Rival operating systems: most people are too busy to look beyond Windows (left) and macOS (right), but Linux (centre) is worth making time for

Linux is everywhere – and will free your computer from corporate clutches

Shiv Malik is a journalist and former investigative reporter for the Guardian, a prominent voice across the British media on radicalism

British journalist Shiv Malik fails to address many of the troubling questions behind the ‘dangerous fraternisation’ between a rep(...)

Berlin deadlock: German chancellor Angela Merkel leaves the 15-hour marathon talks session on Friday morning. Photograph: Stefanie Loos/EPA

Despite the chancellor’s brave face, the mood in her inner circle is black

A Kuwait Airways Boeing 777-300ER. In its ruling the judge said transporting the Israeli citizen would have caused legal repercussions for the airline and the crew back in Kuwait, because of a state boycott of Israel. Photograph:  Yasser Al-Zayyat/AFP/Getty Images

Ruling that man could not be discriminated against because of nationality causes outrage

Germany’s Social Democratic Party is pressing for the German parliament, the Bundestag (above), to block Ireland’s plans for an early repayment of bailout loans totalling €5.5 billion. Photograph: Hannibal Hanschke/Reuters

Social Democratic Party pushing for Bundestag to block Ireland’s early repayment plan on loans worth €5.5 billion

German chancellor Angela Merkel: only if the exploratory talks end in a successful engagement will proper coalition talks begin. Photograph: AFP / DPA / Michael Kappeler

Time and options are running out for the German chancellor to ensure the so-called Jamaica alliance has a chance

No one knows who puts the mincemeat near the train tracks at Berghausen, mostly on Mondays near the fence, and no one knows what it means. Photograph: istock

Raw mince deposits near the train tracks in Berghausen have stumped police and locals

German Federal Security Council has approved the controversial delivery of two patrol boats to Saudi Arabia in January 2017. Photograph: Jens Koehler/EPA

Opposition party accuses government of prioritising money over strategic priorities

A surveillance camera photo from the State Criminal Police of Lower Saxony  shows masked perpetrators, suspected to be RAF members, during a robbery in Hildesheim, Germany, taken on May 7th, 2016.  File photograph:  Police handout/EPA

Three are last members of notorious left-wing terror group, still living undercover

Max Schrems: the Austrian activist’s Facebook case has its origins in a 2011 complaint he filed to the Data Protection Commissioner in Dublin.

Final ECJ ruling in case taken by Austrian lawyer to be given at later date

Polish nationalists carry a flag with the message “Death to the enemies of the homeland” as they take part in the march for Polish Independence Day in Warsaw. Photograph: Bartlomie J Zborowski/EPA

Israel alarmed by march and urges Polish government to react

Coplaintiff lawyers want the 27 attempted manslaughter charges being heard in the commercial court to be upgraded to an attempted murder trial

In recent months five former customers of the accused’s pharmacy business have died

An open-pit lignite mine near Drebkau in Lusatia, Germany. Photograph: Seán Gallup/Getty

Plan to cut Germany’s CO2 emissions goes astray as reliance on ‘brown coal’ continues

A police officer on duty in the German capital. Berlin police chief Klaus Kandt has dismissed allegations of gang infiltration as “patently” false and unfounded. Photograph: Alexander Becher/EPA

German capital’s law force riven by claims of racism and gang informer infiltration

Niels Hoegel: before his second trial the nurse told a forensic investigator he was “addicted to this feeling of having done something good, a feeling that sometimes lasted days”. Carmen Jaspersen/AFP/Getty Images

Tally would make Niels Högel (40) the most prolific serial killer in Europe

Russian historian Pavel Polian has reconstructed 90 per cent of Marcel Nadjari’s eye-witness report from inside the Nazi extermination machine.

Marcel Nadjari who died in 1971 secreted in flask his eye-witness account of mass murder

Vanja, an intersex person  registered as a female: Vanja’s case in the German courts has resulted in a  ruling to have the intersex gender recognised. Photograph: Peter Steffen/AFP/Getty Images

Constitutional court rules 80,000 intersex people in Germany can register their gender

Angela Merkel in reflective pose: she may find her conservative allies to be her greatest headache whenever a government is formed. John Mac Dougall/AFP/Getty Images

Greatest wild card for chancellor may now be the CSU, her long-term Bavarian sister party

Matthias Mueller, chief executive of Volkswagen: over 15,000 German diesel owners are hoping for a €250m payout after joining class action lawsuit. Photograph: Thomas Kienzle/AFP/Getty Images

