A dystopian future where women are playthings
Irish author Louise O’Neill left a fashion job in New York to write her debut novel set in a not-too-distant world where women are schooled in one of three functions
Louise O’Neill: ‘I’ve noticed that there are teenage girls with 3,000 photos of themselves on Facebook. We’re constantly consuming ourselves: is this image me?’ Photograph: Denis Minihane
In 2010, Louise O’Neill got her dream job. Having graduated from Trinity with a degree in English and completed a postgraduate course in fashion buying at DIT, she began working at Elle in New York as assistant to the magazine’s style director, Kate Lanphear.
O’Neill’s new boss was great and she loved the job, but after a while she realised she didn’t love it enough. “It was amazing,” she says. But it was tough. “You have to be obsessive and passionate about it, because the pay is really bad and there are very long hours. If you love something you don’t care about that, but I didn’t feel inspired or creatively fulfilled doing it.”
So she came home to Clonakilty. It was the first time since she began college that she didn’t have a concrete plan, but she knew she wanted to be a writer. And she knew what she wanted to write about.
“The fashion industry by its nature treats women and women’s bodies as commodities – how does this model look, what are her waist measurements,” she says. It was impossible to avoid “that emphasis on physical beauty and thinness, especially as I have a history of an eating disorder, so it probably wasn’t the healthiest environment to be in. I just felt really weary, really tired, and the image of the School came to me. The commodification of the female body was the central tenet of it.”
A sinister school
The school in question is the setting of Only Ever Yours, O’Neill’s gripping debut novel. It’s set in a terrifying future in which girls are brought up in schools where they are prepared for the only three options available to women: a companion, or totally submissive wife, to a man their own age; a concubine, who will spend her life sexually servicing men; or a chastity, who will teach the next generation of girls.
Cut off from the outside world and forbidden to learn how to read, the girls spend their classes obsessively controlling their appearance and comparing themselves with their classmates. We see the school through the eyes of Freida, whose time at the school is almost at an end, and whose one real friendship seems to be falling to pieces. Only the 10 most perfect girls will be chosen as companions, and Freida is terrified that she won’t be one of them.
Like all the best dystopias, Only Ever Yours is really about the world we live in now. Almost every surface of the school is mirrored, so even when the girls aren’t looking at their own and others’ pictures online or taking photos of themselves, they are presented with their own image.
“That’s something I feel so passionate about,” says O’Neill. “Having had anorexia, it’s about a constant external focus. It’s always: what do I weigh? What size jeans do I fit into? It’s never about how healthy I feel, how much energy do I have. It’s always external markers.