Insurance gender ban now in effect
A European Union ban on insurers charging men and women different prices coming into force today will likely lead to higher insurance costs for consumers.
The EU's highest court outlawed insurers' practice of charging men and women different prices as sex discrimination in March 2011, after Belgium's consumer association brought a test case against it.
The move has drawn criticism from insurers, who say gender exerts a strong influence over how likely a person is to claim and should be reflected in the premiums they pay.
"It is bonkers, absolutely bonkers," said Kevin Ryan, an insurance analyst at Investec in London.
"It is extraordinary saying people cannot compete on underwriting factors. But, broadly for insurers, it will be viewed as good news because prices will go up."
Higher prices would be welcomed by a European insurance industry squeezed by rock-bottom interest rates and recession in several key markets.
Insurers typically charge lower prices for women drivers because they are statistically less likely to crash than men.
They also offers male retirees who buy annuities - investment policies that pay a regular income for the remainder of the customer's lifetime - more generous payments than women because men die sooner, on average.
The biggest changes were expected in the motor insurance market where women below the age of 25 will, from today, pay up to 40 per cent more to eliminate the discount they enjoy relative to men, accountants PricewaterhouseCoopers estimated.
Insurers won't match the increases in female motor premiums with lower rates for male drivers, boosting revenues, although the gain will be competed away over time, said Bjorn Norrman, an analyst at credit rating agency Fitch.
"I would assume that in the beginning you will see much more increases for younger female drivers than you will see decreases for young male drivers," he said.
Insurers' new prices will also likely include an extra margin to absorb set-up costs and provide a buffer against changes in the ratio of male to female customers, which could alter the number of claims they receive, Norrman said.
European motor insurers have been faced with sluggish price growth because of intense competition, exacerbated in the past decade by the rise of price-comparison websites.
Insurers seeking to comply with the ban face a choice between introducing a "unisex" rate pitched between the higher and lower prices they currently charge, or by bringing the lower rate into line with the higher one.
German insurers' association GDV said there would be no price benefit to consumers overall as supposedly unisex prices will, in practice, be too high for either men or women.
"At the end of the day, unisex tariffs will always systematically disadvantage one or other of the sexes," GDV said. "Unisex tariffs do not lead as much to equal status as to enforced conformity."
Insurers could try to sidestep the ban by basing their pricing on proxy gender indicators such as the customer's profession or model of car, although this would be vulnerable to legal challenges, law firm Eversheds said.
The ban was also expected to boost demand for so-called telematics insurance, where insurers monitor customers' behaviour through devices installed in cars, and charge according to how riskily they drive, irrespective of gender.