Cases separate to €9bn compensation claim by shareholders over car diesel manipulation

A sculpture of Auguste Rodin at the Gurlitt exhibition,  in Bonn, Germany, this week. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP Photo

Notorious Gurlitt art collection includes lost works by Renoir, Cézanne and Monet

Gazal (17) a refugee from Syria, sits down to  lunch that her classmates prepared during their extra-curricular German-language programme at a Berlin school on Thursday. Photograph:  Sean Gallup/Getty Images

More than 30,000 people refused asylum have reportedly vanished and are likely to be living illegally

German chancellor Angela Merkel at  Martin Luther’s grave at the Castle Church in Wittenberg: “Whoever values diversity has to practise tolerance, that is the historical experience of our continent,” she said. Photograph: Hannibal Hanschke/Reuters

500 years after Martin Luther nailed up his theses, he may be seen as father of austerity

Sebastian Kurz, the 31-year-old leader of the Austrian People’s Party, is likely to be the next chancellor. Photograph: EPA/Christian Bruna

Sebastian Kurz hoping for a swift agreement on a programme for government

The 48-year-old Belfast man was extradited from the Republic of Ireland last December to face charges.

James Anthony Oliver Corry convicted over 1996 attack on British army barracks in Osnabrueck

Outgoing finance minister Wolfgang Schäuble goes to take his place after he was elected president of the Bundestag on Tuesday.  Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty Images

Crowded and lively German parliament sits for first time since election in September

Angela Merkel: Her previously unquestioned leadership is now under fire. Photograph: Omer Messinger

German chancellor looks to untested alliance with Greens and Free Democrats

 Sebastian Kurz arrives for a TV discussion, in Vienna, Austria. Photograph: Leonhard Foeger/Reuters

Sebastian Kurz continues to polarise as he looks set to become the next Austrian leader

German chancellor Angela Merkel gestures during an EU  summit in Tallinn, Estonia. Photograph: Ilmars Znotins/AFP/Getty Images

Angela Merkel insists she has options, but her party’s match has already been made

Former Hypo Real Estate chief executive Georg Funke, pictured in a Munich court in March 2017. The case was settled today. Photograph: Christof Stache / AFP

German prosecutors drop fraud charges against ex-managers of bailed-out lender

Wolfgang Schäuble, who departs  the German finance ministry after eight years to become the next Bundestag president. Photograph: Axel Schmidt/Reuters

Veteran politician takes over as Bundestag president at critical juncture in parliament’s history

Alice Weidel and Alexander Gauland, newly elected parliamentary party leaders of the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD), make a statement after a first meeting of the  parliamentary group at the Marie-Elisabeth-Lüders-Haus parliamentary building in Berlin on September 26th, 2017. Photograph: Steffi Loos/AFP/Getty Images

Co-leader Frauke Petry says is quitting in protest at extremist language in far-right party

Frauke Petry, a leading member of the right-wing Alternative for Germany (AfD), who is leaving the party. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Officials of far-right party order leader Frauke Petry to leave over rhetorical differences

German chancellor Angela Merkel of the Christian Democratic Union at a press conference in Berlin. Photograph: Christian Bruna/EPA

German chancellor refuses to rule out SPD coalition amid fallout from general election

 German chancellor Angela Merkel: the AfD is now her biggest challenge. Photograph: Reuters/Kai Pfaffenbach

Afd’s breakthrough as the third-largest party lay in activating 1.47 million non-voters

Frauke Petry, chairwoman of the anti-immigration party Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) speaks as she leaves a news conference in Berlin, Germany. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

AfD scored 12.6 per cent in Sunday’s election, coming third behind Merkel’s CPD

In An Post’s ad, man stands on an Irish headland and stares west at the Manhattan skyline, mulling the world of potential on the far side of the Atlantic.

Brexit has given Ireland a chance to reshape relationships with EU partners

German chancellor and CDU party leader Angela Merkel addresses supporters. Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty Images

Germans have turned away from chancellor, her centrist CDU and her open-door policy

Film-maker Volker Schlöndorff with writer Colm Tóibín. Photograph: Franziska Strauss

The film director, a friend and confidant of the chancellor, describes her as ‘authentic’

Demonstrators protest against the anti-immigration party Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) after German general election in Berlin. Photograph: Christian Mang/Reuters

The anti-immigration party, now Germany’s third-largest, is broadening its scope

Opponents of  AfD  protest  on Berlin’s Alexanderplatz after the far-right party secured 13 per cent of the vote. Photograph: Jens Schlueter/Getty Images

