Brexit a ‘catch 22’ for financial services firms, says think tank
Banks risk loss of single-market access but face EU regulatory costs if access continues
As a driver of economic growth and a major contributor to UK tax receipts, the future of financial services outside the EU will be a major part of Brexit negotiations. Photograph: Grant Smith/ConstructionSkills/PA
Brexit will come at a cost for the UK financial-services industry, no matter what agreement the government secures in its negotiations with the European Union, according to the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS).
Banks may be hit hard if Britain loses single-market access as companies would lose passporting rights that allow them direct access to clients in the EU, the London-based research group said in a report published on Wednesday.
But preserving access would probably require membership of the European Economic Area (EEA), and with it potentially “considerable” costs of a regulatory regime that the UK will no longer be in a position to help shape.
Britain has yet to decide what kind of relationship it wants to build with the the EU after voters opted to leave the 28-nation bloc in a referendum in June. As a driver of economic growth and a major contributor to UK tax receipts, the future of financial services outside the EU will be a major part of the negotiations.
Membership of the single market offers “significant economic benefits, particularly for trade in services,” said Ian Mitchell, an IFS research associate who helped write the report.
“But outside the EU, single-market membership also comes at the cost of accepting future regulations designed in the EU without UK input. Choices in these domains will most likely be far more important than any deal on budget contributions. This may be seriously problematic for some parts of the financial-services sector.”
Belonging to the the EEA would require Britain to adhere to rules on free movement of labour and continue paying into the EU budget. For now, the financial costs are outweighed by the potential impact of lost trade agreements, the IFS said. Single-market membership could be worth 4 per cent of gross domestic product compared with reliance on World Trade Organisation terms, while the impact of free-trade agreements short of membership range somewhere between the two, the report showed.
The IFS also said Brexit could weaken the public finances by as much as £39 billion (€45.6 billion). Chancellor of the exchequer Philip Hammond has already abandoned his predecessor George Osborne’s goal of delivering a budget surplus by 2020 and indicated he is ready to deliver a fiscal stimulus to aid the economy. – (Bloomberg)