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Tip2Top in Cabo Blanco: Hemingway once held court here, in all his degenerate glory. The rich still fly in to hook a prize marlin

The writer came here, where I stop on my journey up the Americas, as this Peruvian village was where much of The Old Man and the Sea was filmed

There are a couple of ways out of Paita, on Peru’s far north coast. One is directly back on to the Panamericana. Okay. So we know what that heralds – a flashy duel carriageway north and on into Ecuador. The other is a lesser, local road that hugs the coast and eventually, maybe 80 or 100 kms later, joins the PanAm and then whooshes on up to the frontier. I know what the first option will be like, so let’s go with the one I don’t, which actually turns out to be a grand road. It winds through a series of villages tucked into oasis-like valleys separated by swathes of dune desert plateau.

At a place named El Alto, which is perched on some cliffs, as you’d expect with that name, there’s a suggestion of a beach down below, at Cabo Blanco, which sounds good. The road starts plunging through chunky, bare-rubble mountainside, down through twists and turns and switchbacks, none of them with protective walls or crash barriers, but that’s okay because the vista beyond is fantastic – a panorama of wide blue ocean, and this time it’s an azure blue, not the muddy brown seen earlier along the north Peruvian coast. This has a Caribbean feel to it.

Hemingway was only 57 when he came to Cabo Blanco in 1956, and then for only 32 days, but he was already in steep decline

At the bottom of the road it becomes a short, simple drag by the beach, a lovely, clean sandy stretch of maybe 150m and without a hint of litter anywhere – not always the case in Peru. The road goes on but only for a couple of hundred metres before disappearing around a headland.

The drag has very little on it, but it too is clean, and the promenade is really well kept – all freshly painted with places to sit and beds for small trees and cactus plants. There’s an officious bloke at the start of the drag, manning a barrier preventing vehicles going any farther. He directs me into a car park and won’t entertain the notion that I might actually continue along the road.


And so I park and start walking along the seafront, clunkily in my biking gear, and in the pounding heat. There’s a cafe-restaurant, named the Black Marlin, that looks as if it might do breakfast – and it does! So very soon I’m sitting there, munching away on bread and jam, and drinking coffee and fresh orange juice, while I look out at a flotilla of small sailing and fishing boats just off the beach, and an inshore petroleum rig. I start to notice all the marlin-fishing photographs on the restaurant walls. Men, with or without parties of admirers, standing beside vast fish, usually three or four times as tall as they are, suspended upside down by their tails, with their killers standing proudly beside them, fishing rod in hand. And, I guess inevitably, there he is – Papa himself – Ernest Hemingway in all his degenerate glory.

Hemingway had a very big impact on me in my teenage years. I devoured A Farewell to Arms and still think it is one of the best novels written. Ditto For Whom the Bell Tolls. Even the mention of A Moveable Feast has the smell of roasting chestnuts in the Jardin du Luxembourg fill my nostrils. I loved his terse style and the fact that he began his working life as a reporter. I wanted to be a reporter.

The macho thing never got to me; I was never that and never felt it was something to emulate. But what did get me was the full-on way Hemingway lived his life. I’d much rather that it had not involved killing animals for sport. That I can’t abide. But his general zest for life – his lust for living, for food and for drink, and for adventure – that appealed to me and still does.

Hemingway was only 57 when he came to Cabo Blanco in 1956, and then for only 32 days, but he was already in steep decline. At the end of 1955, and before his Peruvian escapade, he was bedridden and had been told by his doctor to lay off the drink, advice he was unable to take. Cabo Blanco has been dining out on this old man and the sea ever since his month-long visit.

The sea because this is one of the few places in the world where black marlin live, in large numbers and close to the shore, attracted apparently by two currents, El Niño and the Humboldt, as well as the mackerel that themselves came for the anchovy. The marlin were fished easily, according to Francisco, the restaurant owner.

And the old man? Well, that was what Hemingway was by then – 13 years younger than me now – in his head, an old man who was depressed and ageing rapidly, and his body wasn’t in good shape either. Within four years he took his own life, in his hunting lodge in Ketchum, Idaho. (Across four generations, five Hemingways have died by suicide.)

Hemingway came to Cabo Blanco because this was where much of the screen version of The Old Man and the Sea was filmed. Spencer Tracy played the old man. By coincidence my former colleague Patsy McGarry, whom once, as Irish Times foreign editor, I dispatched to Cuba, returned from Havana with a present for me, a Cuban copy of The Old Man and the Sea signed by Gregorio Fuentes, former skipper of Hemingway’s boat, the Pilar. Fuentes claimed – and maybe this was his dining-out story – that the old man in the novel was based on him.

Who knows, but the little book from Patsy remains greatly treasured. Hemingway held court at Cabo Blanco Fishing Club, and in local bars, as photos in the restaurant show. He looks, to me at any rate, a lot older than 57, and, like some photos in bars and cafes around Estafeta, the famed bull-running street in Pamplona, he cuts a rather pathetic figure.

They’ve put up a bust to him along the seafront, and one of the bars displays a large picture of him behind the counter. Cabo Blanco Fishing Club was a bit of a magnet for rich Americans (not unrelated to the fact that rich Americans ran it – founding membership cost $10,000), and in the 1950s it hosted Marilyn Monroe, Paul Newman, James Stewart, Humphrey Bogart, John Wayne and Nelson Rockefeller.

Those heydays are long gone. “Rich Spanish, Germans and Italians still come here to fish,” Francisco says. But it’s not the same; there are fishing restrictions aimed at preserving marlin stocks, and catches are to be returned to the sea, not suspended from a quayside gibbet. So the days of really big-game fishing are over even if the memories linger. Cabo Blanco’s future may be more in surfing than in macho marlin fishing. Hemingway is said to have fished every day he was here, and, of all the famous habitues of the club, his is the image that dominates the restaurant walls and adjoining bar.

In a 215-page history of the club from 2011, 19 pages are devoted to Papa. He didn’t manage to catch anything weighing more than 1,000lb, a trophy known as a grander. The grander record for the largest fish ever caught on a line anywhere in the world remains held by the Texas oilman Alfred C Glassell jnr, who landed a 1,560-pounder here in 1953. Hemingway’s best at the club was a 910-pounder, which ain’t half bad either. No grander has been caught for more than 50 years.

Peter Murtagh is travelling by motorbike from Tierra del Fuego, at the tip of South America, to Alaska, at the top of North America, and writing here regularly. You can also read his blog and follow him on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram

Peter Murtagh

Peter Murtagh

Peter Murtagh is a contributor to The Irish Times