Zuma appoints third South African finance minister in week
President forced to change tack after original sacking of minister sent rand tumbling
South Africa’s new finance minister Pravin Gordhan (left) chats with Lesetja Kganyago, governor of the Reserve Bank of South Africa, during a media briefing in Pretoria on Monday. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters
South Africa’s new finance minister – its third in four days – has moved to calm markets and investors unnerved by an astonishing week in South African politics, which ended with President Jacob Zuma bowing to pressure over his handling of the finance portfolio.
At his first press conference since his appointment on Sunday night, Pravin Gordhan assured onlookers fearful that the country is on the brink of an economic crisis that the government’s fiscal policies would remain prudent and sustainable, and unaffected by Mr Zuma’s sacking of the widely admired finance minister Nhlanhla Nene last week.
In the wake of Mr Nene’s removal, which was heavily criticised, the rand hit all-time lows against the US dollar, euro and British pound.
In addition the market value of the 17 financial and property shares in the Johannesburg Stock Exchange’s Top 40 reportedly lost a combined R290 billion (€17.3 billion) in the two sessions after Mr Nene’s exit.
“We are very aware that confidence and trust doesn’t get handed to one on a platter. It is something that one has to earn and something that one has to sustain over a period of time,” said Mr Gordhan, who was also finance minister from 2009 to 2014.
He added that government was aware of the damage done to the economy over the past few days and it intended restoring confidence in it by “doing the right things”.
“Our focus in the coming months will be to do the following, among other things, diligently: We will stay the course of sound fiscal management; we can have extra expenditure only if we raise extra revenue,” he maintained.
RedeployedThe crisis began last Wednesday when Mr Nene was “redeployed” – allegedly for reigning in spending at state-run South African Airways and refusing to allocate billions of rand to a nuclear power programme he felt was unaffordable – and replaced as finance minister by little-known ANC MP David van Rooyen.
Mr van Rooyen was in his new position just four days when the public outcry against his appointment, combined with the crash of the South African currency and markets, prompted Mr Zuma to do an about-turn on his selection.
In response to Sunday’s appointment Democratic Alliance leader Mmusi Maimane said that Mr Gordhan must stand up to Mr Zuma and ensure he stopped “playing Russian roulette with our economy”.
United Democratic Movement leader Bantu Holomisa said that despite the change Mr Zuma should be recalled by the ANC hierarchy with immediate effect. “It’s clear President Zuma has lost control. He is actually panicking beyond comprehension as we speak,” he said.
The South African rand, however, responded well to the new appointment, and had strengthened by more than 4 per cent in early trade on Monday. The markets were also showing signs of recovery.
How Mr Zuma will be affected by this latest crisis in the short term remains unclear, but many analysts said the events had weakened him significantly, portraying him as a leader who is unsure of what he is doing.
As commentator Stephen Grootes said in his column for the Daily Maverick: “On Wednesday Zuma was in a position of extreme strength when he removed Nene, believing that the move would assert his authority and shut down dissent. By Sunday, he was exposed as a weak leader who acted recklessly without proper advice, appointing a rookie to act as a political handyman rather than the head of the Treasury.”