British economy slows sharply as inflation hits home
Brexit-related fall in sterling pushing up inflation and hitting consumer confidence
The latest figures are the clearest sign so far that Britain is slowing in the run-up to the early election called by prime minister Theresa May
Britain’s economy slowed sharply in the first three months of 2017 as higher inflation, boosted by last year’s Brexit vote, hit spending on the high street and hurt other consumer-focused businesses.
With the country heading for an election on June 8th, there were other signs on Friday of a slowdown in the economy as house prices fell for a second month and measures of consumer confidence fell.
The Office for National Statistics said growth in the overall economy weakened to a one-year low of 0.3 per cent in the January-March period from 0.7 per cent in the last three months of 2016.
That represented a sharper slowdown in the rate of quarterly gross domestic product growth than the drop to 0.4 per cent forecast by economists in a Reuters poll.
Last year Britain vied with Germany to be the fastest growing of the world’s major advanced economies with annual growth of 1.8 per cent, defying widespread predictions of recession after the vote to leave the EU.
However Friday’s figures are the clearest sign so far that the country is slowing in the run-up to the early election called by prime minister Theresa May. She is hoping to strengthen her negotiating mandate as Britain prepares to leave the EU in 2019.
British finance minister Philip Hammond said the economy remained resilient. However Alan Clarke, an economist at Scotiabank, said he expected it would slow further in the coming months.
“This weakness is likely to be blamed on Brexit. That is probably fair,” Clarke said, citing higher inflation. “We see the trough in growth at 0.2 per cent quarter-on-quarter towards the end of this year, when the squeeze from inflation is at its most intense.”
The June 2016 Brexit vote led to a big fall in the value of sterling, which is now starting to push up inflation and eat into consumers’ disposable income.
The Office for National Statistics said the biggest drag to first-quarter growth came from retailers and hotels, which had been hurt by higher prices.
Official data last week showed the biggest quarterly fall in retail sales since 2010.
There was little market reaction to the GDP slowdown.
Consumer price inflation is rising at its fastest since September 2013 as companies pass on increased costs caused by sterling’s slide in value since the Brexit vote, and many economists expect it to hit 3 per cent this year.
Despite the pick-up in inflation, the Bank of England is widely expected to keep interest rates at their record low of 0.25 per cent as it waits to see the full impact of Brexit on the country’s economy.
Other measures are also showing a softening in the economy. Nationwide, one of Britain’s biggest mortgage lenders, said earlier on Friday that houses prices fell for a second month in a row in April, taking the annual rate of price increase to its slowest in almost four years.
GfK’s index of consumer sentiment also weakened, though some other measures of retail sales have shown a rebound in April and private-sector surveys of manufacturers and house-builders are buoyant.
The Office for National Statistics said GDP growth in year-on-year terms rose to 2.1 per cent from 1.9 per cent in the final three months of 2016, the strongest rate since the second quarter of 2015 but slightly weaker than economists’ average forecast of 2.2 per cent.
The Bank of England and the International Monetary Fund forecast growth of 2.0 per cent for this year, before a modest slowdown in 2018, while most private sector economists see a rather weaker expansion this year.Britain’s dominant services sector grew 0.3 per cent in the first quarter, the weakest rate in two years, after growth of 0.8 per cent in late 2016. Industrial output also rose 0.3 per cent while construction expanded 0.2 per cent. – Reuters