Saving for Dublin house deposit takes four years, says Central Bank
Buyers in south Dublin need to save €40,000 more under new lending rules, study shows
The Central Bank study shows those looking to buy in south Co Dublin face the steepest challenge in raising house deposits.
A couple living in a two-bedroom apartment in Dublin will take up to four years to save a deposit to purchase a three-bed home, new research from the Central Bank shows, while those living in Connacht can save enough for their first home in just seven months.
And the introduction of the regulator’s mortgage-lending rules, as well as rent and house prices increases, means it is taking up to two years more for Dublin residents to save a deposit for their first home than it did in 2014.
In a new report, the Central Bank has sought to estimate the number of years of saving required – time to save – to buy a three-bedroom home for a couple with no children and one car, renting a two-bedroom apartment, based on average incomes and typical living expenses. It excludes the impact of gifts from parents, etc, which can help speed up the process in saving for a deposit.
It should be noted that many prospective home buyers might find it more difficult to save than the examples given in the survey; for example, according to the survey, a couple earning €54,000 combined, and paying rent of €476 a month somewhere in Connacht, should be able to save a deposit of €8,319 in seven months, while a couple earning €109,728 in Dublin should save a deposit of €76,000 in a little over 2½ years.
Nonetheless, the study offers an interesting perspective on the difficulties faced by first-time buyers (FTBs) in some parts of the country.
Unsurprisingly, residents of the capital will take the longest to save a deposit, given the elevated nature of both rents and house prices. Figures from the regulator show home-buyers in Dublin will need to save for between 2½ and four years, depending on the location of the property, which is “in line” with international evidence, the Central Bank says.
The study shows those looking to buy in south Co Dublin face the steepest challenge in getting their deposits together, with lending rules and house-price increases conspiring to raise the down payment required from €35,000 to €76,000 in two years. This means the average FTB (based on a couple’s income of €109,728 ) will take 2.6 years to save a deposit in the area, or more than five years if their income is €50,853.
Elsewhere, residents of Dublin have experienced increases of between €10,000 and €22,000 in the amount they need to save for their deposit. In the city centre, for example, the down payment required to purchase a three-bedroom property has jumped from €25,000 in 2014 to €48,000 in 2016, which means the average FTB, with an income of €72,966, will take 3.8 years to save a deposit, or more than five years if their income is €50,853.
If you’re buying a house outside the capital, the study shows that saving for a deposit should not take as long, given lower average house prices, lower rents and the fact that you might only need a down payment of 10 per cent under the Central Bank’s ceiling of €220,000.
In Cork or Galway, for example, the Central Bank says it should take about 18 months to save a deposit, based on an average FTB income of €63,381 and €59,813 respectively, with a typical down payment of €20,600 required in Cork city, up from about €12,000 in 2014, and a deposit of 19,200, up from €10,000 in 2014, in Galway city. In Connacht, a down payment of just € 8,319 is required for a three-bed house, and it takes about seven months, while Ulster is the cheapest province, with a down payment of just €8,313 required.
The study also illustrates the impact of the Central Bank’s mortgage-lending rules, which require an FTB to provide a minimum down payment of 10 per cent of the first €220,000 and 20 per cent of the purchase amount over €220,000. As previously mentioned, this has pushed up the required deposit up considerably (by €40,000 in south Co Dublin for example), and also the time to save. In Dublin, prior to the rules FTBs needed only between one and two years to save their deposits; now it’s between 2½ and four, while outside Dublin FTBs needed only six months to save a deposit prior to the rules.