Paris attacks: EU defence clause ‘will not affect Irish neutrality’
Lisbon Treaty calls for ‘aid and assistance’ for countries who face armed aggression
Minister for Defence Simon Coveney attended a meeting of EU defence ministers in Brussels on Tuesday. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons/The Irish Times
Irish officials have said that Irish neutrality will not be affected by the decision of France to invoke an EU mutual defence clause in the wake of the Paris attacks.
Minister for Defence Simon Coveney was one of 28 EU defence ministers who backed the decision to invoke Article 42.7 of the EU’s Lisbon Treaty at a meeting in Brussels on Tuesday morning.
French president François Hollande referenced the article in his speech to the two houses of the French Parliament in Versailles yesterday, with French defence minister Jean-Yves Le Drian formally requesting the article to be invoked at Tuesday’s meeting. It is the first time the article has been invoked.
The clause states that “if a member state is the victim of armed aggression on its territory, the other member states shall have towards it an obligation of aid and assistance within Article 51 of the United Nations Charter”.
However, the caveat that “this shall not prejudice the specific character of the security and defence policy of certain member states” is widely perceived as giving protection to the specific defence policy of each member state, including Ireland.
The substance of Article 42.7 was widely debated in the run-up to the Irish referendum on the Lisbon Treaty.
So far there is little indication of what the invocation of the Article might mean in practical terms, with some officials stressing that its import is more likely to be symbolic.
Speaking in Brussels after the decision was taken, EU foreign policy chief Frederica Mogherini said that the Paris attacks had been an attack on civilisation.
“Europe is a union,” she said. “We are a community. France has been attacked so the whole of Europe has been attacked. Today France is requesting aid and assistance from the whole of the rest of Europe and today the whole of the rest of Europe has answered yes to that request.”
She said member states would now offer bilateral assistance to France and the EU would be the “framework” for that support.
Ireland is one of six EU countries that are not members of Nato. However, Irish troops and personnel are involved in a number of CSDP (Common Security and Defence Policy) EU missions.
The meeting on Tuesday took place amid heightened security in Brussels following a number of arrests over Friday’s terrorist attacks in Paris.
Belgian foreign minister Didier Reynders said this morning that it is possible fugitive suspect Sahal Abdeslam is still in Belgium. His brother Brahim was one of the suicide bombers who blew themselves up outside Stade de France during.
Another brother, Mohamed, was released from police custody on Monday. He told reporters that he is unaware of his brother’s whereabouts.