Iran to grant ‘managed access’ to uranium mine
Geneva talks on nuclear programme to reconvene on November 20th after cooperation pact reached
US secretary of state John Kerry today said he hoped an agreement to end a dispute over Iran’s nuclear programme would be completed within months. Photograph: Denis Balibouse/Reuters.
Iran will grant UN inspectors “managed access” to a uranium mine and a heavy-water plant within three months as part of a cooperation pact reached on Monday that aims to allay concern about Tehran’s nuclear programme.
It was signed by UN nuclear agency chief Yukiya Amano in Tehran after Iran and six world powers came close to a preliminary nuclear agreement during broader talks in Geneva at the weekend and decided to meet again on November 20th.
The sets of negotiations are separate but both centre on fears that Iran may be seeking the capability to build nuclear weapons, a charge it denies.
The Iran-IAEA deal may encourage hopes for next week’s resumption of big power diplomacy after a decade of international deadlock on the issue.
“This is an important step forward to start with, but much more needs to be done,” Mr Amano said in the Iranian capital.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Iran will “strengthen their cooperation and dialogue aimed at ensuring the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear programme,” a joint statement said.
“It was agreed that Iran and the IAEA will cooperate further with respect to verification activities to be undertaken by the IAEA to resolve all present and past issues.”
That seemed in part to be a reference to a stalled IAEA investigation into suspected atomic bomb research by Iran, but it gave no detail on when and how that probe may resume.
Mr Amano suggested such issues would be addressed in “subsequent steps” under the IAEA-Iran framework accord. Britain - which is negotiating with Tehran along with the United States, France, Germany, China and Russia - welcomed the agreement.
It was “important that Iran addresses the substance of the agency’s concerns about possible military dimensions” to the nuclear programme, it said.
Iran expert Ali Vaez of the International Crisis Group think tank said: “This goodwill gesture is likely to put Iran in a better position when its negotiators meet again with their (six power) counterparts next week in Geneva.”
Middle East specialist Shashank Joshi at the Royal United Services Institute in London said much would depend on implementation.
“We have had numerous false starts before.”
The Vienna-based IAEA, which regularly inspects Iranian nuclear sites, has long requested more information and wider access to fulfil its mandate to supervise Iran’s nuclear programme to ensure there are no military links.
Iran had until now ignored several requests. But the election of a relative moderate, Hassan Rouhani, as Iranian president in June has fuelled hopes that Iran’s nuclear dispute with the West can be resolved peacefully.