EU warns UK companies of shut-out in event of no-deal Brexit

Flurry of ‘be prepared’ memos sent to firms from hauliers and airlines to mineral water producers

The face of the EU’s Brexit negotiations, Michel Barnier Photograph: EPA

The EU is systematically warning UK companies of a regulatory chill after Brexit as it seeks to accelerate the private sector's preparations for a no-deal UK exit, according to recent legal notices reviewed by the Financial Times.

Even as negotiators neared a breakthrough in Brexit divorce talks, EU regulators issued a flurry of “be prepared” memos to about 15 industries in November and December, ranging from drugmakers, seafarers and mineral water producers to hauliers and airlines that rely on UK operating licences.

The documents call on companies to be ready for the UK to become “a third country” on March 29th, 2019, with no automatic right to operate in the single market. They also warn that operating licences will automatically lapse after Brexit and that many groups may have to create EU entities for continuity of business.

The warnings triggered an angry response from David Davis, the Brexit secretary, who accuses the EU of measures that could jeopardise existing contracts or force British companies to decamp to the continent if the two sides fail to reach a deal.


Mr Davis's complaints were outlined in a letter sent last month to prime minister Theresa May and leaked to the FT this week.

“We are surprised...the UK government is surprised the commission is preparing for a no-deal scenario,” retorted Margaritis Schinas, the commission’s chief spokesperson, on Tuesday.


The flare-up highlights the contrasting approaches to no-deal preparation taken in Westminster and Brussels. While the UK has emphasised government contingency planning, laying aside £3 billion (€3.4 billion) to build up regulatory and customs capabilities, the EU is highlighting risks so the private sector makes arrangements for “all circumstances”.

EU negotiators see it as a positive if companies take no chances and trigger comprehensive contingency plans for Brexit, especially if that involves moving business activity from Britain to the continent. A strict approach has also been applied in the awarding of some EU contracts and funding applications.

"We've heard pretty concerning reports about negative treatment of UK businesses and universities since the referendum, either on contracts, collaboration or funding," said Adam Marshall, director-general of the British Chambers of Commerce.

Mrs May’s government sealed a divorce deal with the EU in December and hopes to agree transition arrangements by the end of March.

But although some EU notices made passing references to a possible transition deal after 2019, most of the papers issued by the European Commission did not.

The commission repeats in several notices that “preparing for the withdrawal is not just a matter for union and national authorities, but also for private parties”.

In a speech on Tuesday, Michel Barnier, the EU's chief negotiator, said the EU and the UK were discussing a transition period of 21 months until December 2020 but added: "The real transition period has already begun."


The commission notes that UK-issued operating licences for airlines “will no longer be valid” in the EU unless carriers are owned and controlled by EU nationals and “have one’s principal place of business” within the EU. Similarly road transport operators “must have an effective and stable establishment in an EU member state”.

Brussels urges some chemicals groups to apply for approvals for biocidal products, such as disinfectants, from within the remaining 27 EU states so that the process is not affected by Brexit. “Holders of product authorisations must be established within the union,” it notes. Drugmakers are urged to revise product information because any UK representatives mentioned will be “obsolete” after March 2019.

One notice is dedicated to the implications for mineral water sourced in the UK, which can no longer be automatically marketed in the EU because they are “extracted from the ground of a third country”.

Highlighting the breadth of legal issues covered, the commission uses a memo to outline the detailed implications for certificates for slaughtering of animals for fur - a practice outlawed in the UK since 2000.

Only one EU notice to trademark holders explicitly mentions that the EU is “trying to agree solutions for some of the issues that might arise”. But in that case the main problem is for the EU side: the memo notes that legal protections for products such as champagne and parmesan will lapse in the UK after Brexit.

Allie Renison of the Institute of Directors said “the EU could do more to convey its aim to secure a ‘business-as-usual’ period to firms on both sides of the Channel”. But she added it was “essential” for the UK to also “provide further clarity about its objectives for our future trade relationship with the EU - and indeed its own guidance if it finds statements from Brussels misleading”.


Meanwhile Nicola Sturgeon, Scotland's first minister, reacted with incredulity to Mr Davis's letter. "A government intent on leaving the EU and continually talking about the prospect of 'no deal' moaning about EU preparing to treat the UK as a non-member and for the possibility of 'no deal'," she said. "Unbelievable."

Philip Hammond, the chancellor, and David Davis, the Brexit secretary, issued a joint statement calling on Germany and the UK to work together on a "bespoke solution". "It makes no sense to either Germany or Britain to put in place unnecessary barriers to trade in goods and services that would only damage businesses and economic growth on both sides of the Channel," they write in the Frankfurter Allgemeine.

– Copyright The Financial Times Limited 2018