150 per cent of GDP.

The ongoing countrywide protest, which began late on Thursday, is the most serious since 2015 when a refuse collection crisis launched mass anti-government demonstrations.

In Beirut security forces dispersed crowds at dawn in Friday with tear gas and rubber bullets after they tried to storm the seat of government. At least 23 protesters and 60 security officers were wounded. Two Syrian workers died of suffocation after the building where they were staying was torched by rioters.

Michael Jansen

Michael Jansen

Michael Jansen contributes news from and analysis of the Middle East to The Irish Times