The Tourism Cycle
1: An exploratory stage when travellers are few and facilities non-existent.
2: An involvement stage when local residents begin to supply simple services to an increasing number of visitors.
3: A development stage when the destination is advertised in tourist-generating areas and facilities are developed as components of national planning.
4: A consolidation stage when the economy of tourist regions becomes predominantly, if not exclusively, directed towards visitors' services.
5: A stagnation stage when the carrying capacity thresholds are exceeded and genuine attractions are supplanted by "artificial" ones.
6: A declining stage when the area loses its appeal and competitiveness in the tourist market.
From The Concept of Tourist Area Cycle of Evolution, by R.W. Butler, 1980