The Tourism Cycle


1: An exploratory stage when travellers are few and facilities non-existent.

2: An involvement stage when local residents begin to supply simple services to an increasing number of visitors.

3: A development stage when the destination is advertised in tourist-generating areas and facilities are developed as components of national planning.

4: A consolidation stage when the economy of tourist regions becomes predominantly, if not exclusively, directed towards visitors' services.

5: A stagnation stage when the carrying capacity thresholds are exceeded and genuine attractions are supplanted by "artificial" ones.

6: A declining stage when the area loses its appeal and competitiveness in the tourist market.

From The Concept of Tourist Area Cycle of Evolution, by R.W. Butler, 1980