ECB sticks with policy despite inflation shortfall

‘Cyclical recovery of the euro area economy is becoming increasingly solid,’ says Draghi

European Central Bank president Mario Draghi: “Downside risks” have diminished. Photograph: AFP

European Central Bank president Mario Draghi: “Downside risks” have diminished. Photograph: AFP


The European Central Bank left its ultra-easy policy stance in place on Thursday as inflation continues to undershoot its target, but explicitly acknowledged the vigour of the euro zone economy, now on its best run since the global financial crisis.

The ECB maintained its bias for further policy easing, leaving the door open to further rates cuts or an increase in asset buys. This is in line with market expectations but at odds with calls from Germany, the euro zone’s economic powerhouse, for a gradual reduction of stimulus.

“Incoming data since our meeting in March confirm that the cyclical recovery of the euro area economy is becoming increasingly solid and that downside risks have further diminished,” ECB president Mario Draghi told a news conference. “At the same time, underlying inflation pressures continue to remain subdued and have yet to show a convincing upwards trend,” he added, justifying the continued stimulus measures. However, in response to a reporter’s question, Mr Draghi noted there had been a debate among ECB council members over the euro zone growth outlook, with some “more sanguine” than others. That, he added, had resulted in a line being added to his introductory statement which noted that downside risks to the growth outlook “relate predominantly to global factors”.

The euro weakened slightly against the dollar following the rates decision after trading near six-month highs, aided by expectations that Emmanuel Macron would win the French presidential vote on May 7th.

Subtle tweak

The subtle tweak in language will be seen by some observers as foreshadowing a bolder change at the next meeting in June, possibly including the of a phrase signalling a bias for more policy easing.

Euro zone economic sentiment hit a 10-year high this month and political risk is receding after pro-euro centrist Mr Macron won the first round of France’s presidential vote.

The ECB is buying €60 billion worth of bonds per month at least until the end of the year and plans to keep interest rates in negative territory until later. But economic growth is steadily picking up pace, inflation is comfortably above 1 per cent and the ECB’s policy arsenal is nearly depleted, all fuelling calls by conservative policymakers to start mapping out the way to the exit.

Mr Draghi said, however, that inflation was still not firmly in place.

“We have not seen sufficient evidence to alter our assessment of the inflation outlook, and we are not sufficiently confident that inflation will converge to levels consistent with our inflation aim in a durable and self-sustaining manner,” he said.

Mr Draghi added, however, the risk of deflation had virtually disappeared.

In a departure from the bank’s long-held, more pessimistic stance, ECB board member Benoit Coeure, a key ally of Mr Draghi, last week argued the balance of risk for the economy is now largely balanced.

Mr Coeure’s view may not signal an imminent policy shift but suggests growing confidence in the outlook and a willingness to entertain the once-taboo subject of scaling back stimulus.

One phrase

Last month, the ECB removed one phrase from the statement – a pledge to act “using all the instruments available within its mandate” if needed, signalling a diminishing urgency for more policy action. Some or all the references to prevailing downside risks to the outlook, to the possibility of further rate cuts or to larger asset purchases may be taken out, sources said.

Policymakers are likely to remain cautious, however, particularly those from the periphery of the bloc, where unemployment is high and wages are not rising. – (Reuters)