Deutsche Bank stock recovers a touch on reassurance from chief executive

Leading German bank, hit with fines and drop in revenue, saw shares drop below €10

Deutsche Bank’s chief executive sought to reassure his staff on Friday that Germany’s largest lender remained robust after fears over its stability sent tremors through global financial markets.

Deutsche, which employs around 100,000 people, has been engulfed by crisis after being handed a demand for up to $14 billion (€12.45 billion) earlier in September from the US authorities for mis-selling mortgage-backed securities. The bank is fighting the fine but would have to turn to investors for more money if it is imposed in full.

The German government this week denied a newspaper report that it was working on a rescue plan for the bank. Chief executive John Cryan’s letter addressed reports of the departure of a few hedge fund clients, hitting out at “certain forces” that wanted to weaken trust in the bank.

Deutsche shares were volatile again, initially falling around 8 per cent in Frankfurt to a record low below €10 before bouncing back to €10.96 by late afternoon.


They have lost more than half their value this year and the bank’s market capitalisation has fallen to €15 billion.

Hedge fund

Trading volume in Deutsche’s debt has more than doubled this week and soared 15-fold in a month as investors rush to offload the troubled German lender’s bonds. Sources said one large hedge fund in Asia had pulled out collateral from Deutsche amounting to $50 million in the last two days, while other sources said this had happened elsewhere, albeit on a small scale.

On Friday, Mr Cryan sought to put the moves into perspective.

“We should look at the complete picture,” he said in the letter to the bank’s workers, adding that Deutsche had more than 20 million customers and reserves of more than €215 billion.

"We are and remain a strong Deutsche Bank. "

Deutsche is much smaller than Wall Street rivals such as JPMorgan and Citigroup. But it has significant trading relationships with all of the world’s largest finance houses and the International Monetary Fund this year identified it as a bigger potential risk to the wider financial system than any other global bank.

Worries over a major bank in Europe’s largest economy and talk of a government rescue have stirred painful memories of the 2007-2009 financial crisis.

Banks are now required to have plans showing how they would respond to a major market shock, with improved controls on liquidity.

Regulators also draw up plans on how lenders could be smoothly closed down in the event of impending failure. Italy, whose banks have their own troubles caused by soured loans, called for swift action on Deutsche.

"Just like the problem of bad bank loans must be solved within a reasonable time frame, so it should be for Deutsche Bank's problems," Italian economy inister Pier Carlo Padoan told Italian daily La Stampa.

German elections

With Germany facing elections next year, there is little political appetite for helping a group disliked by many Germans because of its pursuit of investment banking abroad that resulted in billions of euros of penalties for wrongdoing.

However, the German government faces a delicate balancing act with a deeper crisis for Deutsche Bank potentially spilling over into Europe’s largest economy.

The problems of Deutsche, once Germany’s flagship on Wall Street, are awkward for Berlin, which has berated many euro zone peers for economic mismanagement and pushed for countries such as Ireland and Greece to cope with their banking problems alone.

Dutch finance minister Jeroen Dijsselbloem said on Friday that Deutsche Bank must survive “on its own”, without assistance from the German state.

German banks have found their profits squeezed by the European Central Bank’s ultra-low interest rates and Commerzbank, the country’s second largest lender, is cutting almost 10,000 jobs.