North Korea fired multiple ballistic missiles on Thursday, including a possible failed intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) that triggered an alert for residents in parts of central and northern Japan to seek shelter.
Despite an initial government warning that a missile had overflown Japan, Tokyo later said that was incorrect.
Officials in South Korea and Japan said the missile may have been an ICBM, which are North Korea's longest-range weapons, and are designed to carry a nuclear warhead to the other side of the planet.
South Korean officials believe the ICBM failed in flight, Yonhap news agency reported, without elaborating. Spokespeople for the South Korean and Japanese ministries of defence declined to confirm the possible failure.
Japanese minister for defence Yasukazu Hamada said the government lost track of the missile over the Sea of Japan, prompting it to correct its announcement that it had flown over Japan.
Retired vice-admiral and former Japan Maritime Self Defence Force fleet commander Yoji Koda said the loss of radar tracking on the projectile pointed to a failed launch.
"It means at some point in the flight path there was some problem for the missile and it actually came apart," he said.
Although the warhead came down in the sea between the Korean peninsula and Japan, debris, which would have been travelling at high speed, may still have passed over Japan, Koda added.
North Korea has had several failed ICBM tests this year, according to South Korean and US officials.
The United States condemned North Korea’s ICBM launch, state department spokesman Ned Price said in a statement. “This launch is a clear violation of multiple United Nations Security Council resolutions,” he said.
It also demonstrates the threat from North Korea’s unlawful weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missile programmes, Mr Price added.
The launches came after Pyongyang demanded the US and South Korea stop large-scale military exercises, saying such “military rashness and provocation can be no longer tolerated”.
It has said that a recent flurry of missile launches and other military activities were in protest of such drills.
The allies have been conducting one of the largest air exercises ever, with hundreds of South Korean and US warplanes, including F-35 fighters, staging around-the-clock simulated missions.
After Thursday's ICBM launch, the allies agreed to extend the drills past Friday, when they were scheduled to end, South Korea's Air Force said in a statement.
“A strong combined defence posture of the ROK-US alliance is necessary under the current security crisis that is escalating due to North Korean provocations,” the statement said, using the initials of South Korea’s official name.
North Korea also launched two short-range ballistic missiles on Thursday.
The launches came after North Korea fired at least 23 missiles on Wednesday, the most in a single day, including one that landed off South Korea's coast for the first time.
South Korea issued rare air raid warnings and launched its own missiles in response after Wednesday's barrage.
After the first launch on Thursday, residents of Miyagi, Yamagata and Niigata prefectures in Japan were warned to seek shelter indoors, according to the J-Alert Emergency Broadcasting System.
[ North and South Korea fire missiles off each other’s coasts ]
"We detected a launch that showed the potential to fly over Japan and therefore triggered the J Alert, but after checking the flight we confirmed that it had not passed over Japan," Hamada told reporters.
The first missile flew to an altitude of about 2,000 kilometres and a range of 750 kilometres, he said. Such a flight pattern is called a "lofted trajectory", in which a missile is fired high into space to avoid flying over neighbouring countries.
South Korea’s joint chiefs of staff said the long-range missile was launched from near the North Korean capital, Pyongyang.
About an hour after the first launch, South Korea's military and the Japanese coast guard reported a second and third launch from North Korea. South Korea said both of those were short-range missiles fired from Kaechon, north of Pyongyang.
South Korean vice minister for foreign affairs Cho Hyun-dong and US deputy secretary of state Wendy Sherman strongly condemned North Korea’s series of missile launches as “deplorable” and “immoral” during a phone call on Thursday, Seoul’s foreign ministry said.
In brief comments to reporters a few minutes later, prime minister Fumio Kishida said, “North Korea’s repeated missile launches are an outrage and absolutely cannot be forgiven.”
US president Joe Biden and his national security team was “assessing the situation,” National Security Council spokesperson Adrienne Watson said in a statement, which added that the US would take “all necessary measures” to ensure security.
After North Korea’s launches on Wednesday, including one missile that landed less than 60km off South Korea’s coast, South Korean president Yoon Suk-yeol described the flights as “territorial encroachment” and Washington denounced them as “reckless”.
The flurry of launches led to inconsistent and sometimes conflicted reports from authorities in Japan and South Korea. The US military, which wields some of the most advance tracking technology in the region, only said it was “aware” of the launches, without providing details.
Japan and South Korea have a history of mischaracterising North Korean missile events, said Ankit Panda of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
"Neither country has the highly reliable and desirable space-based infrared sensors available to the United States that allow for prompt detection of missile stages as they ignite," he said.
On October 4th North Korea launched a ballistic missile over Japan for the first time in five years which prompted a warning for residents there to take cover. It was the farthest North Korea had ever fired a missile. – Reuters