Turkey’s secularists pine for fading legacy of Ataturk

Presidential poll tomorrow pits joint opposition against Erdogan of the Islamist AK Party

Supporters of Turkey’s prime minister and presidential candidate Tayyip Erdogan in Istanbul yesterday. Photograph: Murad Sezer/Reuters

Supporters of Turkey’s prime minister and presidential candidate Tayyip Erdogan in Istanbul yesterday. Photograph: Murad Sezer/Reuters

Sat, Aug 9, 2014, 01:00

In Istanbul’s Kadikoy district, students openly drink beer on street corners where monuments to the founder of the modern Turkish state, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, appear everywhere.

Also omnipresent is the patent dismay about how Turkey is being governed today.

Here, support for Ataturk borders on the fanatic. The secular former president who established the republic of Turkey from the ashes of the Ottoman empire is still toasted at football games and public events 75 years after his death. In conversations on the economy, ideology and society, and on the tattooed arms of young men, the name Kemal Mustafa Ataturk appears again and again.

Seventy-year-old Inan Kuyulu, a raki-drinking retired captain of the Turkish army who has lived here all his life, is one of many critical of the ruling Islamist AK Party.

“Mustafa Kemal Ataturk’s work has been reversed. [Prime minister Tayyip] Erdogan is taking the country backwards,” he says, puffing on a cigar.

In 1923, Turkey was established as a secular state, modelled on its European neighbours. For decades, outward religiosity was banned in public life, alcohol was openly drunk on the streets and fashion styles followed those of Europe.

Values ridiculed

Today, however, the AK Party- led government shuns European integration, ridicules western values and increasingly champions conservative Islamic practices in Turks’ private lives. New laws have restricted the sale of alcohol, while government officials openly tell women how to behave and offer advice on the number of children they should bear.

As a result, secular Turks such as Kuyulu say they feel besieged in a country where their voice is no longer heard or represented on the political stage.

To take on the AK Party juggernaut in Sunday’s presidential election, Turkey’s two main opposition parties are putting forward Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu as a joint candidate in the hope of mounting a serious challenge. Few give Ihsanoglu a chance of defeating Erdogan.

Not long after the AK Party swept to power in 2002, it moved to neutralise the single greatest longstanding threat to its power – Turkey’s military, viewed for decades as the keystone institution of secular Turkey. Hundreds of military officers were imprisoned in 2012 for allegedly planning a coup against the government, based on evidence viewed by many to be flawed.

Then, threatened by elements among the national police force and the judiciary that support the exiled cleric Fethullah Gulen, an opponent of Erdogan, the government fired thousands of police officers and restricted the power of Turkey’s judiciary earlier this year.

In February, Turkey’s parliament passed a law allowing for the blocking of websites without first attaining a court order, while Twitter and YouTube, where a leaked conversation alleging corruption involving members of Erdogan’s family appeared, were banned in March. These combined measures resulted in widespread protests by Turkey’s urban youth.

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