AfD gain will pose a challenge to Merkel as she seeks to form three-way coalition

Christian Democratic Union party leader and German Chancellor Angela Merkel reacts on first exit polls in the German general election in Berlin. Photograph: Kai Pfaffenbach/Reuters

Far-right party enters parliament for the first time in over 50 years

Getting boomier: Mayo firm Cannon & Cannon’s  Number 1 Charlottenburg in Berlin where    prices start at around €250,000, almost eight times the average German gross salary of €33,000

Mayo firm adapts plans for Berlin complex amid heated election debate on housing

A defaced election campaign poster of the CDU party in Cologne. Chancellor Angela Merkel offered voters her tried and trusted “lot done, more to do” campaign. . Photograph: Wolfgang Rattay/Reuters

The country’s general election is a referendum: more Merkel or no more Merkel

German chancellor Angela Merkel at a  final election rally in Munich. She was heckled by  hundreds of far-right Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) protesters. Photograph:  Reuters

After three terms in office, polls suggest CDU leader is on course for fourth term

 A billboard showing German Chancellor and Christian Democrat leader  Angela Merkel and the numbers 24.9,  the date of upcoming German federal elections,  in Hermsdorf, Germany. File photograph: Jens Schlueter/Getty Images

Election of rightist Bundestag majority would be latest pushback against legacy of 1968

Parliamentary group leader of left-wing party Die Linke and top candidate for the upcoming general elections, Sahra Wagenknecht, speaks in Berlin district of Lichtenberg. Photograph: Clemens Bilan

Voters aware left has neither will nor mass to do deal and oust Angela Merkel

Angela Merkel, Jean-Claude Juncker and Wolfgang Schäuble at a  reception to mark Schäuble’s 75th birthday. Photograph: Reuters/Kai Pfaffenbach

Price paid by Merkel for coalition may see the flinty politician sidelined in favour of FDP candidate

A former store in Berlin that was redesigned to feature interactive spaces that present the CDU’s election campaign programme for the general elections. Photograph: Carsten Koall/EPA

Irish-style door-to-door canvassing has been enhanced with specialised apps to win votes

A supporter of the Pegida movement and German right-wing populist party Alternative for Germany holds a banner against   Angela Merkel, in Dresden, on Monday. Photograph: Filip Singer/EPA

Party speakers say Merkel administration has ‘blood on its hands’ over its refugee policy

Martin Schulz, chancellor candidate of the German Social Democratic party (SPD): mood has changed since March as  voters are likely to reject the 61-year-old, his party and manifesto as credible agents of change. Photograph: Steffi Loos/AFP/Getty Images

German election: Enshrouded in working-class myth, the SPD leader is destined for opposition

German election: a poster of Angela Merkel is pasted up in Berlin. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

Erdogan urges voters to boycott Merkel’s party as ‘enemy of Turkey’

 A symbiotic relationship: the German chancellor Angela Merkel  with  her publicity-shy office manager Beate Baumann.   Photograph:  EPA/Alexander Becher

The chancellor and her loyal political team are on course for victory at next Sunday’s federal election

German Social Democrat (SPD) and chancellor candidate Martin Schulz during an election campaign stop  in Munich this week. Photograph: Joerg Koch/Getty Images

Schulz facing humiliation as latest poll puts Social Democratic Party on just 20%

Alternative für Deutschland: Alexander Gauland speaks in Frankfurt on Oder. Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty

Alternative für Deutschland aims to cement its rise by entering the parliament

FDP leader Christian Lindner has framed his party’s return for its pro-business voters as a successful reflotation. Photograph: David Hecker/EPA

Image-obsessed FDP hopes to win back enough support to be coalition kingmaker

Angela Merkel: After 12 years in power,  the German chancellor knows that major reform of how the EU  operates will be a slow  affair. Photograph: Kay Nietfeld/AFP/Getty Images

We will eventually have to show our hand when the push for EU reforms gathers pace

Frank Schneemelcher in his Quedlinburg workshop. Photograph: Derek Scally

Quedlinburg’s restoration has brought tourists and business, but many challenges remain

Protesters and hecklers chant “Merkel must go” at the edge of an election campaign stop in Finsterwalde. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

‘Disappointed love’ and immigration fears are causing unrest in chancellor’s heartland

Syrian couple and dentists Ayham and Farah Kodmany in their new home of Goslar, Germany: “When you’ve lost your homeland, it’s all the same whether you’re in Goslar or Göttingen, once it’s peaceful,” says Ayham.

