Colombian government and Farc attempt to salvage peace deal
Renegotiation depends on whether Farc can be persuaded to accept tougher conditions
The Colombian government and Farc rebels scrambled on Monday to save a peace deal after voters narrowly rejected it in a referendum, throwing the four-year-old peace process into uncertainty. Photograph: Getty Images
Colombia’s government and Marxist guerrillas went back to the drawing board in Havana on Tuesday after a peace deal they painstakingly negotiated over four years was rejected in a shock referendum result.
In a vote that confounded opinion polls and was a disaster for President Juan Manuel Santos, Colombians narrowly rebuffed the pact on Sunday as too lenient on the rebels.
The government said the president’s lead negotiators, Humberto de la Calle and Sergio Jaramillo, were back at a Havana convention centre on Tuesday meeting Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Farc) counterparts to see if a new deal, stringent enough to satisfy critics, can be hashed out.
The Cuban capital was the venue for talks between the two sides since 2012 that reached an accord to end Colombia’s 52-year war that has killed about a quarter of a million people.
Rescuing the peace deal may be a long and complex process.
Colombian foreign minister Maria Angela Holguin said the decision whether to officially renegotiate the accord lies with the Farc.
“The thing is, just as the government has its deal breakers, so does the Farc, so we have to see if it is willing to reopen the accord,” Ms Holguin told reporters.
All sides, including No voters, who carried the day on Sunday by less than half a percentage point, say they want an end to war, and the two parties have kept their ceasefire.
But there is vehement opposition – led by hardline former president Alvaro Uribe – to major planks of the previous deal, including guaranteed congressional seats for the Farc and immunity from traditional jail sentences for leaders.
A renegotiation seems to depend on whether the Farc would accept tougher conditions, maybe combined with a softening of demands from Mr Uribe. After years of refusing to meet negotiators, Mr Uribe has now said he is willing to seek a joint solution.
Three representatives from his right-wing Democratic Center party are to pore over details with three from the government. In what is turning into a dual negotiation process, those meetings are to commence once Mr de la Calle returns from Cuba.
Colombian financial markets fell on Monday as investors fretted the peace deal limbo would hold up fiscal reforms like tax changes.
Finance minister Mauricio Cardenas, however, said the tax reforms would go ahead.
The peso currency weakened another 0.92 per cent to 2,958 per dollar on Tuesday.