Killing machines: beautiful images of ugly objects
Raphaël Dallaporta’s photographs of landmines and images taken by a drone flying over Afghanistan seduce, provoke, attack and worry the viewer
Images of landmines from Dallaporta’s series ‘Anti-Personnel’
Raphaël Dallaporta at the Gallery of Photography in Dublin: ‘I don’t dream of a world more human at all. Human is a danger. I dream of a world more conscious, more spiritual, more responsible.’ Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill
Steadily their effect develops – from attractive, through intriguing and unsettling, to disturbing. Raphaël Dallaporta’s series of 35 photographs of landmines are a compelling testament to humanity’s ingenuity when it comes to devising ways to kill one another.
This is the French photographer’s first exhibition in Ireland, and it is one of those shows that works on you step by step: seducing, provoking, attacking and worrying. It’s the worry I’m left with. So I wonder, when I meet the artist, if he’s an optimist.
“I love contradiction,” he says. “Contradiction is the perfect word to enter my work. I don’t dream of a world more human at all. Human is a danger. I dream of a world more conscious, more spiritual, more responsible. There is some hope.”
Nevertheless, the exhibition, which features four distinct “episodes” in Dallaporta’s work, doesn’t necessarily inspire hope.
Fragile , made in collaboration with a forensic pathologist, shows the depredations of life and fatal chance on the human body. Ruins features photographs taken by a drone (purchased on the internet) flying over Afghanistan. Domestic Slavery is a series of banal shots of building facades. In that project, the text beside each image is the kicker, as it relates the stories of migrant workers kept as slaves within the buildings.
The centrepiece of the show, though, is Anti-Personnel , those images of landmines, shot as if they were luxury items, and accompanied by brief captions letting us know who made them, their capacities and their legacies.
Dallaporta, born in 1980, is one of an emerging generation of artists looking at war and violence through the prism, as he describes it, of two generations of relative peace in Europe. Another is Berliner Andreas Mühe, whose photo series Obersalzberg explores the spurious attractiveness of the trappings of power, and looks at why Nazism was able to fascinate.
A similar push-me-pull-you of enticement and repulsion is at play here. “I like to attract attention and the best way to attract attention is through beauty,” says Dallaporta. “So you put a beautiful light on an object, you can have a very beautiful aesthetic, even if the thing is not beautiful itself.”
Landmines are among the cheapest killing machines. There’s a photograph of a Chinese model in the exhibition that cost just $5 (€3.60). Dallaporta tells me that there are 110 million of these in the Chinese army’s stockpile.
The one thing that is absent from the images in the exhibition is people – if you don’t count the body parts seen in the Fragile series. But the artist says they are present throughout.
“The people who think of it, design it, make money from it, all these are present, because they are there with the object, with the use and the abuse of it.”
Artists who make work around images of war and violence can tread difficult ethical ground. These include Richard Mosse, recently celebrated for his success representing Ireland at last year’s Venice Biennale with The Enclave , which is on show at Ormston House, Limerick, until May 5th.