Lower Saxon city embraces asylum seekers as it counters low birth rate and brain drain

The Chancellery, Berlin. Germany is to hold federal elections on September 24th. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Germany faces up to the threat of targeted cyberattacks ahead of September’s federal vote

A man tries a set of virtual reality goggles at the Philips stand at the IFA tech fair in Berlin. Photograph: Felipe Trueba/EPA

Windows Mixed Reality and high-tech oven among innovations at veteran trade show

German Chancellor Angela Merkel talks to foreign minister Sigmar Gabriel in the German Bundestag in Berlin. Photograph: Clemens Bilan/EPA

In the Bundestag, opposition politicians released four years of frustration with Merkel

The number of people visiting food banks has spiked in the 15 years since Germany introduced radical economic and welfare reforms. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

‘You hear that our state coffers are well-filled but it’s depressing how empty my fridge is’

  German chancellor Angela Merkel and  SPD candidate  Martin Schulz:  up to half of German voters are still undecided who to vote for on September 24th. Photograph: Reuters

Chancellor aims to reassure voters over looming diesel bans in German cities

 Martin Schulz, leader of Germany’s SPD  party and German chancellor Angela Merkel during a televised debate in Berlin. Photograph: AFP/MG RTL D

Chancellor defends record on Turkey and migration as Germany prepares for election

German chancellor Angela Merkel: the secret to her survival early on – eliminating her rivals – has turned on her now. Photograph: Getty Images

As German election nears, shadows are falling over the chancellor’s looming victory

German chancellor Angela Merkel and the leader of the SPD, Martin Schulz,  on campaign posters in Berlin. Photograph: Clemens Bilan/EPA

The debate is challenger Martin Schulz’s last, best chance to turn the election around

Under investigation: the Prometheus Academy website shows medical-school hopefuls dissecting body parts

Health officials also allege that Prometheus Academy’s head isn’t a real doctor

Samsung’s Gear Sport watch is a waterproof fitness tracker able to record record swimming sessions with the preloaded Speedo On app. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

IFA tech fair showcases latest innovations in phones, watches, ovens, vacuums and TVs

The Borussia Dortmund was damaged by an explosion some 10km away from the stadium prior to their Champions League clash with Monaco. Photo: Sascha Schuermann/Getty Images

The 28-year-old suspect had bought shares in the club and hoped to cash in for €4million

German Chancellor Angela Merkel leaves a news conference in Berlin on Tuesday. Photogrph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

Poland’s court reforms, Russian sanctions, and refugee crisis discussed at wide-ranging press conference

Kenny Jacobs left and David O’Brien of Ryanair during their press conference in Dublin on Tuesday. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Airline has complained to competition authorities over Air Berlin ‘stitch-up’

 Angela Merkel: SPD officials have accused her of taking advantage of her position to secure a logistical advantage over challenger Martin Schulz. Photograph:  Jochen Luebke/AFP/Getty Images

German chancellor accused by rival over use of helicopter at ‘knockdown price’

Alice Weidel, co-lead candidate of the right-wing, populist Alternative for Germany (Afd). Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Alternative für Deutschland adapts: populist xenophobia in east, conservatism in west

German chancellor Angela Merkel at an election campaign rally in Quedlinburg, Germany, on Saturday. Photograph: Reinhard Krause/Reuters

German chancellor to seek extension of border checks in effort to win back voters

A procession in which St Oliver Plunkett is venerated in Lamspringe, Lower Saxony, Germany, pictured in late August 2013. File photograph: Wikimedia Commons

Archbishop Eamon Martin thanks Benedictine monks who guarded Irish saint’s body

A Portable Emissions Measurement System device  attached to the exhaust pipe of a car.  VW, Daimler and BMW have agreed software updates to improve emissions but refused to consider costlier retrofits for their cars. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Software updates alone will not be enough to avoid ban, warns environment minister

“I see no military solution for North Korea, I consider that completely wrong,” said Dr Merkel (above, with Donald Trump). Photograph: Michael Kappeler/Reuters

Nationalist thinking the wrong approach in a globalised world, chancellor argues

A press event on the start of the construction of Tower THF in Berlin, Germany. Photograph: Clemens Bilan/EPA

Plans have been unveiled to build a 1.2km public terrace atop the Nazi structure

Air Berlin  says  it opened a data room for potential investors in May, and there was nothing stopping Ryanair from making a bid

Cantillon: O’Leary says if Lufthansa swallows up Air Berlin it will create ‘national monster’

Candidate for the German chancellorship Martin Schulz: “You have the choice between a chancellor who avoids every debate about the future and somebody who tells you what he wants.” Photograph: Friedemann Vogel/EPA

