Herdsmen kill 100 in attacks on Nigerian villages
Land disputes underlie ethnic and sectarian tensions in Kaduna state
The Kaduna area has long experienced disputes over land, religion and ethnicity. Image: Google Maps
Gunmen killed more than 100 people in an attack on three villages in central Nigeria, an area where longstanding disputes over land, religion and ethnicity often erupt into violence, two local government officials said today.
Police confirmed the raids by Fulani herdsman late on Friday on the villages of Ugwar Sankwai, Ungwan Gata and Chenshyi, in Kaduna state, but declined to give a death toll.
Hundreds have been killed in the past year in clashes pitting the cattle-herding and largely Muslim Fulani people against mostly Christian settled communities like the Berom in Nigeria’s volatile “Middle Belt”, where its mostly Christian south and Muslim north meet.
The unrest is not linked to the insurgency in the northeast by Boko Haram, an al Qaeda-linked group which wants to impose sharia law in northern Nigeria.
However, analysts say there is a risk the insurgents will try to stoke central Nigeria’s conflict. Though most of the Islamist sect’s attacks are contained further north but it did claim a 2011 Christmas Day bomb attack at a church in Jos.
“Fulani gunmen came across from neighbouring Plateau state and just opened fire on the villagers at around 11 pm,” said Daniel Anyip, vice chairman of the Kaura local government authority. “We are still picking bodies out of the bush but so far there are more than 100 killed.”
Andrew Kazah, another local councilor, said at least 96 had been killed, but that the toll was likely to go up.
Human Rights Watch in December said sectarian clashes in the nation’s religiously mixed central region had killed 3,000 people since 2010, adding that Nigerian authorities had largely ignored the violence, an accusation they denied.
Though it sometimes takes on a sectarian character, the violence is fundamentally about decades-old land disputes between semi-nomadic, cattle-keeping communities such as the Fulani and settled farming peoples such as the Berom, both often armed with automatic weapons.
Nigeria is Africa’s most populous nation with almost 170 million people, split roughly equally between Christians and Muslims and around 250 different ethnic groups who mostly live peacefully side-by-side.
But the central region has been a tinderbox for decades.
Its violence, far from economic centres or oil fields in Africa’s second-biggest economy and top oil producer, rarely captures the attention of its elites.