Waterford running low on assets for the future
As the city hits its 1,100th birthday, its jobless rate hits 19%
Waterford bills itself as Ireland’s oldest city. Founded in 914 by Regnall, a Viking adventurer, whose name lives on in Reginald’s Tower, its golden era was in the 18th century when the city’s two great cathedrals were built – both designed by John Roberts and now officially “twinned” with each other.
But Waterford is underperforming now. With unemployment at 19 per cent – significantly higher than other Irish cities – its relatively small scale has resulted in a “failure . . . to emerge as ‘leader’ of the region in terms of population, industry, retail, tourism, etc,” according to DKM economic consultants.
In their exhaustive analysis of Waterford’s strengths and weaknesses – commissioned by the city and county councils in advance of their merger later this year – the consultants found there was a “low level of confidence” in the city, which had “failed to reach its potential” as the southeast’s driver.
One of its strengths is the lesser-used M9 motorway – built at the behest of former environment minister Martin Cullen – which delivers a journey time of one hour and 50 minutes to Dublin, easily beating the train. Even on busy days, this toll-free motorway operates at less than a quarter of its capacity.
A gargantuan concrete pylon, similar to the one on the Luas bridge in Dundrum, announces Waterford’s ring road – the N25 – which was so over-designed that traffic levels haven’t yet reached half of its capacity. But nobody in Waterford is complaining about this grade-A roads infrastructure.
Three-quarters of commuters drive to work and there is a startling lack of provision for cyclists. Bus services (few and far between) need to be reviewed, according to DKM, with better cycle, pedestrian and bus connections to the city centre from Plunkett station, Waterford Institute of Technology and outlying employment locations.
Heavy traffic on the ugly Rice Bridge and its even uglier approaches makes for an intimidating journey to the railway station if you’re on foot. One of the really good ideas kicking around in Waterford would involve relocating the station further east, on the Suir’s north quay, with a Derry-style pedestrian bridge to the city.
The north quay, now occupied by derelict mill buildings and silos, was the subject of an international architectural competition – promoted in 2002 by Martin Cullen – for an urban design masterplan. But the scheme was so ambitious that it never got off the ground, and the property crash and recession put an end to it.
In the longer term, the north quay is seen by DKM as having potential for a “riverside village – south-facing and often sheltered from the prevailing winds, with waterside restaurants, festival shopping, boutique hotels, apartments, offices, ateliers and galleries beside a riverside boardwalk”. But the market “is not ready for it yet”.
One of the city’s perennial problems is it never had control over the extended urban area. Apart from a sliver of the north bank within the city limits, the rest of it is in Co Kilkenny, and its county council had no problem approving boomtime plans for a shopping centre at Ferrybank; it has yet to open.
The big slab on a hill that was once the Ard Rí Hotel, with its grandstand view of Waterford, is partly in Co Kilkenny. Abandoned in 2005 and vandalised, it has since been “wrapped” – Christo-style – and would make a brilliant projection screen, or an apartment block with one of the finest aspects in Ireland.
Waterford vs Kilkenny
Kilkenny County Council has consistently objected to any proposal for an extension of Waterford, arguing, “Kilkenny county and its people have a unique and clear social, cultural and sporting identity”. DKM disagreed, while saying that “achieving this will not be easy and will require a change of attitudes”.