However, a record one in two voters remains undecided and make-up of coalition unclear

Turkish-born  writer Dogan Akhanli in custody in Turkey in 2010. He fled to Germany where he was granted asylum and citizenship, but was arrested last Saturday while on holiday in Spain. Photograph: Tolga Bozoglu/EPA

Turkey trying to extradite German-based Turkish writer critical of Erdogan’s regime

Brexit blues: A year after the Brexit vote, most German banking analysts say there will be no one big winner from the shift away from London. Photograph: Brian O’Leary/RollingNews.ie

Andreas Dombret says American banks are concentrating relocations on the two cities

Hugo Heymann’s villa in Dahlem, Berlin, Germany. Photograph: Sven Meissner

Frank-Walter Steinmeier is under pressure to commemorate building’s Jewish ex-owner

Tal Silberstein, an adviser to Austrian Chancellor Christian Kern,  was detained on Monday in Israel on suspicion of using fake contracts to launder money. Photograph: Jack Guez/AFP/Getty Images

Chancellor Christian Kern said party had severed ties to Tal Silberstein

 Gerhard Schroeder greets Russian president Vladimir Putin in Berlin in September 2005. Photograph: Vladimir Rodionov/AFP/Getty Images

Former German chancellor and friend of Putin nominated for board of Rosneft

German chancellor Angela Merkel meets the German YouTuber Ischtar Isik in Berlin. Photograph: Reuters/Axel Schmidt

German chancellor makes her YouTube premiere pitching to young voters

Air Berlin filed for bankruptcy protection after key shareholder Etihad Airways withdrew funding following years of losses. Photograph: Axel Schmidt/Reuters

Irish airline claims state loan to struggling firm is part of ‘conspiracy’ to distort market

 Minister for Finance and Public Expenditure and Reform Paschal Donohoe welcomed British proposals on post-Brexit customs arrangements. File photograph: Gareth Chaney Collins

Minister outlines Republic’s Brexit concerns in talks with German counterpart Schäuble

President of the German Constitutional Court  Andreas Vosskuhle: court has asked the European Court of Justice for an expedited ruling on whether the ECB crisis-era asset purchase programme, worth over €2.3 trillion, broke the bank’s own ban on financing governments.  Photograph: Kai Pfaffenbach/Reuters

European Court of Justice to rule on whether asset purchase programme broke bank’s ban

German chancellor Angela Merkel attends a CDU campaign event  in Cuxhaven, western Germany, on Tuesday. Photograph: Patrik Stollarz/AFP/Getty Images

Chancellor warned against third coalition with Social Democrats in federal elections

Germany’s leader of the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) Martin Schulz: he is being presented as someone who still lives in his small German home town and knows people’s problems.  Photograph: Jens Schlueter/EPA

SPD challenger to Angela Merkel employs hands-on personal approach to election

Artist Stefan Roloff  has covered a 229m stretch of the Berlin Wall with still images of the  wall from video footage he took in 1984

Culture minister says remembering victims of wall part of state’s commemorative culture

Chancellor Angela Merkel on Saturday launched a scathing attack on Germany’s auto managers

German chancellor says large sections of the auto industry have gambled away ‘huge amount of trust’

Roger Casement in Congo in September 1898

In Germany, one man is campaigning to screen a forgotten TV play about the Irish revolutionary

German chancellor Angela Merkel visits a former Stasi prison in Berlin-Hohenschoenhausen. Photograph: Wolfgang Kumm/Pool/Reuters

Chancellor shows little interest in examining the history of her party’s East German wing

“Nitrous oxide emissions kill about 75,000 people a year in the European Union . . . But car companies are big employers, people like their cars and so the dirty business continues.” Photograph: Thomas Kienzle/AFP/Getty Images)

Press’s incestuous relationship with politicians worse than car industry’s

Bild story on gathering of Irish Travellers in Düsseldorf:  “Someone in the town hall had the foresight to get an Irish person to talk to the Travellers.”

Head of Irish Business Network mediates with Traveller gathering in German city

German chancellor Angela Merkel: the car industry is a crucial pillar of the German economy, employing 800,000 directly and generating a fifth of economic output. Photograph: Hannibal Hanschke/Reuters

German attitudes to car industry scandals may be taking a toll on political support

A Soviet tank faces the badly damaged Reichstag in May 1945 in Berlin, where the last pocket of German resistance was crushed. Photograph: Mark Redkin/Getty Images

Academic accuses leading German historian of flirting with neo-Nazi thinking

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